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University of Chicago Library

Guide to the American Paper Currency Collection 1748-1871

© 2011 University of Chicago Library

Descriptive Summary

Title:

American Paper Currency. Collection

Dates:

1748-1871

Size:

1.5 linear feet (3 boxes)

Repository:

Special Collections Research Center
University of Chicago Library
1100 East 57th Street
Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.

Abstract:

Contains American paper currency (1748-1871), including examples from the Colonial, Continental, and Civil War periods. Includes currency that was transferred from the Reuben T. Durrett Collection.

Information on Use

Access

The collection is open for research.

Citation

When quoting material from this collection, the preferred citation is: American Paper Currency. Collection, [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library

Historical Note

INTRODUCTION

At the end of the seventeenth century, the Massachusetts Bay Colony was the first government of the western world to issue paper currency. It is not surprising that this financial innovation should have taken place on the fringes of world commerce and not in one of the major European financial centers. Necessity is said to be the “Mother of Invention” and the short supply of metallic currency in the New World made some alternative medium of exchange essential. In 1690, Massachusetts issued paper bills of credit to pay for King William’s War. By 1692, these bills were declared legal tender and circulated as a substitute for coin for twenty years. The other British colonies were quick to see the value of paper currency in an economy that suffered a constant drain of coin to England. Fourteen British colonies issued paper money before the Revolution and Vermont made an emission just before the establishment of the new republic.

With the Declaration of Independence from England and the establishment of a Continental Congress, the first attempts were made to provide a national currency for the American colonies. The first Continental notes were issued May 10, 1775. The bills were backed by a Congressional resolution pledging the faith of all the colonies for the redemption of the bills between 1779 and 1782. The units of issue were Spanish milled dollars, a conscious break from the English monetary system. Since Congress had no power to make its money legal tender, it was forced to rely on the individual colonies to do so. Between 1775 and 1779 the Continental Congress provided eleven emissions of currency with a face value of $241,552,780. By late 1776 the currency was beginning to depreciate and in 1780 when it was worth on 1/40th of face value the Congress made a last and only slightly successful attempt to redeem it and retire it. America’s first national currency enriched the language, if not the treasury. The terms “not worth a Continental” and “shinplaster” came into vogue. The latter term supposedly came from a soldier who used worthless notes to bind a leg wound.

The Continental Congress was not the only government issuing currency during the Revolutionary war period. The states considered themselves freed from the legal restrictions of England and issued a profusion of notes. Many of these were revolutionary in design and wording. Although some early war issues, particularly in New England, were redeemed, most eventually went the way of the Continental dollar.

Series I of this Collection contains paper currency from the colonial eras of all of the original states. Only Florida, which was under British rule from 1763-1783 and Vermont, (the 14th state) which produced a single issue in 1781, are unrepresented. Seventeen pieces of Continental currency are found in the Collection including at least one example of all eleven general emissions except the last, January 14, 1779. The earliest colonial issue contained here is a Maryland 15 shilling note dated October 1, 1748. About six other notes from various colonies are available for the following two decades. During the 1770’s the Collection broadens. Approximately 85 items are included. Colonial and Continental currency is of value not only because of its financial history and rarity, but also because of its interesting design and production. Many of these notes are of curious and original design ranging from nature studies to Revolutionary War themes to early state arms. Most colonies printed dire warnings to counterfeiters on their money--see Delaware (“to Counterfeit is Death”), Maryland, New Jersey, and New York. The governments’ bark was evidently worse than their bite, however. Only half-dozen executions for counterfeiting are recorded for the entire colonial period although the incidence of the crime was high. Other specific attractions which might be mentioned are the Massachusetts notes which have been cancelled with a circular punch, a common treatment of the times; notes which have been repaired and stitched--see them among the North Carolina set; notes printed on one side only--a practice carried to the end of the nineteenth century; Rhode Island notes, which have a red reverse (most notes of the period were only black and white), and Delaware notes bearing Benjamin Franklin’s imprint.

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

The Constitution of the United States gave the federal government sole authority to issue money. The states were forbidden to coin money or emit bills of credit. For almost eighty years the national government made very little use of its right to issue paper money. The two United States banks, located in Philadelphia, did issue some notes, but when their charters expired they became local institutions and eventually failed. Examples of the Bank of the United States notes during its private period can be found under “Pennsylvania” in this collection.

The Civil War brought the return of governmentally issued paper money to this country. On July 17, 1861 Congress authorized the printing and circulation of Legal Tender paper worth 60 million dollars. These “Demand Notes” were not backed by gold or silver. In 1862 Legal Tender Notes were issued. Since then United States paper money has been in continual circulation. It is significant that no issue of United States money has ever been recalled or invalidated. Every United States bill is still worth its face value. Of course, many bills are worth much more to the collector than to a bank.

About half a dozen examples of United States currency are to be found in this Collection. These items include an example of the first Demand Notes (1861) known as greenbacks; a $50 legal tender note of 1862; a piece of postal currency; and some fractional paper currency.

PRIVATE ISSUES

Although the individual states could not issue currency they did have the right to charter private banks that could then issue notes. From these private banks came a great flux of paper money that both oiled and clogged the wheels of commerce in pre-Civil War America. In addition to private banks, municipalities, transport companies, insurance companies, stores, et cetera, all issued scrip. The notes of these organizations were payable on demand and were only as strong as the bank or company itself. Thus, if too many notes would be presented at once a bank would simply close its doors and default. One expedient used to make it harder for the note holder to cash his bills was to locate the main office of the bank in an inaccessible place like a forest or swamp. This practice led to the term “wildcat” bank since the wildcat might be the only customer having easy access.

Although a state could not issue money it had another alternative besides chartering private banks. Kentucky set up the Bank of the Commonwealth of Kentucky whose entire stock belonged to the state. Its notes, of course, were not legal tender and no one was required to accept them under federal law, but Kentucky used the wildcat technique to get around this difficulty. This Collection contains many examples of notes issued by the Bank of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. Many of these came to the University Library through the Durrett Collection.

All the privately issued notes and those of local agencies are to be found in the last section of Series I of this Collection. They are organized alphabetically by state, town, or city, and finally by issuing agency. One hundred and thirty-eight different private issues are to be found in this Collection representing some twenty states. Most of the bills are from the 1850’s and `60’s although some of the Kentucky notes go back to 1816. After the re-introduction of federal currency during the Civil War the production of private issues ceased.

Included in this section are many notes issued by private agencies within the southern states during the time that they were members of the Confederacy. Technically these issues should be considered Confederate and not United States currency, however, for reasons of expediency and organization, they have been included in Series I of this Collection.

MISCELLANEOUS

Four folders of items resembling money have been included in this Collection. These are receipts, merchandising coupons, advertisements made to look like money, stock certificates, and promissory notes.

CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA

The Confederate States of America spewed forth an ever-increasing amount of paper currency which eventually engulfed the economy of the South and drowned it. The Confederate Constitution, unlike that of the United States, did not limit the right to issue paper currency to the central government. Thus a mass of different governments and private agencies contributed to the paper confusion of the Southern economy. States, municipalities, banks, railroads, and businesses all competed with the Confederate government in the issuance of currency. Also no coins were minted in the South so paper money, including fractional currency, was needed to meet the demands of all financial transactions.

The Confederacy began issuing paper money immediately after secession from the Union. Its financial policy considered paper money not only as a medium of exchange, but as a means of war finance. Confederate notes were not legal tender and payable on demand. In fact, early in 1861 the government hit on the expedient of issuing notes which would be payable “six months after the ratification of a Treaty of Peace between the Confederate States and the United States.” This had the effect of tying the value of paper currency very closely to the military situation. At first the money was reasonably strong, but as the war continued and the outlook for the South became bleak, paper money lost its value and tremendous inflation began. Peace with the North was never ratified; the bills never fell due; and by 1865 Confederate currency was totally worthless. It was the worst case of inflation in American history.

As paper money became more and more inflated the Confederacy printed greater quantities of bills, flooding the South with currency. Printing, which was of rather high quality at the beginning of the war deteriorated and the color, clarity, and paper declined also. The very first Confederate notes were actually engraved in New York by the National Bank Note Co. With the outbreak of hostilities, however, the business was transferred south and private firms began production of Confederate currency since there was no government printing office. The usual technique was lithography.

After Appomattox, Confederate currency became, in the words of one poet: “Representing nothing on God’s earth now, And naught in the waters below it; As the pledge of a nation that passed away, Keep it dear friend, and show it. . .”

Many people threw it out or burned it, but others did keep some in attics and drawers. Trainloads of currency were captured by the Union Army and sent to Washington where it was put in storage. By the late nineteenth century the first part of this rhyme was no longer true as Confederate currency again became valuable when collectors began to gather the notes. Now its value is based not on denomination but on rarity.

