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University of Chicago Library

Guide to the Atomic Scientists of Chicago Records 1943-1955

© 2007 University of Chicago Library

Descriptive Summary

Title:

Atomic Scientists of Chicago. Records

Dates:

1943-1955

Size:

17 linear ft. (24 boxes)

Repository:

Special Collections Research Center
University of Chicago Library
1100 East 57th Street
Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.

Abstract:

The Atomic Scientists of Chicago (ASC) was founded in September 1945 at the Metallurgical Laboratory of the University of Chicago to address the moral and social responsibilities of scientists regarding the use of nuclear energy and to promote public awareness of its possible consequences. Members included J. A. Simpson, Jr., Kenneth Cole, Farrington Daniels, James Franck, Lester Guttman, Thorfin Hogness, Robert Mulliken, Glenn Seaborg, Leo Szilard, Harold Urey, and Walter Zinn. ASC sponsored conferences, lobbied for policies and in December 1945 began publishing the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. The collection contains correspondence, subject files, financial records, manuscripts, newspaper clippings, conference material, membership records, and reports. It also includes material relating to the Chicago Committee for Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, the Association of Scientists for Atomic Education, the Federation of American Scientists, the University Office of Inquiry into the Social Aspects of Atomic Energy, and the papers of Lester Guttman.

Information on Use

Access

No restrictions

Citation

When quoting material from this collection, the preferred citation is: Atomic Scientists of Chicago. Records, [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library

Biographical Note

The Atomic Scientists of Chicago was founded on September 26, 1945, by the scientific employees of the Metallurgical Laboratory of the University of Chicago, and was made open to any past or present scientific employee of the Manhattan Project. Work on some aspect of the bomb was a requisite for membership. The ASC was established to educate the public and the government in the political, social, and international implications attending the national and international development and exploitation of atomic energy. The constitution, adopted on October 30, 1945, defined the aims of the organization as, “to explore, clarify and formulate the opinion and responsibilities of scientists in regard to the problems brought about by the release of nuclear energy,…and to educate the public to a full understanding of the scientific, technological and social problems arising from the release of nuclear energy.”

ASC’s membership consisted of approximately two hundred, or almost ninety percent, of the University of Chicago’s scientists who had participated in the development of the bomb during the war years--coinciding with the Manhattan Project. Including such noted scientists as Harold Urey, Leo Szilard, Harrison Brown, Thorfin Hogness, and John Simpson. By December 1945 the body had been incorporated in Illinois as a non-profit organization, and had affiliated with the Federation of American Scientists.

On December 10, 1945, the first issue of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, a six-page periodical that was to grow into one of about fifty pages, appeared. The original executive committee was headed by J.A. Simpson, Jr., and the advisory committee was composed of Thorfin Hogness, chairman, Kenneth C. Cole, Farrington Daniels, James Franck, Robert S. Mulliken, Glenn T. Seaborg, Harold C. Urey and Walter H. Zinn. The staff was comprised of H.H. Goldsmith, secretary to the Executive Committee; L.C. Furney, treasurer; and Mrs. R. Adams, secretary.

In November 1945, a University Office of Inquiry into the Social Aspects of Atomic Energy was formed under University auspices as a companion organization to the Atomic Scientists of Chicago. This latter organization embraced the entire University, and its program and methods closely paralleled that of ASC.

The leading members of the Office of Inquiry were Professors E.A. Shils, Robert Redfield, Leo Szilard, T.W. Schultz, Jacob Marschak, Fred Eggan and Jacob Viner. The Office of Inquiry, though technically a separate organization, and open to those not qualified for membership in ASC, co-operated closely with ASC, especially on Bulletin articles and editorials, and on contacts and legislative agitation. As a result, some of its papers and correspondence, especially that of Robert Redfield, are incorporated in this collection.

In April 1949, a reorganization of ASC occurred. The Educational Foundation for Nuclear Science was incorporated under an Illinois charter as a non-profit educational organization with the sole function of publishing the Bulletin, hitherto published by ASC. The ASC continued as a separate organization, engaging in education and propaganda activities, as before, but with increased attention to political action. Its membership, resources and activities achieved a peak in the period of 1946 to 1947, subsequently undergoing a sharp decline, coincident with the decline in public interest over atomic energy problems. Again, in 1954, there was renewed interest in the organization, due to the threat scientist’s saw in “McCarthism” and the Oppenheimer Case. A further decline of ASC membership and activities led the organization, in February 1959, to propose that the Atomic Scientists of Chicago be disbanded. The proposal also suggested that their remaining funds be turned over to a new organization, the Atomic Science Fund, which was to be incorporated as a non-profit, educational body, devoted exclusively to organizing and conducting scientific conferences on atomic energy.

The ASC had conducted three conferences in Chicago (September and December 1945, and February 1946), and three abroad (Pugwash, N.S., 1957; La Beauport, Canada, 1958; and Vienna and Kitzbuhel, Austria, 1958). By re-incorporation, it was hoped that the group might obtain the tax exemption which it was not allowed under its original charter, inasmuch as it was then a political action group. The proposal from February 1959 was abandoned and a meeting was called in June 1959 to decide the future of the ASC.

Scope Note

The records of the ASC have been arranged into four series: I. Subject Files, II. Correspondence, III. Library of the ASC, and IV. Addenda. The collection covers the period 1943-1955 and includes correspondence; financial records, miscellaneous manuscripts; and records of the Chicago Committee for Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, a group of non-scientist Chicagoans affiliated to the National Committee for Civilian Control, supporting the atomic scientists’ fight for civilian control of atomic energy.

