The Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (using Pandora)
The Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (TLG) is a database of Ancient Greek texts comprised of 3,165 authors and their works as listed in the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae Canon of Greek Authors and Works (Luci Berkowitz and Karl Squitier, Oxford University Press, 1986) which is located next to the Macintosh workstation in RR4Cla, Room 470. This database is searched through Pandora 2.5.2.
Location: The TLG via Pandora 2.5.2 is set up for use at the workstation (Macintosh) located on the fourth floor of the Joseph Regenstein Library, RR4Cla, Room 470. The TLG is no longer available over the campus network from a Macintosh platform as an Appleshare volume. Please use Online TLG from the TLG Web site.
I. How to load the database: Double click on the Items for user icon. From the window, select the Items for user icon again. Then select the Pandora 2.5.2 icon from the window. Pandora will open to the table of contents (TOC) page.
II. How to browse a corpus: Pandora allows you to browse the works of an author in the TLG before you start searching. From the TOC page, select Browse to look up and read the works of a particular author. Choose Select Work. Look to see whether you have Greek or Latin authors listed in the Authors field. To change to Greek authors, select Volume in the lower left corner of the window. Highlight and click on TLG_E to get a list of Greek authors. Highlight desired author and select either Add Author to view that author's entire corpus or Show Works to select a specific text of that author. Highlight desired text and select Add Work. Select Done to read text. Use the up and down arrows on the right side of the screen to scroll through the text. You may also use the line and section numbers that appear on the bottom of the screen to navigate through the text. Browse is also available under the Other menu on a Search Card, if you prefer to browse an author or text during your search.
III. How to define a corpus: From the TOC page, select New Search to begin a Search Card. Choose Select Works and then click on the Select Works option highlighted in blue. Look to see whether you have Greek or Latin authors listed in the Authors field. To change to Greek authors, select Volume in the lower left corner of the window. Highlight and click on TLG_E to get a list of Greek authors. Click Done to return to Search Card. Choose Select Works again to define the corpus to be searched:
A. Select Works: The best option for performing a search on multiple texts. To select multiple authors and/or works, choose Select Works. To choose an author's entire corpus you can either double click on the author's name or choose Add Author. To choose particular works of an author, highlight the author and click on Show Works to view a list of the author's works. You can then select individual works by highlighting each work and choosing Add Work. Click Done to return to Search Card.
B. Author List: This option allows you to search the list of authors by name, epithet, geographical epithet, and date of an author. You must fill in the criteria according to the data listed in the Canon of Greek Authors and Works.
C. Full Corpus: Select this option to search all the texts in the Greek corpus. This can take anywhere from 40 minutes to several hours and you will have to add additional search cards, when prompted to do so by Pandora. A better option is to run an Index Search. Select this option and then enter your search term in the original words: box. Select 1: Look in Index. You will see all the possible matches for your term in the next box down. You may select or delete matches and then select 2: Look up Authors. You will see the list of authors that contain those matches in the next box down. You may delete authors from the list and then copy the list back onto your search card by selecting Copy Back Authors. Click on the arrow (bottom right corner of the screen) to return to your search card.
IV. Searching a corpus: Having selected the works to be searched, return to the Search Card and choose either Simple Search or Complex Search. Because you selected Greek authors as your corpus, your search terms will appear in Greek font as you type. The Greek alphabet corresponds to the keyboard as shown in the diagram called GreekKeys Keyboard (also found on page 37 of the Pandora 2.5.2 User Manual).
A. Simple Search (Default): Use this option to search for a single word or phrase. Type search term on first line of box.
B. Complex search: Select this option to search for multiple words or phrases 'near' or 'not near' each other in a passage. Enter search terms in boxes, select either 'near' or 'not near', and then enter the number of lines of textual proximity in the box at the bottom of the screen. You may also search for terms that appear near each other in a particular order in the text. Enter search terms in boxes, select 'then', and then enter the number of lines of text between the terms at the bottom of the screen. Click Done to return to Search Card.
V. Specifying Search terms:
A. Select either Fragments or Whole Words or Phrases: Choose Fragments to search for a string of letters within a word or phrase. This will retrieve orthographically similar forms of an inflected word, for example. Select Whole Words or Phrases to search for a specific word form or particular phrase.
B. (Optional) Select either Accents Important or Match Unknowns: If the Accents Important box is left unchecked, Pandora will ignore accents, breathing marks, and upper/lower case distinctions. It is best to leave this box unchecked unless you know beta code and can indicate the correct accents and breathing marks on your search term. If the Match Unknowns box is left unchecked, Pandora will not retrieve forms that contain uncertain characters in the original text.
C. Tips for Fragment searching: Use spaces to mark the beginning or end of a search term. Typing a space at the beginning of a search term marks the beginning of that search term and will avoid retrieving forms in which the search string is preceded by other letters. Typing a space at the end of a search term marks the end of that search term and will avoid retrieving forms in which the search string is followed by other letters. (Typing a space at both the beginning and end of a search term is equivalent to searching that term under Whole Words or Phrases.)
D. Wildcard searching: A question mark (?) may be used as a wildcard character. It may be placed at the beginning, at the end, or in the m iddle of a word to represent any single character.
VI. Displaying Results: Choose Do Search to execute search. (You can stop the search before it finishes by holding down the apple key and pressing the period (.) key.) Results appear in the bottom box as a list of citations that you can scroll down. You can view the text of a particular citation by highlighting the citation and selecting Show Text. Select Hide Text to clear middle field of text.
VII. Printing results: Select Export from the bottom left of the window. You can print a single citation by highlighting it and selecting This Citation & Text. You can print all the citations and the corresponding texts by selecting All Citations & Text. To print citations only, select All Citations. In the pop-up box, select Save. This will save your Pandora Export file to the User window. When you are ready to print, select the Pandora Export icon from the User window. Your results appear in a Word document. Select Print from the pull-down menu under File at the top left of the screen. Drag the Pandora Export icon to Trash when finished printing.
VIII. Exiting Pandora: Select the TOC tab to return to the Table of Contents. Highlight your search and select Delete Search. Then select Quit in the bottom right corner of TOC window.
For more help, select the question mark (?) tab on the bottom left of the window, refer to the manual located next to the workstation in the Classics Reading Room, or contact Catherine Mardikes, Bibliographer for Classics and the Ancient Near East, JRL 471, 708-2783, email@example.com.