The last lines of the above verse remain valid because Confederate currency has become a graphic illustration of American history. This aspect of Confederate currency was discerned in the early twentieth century by the Treasury department, which cleaned out its store rooms and sent packets of money to educational institutions all over the country for use in history teaching. Some of the currency in this Collection came from that source. A glance through the bills in Series II of this Collection is a brief trip through the history of the Confederacy. Statesmen and heroes appear on the bills beginning with national figures like Calhoun and Washington and Jackson and moving on to Southern statesmen like Jefferson Davis, Alexander Stephens, and J.P. Benjamin. Even a Southern lady, Lucy Pickens is found on a few issues. Another favorite theme of Confederate currency was war -- artillery and naval and battle scenes are found. The cornerstones of Southern life--cotton and slavery appear also. Other common subjects are industry, transportation, mythology, and public edifices. The character of the Old South and the short-levied Confederacy come alive through its money.

Counterfeiting was rampant during the Civil War in the South. The multiplicity of bills, issuing agencies and signers made it extremely easy to pass bogus currency. The poor quality of the printing and paper by the end of the war also made it easier to produce acceptable fakes. The North contributed to the confusion by making copies of Confederate currency, many of which found their way south. Samuel C. Upham in Philadelphia printed the most famous of these bills. He made copies of more than 3,000 varieties of Confederate bills as souvenirs and sold them for about 1$ each regardless of denomination. Although these bills were marked “Fac-simile” in large letters across their face they circulated in the South as real money. Perhaps the markings were so large that they were not immediately noticed. Examples of Upham’s work and other types of reproduced currency can be found among the money in this Collection. Their detection, however, is left to the expert and unless obviously bogus, even to the untrained eye, all bills have been treated as genuine.

Crover C. Criswell lists seventy-two types of Confederate notes with an immense number of sub-varieties and permutations. This Collection contains examples of 52 major types and a large number of sub-types, series, and variations to give a total of one hundred and forty three different bills and, including duplicates, 293 individual pieces.

The Confederate government also issued bonds to finance the War. Seven of these will be found in Series II of this Collection.

STATES OF THE CONFEDERACY

All eleven states of the Confederacy issued their own money since this was not prohibited under the Constitution. In addition many local government units also issued paper currency (note: see Series I). The states made their bills legal tender even though this was prohibited by the Constitution. This status could only be enforced within the jurisdiction of the issuing government so no state’s currency circulated outside of its borders. This led to a proliferation of currencies and added to the monetary confusion of the South.

The type of currency differed from place to place. Most states issued “treasury notes” but Texas and Arkansas used treasury warrants, either military or civil and Missouri issued “defense bonds.” In printing, design, and quality the notes greatly resemble the bills of the Confederacy with more emphasis on state officials and local landmarks. This similarity is to be expected since the same printers produced state and national currency.

This Collection contains examples of currency issued by eight of the states of the Confederacy. The states not represented are those whose currency is rare, largely for historical reasons. The states not found in this Collection are South Carolina, Arkansas, and Tennessee. In addition to these eight states, the Collection also contains defense bonds and notes issued by the secessionist government of Missouri. Although the state never officially left the Union, a separatist government in its southern counties issued paper money. These bills are normally classified as Confederate. In all, this Collection contains 49 different pieces of money issued by the states of the Confederacy.

Scope Note

The inventory of materials in this collection is organized in the following manner. Series I, folders 1-21 contain colonial currency. Folders 1-3 hold currency issued by the Continental Congress while folders 4-21 contain notes issued by the individual colonies. Each folder contains material from only one colony and the folders are arranged alphabetically by colony. Within the folders the money is arranged chronologically in a pattern shown at the beginning of the checklist. Folder 22, Series I, is devoted to paper money issued by the United States government. The items are organized according to the design number assigned by Robert Friedberg. (see bibliography). Folders 23-57 contain private issues. The folders are arranged alphabetically by state. Within the folders the notes are arranged alphabetically first by city of issue, then by issuing agency, and finally numerically by denomination. Folder 58 contains unidentified items; folders 59 & 60 contain miscellaneous reproductions and facsimiles; folder 61 & 62 contain receipts and promissory notes, all from the State of Kentucky; and folders 63 & 64 contain stock certificates.

Series II contains Confederate currency. This money has been collated against the checklist of Grover C. Criswell, Jr., (see bibliography) and is arranged according to his type numbers. Folders 1-38 contain currency of the Confederate States of America (CSA); Folders 39 and 40 contain facsimiles and reproductions of CSA currency; and folders 41-46 contain Confederate bonds. Folders 47-59 contain notes issued by the individual Confederate states. The folders are arranged alphabetically by state and the currency within them follows the Criswell pattern.

Series III is an addendum to the American Currency Collection and contains 64 folders of Confederate States currency and bonds: 44 folders (Box 1) are currency and 20 folders (Box 2) are bonds. All are Richmond, Virginia issues except for 4 copies of bonds issued at Montgomery, Alabama.

This group is arranged by the type number of the checklist by Grover C. Criswell, Jr. as Vol. II is. Represented are Criswell’s 57 major different types of currency--a total of 221 individual notes with 172 subtypes- -and 20 different types of bonds. It adds 74 new sub-types to the collection which Vol. II does not contain (marked with asterisk in the checklist). Two of them do not appear even in the 1964 edition of Criswell’s checklist Folder 1, item C, a $50 note and Folder 44, item A, a 50¢ note with serial letter I.

Related Resources

The following related resources are located in the Department of Special Collections:

http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/e/spcl/select.html

Subject Headings

INVENTORY

Series I: Paper Currency

Box 1   Folder 1

Continental Currency

  • A. May 10, 1775 -- $ 5.00
  • B. November 29, 1775 -- $ 6.00
  • C. February 17, 1776 -- $ 1/6 : Plate B
  • D. February 17, 1776 -- $ 1/2 : Plate B
  • E. February 17, 1776 -- $ 2/3 : Plate A
  • F. May 9, 1776 -- $ 1.00
  • G. May 9, 1776 -- $ 6.00
  • H. May 9, 1776 -- $ 8.00
Box 1   Folder 2

Continental Currency

  • A. July 22, 1776 -- $ 3.00
  • B. July 22, 1776 -- $ 4.00
  • C. November 2, 1776 -- $ 4.00
  • D. February 26, 1777 -- $ 4.00
  • E. May 20, 1777 -- $ 5.00
  • F. April 11, 1778 -- $ 30.00
  • G. September 26, 1778 -- $ 8.00
  • H. September 26, 1778 -- $ 20.00
Box 1   Folder 3

Continental Currency

  • A. September 26, 1778 -- $ 30.00
Box 1   Folder 4

Connecticut

  • A. July 1, 1775 -- $ 20s.
  • B. June 19, 1776 -- $ 6d.
Box 1   Folder 5

Delaware

  • A. June 1, 1759 -- 10s.
  • B. June 1, 1759 -- 15s.
  • C. June 1, 1759 -- 20s.
  • D. January 1, 1776 -- 18d.
  • E. January 1, 1776 -- 5s.
  • F. January 1, 1776 -- 10s.
  • G. May 1, 1777 -- 6s.
Box 1   Folder 6

Georgia

  • A. 1776 Fractional Dollar Denominations -- $1/4
  • B. 1776 Maroon Seal -- $ 10.00; (this must be a reproduction)
Box 1   Folder 7

Maryland

  • A. October 1, 1748 -- 15s.
  • B. July 14, 1756 -- 20s.
  • C. March 1, 1770 -- $ 4.00
  • D. March 1, 1770 -- $ 8.00
  • E. April 10, 1774 -- $ 1.00
  • F. April 10, 1774 -- $ 8.00
  • G. August 14, 1776 -- $ 1 1/3
Box 1   Folder 8

Massachusetts

  • A. May 5, 1780 -- $ 1.00
  • B. May 5, 1780 -- $ 2.00 ; 2 copies
  • C. May 5, 1780 -- $ 3.00 ; 2 copies
  • D. May 5, 1780 -- $ 4.00
Box 1   Folder 9

New Hampshire

  • A. April 29, 1780 -- $ 5.00
Box 1   Folder 10

New Jersey

  • A. December 31, 1763 -- 3s.
  • B. December 31, 1763 -- 15s. ; Plate B
  • C. March 25, 1776 -- 6s. ; Plate B
  • D. March 25, 1776 -- 15s.
Box 1   Folder 11

New York

  • A. April 21, 1760 -- -- L. 10
  • B. August 13, 1776 -- $ 5.00
Box 1   Folder 12

North Carolina

  • A. December 1771 -- 5s.
  • B. April 2, 1776 -- $ 10.00; peacock
  • C. August 8, 1778 -- $ 5.00; "The Rising States"
  • D. May 10, 1780 -- $ 25.00; "Dulce Pro Patria Mori"
Box 1   Folder 13