In arranging the papers of the ASC the original order has been maintained. In some cases apparent inconsistencies will arise in arrangement, but because of the extent of the collection no major attempt has been made at this time to correct these discrepancies. Researchers are therefore strongly urged to search all possible places where material might be filed when seeking a particular item, e.g., when seeking a specific letter of Harold Urey, his file in Correspondence Files, the Executive Committee’s Files, the subject files, etc., should be searched.

The Subject Files have been arranged by subject matter, alphabetically; each subject group is further sub-divided alphabetically; material in each folder is arranged by date. The Correspondence Files are arranged alphabetically as follows: first, under each letter of the alphabet there is a General Correspondence File, containing material and correspondence arranged alphabetically; second, following each General Correspondence File there are Subject Files, arranged alphabetically, each folder arranged by date. In both the Subject Files and the Correspondence Files near-print material and newspaper clippings, and other miscellaneous material will often be found. Generally, the Subject Files contain correspondence, near-print material, and miscellaneous matter relative to a specific subject. However, if the subject did not seem to warrant a separate grouping, the material was often filed in the Correspondence Files.

The third series, Library of the ASC, consists of miscellaneous correspondence and printed material. Series IV, Addenda, has been arranged into four subseries that include Atomic Scientists of Chicago, University Office of Inquiry, Associated Scientific Groups, and Conferences. The addenda comprise the years 1945 to 1954, mostly of the periods 1945 to 1947, and with a scattering of 1954 papers, the bulk of which concern the Oppenheimer Case. Except for amplifying the atomic energy conferences, and the material on the Oppenheimer Case, the addenda appear to add little informational value to that contained in the other three series. A similarity of folder headings should enable the user to correlate Series IV with Series’ I through III.

The addenda series also includes the papers of Lester Guttman, one time chairman of the Atomic Scientists of Chicago and longtime member of its executive committee. Guttman, a physical chemist, was with the Manhattan Project in New Mexico from 1943 to 1946. He was a member of the faculty of the Institute for Metals at the University of Chicago from 1946 to 1955. In 1956, he became a senior chemist at Argonne National Laboratories, administered by the University of Chicago for the U.S. Government. The papers include files from his membership in both the ASC and the Federation of American Scientists.

Related Resources

The following related resources are located in the Department of Special Collections:

Related Resources

http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/e/spcl/select.html

Subject Headings

INVENTORY

Series I: Subject Matter Files

Box 1   Folder 1

Attacks on the Atomic Energy Committee, Joint Committee Hearings (based on Senator Hickenlooper's charges of mal-administration in 1949)

Box 1   Folder 2

Bulletin of Atomic Scientists (miscellaneous papers)

Box 1   Folder 3

Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists (financial and business correspondence)

Box 1   Folder 4

Chicago Committee for Civilian Control (CCCC) (Affiliated with the National Committee to support atomic scientists in their fight for civilian control of Atomic Energy, 1946); Acceptance, letters of, to Join Committee

Box 1   Folder 5

CCCC, Chicago Committee Actions

Box 1   Folder 6

CCCC, Actions by Groups

Box 1   Folder 7

CCCC, American Veteran's Committee

Box 1   Folder 8

CCCC, Budget

Box 1   Folder 9

CCCC, Clippings, Publicity, etc.

Box 1   Folder 10

CCCC, Cooperation

Box 1   Folder 11

CCCC, Chicago Committee for Civilian Control of Atomic Energy (correspondence and near-print material)

Box 1   Folder 12

CCCC, Correspondence

Box 1   Folder 13

CCCC, Horwich, Letters to scientists who speak, Katzin's talks, cooperating organizations

Box 1   Folder 14

CCCC, House, in re McMahon Bill

Box 1   Folder 15

CCCC, Ibser File, duplication of

Box 1   Folder 16

CCCC, Literature, sample and form letters

Box 1   Folder 17

CCCC, Membership lists and early press releases

Box 1   Folder 18

CCCC, Chicago Committee members

Box 1   Folder 19

CCCC, Meeting, May 1946

Box 1   Folder 20

CCCC, National Committee (for Civilian Control of Atomic Energy)

Box 1   Folder 21

CCCC, NCAI form letter no. 2 (National Committee on Atomic Information)

Box 1   Folder 22

CCCC, Senate, form letters to

Box 1   Folder 23

CCCC, Senators, form letters from and to

Box 1   Folder 24

CCCC, Reports

Box 1   Folder 25

CCCC, Resolutions

Box 1   Folder 26

CCCC, Steering Committee

Box 1   Folder 27

CCCC, Quiz

Box 1   Folder 28

CCCC, Mrs. Welling's correspondence

Box 1   Folder 29

CCCC, Mrs. Welling

Box 1   Folder 30

CCCC, YMCA and YWCA

Box 2   Folder 1

Conferences (held by the ACS, occasionally in cooperation with other groups, to examine with non-scientific public leaders the problems raised by atomic energy)

Box 2   Folder 2

Conferences, requests for

Box 2   Folder 3

Conferences, materials sent to out of town conferences

Box 2   Folder 4

Conferences, Atomic Energy Conference

Box 2   Folder 5

Conferences, April 26, 1947

Box 2   Folder 6

Conferences, Business conferences

Box 2   Folder 7

Conferences, Chicago conference, acceptances

Box 2   Folder 8

Conferences, Chicago conference, answers pending

Box 2   Folder 9

Conferences, Chicago conference, background data

Box 2   Folder 10

Conferences, Chicago conference, previous correspondence

Box 2   Folder 11

Conferences, Chicago conference, lists

Box 2   Folder 12

Conferences, Chicago conference, rejections, international control conference, December 1946

