PDF | XML

University of Chicago Library

Guide to the Committee on Science and Freedom Records 1953-1962

© 2006 University of Chicago Library

Descriptive Summary

Title:

Committee on Science and Freedom. Records

Dates:

1953-1962

Size:

6.5 linear ft. (13 boxes)

Repository:

Special Collections Research Center
University of Chicago Library
1100 East 57th Street
Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.

Abstract:

The Committee on Science and Freedom was an outgrowth of the Congress for Cultural Freedom held in Hamburg in 1953. The Records contain correspondence, press clippings, and copies of the Committee on Science and Freedom Bulletin. The collection also includes topical files that track the Committee's support of Hungarian scholars during the Hungarian Revolution and its investigation of conditions at universities in Tasmania and South Africa.

Information on Use

Access

No restrictions.

Citation

When quoting material from this collection, the preferred citation is: Committee on Science and Freedom. Records, [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library

Historical Note

The Committee on Science and Freedom was an outgrowth of the Congress for Cultural Freedom held in Hamburg in 1953. From 1954 until 1962 the Committee published occasional bulletins with articles on the relationship between society and scholarship in general and on the university as an institution in particular. In 1962 the bulletins were replaced by the journal Minerva, under the editorship of Edward Shils. The Minerva Papers, which are also at the University of Chicago, are organized as a separate collection.

The Committee’s involvement with scholars who participated in the Hungarian revolution began on November 3, 1956, shortly after the Hungarian uprising was quelled, the Committee on Science and Freedom received a telegram from the rector and seventeen professors of Szeged University, appealing to "all the universities in the world to rally to their side with their moral authority." In compliance with this appeal the Committee, on November 6, 1956, mailed a circular to scholars all over the world, asking them to declare their solidarity with their Hungarian colleagues.

fter the Hungarian uprising the Committee on Science and Freedom attempted to obtain the names and addresses of Hungarian scholars in order to arrange a cultural exchange between them and their Western colleagues. The collection includes miscellaneous correspondence written and received by the Committee in pursuit of this aim.

nother portion of the collections tracks the Committee’s involvement in conditions, which existed at the University of Tasmania between 1954 and 1956.

In October 1954, an inquiry into the university's affairs was demanded in a letter written by Professor S. S. Orr and endorsed by a number of other faculty members. The charges made against the university ultimately led to an investigation conducted by a Royal Commission. His criticisms made Orr persona non grata with university authorities. Rumors concerning his moral conduct began to circulate on campus, and in November 1955, he was accused by one of his students of having seduced her. Orr eventually lost his position and in turn sued the university for wrongful dismissal. Since fundamental issues of academic freedom were raised in connection with this case, the Committee took considerable interest in it.

Scope Note

The Committee on Science and Freedom Records contain correspondence, press clippings, and copies of the Committee on Science and Freedom Bulletin. The collection also includes topical files that track the Committee’s support of Hungarian scholars during the Hungarian Revolution and its investigation of conditions at universities in Tasmania and South Africa.

fter the Hungarian uprising the Committee on Science and Freedom attempted to obtain the names and addresses of Hungarian scholars in order to arrange a cultural exchange between them and their Western colleagues. The collection includes miscellaneous correspondence written and received by the Committee in pursuit of this aim.

The Tasmanian materials track the Committee’s involvement in conditions, which existed at the University of Tasmania between 1954 and 1956. In October 1954, an inquiry into the university's affairs was demanded in a letter written by Professor S. S. Orr and endorsed by a number of other faculty members. The charges made against the university ultimately led to an investigation conducted by a Royal Commission

Materials in the collection also deal with the Committee’s involvement with protests against the university situation in South Africa, especially with the problems and hardships caused by the policy of apartheid.

The correspondence in the collection was received by the Committee between 1953 and 1962. Most of the letters and postcards simply acknowledge receipt of copies of the Bulletin, which was widely distributed free of charge. Occasionally comments on the bulletin articles are added.