Pennsylvania

  • A. March 10, 1769 -- ^s.
  • B. March 20, 1771 -- 5s.
  • C. April 3, 1772 -- 2s.6d.
  • D. March 20, 1773 -- 4s. ; Plate B
  • E. March 20, 1773 -- 16s. ; Plate A
  • F. October 1, 1773 -- 20s.
  • G. April 25, 1776 -- 18d. (Is6d)
Box 1   Folder 14

Pennsylvania

  • A. April 25, 1776 -- 2s.
  • B. April 10, 1777 -- 3d; Plate B
  • C. April 10, 1777 -- 9d; Plate B
Box 1   Folder 15

Rhode Island and Providence Plantations

  • A. July 2, 1780 -- $ 4.00
  • B. July 2, 1780 -- $ 8.00
Box 1   Folder 16

South Carolina

  • A. June 1, 1775 -- L 10; 2 copies
  • B. December 23, 1776 -- $ 2.00; "Et Soil &, Et Mori"
  • C. December 23, 1776 -- $ 8.00
  • D. December 23, 1776 -- $ 20.00
Box 1   Folder 17

South Carolina

  • A. February 14, 1777 -- $ 20.00; 2 copies
  • B. February 8, 1779 -- $ 70.00
  • C. February 8, 1779 -- $ 90.00 ; 2 copies
  • D. July 6, 1789 -- City of Charleston -- 2s.
Box 1   Folder 18

Virginia

  • A. July 17, 1775 -- L 2
  • B. May 6, 1776 -- 1s. 3d.
  • C. May 6, 1776 -- 12s. 6d.
  • D. October 7, 1776 -- $ 1/3
  • E. October 7, 1776 -- $ 1.00
Box 1   Folder 19

Virginia

  • A. May 5, 1777 -- $ 8.00
  • B. October 20, 1777 -- $ 6.00
  • C. October 20, 1777 -- $ 10.00
  • D. October 20, 1777 -- $ 10.00 ; reprint probably made from plates found during Civil War.
  • E. October 5, 1778 -- $ 100.00
  • F. May 3, 1779 -- $ 100.00
Box 1   Folder 20

Virginia

  • A. March 1, 1781 -- $ 80.00
  • B. March 1, 1781 -- $ 150.00
  • C. March 1, 1781 -- $ 250.00
  • D. March 1, 1781 -- $ 750.00
  • E. March 1, 1781 -- $ 1000.00
  • F. May 7, 1781 -- $ 10.00
  • G. May 7, 1781 -- $ 15.00
  • H. May 7, 1781 -- $ 25.00
Box 1   Folder 21

Virginia

  • A. May 7, 1781 -- $ 30.00
  • B. May 7, 1781 -- $ 35.00
  • C. May 7, 1781 -- $ 40.00
  • D. May 7, 1781 -- $ 70.00
  • E. May 7, 1781 -- $ 75.00
  • F. May 7, 1781 -- $ 100.00
  • G. May 7, 1781 -- $ 200.00
  • H. May 7, 1781 -- $ 500.00
Box 1   Folder 22

United States of America

  • A. Design 1, #1 -- $ 5.00; Demand note of 1861; 4 copies; A, A, D, D.
  • B. Design 22, #149 -- $ 50.00; Legal Tender 1862; 1 copy; A
  • C. Design 102, #412 -- $ 10.00; Nat’1 Bank note; First Charter Period; 1 copy; A
  • D. Design 170, #1257 -- 10f; Fractional currency, fourth issue; 1 copy
  • E. Design 174, #1281 -- 25 ¢; First Issue; 1 copy
  • F. Design 184, #1374-5 -- 50 ¢; fourth issue; 2 copies
Box 1   Folder 23

Alabama

  • A. Auburn, East Alabama Insurance Co. -- 25 ¢; Feb. 1862
  • B. Mobile, Deposit Bank -- $ 1.00; May 13, 1862
  • C. Mobile, Mobile Savings Bank -- 10 ¢ Sept. 1861
  • D. Montgomery, Montgomery Insurance Co.-- $ 2.00 April 16, 1862
Box 1   Folder 24

Florida

  • A. Tallahassee, Bank of Florida -- $ 20.00; Aug. 1, 1843; A
Box 1   Folder 25

Georgia

  • A. n.p., Bank of Commerce -- $ 1.00; July 20, 1861; A
  • B. Atlanta, Bank of Fulton -- 15¢; Jan. 1, 1862
  • C. Atlanta, City of Atlanta -- 50 ¢; July 1, 1865; A
  • D. Atlanta, City of Atlanta -- $ 2.00; Aug. 1, 1865; A
  • E. Atlanta, The Western & Atlantic Rail Road -- $ 1.00; June 2, 1862
Box 1   Folder 26

Georgia

  • A. Augusta, The Augusta Insurance & Banking Co. -- 50 ¢; Jan. 1, 1862; A
  • B. August, The City Council of Augusta -- 25 ¢; Jan. 30, 1862 ; 2 copies;B,C
  • C. August, Mechanics Bank -- 50 ¢; July 1, 1862
  • D. Dalton, The Cherokee Insurance & Banking Co. -- 20 ¢; April 1, 1862
  • E. Greensborough, Bank of Greensborough -- $ 5.00 ; May 2, 1857; J
Box 1   Folder 27

Illinois

  • A. Granville, The Continental Bank -- $ 5.00 ; June 1, 1858; A
Box 1   Folder 28

Indiana

  • A. Columbus, The Madison & Indianapolis RR -- $ 5.00 ;Aug. 23, 1843; A
  • B. Gosport, The Citizens Bank -- $ 1.00 ; July 1, 1857 ; A
  • C. Gosport, The Citizens Bank -- $ 3.00 ; July 1, 1857 ; A
Box 1   Folder 29

Kentucky

  • A. Bowling Green, Commonwealth of Kentucky -- 50 ¢ June 12, 1823
  • B. Burksville, The Cumberland Bank of Burksville -- $ 5.00 Dec. 28, 1818; B
  • C. Danville, Bank of the Commonwealth of Ky. -- 12 1/2¢; n.d.
  • D. Frankfort, Bank of the Commonwealth of Ky. -- 6 1/4 ¢ (?) 1822; D
  • E. Frankfort, Bank of the Commonwealth of Ky. -- 12 1/2 ¢; (?) 1822; D
  • F. Harrodsburg, Harrodsburg Hotel -- 6 1/4 ¢; 1822
  • G. Harrodsburg, Harrodsburg Hotel -- 12 1/2 ¢; 1822
  • H. Harrodsburg, Harrodsburg Hotel -- 25 ¢; 1822
Box 1   Folder 30

Kentucky

  • A. Harrodsburg, Bank of Harrodsburg -- $ 2.00 ; n.d.
  • B. Henderson, Bank of Henderson -- $ 1.00 ; 1818 (29 May, 8 July, 30 Aug.) 3 copies ; A,B,B
  • C. Henderson, Bank of Henderson -- $ 2.00 ; Nov. 20, 1818 ; A
  • D. Henderson, Bank of Henderson -- $ 5.00 ; Aug. 18, 1818 ; A
Box 1   Folder 31

Kentucky

  • A. Lexing, Kentucky Insurance Co. -- $ 1.00 ; June 16, 1816 ; A
  • B. Lexing, Kentucky Insurance Co. -- $ 2.00 ; Aug. 16, 1816 ; A
  • C. Lexington, Northern Bank of Kentucky -- $ 1.00 ; Nov. 29, 1847; E
  • D. Louisville, Bank of Kentucky -- $ 5.00; Oct. 1, 1835; C
Box 1   Folder 32

Kentucky

  • A. Perryville, no name -- 12 1/2 ¢;
  • B. Russellsville, Farmers & Mechanics Bank of Logan -- 50 ¢; n.d.
  • C. Russellsville, Farmers & Mechanics Bank of Logan -- 2.00; Jan. 29, 1819; A
  • D. Russellsville, Farmers & Mechanics Bank of Logan -- 10.00; April 30, 1819; A
  • E. Shelbyville, Farmers & Mechanics Bank of Shelbyville -- $ 1.00; July 7,
  • 1818; A
Box 1   Folder 33

Louisiana

  • A. Bellevue, Parrish of Bossier -- $ 2.00; July 4, 1862
  • B. New Orleans, Atchafalaya Railroad Banking Co. -- $ 100.00; May 1, 1838; A
  • C. New Orleans, Canal Bank -- $ 10.00; Jan. 2, 1857; A
  • D. New Orleans, The Bank of Commerce -- $ 1.00; May 5, 1862; A
Box 1   Folder 34