Box 2   Folder 13

Conferences, Chicago conference, rejections

Box 2   Folder 14

Conferences, Flint conference

Box 2   Folder 15

Conferences, Grand Rapids conference

Box 2   Folder 16

Conferences, Illinois conference

Box 2   Folder 17

Conferences, International conference

Box 3   Folder 1

Conferences, Kansas conference

Box 3   Folder 2

Conferences, Labor conference, invitations

Box 3   Folder 3

Conferences, Labor conference, miscellaneous

Box 3   Folder 4

Conferences, Lake Geneva conference

Box 3   Folder 5

Conferences, Lake Geneva conference, acceptances

Box 3   Folder 6

Conferences, Lake Geneva conference, expenses

Box 3   Folder 7

Conferences, Lake Geneva conference, invitations

Box 3   Folder 8

Conferences, Lake Geneva conference, other

Box 3   Folder 9

Conferences, Lake Geneva conference, ASC questionnaire

Box 3   Folder 10

Conferences, Legislative conference, December 27-28, 1945

Box 3   Folder 11

Conferences, Movie industry

Box 3   Folder 12

Conferences, New York Radio conference

Box 3   Folder 13

Conferences, Princeton conference

Box 3   Folder 14

Conferences, Radioactivity meeting, October 1946

Box 3   Folder 15

Conferences, Religious conference

Box 3   Folder 16

Conferences, Religious conference, history of

Box 4   Folder 1

Conferences, Religious leaders, conference of

Box 4   Folder 2

Conferences, Religious leaders' and scientists' meeting, proceedings of

Box 4   Folder 3

Conferences, Joint committee

Box 4   Folder 4

Conferences, Science and the Welfare of Mankind, conference on

Box 4   Folder 5

Conferences, State-wide conferences

Box 4   Folder 6

Conferences, Toledo conference

Box 4   Folder 7

Conferences, Dinners

Box 4   Folder 8

Contacts (lists of people of note to contact for propaganda purposes), individual contacts

Box 4   Folder 9

Contacts, Press-radio contacts

Box 4   Folder 10

Contacts, State Department contacts

Box 4   Folder 11

Corporation details (material relating to the organization, incorporation, and constitutional management of the ASC, Inc.), Atomic Scientists of Chicago business

Box 4   Folder 12

Corporation details, constitution and by-laws of ASC up to date, November 1, 1950, ASC 1948

Box 4   Folder 13

Corporation details, constitution, original and history of changes of

Box 4   Folder 14

Corporation details, organizational records

Box 4   Folder 15

Descriptive materials of ASC (material pertaining to the internal administration and organization of the ASC), Advisory Committee

Box 4   Folder 16

Descriptive materials of ASC, aims of the atomic scientists

Box 4   Folder 17

Descriptive materials of ASC, biographies of atomic scientists, ASC-1948

Box 4   Folder 18

Descriptive materials of ASC, Committee set-up

Box 4   Folder 19

Descriptive materials of ASC, office information

Box 4   Folder 20

Descriptive materials of ASC, outstanding ditto-masters, ASC-1948

Box 4   Folder 21

Descriptive materials of ASC, personnel, ASC-1948

Box 5   Folder 1

Dues and membership (material relating to membership dues and membership drives, FAS dues

Box 5   Folder 2-2A

Dues and membership, 1945-1946

Box 5   Folder 3

Dues and membership, dues paid, 1946

Box 5   Folder 4

Dues and membership, membership drive, 1950

Box 5   Folder 5

Dues and membership, membership, 1949

Box 5   Folder 6

Dues and membership, membership, 1948

Box 5   Folder 7

Dues and membership, signed statements of intent, September 26, 1947 (1945-1946)

Box 6   Folder 1

Dues and Membership, membership (misc. correspondence relating thereto), 1946-1947

Box 6   Folder 2

Dues and Membership, letters of invitation to Argonne technical personnel

Box 6   Folder 3

Dues and membership, membership applications

Box 6   Folder 4

Dues and membership, membership invitiations, particularly Fellows-AEC

Box 6   Folder 5

Executive Committee Elections (misc. returns tabulated, ballot forms, correspondence, etc.)

Box 6   Folder 6

Executive Committee Elections, ASC, 1948

Box 6   Folder 7

Executive Committee correspondence, general 1950

Box 6   Folder 8

Executive Committee correspondence, 1949

Box 6   Folder 9

Executive Committee correspondence, ASC, 1948

Box 6   Folder 10

Executive Committee correspondence, 1946-1947

Box 6   Folder 11

Executive Committee meetings, minutes, June 15, 1949

Box 6   Folder 12

Executive Committee meetings, minutes, Octobere 1945-May 7, 1946

Box 6   Folder 13

Executive Committee meetings, minutes, December-January, 1945-1946-May 3, 1951

Box 6   Folder 14

Film Library, Bikini Project

Box 6   Folder 15

Film Library, correspondence, near-print material

Box 6   Folder 16

Film Library, film for review

Box 7   Folder 1

Film Library, film survey, copies

Box 7   Folder 2

Film Library, MGM films

Box 7   Folder 3

Film Library, Paramount Newsreel number 99, complete file on

Box 7   Folder 4

Film Library, film requests, Paramount Newsreel number 99

Box 7   Folder 5

Film Library, Slide films

Box 7   Folder 6

Film Library, Film requests, ASC, 1948

Box 7   Folder 7

Finances, contributions

Box 7   Folder 8

Finances, finance-Washington

Box 7   Folder 9

Finances, financial matters

Box 7   Folder 10

Finances, financial statements

Box 7   Folder 11

Finances, fund raising

Box 7   Folder 12

Finances, invoices unpaid, ASC, 1948

Box 7   Folder 13

Finances, bills unpaid, requests filled

Box 8   Folder 1

Finances, bills paid, requests filled

Box 8   Folder 2

Finances, delivery slips

Box 8   Folder 3-4

General meetings, meeting notices

Box 8   Folder 5

General meetings, minutes, ASC, 1945-1946

Box 8   Folder 6

International control, correspondence, near-print material, reports on international control program of ASC, Acheson Report

