Archive of Celtic-Latin Literature
The Archive of Celtic-Latin Literature (ACLL) at present includes virtually the whole corpus of Celtic-Latin literature from the period 400-1200 A.D.
Location: The ACLL workstation is located on the fourth floor of the Joseph Regenstein Library in RR4Cla, Room 470.
I. How to load the database: Obtain the CD-ROM (Call number: PA8118.I65A73) from Regenstein reserve (it is shelved as an oversized CD-ROM item). Insert the CD-ROM into the D: drive on the CETEDOC workstation. Open Program Manager and select the ACLL icon.
II. How to define a corpus: ACLL offers four fields by which to define a corpus (i.e. limit a search). Each field is mutually exclusive; enter information in only one field per search. To move from one level to the next use the page down (PgDn) and page up (PgUp) keys. The escape key (Esc) clears whatever field your cursor is in. To search the entire database leave all four levels blank.
A. Auctor: You may define a corpus by author or authors (authors' names must be separated by a comma with no intervening spaces). Either type in each author's name exactly as it appears in the appendix Auctores et Tituli Operum in ACLL-1 Adhibitorum or press F2 (Browse) and then Enter to scroll through the author index. Use the up and down arrow keys to navigate through the list. Note: typing the initial letters of an author's name will take you closer to the author's name in the list (e.g., typing pe will take you directly to Petrus Abaelardus). Press Home to go to the top of the list and End to go to the bottom. Highlight an author's name and press Enter (to chose another author press F2 (Browse) and repeat; the comma will be added automatically). When finished adding authors, press Enter twice. To the far right you will see the number of sententiae in your defined corpus.
B. Titulus operis: You may define a corpus by title or titles of authors' works (titles must be separated by a comma with no intervening spaces). Either type in the title exactly as it appears in the appendix in the manual entitled Auctores et Tituli Operum in ACLL-1 Adhibitorum or press F2 (Browse) and then Enter to scroll through the title index. Use the up and down arrow keys to navigate through the list. Note: typing the initial letters of an author's work will take you closer to the title in the list. Press Home to go to the top of the list and End to go to the bottom. Highlight a title and press Enter (to chose another title press F2 (Browse) and repeat; the comma will be added automatically). When finished adding titles press Enter twice. To the far right you will see the number of sententiae in your defined corpus.
C. L&S Numbers: You may also define a corpus by title using one or several L&S numbers from the work of Michael Lapidge and Richard Sharpe, A Bibliography of Celtic-Latin Literature 400-1200 (Dublin: Royal Irish Academy, 1985). In the L&S Box type numbers separated by commas. Press Enter twice. To the far right you will see the number of sententiae in your defined corpus.
D. Aetas: You may define a corpus by era. The texts have been roughly divided into those from the patristic era, designated by Aetas patristica, and those from the medieval era, Aetas mediaevalis. The line between patristic and medieval is drawn somewhere in about the eighth century, at whatever seems to be the most significant time-division for the category of texts in question. You may enter these directly or press F2 (Browse) and then Enter as above. Press Enter twice. To the far right you will see the number of sententiae in your defined corpus.
III. Searching a corpus: After having defined a corpus, move your cursor to the Formae (or search) box. Type in a word and press Enter. The number to the far right of the search box indicates the number of sentences in which the word occurs in the entire database. The number at the bottom of the screen indicates the number of sentences in which the word occurs in your defined corpus. Truncated and boolean searches are possible. To truncate a word use an asterisk (*) (e.g., spoli* will retrieve all words beginning with the letters spoli; *trix will retrieve all words ending with the letters trix; an asterisk may be placed in the middle of a word as well). A question mark (?) stands for any single letter (e.g., Io?is will retrieve both Iobis and Iouis). To find out the forms to be searched before activating a search press F4 (List). You will see all words in the entire database conforming to your entry. At this time you may eliminate certain words from your search. To do this remove the check mark next to unwanted words by pressing the space bar as you scroll through the list with the up and down arrow keys. Then press Enter to set these modifications. Do not forget that Latin is a highly inflected language. Furthermore, orthographical variations may affect the accuracy of your search (e.g., qu may appear as c, ae as merely e, etc.).
The following Boolean operators are also available for searching:
- comma (,) = "or" (e.g., ecclesia,aecclesia,eclesia will retrieve instances of all three words).
- plus sign (+) = "and" (e.g., romana+ecclesia will retrieve sentences in which both words occur).
- pound key (#) = "not" (e.g., ecclesia #romana will retrieve all instances of ecclesia except for romana ecclesia).
- forward slash (/) = proximity in any order (e.g., romana/2 ecclesia will retrieve instances of romana and ecclesia within a single sentence, in this case, with no more than two words intervening).
- percent sign (%) = proximity in a particular order (e.g., romana% ecclesia will retrieve all instances of Romana and ecclesia in the given order within a single sentence).
IV. Displaying results: To display results press F3 (Display). You may scroll through the results sententia by sententia by using the PgDn and PgUp keys. Should you wish to see a sententia in full context, place the cursor on the desired sententia and press Enter. The escape key (Esc) will take you back to the list of occurrences. ACLL-1 provides editorial and bibliographic information for titles of works. To gain access to this information press F6 (Memento) with the cursor on a particular sententia. To return to the list of occurrences press Esc. Pressing Esc again will take you out of Display mode back to the Search screen.
V.How to download and print results: Insert a diskette into drive A: and press F5 (Output) while in Display mode. You will be asked a series of questions (the arrow keys move you through the questions; space bar toggles between possible answers). Under "Text Format" be sure to save your results in ASCII. Specify a path and give the results a file name (e.g., a:\ecclesia). Press Enter. To print, press F5 (Output) while in display mode and use the space bar to toggle the Write To option so that it displays Printer. Press Enter.
VI. How to exit the database: F7 (Exit) will take you out of the database to the set-up screen.
For more help use the Help Function available on screen (F1), refer to the manual, or contact Catherine Mardikes, ETS Coordinator and Bibliographer for Classics and the Ancient Near East, JRL 471, 708-2783, firstname.lastname@example.org.