Louisiana

  • A. New Orleans, Banque des Ameliorations, Improvement and Banking -- $ 10.00; (?) 1836; B
  • B. New Orleans, Bank of Louisiana $ 10.00; June 14, 1862; D
  • C. New Orleans, Bank of New Orleans -- $ 10.00; March 1, 1858; A
  • D. New Orleans, Bank of New Orleans -- $ 20.00; March 1, 1858; BC
Box 1   Folder 35

Louisiana

  • A. New Orleans, Bank of New Orleans -- $ 50.00; Feb. 5, 1862; BC
  • B. New Orleans, Municipality -- 50 ¢ Dec. 1, 1839
Box 1   Folder 36

Maryland

  • A. Baltimore, Bank of Baltimore -- 12 1/2¢; 1816
  • B. Ellicotts Mills, Patapsco Bank of Maryland -- 25 ¢; April 19, 1838; A
Box 1   Folder 37

Michigan

  • A. Adrian, The Erie and Kalamazoo Railroad Bank -- $ 1.00; August 1, 1853; A
  • B. Adrian, The Erie and Kalamazoo Railroad Bank -- $ 2.00; August 1, 1853; A
  • C. Adrian, The Erie and Kalamazoo Railroad Bank -- $ 5.00; August 1, 1853; 2 copies; A, A
  • D. Palmyra, The Palmyra & Jacksonburgh Railroad Co. -- $ 3.00; June 4, 1857; A
Box 1   Folder 38

Mississippi

  • A. Brandon, The Mississippi and Alabama Railroad Co. -- $ 10.00; July 1, 1838; A
  • B. Canton, Citizens’ Bank of Madison County -- 25 ¢; 1861; B
  • C. Canton, Citizens’ Bank of Madison County -- 20.00; March 13, 1858; B
  • D. Corinth, unknown -- $ 1.50; March 29, 1862
  • E. Holly Springs, The Mississippi Central Railroad Co. -- 5 ¢; January 1, 1862; A
  • F. Holly Springs, The Mississippi Central Railroad Co. -- 10 ¢; January 1, 1862; A
  • G. Holly Spring, The Mississippi Central Railroad Co. -- 50 ¢; January 1, 1862; A
Box 1   Folder 39

Mississippi

  • A. Jackson, Bowman House -- 50 ¢; July 12, 1862
  • B. Jackson, E. L. Jordan -- 50 ¢; 1862
  • C. Jackson, Mississippian Office -- 10 ¢; July 10, 1862
  • D. Macon, Mobile & Ohio Rail road Co. -- 10 ¢; Feburary 15, 1862
  • E. Magnolia, Henry Gotting -- $ 1.00; Mary 1, 1862
  • F. Port Giobson, Bank of Port Gibson -- $ 10.00; unsigned; A
Box 1   Folder 40

Mississippi

  • A. Princeton, The Bank of Mississippi -- $ 10.00; not signed; B
  • B. Princeton, The Bank of Mississippi -- $ 20.00; not signed; A
  • C. Woodville, The West Feliciana Railroad Co. -- 10 ¢; March 5, 1862; A
Box 1   Folder 41

New Jersey

  • A. Jersey City, Morris Canal and Banking Co. -- $ 3.00; December 1, 1840; A
Box 1   Folder 42

New York

  • A. New York City, The New York Loan Co. -- $ 10.00; March 27, 1838
  • B. Owego, The Bank of Owego -- $ 2.00, February 1, 1843
Box 1   Folder 43

North Carolina

  • A. Camden, The County Trustee of the County of Camden -- 25 ¢; September 9, 1861
  • B. Graham, The Bank of Lexington -- $ 5.00; July 2, 1860; Bb
Box 1   Folder 44

Ohio

  • A. Cincinnati, The Lafayette Bank of Cincinnati -- $ 5.00; (?); B
  • B. Gallipolis, The Bank of Gallipolis -- $ 5.00; November 9, 1839; 5 copies; A, A, B, C, C
  • C. Gallipolis, The Bank of Gallipolis -- $ 10.00; January 9, 1840; A
  • D. Hamilton, The Hamilton & Rossville Manufacturing Co. -- $ 3.00; December 15, 1818
Box 1   Folder 45

Ohio

  • A. Miamisburg, The Washington Bank -- $ 1.00; March 1, 1840; A
  • B. Urbana, The Mad River & Lake Erie Railroad Co. -- 50 ¢; June 10, 1841; H
Box 1   Folder 46

Pennsylvania

  • A. Montrose, The Bank of Susquehanna County -- $ 5.00; November 1, 1843; C
  • B. Northumberland, The Bank of Northumberland -- $ 10.00; November 1,1840; A
  • C. Philadelphia, Manual Labor Bank -- $ 1.00; June 1, 1837; A
  • D. Philadelphia, Bank of Pennsylvania -- $ 5.00; April 2, 1830; M8
Box 1   Folder 47

Pennsylvania

  • A. Philadelphia, The Philadelphia City Savings Institution -- 12 1/2¢; June 26; B
  • B. Philadelphia, The Philadelphia Loan Co. -- 10 ¢; June 10, 1837
  • C. Philadelphia, The Bank of the United States -- $ 20.00; September 1, 1837; A
  • D. Philadelphia, United States -- $ 100.00; December 10, 1831; Q
Box 1   Folder 48

South Carolina

  • A. Charleston, The City of Charleston -- 50 ¢; March 1862
  • B. Charleston, Farmers & Exchange Bank -- $ 10.00; June 1, 1859;B
  • C. Cheraw, Merchants Bank of South Carolina -- $ 8.00; note signed; A
  • D. n.p., The Bank of the State of South Carolina -- 10 ¢; February 1, 1863
  • E. n.p., The Bank of the State of South Carolina -- 15 ¢; February 1, 1863
  • F. n.p., The Bank of the State of South Carolina -- 20 ¢; July 1, 1861
Box 1   Folder 49

Tennessee

  • A. Chattanooga, Bank of Chattanooga -- 50 ¢; September 1, 1862
  • B. Chattanooga, Bank of Chattanooga -- 50 ¢; April 2, 1863
  • C. Chattanooga, Bank of Chattanooga -- $ 1.00; January 4, 1863; A
  • D. Chattanooga, Bank of Chattanooga -- $ 2.00; January 4, 1863; A
  • E. Memphis, Farmers & Merchants Bank -- $ 2.00; 18 (?); A
  • F. Memphis, Farmers & Merchants Bank -- $ 5.00; May 1, 1854; B
Box 1   Folder 50

Tennessee

  • A. Memphis, Memphis & Charleston Railroad Co. -- 25 ¢; January 15, 1862
  • B. Nashville, Bank of Tennessee -- 5 ¢; December 1, 1861
  • C. Nashville, Bank of Tennessee -- 10 ¢; December 1, 1861
Box 1   Folder 51

Vermont

  • A. n.p., The Bank of St. Albans -- $ 3.00; November 14, 1837; A
Box 1   Folder 52

Virginia

  • A. Chatham, Bank of Pittssylvania -- $ 5.00; May 10, 1861; A
  • B. Fairfax Court House, County of Fluvanna -- 5 ¢; September 20, 1861
  • C. Fluvanna, County of Fluvanna -- 50 ¢; July 1, 1862
  • D. Franklin, the County of Pendleton -- 75 ¢; August 1, 1862
  • E. Howardsville, The Bank of Howardsville -- $ 1.00; September 3, 1861; B
  • F. Lynchburg, The City of Lynchburg -- 1s ¢; May 1, 1862
Box 1   Folder 53

Virginia

  • A. Lynchburg, The City of Lynchburg -- 60 ¢; May 1, 1862
  • B. Lynchburg, The City of Lynchburg -- 90 ¢; May 1, 1862
  • C. Madison Co., Madison Co. -- $ 2.00; September 2, 1861
  • D. Montrose, The County of Westmoreland -- 25 ¢; June 23, 1862
Box 1   Folder 54

Virginia

  • A. Pearisburg, The Bank of The Old Dominion -- $ 1.00; February 1, 1862
  • B. Pearisburg, The Bank of The Old Dominion -- $ 1.00; May 1, 1862
  • C. Petersburg, The City of Petersburg -- $ 1.00; May 1, 1864
  • D. Princeton, The County of Mercer -- $ 1.00; May 1, 1863
  • E. Richmond, C. R. Bricker -- 5 ¢; September 3, 1861; 2 copies
Box 1   Folder 55

Virginia

  • A. Richmond, The City of Richmond -- 10 ¢; April 14, 1862
  • B. Richmond, The City of Richmond -- 50 ¢; April 14, 1862; 2 copies
  • C. Richmond, The City of Richmond -- 60 ¢; April 14, 1862
  • D. Richmond, The Corporation of Richmond -- $ 1.00; April 19, 1861
  • E. Richmond, The Corporation of Richmond -- $ 2.00; April 19, 1861
Box 1   Folder 56