Box 8   Folder 7

International control, bills before Congress

Box 8   Folder 8

International control, bomb stockpile

Box 9   Folder 1

International control, control and inspection material

Box 9   Folder 2

International control, Crosby Foundation

Box 9   Folder 3

International control, miscellaneous

Box 9   Folder 4

International control, Joint Congressional Committee on International Control of Atomic Energy

Box 9   Folder 5

International control, publicity

Box 9   Folder 6

International control, reading material

Box 9   Folder 7

International control, Sacher Memorandum on International Control

Box 9   Folder 8

Legislation, correspondence, reports, of ASC to influence legislation

Box 9   Folder 9

Legislation, digests, mailing lists

Box 9   Folder 10

Legislation, digest and testimony of P. Morrison

Box 9   Folder 11

Legislation, digests and testimonies

Box 10   Folder 1

Legislation, House Resolution # 404, Helen G. Douglas (speech "We Can Afford to Split the Atom But We Cannot Afford to Split the Big Three")

Box 10   Folder 2

Legislation, miscellaneous

Box 10   Folder 3

Legislation, mobilization of scientific manpower

Box 10   Folder 4

Legislation, National Science Foundation legislation

Box 10   Folder 5

Legislation, National Science Foundation bill

Box 10   Folder 6

Legislation, National Science Foundation, correspondence, near-print material

Box 10   Folder 7

Legislation, Special Senate Committee on Atomic Energy, correspondence, near-print material

Box 10   Folder 8

Legislation, Vandenberg Amendment

Box 10   Folder 9

Lists, literature

Box 10   Folder 10

Lists, Chicago Committee prospects

Box 10   Folder 11

Lists, miscellaneous

Box 11   Folder 1

Lists, University of Chicago data

Box 11   Folder 2

Literature requests, bibliographies

Box 11   Folder 3

Literature requests, The Atomic Bomb, requests for

Box 11   Folder 4

Literature requests, educational literature requests

Box 11   Folder 5

Literature requests, 1945-1951

Box 11   Folder 6

Literature requests, 1949

Box 11   Folder 7

Literature requests, ASC, January-February, 1948

Box 11   Folder 8

Literature requests, ASC, March-April, 1948

Box 11   Folder 9

Literature requests, ASC, May-June, 1948

Box 11   Folder 10

Literature requests, ASC, July-August, 1948

Box 11   Folder 11

Literature requests, ASC, September-October, 1948

Box 11   Folder 12

Literature requests, ASC, November-December, 1948

Box 11   Folder 13

Loyalty and security, correspondence and reports on problems, Condon, Dr. Edward U.

Box 11   Folder 14

Loyalty and security, loyalty investigations and procedures

Box 11   Folder 15

Loyalty and security, loyalty procedures, recommendation to AEC by ASC, (Levi and Miller)

Box 12   Folder 1

Loyalty and security, ASC recommendation to AEC re revision of interim procedures of April 15, 1948 and October 15, 1948

Box 12   Folder 2

Manuscripts and scripts, articles by individuals

Box 12   Folder 3

Manuscripts and scripts, radio scripts

Box 12   Folder 4

Manuscripts and scripts, Look article

Box 12   Folder 5

Organizations, Association of Scientists for Atomic Education (ASAE), board meetings

Box 12   Folder 6

Organizations, ASAE, Committee Foreign Correspondence

Box 12   Folder 7

Organizations, ASAE, Information center

Box 12   Folder 8

Organizations, ASAE, Joint Committee, ASAE-NCAI (National Committee on Atomic Information)

Box 12   Folder 9

Organizations, ASAE, national office, 1948

Box 12   Folder 10

Organizations, ASAE, national staff

Box 13   Folder 1

Organizations, ASAE, organizational matters and by-laws

Box 13   Folder 2

Organizations, ASAE, Atlantic Region, 1948

Box 13   Folder 3

Organizations, ASAE, Atlantic Region

Box 13   Folder 4

Organizations, ASAE, Central Region

Box 13   Folder 5

Organizations, ASAE, Chesapeake Region, 1948

Box 13   Folder 6

Organizations, ASAE, Pacific Region, 1948

Box 13   Folder 7

Organizations, ASAE, Pacific Region

Box 13   Folder 8

Organizations, ASAE, Southern Region, 1948

Box 13   Folder 9

Organizations, ASAE, Southern Region

Box 13   Folder 10

Organizations, ASAE, Rocky Mountain Committee on Nuclear Energy

Box 13   Folder 11

Organizations, Federation of Atomic Scientists, formation of

Box 13   Folder 12-13

Organizations, FATS (Federation of Atomic Scientists correspondence)