Related Resources

The following related resources are located in the Department of Special Collections:

http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/e/spcl/select.html

Subject Headings

INVENTORY

Box 1   Folder 1

The Hungarian Revolt

Box 1   Folder 2

Bacteriological warfare

Box 1   Folder 3

The arts in communist countries

Box 1   Folder 4

The Pasternak case

Box 1   Folder 5

Intellectual ferment in Eastern Europe

Box 1   Folder 6

Culture in Communist China

Box 1   Folder 7

Turmoil in Indonesia

Box 1   Folder 8

Academic freedom in Turkey

Box 1   Folder 9

Developing countries

Box 1   Folder 10

India, Iraq

Box 1   Folder 11

Academic freedom in Spain

Box 1   Folder 12

Secret Service "spying" in British universities

Box 1   Folder 13

British teachers' right to express political opinion

Box 1   Folder 14

The hazards of the hydrogen bomb

Box 1   Folder 15

School integration in the southern U.S. in general

Box 1   Folder 16

School integration in Little Rock, Arkansas

Box 2    Folder 1-8

Apartheid in South Africa, especially in universities

Box 3    Folder 1

British Universities, general I

Box 3    Folder 2

British Universities, general II

Box 3    Folder 3

British Universities, general III

Box 3    Folder 4

British Regional Universities

Box 3    Folder 5

British Universities: Oxford and Cambridge

Box 3    Folder 6

Irish Universities

Box 3    Folder 7

American Universities

Box 4   Folder 1

African Universities

Box 4   Folder 2

Universities in Communist countries

Box 4   Folder 3

Science and international events I

Box 4   Folder 4

Science and international events II

Box 4   Folder 5

Science and international events III

Box 5   Folder 1

Correspondence, 1953-1955

Box 5   Folder 2

Correspondence, 1953-1955

Box 5   Folder 3

Correspondence, 1953-1955

Box 5   Folder 4

Correspondence, 1953-1955

Box 5   Folder 5

Correspondence, 1953-1955

Box 5   Folder 6

Correspondence, 1953-1955

Box 5   Folder 7

Correspondence, 1956

Box 5   Folder 8

Correspondence, 1956

Box 5   Folder 9

Correspondence, 1956

Box 5   Folder 10

Correspondence, 1956

Box 5   Folder 11

Correspondence, 1956

Box 5   Folder 12

Correspondence, 1956

Box 5   Folder 13

Correspondence, 1956

Box 5   Folder 14

Correspondence, 1956

Box 5   Folder 15

Correspondence, 1956

Box 6    Folder 1

Correspondence, 1957

Box 6    Folder 2

Correspondence, 1957

Box 6    Folder 3

Correspondence, 1957

Box 6    Folder 4

Correspondence, 1957

Box 6    Folder 5

Correspondence, 1957

Box 6    Folder 6

Correspondence, 1957

Box 6    Folder 7

Correspondence, 1957

Box 6    Folder 8

Correspondence, 1957

Box 6    Folder 9

Correspondence, 1957

Box 6    Folder 10

Correspondence, 1957

Box 6    Folder 11

Correspondence, 1957

Box 6    Folder 12

Correspondence, 1958

Box 6    Folder 13

Correspondence, 1958

Box 6    Folder 14

Correspondence, 1958

Box 6    Folder 15

Correspondence, 1958

Box 7    Folder 1

Correspondence, 1958

Box 7    Folder 2

Correspondence, 1958

Box 7    Folder 3

Correspondence, 1958

Box 7    Folder 4

Correspondence, 1958

Box 7    Folder 5

Correspondence, 1959

Box 7    Folder 6

Correspondence, 1959

Box 7    Folder 7

Correspondence, 1959

Box 7    Folder 8

Correspondence, 1959

Box 7    Folder 9

Correspondence, 1959

Box 7    Folder 10

Correspondence, 1959

Box 7    Folder 11

Correspondence, 1959

Box 7    Folder 12

Correspondence, 1960

Box 7    Folder 13

Correspondence, 1960

Box 7    Folder 14

Correspondence, 1960

Box 7    Folder 15

Correspondence, 1960

Box 8    Folder 1

Correspondence, 1960

Box 8    Folder 2

Correspondence, 1960

Box 8    Folder 3

Correspondence, 1960

Box 8    Folder 4

Correspondence, 1960

Box 8    Folder 5

Correspondence, 1960

Box 8    Folder 6

Correspondence, 1960

Box 8    Folder 7

Correspondence, 1960

Box 8    Folder 8

Correspondence, 1960

Box 8    Folder 9

Correspondence, 1960

Box 8    Folder 10

Correspondence, 1961

Box 8    Folder 11

Correspondence, 1961

Box 8    Folder 12

Correspondence, 1961