Virginia

  • A. Richmond, The Bank of Commonwealth of the -- $ 1.00; May 1, 1861
  • B. Richmond, Commonwealth -- $ 1.25; June 4, June 4, 1862
  • C. Richmond, Commonwealth -- $ 1.50; June 4, 1862
  • D. Richmond, Commonwealth -- $ 1.75; June 4, 1862
  • E. Richmond, Commonwealth -- $ 4.00; June 4, 1862
Box 1   Folder 57

Virginia

  • A. Richmond, Bank of Virginia -- $ 5.00; July 10 (?); D
  • B. Salem, The County of Roanoke -- 60 ¢ ; December 1, 1862
  • C. Staunton, Peter Independence Kurtz -- 5 ¢; September 7, 1861
  • D. Staunton, The County of Augusta -- 25 ¢; May 25, 1862
  • E. Union, The County of Monroe- 25 ¢; January 1, 1862
  • F. Woodstock, The County of Shenandoah -- 10 ¢; May 11, 1863
  • G. Woodstock, Shenandoah -- 20 ¢; May 11, 1863
Box 1   Folder 58

Place of Issue Unknown

  • A. Bank of the United States -- $ 5.00; May 7, 1828; D
  • B. Granville Alexandrian Society $ 1.00; August 19, 1815; B
  • C. The Exchange Bank (Pitts- Burgh)-- $ 2.00; November 15, 1841
  • D. Hartford Bank -- $ 3.00; n.d.; (possibly N.Y.)
Box 1   Folder 59

Money-like Coupons

  • A. Philadelphia, White Hall -- $ 1.00; n.d. Clothing Bazaar
  • B. J.C. (Jersey City?), First National Clothing House -- 25 ¢; n.d.
  • C. New York City, The Mustang Bank -- (?) 50 ; n.d.
  • D. Louisville Theater ticket -- 75¢;
  • E. Louisville (KY) City Lottery -- No. 186 ticket
Box 1   Folder 60

Money-like Coupons

  • A. Boston, Chas. P. Poiner, Looking Glass & Picture Frame Manufacturer -- 10¢; November 1, 1862
  • B. Haverhill, Mass, H. Waterman -- 25 ¢; 1862; unsigned
  • C. Portsmouth, N. H., Jones & Mendum, etc; -- 5 ¢; 186 (?) unsigned
Box 1   Folder 61

Receipts & Promissory Notes

  • A. John Saunders to Daniel Boone -- May 20, 1784 (authenticity in doubt)
  • B. Kentucky, Auditors Office -- July 23, 1827 -- tax receipt
  • C. Promissory notes from -- February 12, 1819 James Innes to Bank of Kentucky
Box 1   Folder 62

Kentucky -- Promissory Notes and Checks

  • A. Frankfort, Bank of Kentucky, promissory note, $ 50.00; October 22, 1802; # 2305; to Wm. Trigg
  • B. Louisville, Bank of Kentucky, promissory note blank form; 185-
  • Frankfort, Bank of Kentucksy, check; $ 40.00; November 27, 1820; #3; Ann Innes to Farmer Demees (?)
  • C. Lexington, Bank of the United States, check; $4.46; November 25, 1823; signed David Castleman.
  • D. Lexington, Kentucky Insurance Co. check; $ 30.00; October 3, 1811; Barton Hart & Co. to J. C. Bartles.
Box 1   Folder 63

Stock Certificates

  • A. Kentucky, Bank of Kentucky-- #1213; January 29, 1812
  • B. Kentucky, Bank of Kentucky -- # 942; July 5, 1823
  • C. Lexington & Ohio Rail Road Co. -- April 30, 1831
  • D. Lexington & Ohio Rail Road Co. -- May 19, 1832
Box 1   Folder 64

Stock Certificates

  • A. Louisville, Ky., Ohio Line-- # 409 & # 343 -- 2 copies; June 3, 1848
  • B. Louisville, Ky., Ohio Line -- # 161; May 28, 1847
  • C. New York, Pennsylvania & New York Coal Co. -- #40; June 1, 1837

Series II: Confederate States of America

Reference information taken from, Criswell, Grover C., Jr.,: CRISWELL’S CURRENCY SERIES. Vol. I, 1st revised ed. Confederate and Southern States Currency. A Descriptive Listing, Including Rarity and Prices. St. Petersburg Beach. Florida. Krause Publications. 1964.]

Criswell type/no. -- denomination -- (rarity code) number of copies Plate number

Box 1   Folder 1

CSA 1861

  • A. T 9/274 -- $ 20.00 (5) Cc
  • B. T 9/29B -- $ 20.00 (5) Ccc
  • C. T 9/33 -- $ 20.00 (7) D
  • D. T10/35 -- $ 10.00 (5) 2 copies A & A
Box 1   Folder 2

CSA 1861

  • A. T11/44 -- $ 5.00 (8) Bb
  • B. T13/56 -- $ 100.00 (5) AG
  • C. T14/75 -- $ 50.00 (4) 2 copies A4, A7
  • D. T13/81 -- $ 50.00 (5) XA
Box 1   Folder 3

CSA 1861

  • A. T16/83 -- $ 50.00 (4) XA
  • B. T18/105 -- $ 20.00 (4) bA
  • C. T18/106 -- $ 20.00 (3) FA
  • D. T189/130 -- $ 20.00 (3) A20
Box 1   Folder 4

CSA 1861

  • A. T18/?(130?) -- $ 200.00 A 25
  • B. T18/134 -- $ 20.00 (5) A26
Box 1   Folder 5

CSA 1861

  • A. T20/141 -- $20.00 (3) 6
  • B. T20/142 -- $ 20.00 (3) 2 copies 4 & 2
  • C. T20/142 -- $ 20.00 probably counterfeit 6
  • D. T20/143 -- $ 20.00 (4) 1
Box 1   Folder 6

CSA 1861

  • A. T22/152 -- $ 10.00 (8) 2 copies: C. & C
  • B. T23/153A -- $ 10.00 (7) A
  • C. T24/161 -- $ 10.00 (4) 2 copies: H & K
  • D. T25/168 -- $ 10.00 (5) W
Box 1   Folder 7

CSA 1861

  • A. T26/195 -- $ 10.00 (4) 2 copies: X & X
  • B. T26/201 -- $ 10.00 (6) W
  • C. T28/235 -- $ 10.00 (4) 2 copies: A14 & A15
Box 1   Folder 8

CSA 1861

  • A. T30/258 -- $ 10.00 (4) 2 copies: 3 & ¢]
  • B. T30/239 -- $ 10.00 (3) 2
  • C. T30/241 -- $ 10.00 (7) 4
  • D. T30/242 -- $ 10.00 (4) 8
Box 1   Folder 9

CSA 1861

  • A. T32/ 246 or 248 -- $ 5.00 (8 or 10) illegible
  • B. T33/250 -- $ 5.00 (5) J
  • C. T34/266 -- $ 5.00 (6) 2 copies I & I
Box 1   Folder 10

CSA 1861

  • A. T36/272 -- $ 5.00 (5) 11A
  • B. T36/274 -- $ 5.00 (3) 10A
  • C. T36/276 -- $ 5.00 (6) 11A
  • D. T36/278 -- $5 5.00 (3)13A
Box 1   Folder 11

CSA 1861

  • A. T37/284 -- $ 5.00 (4) 3 copies: C.D.H
  • B. T37/285 -- $ 5.00 (4) 2
Box 1   Folder 12

CSA 1862

  • A. T39/290 -- $ 100.00 (4) 2 copies: Ae, Af
  • B. T40/298 or 302 or 306 -- $ 100.00 (4-6) 2 copies Ad & Af
  • C. T41/316 -- $ 100.00 (5) Y
  • D. T41/316A -- $100.00 (5) Y
Box 1   Folder 13

CSA 1862

  • A. T42/334 -- $ 2.00 (4) 3 copies: 1,2.6
  • B. T42/2336 -- $ 2.00 (4) 9
  • C. T42/337 -- $ 2.00 (4) 3 copies: 1, 5, & 5
  • D. T4/3/338 -- $ 2.00 (6) 2
Box 1   Folder 14

CSA 1862

  • A. T44/339 -- $ 1.00 (4) 2 copies: 2, 5
  • B. T44/340 -- $ 1.00 (4) 5
  • C. T46/343 -- $ 10.00 (4) 2 copies: L & O
  • D. T50/355 -- $ 50.00 (4) XA
Box 1   Folder 15

CSA 1862

  • A. T50/358 -- $ 50.00 (4) XA
  • B. T51/363 -- $ 20.00 (5) G
  • C. T51/366 -- $ 20.00 (4) G
  • D. T52/369 -- $ 10.00 (3) C
Box 1   Folder 16