Box 13   Folder 14

Organizations, Federation of Atomic Scientists newsletter

Box 13   Folder 15

Organizations, FATS-FAMS, material pertaining to relations of two groups

Box 13   Folder 16

Organizations, Federation of American Scientists (FAS), administrative committee

Box 13   Folder 17

Organizations, FAS, administrative committee, elections

Box 13   Folder 18

Organizations, FAS, Committee for Foreign Correspondence

Box 13   Folder 19

Organizations, FAS, Committee on Secrecy and Clearance

Box 13   Folder 20

Organizations, FAS. Constitution, amendments

Box 13   Folder 21

Organizations, FAS, constitution (new) and by-laws, 1949

Box 13   Folder 22

Organizations, FAS, misc. correspondence, 1948

Box 14   Folder 1

Organizations, FAS, council delegates

Box 14   Folder 2

Organizations, FAS, council meetings

Box 14   Folder 3

Organizations, FAS, dues, 1948

Box 14   Folder 4

Organizations, FAS, finances

Box 14   Folder 5

Organizations, FAS, membership and organizations

Box 14   Folder 6

Organizations, FAS, memos from R.L. Meier, 1948

Box 14   Folder 7

Organizations, FAS, memoranda, 1946

Box 15   Folder 1

Organizations, FAS, memoranda, 1947

Box 15   Folder 2

Organizations, FAS, memoranda, 1948-1950

Box 15   Folder 3

Organizations, FAS, miscellaneous

Box 15   Folder 4

Organizations, FAS, newsletters

Box 15   Folder 5

Organizations, FAS, news releases

Box 15   Folder 6

Organizations, FAS, publications editor

Box 15   Folder 7

Organizations, FAS, Scientists' Committee

Box 16   Folder 1

Organizations, FAS, Brookhaven Association of Scientists, 1948

Box 16   Folder 2

Organizations, FAS, Association of Cambridge Scientists

Box 16   Folder 3-4

Organizations, FAS, Chicago Association of Scientists and Engineers, 1948

Box 16   Folder 5

Organizations, FAS, Association of Scientists of Cornell University

Box 16   Folder 6

Organizations, FAS, Dayton Association of Atomic Scientists

Box 16   Folder 7

Organizations, FAS, Association of Eastern Iowa Scientists

Box 16   Folder 8

Organizations, FAS, Association of Los Alamos Scientists

Box 16   Folder 9

Organizations, FAS, Association of Manhattan Project Scientists

Box 16   Folder 10-11

Organizations, FAS, Mohawk Association of Scientists and Engineers, 1948

Box 16   Folder 12-13

Organizations, FAS, Association of New York Scientists, 1948

Box 16   Folder 14-15

Organizations, FAS, Northern California Association of Scientists

Box 17   Folder 1-3

Organizations, FAS, Association of Oak Ridge Engineers and Scientists, 1948

Box 17   Folder 4

Organizations, FAS, Association of Pasadena Scientists

Box 17   Folder 5-6

Organizations, FAS, Association of Philadelphia Scientists

Box 17   Folder 7

Organizations, FAS, Association of Pittsburgh Scientist

Box 17   Folder 8

Organizations, FAS, Association of Portland Scientists

Box 17   Folder 9-10

Organizations, FAS, Washington Association of Scientists

Box 17   Folder 11-12

Organizations, FAS, Wisconsin Association of Scientists

Box 17   Folder 13

Organizations, National Committee on Atomic Information (NCAI), bulletins

Box 17   Folder 14

Organizations, NCAI, committee meetings and policy

Box 18   Folder 1

Organizations, NCAI, letters, general

Box 18   Folder 2

Organizations, NCAI, newsletters and releases

Box 18   Folder 3

Organizations, NCAI, reports on activities

Box 18   Folder 4

Organizations, Office of Inquiry into the Social Aspects of Atomic Energy, University of Chicago

Box 18   Folder 5

Polls and questionnaires, FAS ballots

Box 18   Folder 6

Polls and questionnaires, by-laws and amendments number 1, votes on

Box 18   Folder 7

Polls and questionnaires, by-laws and amendments number 2, votes on

Box 18   Folder 8

Polls and questionnaires, atomic bomb and world affairs survey, 1946

Box 18   Folder 9

Polls and questionnaires, membership questionnaires (will speak)

Box 18   Folder 10

Polls and questionnaires, membership questions (won't speak)

Box 19   Folder 1

Polls and questionnaires, military control, poll on

Box 19   Folder 2

Polls and questionnaires, public opinion, polls on

Box 19   Folder 3

Polls and questionnaires, Sacher Poll

Box 19   Folder 4-5

Polls and questionnaires, security clearance correspondence, poll on, 1948

Box 19   Folder 6

Polls and questionnaires, Wallace letter

Box 19   Folder 7

Polls and questionnaires, World government poll

Box 19   Folder 8

Publicity, newspaper

Box 19   Folder 9

Publicity, public relations

Box 19   Folder 10

Publicity, on Senate hearings

Box 19   Folder 11

Publicity, press conference held June 22, 1949

Box 19   Folder 12

Publicity, press release (J. Arnold), June 2, 1949

Box 19   Folder 13

Publicity, press releases, miscellaneous

Box 19   Folder 14

Publicity, radio

Box 19   Folder 15

Publicity, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission press releases

Box 19   Folder 16

Releases to members, Biological Warfare, National Defense Establishment

Box 19   Folder 17

Releases to members, "Come-on" letter (re amendments to AEC procedures)

Box 19   Folder 18

Releases to members, meeting notices, memos, 1948

Box 19   Folder 19

Releases to members, memo sent to ASC members re National Science Foundation Bill, HR 4846