Box 8    Folder 13

Correspondence, 1961

Box 8    Folder 14

Correspondence, 1961

Box 8    Folder 15

Correspondence, 1961

Box 9    Folder 1

Correspondence, 1961

Box 9    Folder 2

Correspondence, 1961

Box 9    Folder 3

Correspondence, 1961

Box 9    Folder 4

Correspondence, 1961

Box 9    Folder 5

Correspondence, 1962

Box 9    Folder 6-11

Carbon copies of letters sent by the Committee, 1957.

Box 9    Folder 12

Report on the Committee's Activities, July 1954 - August 1955

Box 9    Folder 13

Report on the Committee's Activities, December 1955 - February 1956

Box 9    Folder 14

Report on the Committee's Activities, February - August 1956

Box 9    Folder 15

Report on the Committee's Activities, September 1956 - April 1957

Box 9    Folder 16

Report on the Committee's Activities, May - December 1957

Box 9    Folder 17

Report on the Committee's Activities, January - September 1958

Box 9    Folder 18

Report on the Committee's Activities, September 1958 - May 1959

Box 9    Folder 19

Report on the Committee's Activities, January - February 1960

Box 9    Folder 20

Report on the Committee's Activities, October 1960

Box 9    Folder 21

Report on the Committee's Activities, November - December 1960

Box 9    Folder 22

Report on the Committee's Activities, January 1961

Box 9    Folder 23

Report on the Committee's Activities, February - March 1961

Box 10   Folder 1

Copy of the circular of November 6, 1956, the text of a statement on the plight of Hungarian intellectuals handed to the Soviet ambassador in London on December 4, 1956, and a press release announcing the demarche at the embassy.

Box 10   Folder 2

Letters received in response to the appeal

Box 10   Folder 3

Letters received in response to the appeal

Box 10   Folder 4

Letters received in response to the appeal

Box 10   Folder 5

Letters received in response to the appeal

Box 10   Folder 6

Letters received in response to the appeal

Box 10   Folder 7

Letters received in response to the appeal

Box 10   Folder 8

Letters received in response to the appeal

Box 10   Folder 9

Letters received in response to the appeal

Box 10   Folder 10

Letters received in response to the appeal

Box 10   Folder 11

Letters received in response to the appeal

Box 10   Folder 12

Miscellaneous correspondence in connection with the appeal

Box 10   Folder 13

Miscellaneous correspondence in connection with the appeal

Box 10   Folder 14

Miscellaneous correspondence in connection with the appeal

Box 10   Folder 15

Miscellaneous correspondence in connection with the appeal

Box 10   Folder 16

A list of scholars from whom replies were received

Box 11   Folder 1-6

Hungarian Correspondence

Box 11   Folder 7

A "Historical survey" of the case against the University of Tasmania; the published Report of the Royal Commission on the University, and the text of "A Bill to amend the Tasmanian University Act 1951."

Box 11   Folder 8

Correspondence by and to the Committee relating to the U. of T., mimeographed circulars, etc.

Box 11   Folder 9

Correspondence by and to the Committee relating to the U. of T., mimeographed circulars, etc.

Box 11   Folder 10

Correspondence by and to the Committee relating to the U. of T., mimeographed circulars, etc.

Box 11   Folder 11

Newspaper clippings

Box 11   Folder 12

Newspaper clippings

Box 11   Folder 13

Newspaper clippings

Box 12   Folder 1-4

Letters relating to race segregation in universities

Box 12   Folder 5-15

Correspondence relating to an appeal in January, 1958, made by the Committee on Science and Freedom for funds to help non-white South African students to enter one of the still "open" universities in that country, before the government's Separate University Education Bill, excluding non-whites from these universities, came into force.

Box 13   Folder 1-3

Correspondence with the contributors to the bulletin

Box 13   Folder 4

Bulletin No. 1.

Box 13   Folder 5

Bulletin No. 1-6 (2 copies)

Box 13   Folder 6

Bulletin No.13.(2 copies)

Box 13   Folder 7

Bulletin No.16-18.