CSA 1862

  • A. T52/373 -- $ 10.00 (4) C
  • B. T52/375 -- $ 10.00 (4) 2 copies: A & D
  • C. T52/376 -- $ 10.00 (3) A
  • D. T52/377 -- $ 10.00 (3) C
Box 1   Folder 17

CSA 1862

  • A. T53/380 -- $ 5.00 (4) G
  • B. T53/382 -- $ 5.00 (3) F
  • C. T53/383 -- $ 5.00 (5) E
  • D. T53/387 -- $ 5.00 (3) D
Box 1   Folder 18

CSA 1862

  • A. T53/388 -- $ 5.00 (3) G
  • B. T54/392 -- $ 220.00 (5) C
  • C. T55/397 -- $ 1.00 (4) 2 copies C & D
  • D. T55/401 -- $ 1.00 (4) A
Box 1   Folder 19

CSA 1863

  • A. T57/406/2 -- $ 50.00 (5) WA
  • B. T57/408/4 -- $ 50.00 (4) ZA
  • C. T57/410/11 -- $ 50.00 (7) WA
  • D. T57/412/4 -- $ 50.00 (3) YA
Box 1   Folder 20

CSA 1863

  • A. T57/415/4 -- $ 50.00 (3) ZA
  • B. T57/415/6 -- $ 50.00 (3) XA
  • C. T57/417/1 -- $ 50.00 (4) YA
  • D. T58/418/1 -- $ 20.00 (3) G
Box 1   Folder 21

CSA 1863

  • A. T58/420/7A -- $ 20.00 (6) F
  • B. T58/423/2 -- $ 20.00 (5) F
  • C. T58/424/4 -- $ 20.00 (3) A
  • D. T58/424/5 -- $ 20.00 (4) C
Box 1   Folder 22

CSA 1863

  • A. T58/428/5 -- $ 20.00 (4) C
  • B. T59/429/11 -- $ 10.00 (4) H
  • C. T59/434/6 -- $ 10.00 (4) B
  • D. T59/435/7 -- $ 10.00 (4) C
Box 1   Folder 23

CSA 1863

  • A. T59/436/4 -- $ 10.00 (5) C
  • B. T59/442/6 -- $ 10.00 (4) 2 copies A & B
  • C. T59/443/9 -- $ 10.00 (3) B
  • D. T60/448/3 -- $ 5.00 (5) G
Box 1   Folder 24

CSA 1863

  • A. T60/450/1 -- $ 5.00 (3) E
  • B. T60/450/3 -- $ 5.00 (4) H
  • C. T60/453/5 -- $ 5.00 (3) C
  • D. T60/454/3 -- $ 5.00 (4) C
Box 1   Folder 25

CSA 1863

  • A. T60/457/7 -- $ 5.00 (4) L
  • B. T60/457/8 -- $ 5.00 (5) D
  • C. T60/462-7 -- $ 5.00 (4) C
  • D. T61/470 -- $ 2.00 (6) F
Box 1   Folder 26

CSA 1863

  • A. T61/471 -- $ 2.00 (5) 2 copies: B & F
  • B. T62/474 -- $ 1.00 (5) 2 copies C & E
  • C. T62/478 -- $ 1.00 (5) E
  • D. T62/484 -- $ 1.00 (6) D
Box 1   Folder 27

CSA 1863

  • A. T63/485 -- $ 50¢ (3) 11 copies: A, B, B, C, D, E, F, G, G, H, H, I also 2¢ postage stamp on version.
Box 1   Folder 28

CSA 1864

  • A. T64/489 -- $ 500.00 (7) 4 copies: A,A,C, D: also two Canadian 3¢ stamps on verso of one bill and one Confederate green 10 ¢ and one blue 10¢ on verso of another.
  • B. T63/490 r 91 -- $ 100.00 (4/5) A
  • C. T66/496 -- $ 50.00 (3): WA
Box 1   Folder 29

CSA 1864

  • A. T66/497 -- $ 50.00 (3) 2 copies XA & XA
  • B. T66/498 -- $ 50.00 (3) 3 copies XA, XA, & YA
  • C. T66/500 -- $ 50.00 (4) XA
  • D. T66/501 -- $ 50.00 (5) AZ
Box 1   Folder 30

CSA 1864

  • A. T67/507 -- $ 20.00 (2) A
  • B. T67/506 -- $ 20.00 (2) 2 copies: A & B
  • B. T67/508 -- $ 20.00 (2) 2 copies: A & C
  • D. T67/599 -- $ 20.00 (2) 2 copies: A & B
Box 1   Folder 31

CSA 1864

  • A. T67/510 -- $ 20.00 (2) P
  • B. T67/512 -- $ 20.00m (2) 2 copies A & B
  • C. T67/513 -- $ 20.00 (2) B
  • D. T67/514 -- $ 20.00 (2) 2 copies C & D
Box 1   Folder 32

CSA 1864

  • A. T67/523 -- $ 20.00(4) C
  • B. T67/524 -- $ 20.00 (4) C
  • C. T67/535 -- $ 20.00 (6) D
  • D. T68/540 -- $ 10.00 (1) 3 copies A, F, H
Box 1   Folder 33

CSA 1864

  • A. T68/541 -- $ 10.00 (2) B
  • B. T68/543 -- $ 10.00 (2) F
  • C. T68/545 -- $ 10.00 (1) C & F
  • D. T68/546 -- $ 10.00 (1) E
Box 1   Folder 34

CSA 1864

  • A. T68/548 -- $ 10.00 (1) 52copies serial letter & 2 copies letter E
Box 1   Folder 35

SA CSA 1864

  • A. T68/547 -- $ 10.00 (1) 2 copies B & F
  • B. T69/559 -- $ 10.00 (1) 2 copies F & D
  • C. T68/550 -- $ 10.00 (1) B
  • D. T68/551 -- $ 10.00 (1) 2 copies D & D
Box 1   Folder 36

CSA 1864

  • A. T68/552 -- $ 10.00 (2) 2 copies: B & F
  • B. T69/558 -- $ 5.00 (2) G
  • C. T69/559 -- $ 5.00 (2) E
  • D. T69/560 -- $ 5.00 (1) F
Box 1   Folder 37

CSA 1864

  • A. T69/561 -- $ 5.00 (1) 2 copies F & G
  • B. T69/562 -- $ 5.00 (1) H
  • C. T69/563 -- $ 5.00 (1) 2 copies C & F
  • D. T69/564 -- $ 5.00 (1) 2 copies B & H
Box 1   Folder 38

CSA 1864

  • A. T70/567 -- $ 2.00 (4) 9 copies B, B, C, D, E, E, G, H, H
  • V. T71/574 -- $ 1.00 (4) 6 copies B, B, E, F, G, H
  • C. T71/577 -- $ 1.00 (4) 2 copies A & A
  • D. T72/578 -- $ 50 ¢ (3) P9 copies: A, B, B, C, D, E, F, G, H.
Box 1   Folder 39

CSA - Facsimiles and Reproductions

  • A. T1 -- $ 1000.00
  • B. T8 -- $ 50.00 2 copies
  • C. T19 -- $ 20.00 Facsimile by S. C. Upham
  • D. T37 -- $ 5.00 Phila.
Box 1   Folder 40

CSA -- Facsimiles and Reporo*ductions

  • A. T63 -- 50¢ Dr. Morse’s Indian Root Pills Advertisement
  • B. T64 -- $ 500.00 Southern War Songs Advertisement
  • C. T67 -- $ 20.00 Dr. Morse’s Indian Root Pills Advertisement
  • D. State of Virginia - Charleston -- 15¢ - January 1, 1862 Upham facsimile. Phila.
Box 1   Folder 41

CSA Bonds

  • A. $100.00 Authorized August 19, 1861. No. 586
Box 1   Folder 42

CSA Bonds

  • A. $500.00 Authorized August 19, 1961. No. 95
Box 1   Folder 43

CSA Bonds

  • A. $1000.00 Authorized August 19, 1861. No. 291.
Box 1   Folder 44

CSA Bonds

  • A. $100.00 issued Richmond, August 28, 1861 to Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Greenville, SC. No. 509.
Box 1   Folder 45

CSA Bonds

  • A. $100.00 Authorized April 30, 1863. No. 8226
Box 1   Folder 46

CSA Bonds

  • A. $ 900.00 Deposit Certificate. Authorized February 1, 1864. No. 25
  • B. $1000.00 Deposit Certificate. Authorized February 1, 1864. No. 164
Box 1   Folder 47

Alabama

  • A. #1 -- $ 1.00 (3) 4 copies: D, F, L, O.
  • B. #6A -- $25¢ (8) 2 copies: H, D
  • C. #9 -- $ 10¢ (3) 0
  • D. #14 -- $ 10.00 (6) B
Box 1   Folder 48