Box 19   Folder 20

Speakers' Bureau, Adult Education Council

Box 20   Folder 1

Speakers' Bureau, lectures given

Box 20   Folder 2

Speakers' Bureau, miscellaneous

Box 20   Folder 3

Speakers' Bureau, other sites

Box 20   Folder 4

Speakers' Bureau

Box 20   Folder 5

Speakers' Bureau, speaker requests, 1948

Box 20   Folder 6

Speakers' Bureau, speeches given

Box 20   Folder 7

Speakers' Bureau, speeches refused

Box 20   Folder 8

Speakers' Bureau, speeches requested

Box 20   Folder 9

Tax Status, incorporation papers

Box 20   Folder 10

Tax Status, income tax returns, 1948

Series II: Correspondence

Box 20   Folder 11

Advertising Council

Box 20   Folder 12

Adult Education Council

Box 20   Folder 13

American Association for the United Nations

Box 20   Folder 14

American Association of Scientific Workers

Box 20   Folder 15

Americans United

Box 20   Folder 16

American Veterans' Committee

Box 20   Folder 17

"A" Associations (Associations of scientists, correspondence, near-print material)

Box 21   Folder 1

Association for International Atomic Control

Box 21   Folder 2

Association of Industrial Scientists (California)

Box 21   Folder 3

Associations, British

Box 21   Folder 4

Associations, Canadian Association of Scientific Workers

Box 21   Folder 5

Associations, Holland

Box 21   Folder 6

The Atomic Bomb, general booklet correspondence

Box 21   Folder 7

The Atomic Bomb, booklet sent, no charge

Box 21   Folder 8

The Atomic Bomb, large order correspondence

Box 21   Folder 9

The Atomic Bomb, copy sent for comment

Box 21   Folder 10

Atomic Energy Commission

Box 21   Folder 11

"B" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 21   Folder 12

"C" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 22   Folder 1

Carnegie Foundation

Box 22   Folder 2

Central Press Clipping Bureau

Box 22   Folder 3

Chicago Daily News

Box 22   Folder 4

Chicago Technical Societies Council -SCI-EN-TECH News

Box 22   Folder 5

Colgate University

Box 22   Folder 6

Columbia Radiation Laboratory

Box 22   Folder 7

Committee for Study of the Soviet Union

Box 22   Folder 8

Council on Foreign Relations, Inc.

Box 22   Folder 9

"D" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 22   Folder 10

Dewey, Bradley Report, correspondence with George Biderman

Box 22   Folder 11

"E" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 22   Folder 12

Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists

Box 22   Folder 13

Encyclopedia Yearbook

Box 22   Folder 14

"F" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 22   Folder 15

Foreign correspondence, National Sponsors Committee for

Box 22   Folder 16

"G" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 22   Folder 17

General materials committee correspondence

Box 23   Folder 1

"H" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 23   Folder 2

"I" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 23   Folder 3

Independent Citizen's Committee

Box 23   Folder 4

Independent Voter's League

Box 23   Folder 5

International Council of Scientific Unions

Box 23   Folder 6

International Film Foundation

Box 23   Folder 7

International organizations, organizations to further world government ideas

Box 23   Folder 8

International organizations, Students for World Federal Government

Box 23   Folder 9

International organizations, United World Federalists

Box 23   Folder 10

International organizations, United World Federalists of Chicago

Box 23   Folder 11

International organizations, Usborne Plan

Box 23   Folder 12

International organizations, World Government News

Box 23   Folder 13

"J" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 23   Folder 14

"K" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 23   Folder 15

"L" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 23   Folder 16

Libraries

Box 23   Folder 17

"M" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 23   Folder 18

Magazines

Box 23   Folder 19

Mayer, M.G.

Box 23   Folder 20

Merriam Lectures, Walgreen Foundation

Box 24   Folder 1

Miscellaneous correspondence, A-H, 1948

Box 24   Folder 2

Miscellaneous correspondence, I-P, 1948

Box 24   Folder 3

Miscellaneous correspondence, Q-Z, 1948

Box 24   Folder 4

Miscellaneous correspondence, 1948

Box 24   Folder 5

Miscellaneous correspondence, Old

Box 24   Folder 6

"Mc" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 24   Folder 7

McGraw-Hill Publishing Company

Box 24   Folder 8

"N" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 24   Folder 9

National Conference

Box 24   Folder 10

National Emergency Committee for Civilian Control of Atomic Energy

Box 24   Folder 11

National League of Women Voters

Box 24   Folder 12

National Liaison Committee on Atomic Energy

Box 24   Folder 13

New York Sun

Box 24   Folder 14

"O" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 24   Folder 15

One World or None

Box 24   Folder 16

Oram, Harold

Box 24   Folder 17

Owens Radio Contact

Box 24   Folder 18

"P" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 24   Folder 19

Personnel

Box 24   Folder 20

Post War Council

Box 24   Folder 21

Printing bids

Box 24   Folder 22

Public Administration Clearing House

Box 24   Folder 23

"Q" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 24   Folder 24

"R" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 24   Folder 25

Readers' Digest

Box 24   Folder 26

Reports--Washington

Box 24   Folder 27

Rich, Joseph E.

Box 25   Folder 1

"S" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 25   Folder 2

Saturday Review of Literature

Box 25   Folder 3

Science Service

Box 25   Folder 4

Simpson correspondence, Washington

Box 25   Folder 5

Simpson's reports

Box 25   Folder 6

Szilard article, "Atomic Bombs and the Post War Position of the United States in the World", and correspondence

Box 25   Folder 7

"T" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 25   Folder 8

Telegrams

Box 25   Folder 9

"U" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 25   Folder 10

United Nations Atomic Energy Commission

Box 25   Folder 11

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization

Box 25   Folder 12

University of California

Box 25   Folder 13

University of Chicago

Box 25   Folder 14

Urey

Box 25   Folder 15

"V" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 25   Folder 16

"W" miscellaneous correspondence

Box 25   Folder 17

We The People

Box 25   Folder 18

"X-Y-Z" miscellaneous correspondence

Series III: Library of the ASC

Series III, Library of the Atomic Scientists of Chicago, includes correspondence, scripts, near-print material, etc. relating to work of the ASC.