Florida

  • A. #24 -- 25¢ (4)
  • B. #34 -- $ 5.00 (6)
Box 1   Folder 49

Georgia

  • A. #3 -- $20.00 (8) 2 copies A & A
  • B. #5 -- $ 5.00 (2) A
  • C. #12 -- $ 1.00 (4) 2 copies B & C
  • D. #14 -- 20¢ (2): B
Box 1   Folder 50

Georgia

  • A. #14A -- 50¢ (4) E
  • B. #15 -- 25¢ (2) E
  • C. #26 -- $ 5.00 (3) 2 copies I & G
  • D. No Criswell Number -- 25¢ railway issue
Box 1   Folder 51

Louisiana

  • A. #8 -- $ 1.00 (4) B
  • B. #10 -- $ 5.00 (3) 7 copies B, C, E, F, L, M.
  • C. #14 -- $ 5.00 (4) 2 copies C & D
  • D. #18 -- $ 1.00 (4) O
  • E. #19 -- $ 1.00 (5) B
Box 1   Folder 52

Mississippi

  • A. #15 -- $ 50.00 (6)
  • B. #16 -- $ 20.00 (5)
  • C. #22 -- $ 1.000 (4)
  • D. #25 -- $ 1.00 (5) 2 copies
  • E. #35 -- $ 10.00 (4)
Box 1   Folder 53

Missouri

  • A. #1 -- $ 20.00 (6)
  • B. #3 -- $ 10.00 (7)
  • C. #4A -- $ 10.00 (6)
  • D. #10 -- $ 2.00 (6)
Box 1   Folder 54

Missouri

  • A. #16 -- $ 4.00 (6) B
  • B. #17B -- $ 3.00 (7) A
  • C. #18A -- $ 1.00 (6) B
  • D. #19 -- $ 100.00 (5) B
Box 1   Folder 55

Missouri

  • A. #20 -- $ 50.00 (5) B
Box 1   Folder 56

North Carolina

  • A. #21 -- $ 2.00 (3) C
  • B. #32E -- $ 1.00 (2) A
  • C. #42 -- 50¢ (4)
  • D. #86 -- $ 5.00(4) A
  • E. #102 -- 25 ¢ (5) G
Box 1   Folder 57

North Carolina

  • A. #106-107A (?) -- 25¢ (5) L
  • B. # 116 -- 10¢ (4)
  • C. #134 -- 75¢ (4) I
  • D. #137A (?) -- 50¢ (5)
Box 1   Folder 58

Texas

  • A. #7A/MI -- $ 2.50 (7)
  • B. #11A/M2 -- $ 5.00 (6)
  • C. #14/C8 -- $ 5.00 (5)
  • D. #19/C8 -- $ 10.00 (6)
Box 1   Folder 59

Virginia

  • A. #5 -- $5.00 (8) A
  • B. # 13 -- $1.00 (3) 3 copies A, A, B
  • C. #16 -- $5.00 (5) B

Series III: Addenda

Reference taken from Criswell, Grover C., Jr., Criswell’s Currency series. Vol. I, 1st revised ed. Confederate and Southern States Currency. A Descriptive Listing, Including Rarity and Prices. St. Petersburg Beach, Florida. Krause Publications. 1964.

Listed below are 74 new types of the collection not found listed earlier in the collection, which are marked by an asterisk.

The order of information below is: (1) Criswell type/no (2) denomination (3) rarity code (4) number of copies & plate number.

Box 1   Folder 1

CSA 1861

  • *A. T5/5 -- $100 (6) B
  • *B. T7/11 -- 100 (7) C
  • *C. T8/50 -- ( ) B
  • D. T8/16 50 (5) Bb
Box 1   Folder 2

CSA 1861

  • A. T 8/20 -- 50 (5) C
  • B. T 9/23 -- 20 (6) B
  • C. T 9/31 -- 20 (5) D
  • *D. T10/34 -- 10 (6) A
Box 1   Folder 3

CSA 1861

  • A. T11/44 -- 5 (7) Bb
  • *B. T13/50 -- 100 (5) A
  • *C. T13/55 -- 100 (6) FA
  • D. T13/56 -- 100 (5) AI
Box 1   Folder 4

CSA 1861

  • *A. T13/58 -- 100 (6) A8
  • B. T14/76 50 -- (4) A
  • C. C.T16/81 -- 50 (5) ZA
  • *D. T16/84 -- 50 (4) YA
Box 1   Folder 5

CSA 1961

  • *A. T17/99 -- 20 (7) A
  • *B. T18/101 -- 20 (4) A
  • *C. T18/113 -- 20 (5) aF
  • *D. T18/128 -- 20 (5) AK
Box 1   Folder 6

CSA 1861

  • A. T18/130 -- $20 (3) 25A
  • *B. T18/132 -- 20 (4) A21
  • C. T18/136 -- 20 (6) A5
  • D. T19/137 -- 20 (8) A
Box 1   Folder 7

CSA 1861

  • *A. T20/139 -- 20 (5) 2
  • B. T20/141 -- 20 (3) 2
  • C. T20/142 -- 20 (3) 9
  • D. T24/164 -- 20 (4) 7
Box 1   Folder 8

CSA 1861

  • A. T21/147 -- 20 (6) W
  • B. T22/152 -- 10 (8) C
  • C. T24/161 -- 10 (4) K
  • *D. T24/164 -- 10 (4) J
Box 1   Folder 9

CSA 1861

  • A. T25/168 -- 10 (5) W
  • *B. T26/175 -- 10 (5) X
  • C. T26/193 -- 10 (4) W
  • *D. T26/213 -- 10 (4) Z
Box 1   Folder 10

CSA 1861

  • *A. T128/232 -- 10 (4) A14
  • B. T28/235 -- 10 (5) A9
  • *C. T29/237 -- 10 (6) F
  • D. T30/238 -- 10 (4) 8
Box 1   Folder 11

CSA 1861

  • A. T30/239 -- 10 (3) 2
  • B. T30/242 -- 10 (4) 3
  • C. T31/245 -- 5 (7) C
  • *D. T33/251 -- 5 (5) J
Box 1   Folder 12

CSA 1861

  • *A. T34/262 -- 5 (5) W
  • V. T34/266 -- 5 (6) H
  • C. T36/272 -- 5 (5) 13A
  • D. T36/274 -- 5 (3) 13A
Box 1   Folder 13

CSA 1861

  • A. T36/276 -- $5 (3) 10A
  • B. T37/284 -- 5 (4) A
  • C. T37/285 -- 5 (4) 8 -- CSA 1862
  • *D. T39/291 -- 100 (6) Ad
Box 1   Folder 14

CSA 1862

  • *A. T39/294 -- 100 (4) Ac
  • B. T40 -- /298 100 (4) Ac
  • *C. T40/300 -- 100 (6) Ag
  • *D. T40/308 -- 100 (7) Ah
Box 1   Folder 15

CSA 1862

  • *A. T41/317 -- 100 (5) Z
  • *B. T41/319A -- 100 (4) W
  • C. T42/334 -- 2 (4) 2
  • D. T42/336 -- 2 (4) 2
Box 1   Folder 16

CSA 1862

  • A. T42/337 -- 2 (4) 5
  • B. T43/338 -- 2 (6) 1
  • C. T44/339 -- 1 (4) 9
  • D. T44/340 -- 1 (4) 8
Box 1   Folder 17

CSA 1862

  • *A. T44/341 -- 1 (4) 11
  • *B. T45/342 -- 1 (5) 6
  • C. T46/343 -- 10 (4) P
  • D. T49/348 -- 100 (6) 4 copies 2As, B, D
Box 1   Folder 18

CSA 1862

  • *A. T50/351 -- 50 (4) ZA
  • B. T50/355 -- 50 (4) 2 copies YA, ZA
  • *C. T50/360 -- 50 (5) 2 copies XA, ZA
  • D. T51/365 -- 20 (3) A
Box 1   Folder 19

CSA 1862

  • *A. T51/366 -- 20 (4) A
  • B. T52/369 -- 10 (3) 2 copies A, B
  • *C. T52/371 -- 10 (3) B
  • *D. T52/373 -- 10 (4) C
  • Folder 20: CSA 1962
  • A. T52/375 -- $10 (4) D
  • B. T52/376 -- 10 (3) A
  • C. T52/377 -- 10 (3) B
  • *D. T52/378 -- 10 (5) H
Box 1   Folder 21

CSA 19*82

  • *A. T53/379 -- 5 (5) D
  • B. T53/380 -- 5 (4) 2 copies G,H
  • C. T53/382 -- 5 (3) 2 copies A,B
  • D. T53/383 -- 5 (5) B
Box 1   Folder 22