Box 26   Volume 1

Atomic Scientists of Chicago, August-September, 1945

Box 26   Volume 2

Atomic Scientists of Chicago, October-November, 1945

Box 26   Volume 3

Atomic Scientists of Chicago, December, 1945; 1946

Box 26   Volume 4

Atomic Scientists of Chicago, miscellaneous

Box 26   Volume 5

Federation of Atomic Scientists

Box 26   Volume 7

Miscellaneous Organizations

Box 26   Volume 8

Miscellaneous Organizations, Britain, Clinton, Los Alamos

Box 27   Volume 9

National Committee on Atomic Information

Box 27   Volume 10

Independent Citizen's Committee of the Arts, Sciences, and Professions

Box 27   Volume 11

Miscellaneous Independent Statements on Atomic Energy

Box 27   Volume 12

Lectures

Box 27   Volume 13

Radio broadcasts

Box 28   Volume 14

Letters

Box 28   Volume 15

Atomic Energy Conference at Chicago, September 19-20, 1945

Box 28   Volume 16

Material from Congress

Box 28   Volume 17

McMahon Committee, hearings, digests, etc.

Box 28   Volume 18

United Nations organization

Box 28   Volume 19

Pictures

Series IV: Addenda

The third series, Library of the ASC, consists of miscellaneous correspondence and printed material. Series IV, Addenda, has been arranged into four subseries that include Atomic Scientists of Chicago, University Office of Inquiry, Associated Scientific Groups, and Conferences. The addenda comprise the years 1945 to 1954, mostly of the periods 1945 to 1947, and with a scattering of 1954 papers, the bulk of which concern the Oppenheimer Case. Except for amplifying the atomic energy conferences, and the material on the Oppenheimer Case, the addenda appear to add little informational value to that contained in the other three series. A similarity of folder headings should enable the user to correlate Series IV with Series' I through III.

Subseries 1: Atomic Scientists of Chicago

Box 29   Folder 1

Organization, general

Box 29   Folder 2

Organization, meetings

Box 29   Folder 3

Organization, committees

Box 29   Folder 4

Organization, membership and mailing lists

Box 29   Folder 5

Organization, information files (bibliography)

Box 29   Folder 6

Organization, information files (Kingdom, Frank, broadcasts, 10-16-45 to 4-4-46)

Box 29   Folder 7

Organization, information files (Military, political and social aspects of atomic energy -- I [American Association for the United Nations -- Dunn, Frederick S.])

Box 29   Folder 8

Organization, information files (Military, political and social aspects of atomic energy -- II [Einstein, Albert -- McCleery, William])

Box 29   Folder 9

Organization, information files (Military, political and social aspects of atomic energy -- III [Pfanstiehl, Alfred -- Weiss, Paul, and anonymous])

Box 29   Folder 10

Organization, information files (Polls on atomic energy questions)

Box 29   Folder 11

Organization, information files (Technical aspects of atomic energy, general)

Box 29   Folder 12

Organization, information files (Technical aspects of atomic energy, Smyth report)

Box 29   Folder 13

Organization, information files (United Nations and world government -- I (American Association for the United Nations -- Farmer, Fyke)

Box 29   Folder 14

Organization, information files (United Nations and world government -- II (Primer for Peace, ed. By Norton Gerber for the Association of Oak Ridge Engineers and Scientists, and published by the Association of Scientists for Atomic Education)

Box 30   Folder 1

Organization, information files (U.S. Government, documents I [79th Congress, 1st session, bills and resolutions, S1717 to SR107/146])

Box 30   Folder 2

Organization, information files (U.S. Government, documents II [79th Congress, 1st session, speeches by U.S. senators, Executive departments, miscellaneous documents]

Box 30   Folder 3

Organization, information files (legislative analyses and proposals)

Box 30   Folder 4

Activities, Bulletin of Atomic Scientists of Chicago (editorial, layout and printing directions, draft articles and editorials, galley proofs and specimen copy)

Box 30   Folder 5

Activities, Bulletin of Atomic Scientists of Chicago (first issue, distribution of first issue, letters accompanying distribution of first issue, abstracts of responses on receipt of first issue)

Box 30   Folder 6

Activities, proposals

Box 30   Folder 7

Activities, Oppenheimer Case campaign

Box 30   Folder 8

Activities, policy statements

Box 30   Folder 9

Activities, press notices, press releases and press conferences

Box 30   Folder 10

Activities, legislative campaigns

Box 30   Folder 11

Activities, membership polls

Box 30   Folder 12

Correspondence, internal (A-Z by author)

Box 31   Folder 1

Correspondence, outgoing (A-Z by recipient)

Box 31   Folder 2

Correspondence, incoming (A-Z by sender)

Subseries 2: University Office of Inquiry

Box 31   Folder 3

University Office of Inquiry into the Social Aspects of Atomic Energy, organization, activities

Box 31   Folder 4

University Office of Inquiry into the Social Aspects of Atomic Energy, internal correspondence (A-Z by author)

Box 31   Folder 5

University Office of Inquiry into the Social Aspects of Atomic Energy, outgoing correspondence (A-Z by recipient)

Box 31   Folder 6

University Office of Inquiry into the Social Aspects of Atomic Energy, incoming correspondence (A-Z by sender)

Subseries 3: Associated Scientific Groups

Box 31   Folder 7

Atomic Science Groups, activities (Assn. Of Los Alamos Scientists, Cambridge Scientists, Manhattan District Scientists, New York Scientists, Oak Ridge Engineers and Scientists, Philadelphia Scientists, Committee for a National Science Foundation, Independent Citizens' Committee of the Arts, Sciences and Professions, Rocket Laboratory Group)