CSA 1862

  • A. T53/387 -- 5 (3) E
  • B. T53/390 -- 5 (7) A+
  • *C. T54/391 -- 2 (5)
  • *D. T54/396 -- 2 (4)A
Box 1   Folder 23

CSA 1862

  • A. T55/397 -- 1 (4)
  • *B. T55/398 -- 1 (5) E
  • C. T55/401 -- 1 (4) A -- CSA 1862
  • *D. T56/403/4100 -- (6) 3 copies A, B, C
Box 1   Folder 24

CSA 1863

  • A. T58/418/1 -- 20 (3) B
  • *B. T58/421/2 -- 20 (3) F
  • *C. T58/421/3 -- 20 (3) F
  • *D. T58/427/6 -- 20 (4) 2 copies C, G
Box 1   Folder 25

CSA 1863

  • *A. T59/429/10 -- 10 (3) E
  • *B. T59/430/1 -- 10 (3) F
  • *C. T59/434/9 -- 10 (5) B
  • D. T59/435/5 -- 10 (4) B
  • Folder 26: CSA 1863
  • *A. T59/436/4 -- 10 (5) A
  • *B. T59/439/1 -- 10 (6) H
  • *C. T59/440/2 -- (4) B
  • *D. T59/442/5 -- 10 (4) B
  • Folder 27: CSA 1863
  • *A. T59/446A/4 -- $10 (5) D
  • B. T60/450/1 -- 5 (3) A
  • *C. T60/454/5 -- 5 (4) B
  • *D. T60/457/4 -- 5 (4) C
Box 1   Folder 28

CSA 1863

  • *A. T60/459/8 -- 5 (5) D
  • B. T60/462/7 -- 5 (4) 2 copies: D, F
  • *C. T60/463/10 -- 5 (5) B
  • *D. T60/464/8 -- 5 (4) E
Box 1   Folder 29

CSA 1863

  • A. T61/470 -- 2 (6) B
  • B. T61/471 -- 2 (5) 3 copies A, B, C
  • C. T62/478 -- 1 (5) D
  • *D. T63/480 -- 1 (6) B
Box 1   Folder 30

CSA 1863

  • *A. T62/481 -- 1 (7) D
  • B. T62/484 -- 1 (6) H
  • C. T63/485 -- 50¢ (3) 10 copies A-I & 4
  • *D. T63/487 -- 50¢ (4) 8 copies A-G & I
Box 1   Folder 31

CSA 1863

  • A. t63/488 -- 50¢ (6) h -- CSA 1864
  • B. T64/489 or 489A? -- 500 (7) 2 copies A, B
  • C. T65/490 -- 100 (4) 2 copies A, B
  • *D. T65/491 -- 100 (5) A
Box 1   Folder 32

A 1864

  • *A. T65/493 -- 100 (4) B
  • B. T65/494 -- 100 (4) C
  • C. T66/496 -- 50 (3) WA
  • D. T66/498 -- 50 (3) WA
Box 1   Folder 33

CSA 14*864

  • *A. T66/499 -- 50 (4) 2 copies WA, ZA
  • B. T66/500 -- 50 (4) WA
  • *C. T66/502 -- 50 (4) WA
  • D. T67/504 -- 20 (2) A
Box 1   Folder 34

CSA 1864

  • *A. T67/505 -- $20 (2) B
  • B. T67/506 -- 20 (2) C
  • *C. T67/507 -- 20 (2) D
  • D. T67/508 -- 20 (2) 2 copies 2A’s
Box 1   Folder 35

CSA 1864

  • A. T67/509 -- 20 (2) B
  • B. T67/510 -- 20 (2) C
  • *C. T67/511 -- 20 (2) D
  • D. T67/512 -- 20 (2) A
Box 1   Folder 36

CSA 1864

  • A. T67/513 -- 20 (2) B
  • B. T67/514 -- 20 (2) C
  • C. T67/515 -- 20 (2) D
  • D. T67/516 -- 20 (4) D
Box 1   Folder 37

CSA 1864

  • A. T68/540 -- 10 (1) E
  • B. T68/541 -- 10 (1) B
  • C. T68/543 -- 10 (2) C
  • D. T68/545 -- 10 (1) D
Box 1   Folder 38

CSA 1864

  • A. T68/546 -- 10 (1) E
  • B. T68/547 -- 10 (1) F
  • C. T68/548 -- 10 (1) G
  • *D. T68/549A -- 10 (5) H
Box 1   Folder 39

CSA 1864

  • A. T68/550 -- 10 (1) A
  • B. T68/551 -- 10 (1) B
  • C. T68/552 -- 10 (2) C
  • D. T69/558 -- 5 (2) 3 copies A, B, D
Box 1   Folder 40

CSA 1864

  • A. T69/560 -- 5 (1) C
  • B. T69/561 -- 5 (1) D
  • C. T69/562 -- 5 (1) 2 copies E, F
  • D. T69/563 -- 5 (1) G
Box 1   Folder 41

CSA 1864

  • A. T69/564 -- $5 (1) H
  • *B. T69/565 -- 5 (3) G
  • *C. T70/566 -- 2 (4) 3 copies A, C, H
  • D. T70/567 -- 2 (4) A
Box 1   Folder 42

CSA 1864

  • *A. T70/567A -- 2 (5) A
  • *B. T71/572 -- 1 (7) A
  • *C. T71/573 -- 1 (6) A
  • D. T71/574 -- 1 (4) A
Box 1   Folder 43

CSA 1864

  • A. T71/? -- 1 (?) 2 copies: 2 E’s (Periods before and after serial letter E can’t be determined to be `real or not.)
  • *B. T71/576 -- 1 (4) C
  • C. T71/577 -- 1 (4) 2 copies 2 D’s
Box 1   Folder 44

CSA 1864

  • *A. T72/578 -- 50¢ (3) 8 copies A-D, F-I, 8 copies of 2 & postage stamps
Box 1   Folder 45

CSA Bond : 2 copies

  • A. $100, Authorized Aug. 19, 1861, Richmond, Va. 2 copies: No. 394 & No. 479
Box 1   Folder 46

CSA Bond

  • A. $500 Authorized Aug. 19, 1861, Richmond, Va. No 229
Box 1   Folder 47

CSA Bond

  • A. $100 Authorized Aug. 19, 1861, but will be paid on July 1, 1872. No 9250. Richmond, Va.
Box 1   Folder 48

CSA Bond

  • A. $100 Authorized Feb. 20, 1863, Richmond, Va. No. 10955
Box 1   Folder 49

CSA Bond

  • A. $500 Authorized Feb. 20, 1863, Richmond, Va. No. 17904
Box 1   Folder 50

CSA Bond

  • A. $1000 Authorized Feb. 20, 1863, Richmond, Va. No. 13028
Box 1   Folder 51

CSA Bond

  • A. $500 Authorized Feb. 20, 1863, Richmond, Va. No. 32792
Box 1   Folder 52

CSA Bond

  • A. $1000 Authorized Feb. 20, 1863, Richmond, Va. No. 24687
Box 1   Folder 53

CSA Bond

  • A. $1000 Authorized Feb. 20, 1863, Richmond, Va. No.14560. Same type with Folder 52 except the difference in paper color.
Box 1   Folder 54

CSA Bond

  • A. $1000 Authorized Apr. 30, 1863, Richmond, Va. No. 5287
Box 1   Folder 55

CSA Bond

  • A. $100 Authorized Feb. 17, 1864, Richmond, Va. No. 6098
Box 1   Folder 56

CSA Bond

  • A. $500 Authorized Feb. 17, 1864, Richmond, Va. No. 1640
Box 1   Folder 57

CSA Bond

  • A. $1000 Authorized Feb. 17, 1864, Richmond, Va. No. 22602
Box 1   Folder 58

CSA Bond

  • A. $100 Authorized Feb. 17, 1864, Richmond, Va. No. 3392
Box 1   Folder 59

CSA Bond

  • A. $500 Authorized Feb. 17, 1864, Richmond, Va. No 865
Box 1   Folder 60

CSA Bond

  • A. $1000 Authorized Feb. 17, 1864, Richmond, Va. No. 8920
Box 1   Folder 61

CSA Bond

  • A. $50 Paying back Sept. 1, 1871. Issued at Montgomery, Alabama. No. 1581
Box 1   Folder 62

CSA Bond

  • A. $100 Paying back Sept. 1, 1871. Issued at Montgomery, Alabama. No. 3518
Box 1   Folder 63

CSA Bond

  • A. $500 Paying back Sept. 1, 1871. Issued at Montgomery, Alabama. No. 530
Box 1   Folder 64

CSA Bond

  • A. $1000 Paying back Sept. 1, 1871. Issued at Montgomery, Alabama. No. 2844