Box 31   Folder 8

Atomic Science Federations, activities (Federation of American Scientists)

Box 31   Folder 9

Atomic Science Federations, activities (Federation of Atomic Scientists)

Box 31   Folder 10

General Science Federations, activities (American Assn. for the Advancement of Science)

Box 31   Folder 11

General Science Federations, activities (National Academy of Sciences, Scientists' Committee on Loyalty Problems)

Box 31   Folder 12

Publications of Scientific Groups, occasional publications (Assn. of Oak Ridge Scientists at Clinton Laboratories, Oak Ridge Scientists, Northern California Assn. of Scientists, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Atomic Energy Committee)

Box 32   Folder 1

Publications of Scientific Groups, periodical publications

  • American Association of Scientific Workers (May-June 1945)
  • Association of Los Alamos Scientists (November 20, 1945-January 15, 1946)
  • Association of Manhattan Project (District) Scientists (November 2, 1945; January 9, 1946)
  • Association of Pasadena Scientists (January 15, 1946-February 12, 1946)
  • Association of Philadelphia Scientists (November 13, 1945-December 18, 1945)
  • Chicago Technical Societies Council (February 1946)
Box 32   Folder 2

Publications of Scientific Groups, periodical publications

  • National Committee on Atomic Information (March 25, 1946-April 22, 1946)
  • Oak Ridge Engineers and Scientists (January 13, 1946-February 12, 1946)
Box 32   Folder 3

Press releases of Atomic Science Groups (Assn. of Cambridge Scientists, Federation of Atomic Scientists, National Liaison Committee on Atomic Information)

Box 32   Folder 4

Correspondence of associated scientific groups, miscellaneous (A-Z by author)

Subseries 4: Conferences

Box 32   Folder 5

Conferences on technical and social aspects of atomic energy, Atomic Energy Control Conference, Chicago, September 1945, participants, agenda, daily summaries of meetings

Box 32   Folder 6

Conferences, Atomic Energy Control Conference, Chicago, September 1945, proceedings, book I

Box 32   Folder 7

Conferences, Atomic Energy Control Conference, Chicago, September 1945, proceedings, book II

Box 32   Folder 8

Conferences, Atomic Energy Control Conference, Chicago, September 1945, collateral documents for discussion by the conference, memoranda and technical background papers for the conference

Box 32   Folder 9

Conferences

  • Atomic Energy Control Conference, New York, October 1945, list of participants
  • Conference on Domestic Legislation, Chicago, December 1945, report of conference
  • Conference on Problems of the Atomic Age, Chicago, February, 1946, program of conference
  • Dublin Conference on World Peace, Dublin, N.H., October 1945, declaration of the conference, NYT, 10-17-45, correspondence on conference
  • Informal Dinner on Atomic Energy, Mayflower Hotel, Washington, D.C., November 29, 1945, participants in the program, summary statement of the discussion
  • Joint conference of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the Federation of Atomic Scientists on the Problems of War and Peace in the Atomic Age, New York, January 1946, program of conference, proceedings
  • Montreaux Conference, Montreaux, France, August 1947, Montreaux Declaration
Box 32   Folder 10

Conferences

  • Rocky Mountain Conference on Atomic Energy, Denver, December 1945, agenda, findings and recommendations
  • Rye Conference on Atomic Energy Control, Rye, New York, October 1945, agenda for discussion, resolution adopted at conference, press release from conference, correspondence relating to conference
  • St. Louis Conference, St. Louis, Missouri, November 1945, background papers, correspondence, proposals and resolutions

Subseries 5: Lester Guttman Papers

Box 33   Folder 1

ASC, general statement of purpose of scientists

Box 33   Folder 2

ASC, minutes of executive committee, 1948-1951, members of executive committee, 1949-1954

Box 33   Folder 3

ASC, financial statements, 1947-1952

Box 33   Folder 4

ASC, memoranda and meeting notices, 1947-1953

Box 33   Folder 5

ASC, press releases, 1948-1955

Box 33   Folder 6

ASC, appeal to president on nuclear disarmament, recommendations to AEC on security changes, 1948

Box 33   Folder 7

ASC, discussion papers, "An appropriate Role for Science in American Policy Making," "National Security in the Hydrogen Age," "Mobilization of Scientific Manpower," "Long Term Prospects for Essential Minerals"

Box 33   Folder 8

ASC, misc. correspondence, 1948-1954

Box 33   Folder 9

ASC, correspondence, 1946-1949

Box 33   Folder 10

ASC, L. Guttman notes

Box 33   Folder 11

ASC, material from various atomic scientists groups

Box 33   Folder 12

ASC, material from various sympathetic groups

Box 33   Folder 13

ASC, U.S. government documents

Box 33   Folder 14

ASC, misc. speeches, statements, and articles by government officials, scientists, and others, 1945-1955

Box 34   Folder 1

FAS, minutes of the council, 1947-1951, 1953-1954

Box 34   Folder 2

FAS, financial reports, membership lists, 1947-1954

Box 34   Folder 3

FAS, reorganization plan, constitution and by-laws, 1949

Box 34   Folder 4

FAS, press releases, 1947-1950, 1953

Box 34   Folder 5

FAS, memoranda to chapters and members, 1948-1954

Box 34   Folder 6

FAS, membership drives

Box 34   Folder 7

FAS, scientists committee on loyalty and security, 1953

Box 34   Folder 8

FAS, misc. members bulletin, 1951-1955

Box 34   Folder 9

FAS, misc. information bulletins, 1953-1955

Box 34   Folder 10

FAS, misc. newsletters, 1948-1955