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University of Chicago Library

Guide to the Darwin Centennial Celebration Records 1959

© 2006 University of Chicago Library

Acknowledgments

Descriptive Summary

Title:

Darwin Centennial Celebration. Records

Dates:

1959

Size:

5.5 linear feet (11 boxes)

Repository:

Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library
1100 East 57th Street
Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.

Abstract:

The Darwin Centennial Celebration, held at the University of Chicago, Nov. 24-28, 1959, commemorated the one hundredth anniversary of the publication of The Origin of the Species. The celebration featured panel discussions, a musical about Darwin's life and work, a conference for high school biology teachers, and the Institute on Science and Technology which examined the relation of evolution to theology. Sol Tax served as chairman of the Centennial Committee. Contains correspondence, invitations, biographical material on celebration participants, publicity, press releases, clippings, photographs, and sound recordings of panel discussions and Centennial proceedings.

Information on Use

Access

No restrictions.

Citation

When quoting material from this collection, the preferred citation is: Darwin Centennial Celebration. Records, [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library

Historical Note

The Darwin Centennial Celebration, commemorating the publication by Charles Darwin of the Origin of the Species, was held at the University of Chicago from November 24 through November 28, 1959. The Celebration began with a Darwin Day program on November 24, the date of the one hundredth anniversary of the publication of The Origin of the Species, and featured a lecture by Sir Charles Darwin, grandson of Charles Darwin. On November 26 a special Convocation of the University was held in honor of the Celebration. The principal speaker at the convocation was Sir Julian Huxley. In his address, "The Evolutionary Vision," he proposed that religion, being subject to the laws of evolution, was fast becoming obsolete and would eventually evolve itself out of existence. The evening of the Convocation a performance was given of "Time will Tell," a musical about Darwin's life and work.

The heart of the celebration was a series of five panel discussions, involving about fifty well-known scholars from around the world. These panel discussions covered various facets of evolutionary theory and the influence of evolution on the modern world. Panel I was concerned with the origin of life; Panel II took up the evolution of life; Panel III inquired into the role of man as an organism; Panel IV considered the evolution of the mind; and Panel V discussed social and cultural evolution. The scholars participating in the panel discussions produced papers several months in advance of the conference that were read and criticized by the other scholars taking part in the Celebration. These papers formed the basis for the five panel discussions. The discussions were spontaneous, however, with no papers read.

Also included in the Celebration were a National Conference for High School Biology Teachers, an Institute for High School Teachers of Biology, which examined the problems of teaching evolutionary theory in our public schools, and an Institute on Science and Theology, which examined the relation of science, and more specifically evolution, to theology.

The papers written by the participants previous to the panel discussions were compiled in a three volume set Evolution after Darwin, edited by Sol Tax and Charles Callendar, which was published by the University of Chicago Press in 1960. In addition to Evolution after Darwin, products of the Centennial Celebration included a film, "The University of Chicago Darwin Centennial Celebration," produced by Encyclopaedia Britannica Films, a segment of a television show, "At Random," in which Sir Julian Huxley, Sir Charles Darwin, Adlai Stevenson, and Harlow Shapley participated, and various interviews with the participants, especially with Sir Julian Huxley, whose views resulted in much public controversy, and consequently much publicity for the conference.

The Celebration was the idea of Sol Tax, Professor of Anthropology at the University of Chicago, who served as the chairman of the Centennial Committee. The University of Chicago, the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, and the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research joined in sponsoring the Centennial Celebration.

Scope Note

The collection contains correspondence, invitations, biographical material on celebration participants, publicity, press releases, clippings, photographs, and sound recordings of panel discussions and Centennial proceedings.

Related Resources

The following related resources are located in the Department of Special Collections:

http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/e/spcl/select.html

Subject Headings

INVENTORY

Box 1    Folder 1

Prospectus

Box 1    Folder 2

Preparations (non-academic) for the conference

Box 1    Folder 3

Preparations (non-academic) for the conference

Box 1    Folder 4

Progress reports; work in progress

Box 1    Folder 5

Progress reports; work in progress

Box 1    Folder 6

Progress reports; work in progress

Box 1    Folder 7

Committee meetings, notices, and minutes

Box 1    Folder 8

Distribution lists

Box 1    Folder 9

Intra-office correspondence

Box 1    Folder 10

Student volunteers

Box 1    Folder 11

Program for the Centennial

Box 1    Folder 12

Topics for the panel discussions

Box 1    Folder 13

Harper Library exhibit

Box 1    Folder 14

National Conference of High School Biology Teachers

Box 1    Folder 15

"Time Will Tell"

Box 1    Folder 16

"Time Will Tell"

Box 2    Folder 1

"Time Will Tell"

Box 2    Folder 2

"Time Will Tell"

Box 2    Folder 3

Anthropology Department Seminar concerning evolution

Box 2    Folder 4

Official Centennial forms

Box 2    Folder 5

General correspondence (A-G)

Box 2    Folder 6

General correspondence (H-Z)

Box 2    Folder 7

Correspondence with the University Administration

Box 2    Folder 8

Correspondence concerning the Convocation

Box 2    Folder 9

Correspondence concerning the Convocation

Box 2    Folder 10

Invitations to the Convocation, replies to the invitations

Box 2    Folder 11

Invitations to the Convocation, replies to the invitations

Box 2    Folder 12

Correspondence with the American Psychiatric Association

Box 2    Folder 13

Correspondence with the Chicago Natural History Museum

Box 2    Folder 14

Correspondence with the Chicago Zoölogical Park

Box 2    Folder 15

Correspondence with the National Institute of Health

Box 2    Folder 16

Correspondence with the Society for the Study of Evolution

Box 2    Folder 17

Publication arrangements with "Perspectives in Biology and Medicine"

Box 2    Folder 18

Budget

Box 2    Folder 19

National Science Foundation Grant

Box 2    Folder 20

National Science Foundation Grant

Box 2    Folder 21

Supplementary Proposal to the National Science Foundation

Box 3   Folder 1

Adams, Robert

Box 3   Folder 2

Anderson, Edgar

Box 3   Folder 3

Axelrod, Daniel L

Box 3   Folder 4

Bailey, Percival

Box 3   Folder 5

Bates, Marston

Box 3   Folder 6

Bordes, Francois

Box 3   Folder 7

Braidwood, Robert J

Box 3   Folder 8

Brosin, Henry W

Box 3   Folder 9

Critchley, MacDonald

Box 3   Folder 10

Darwin, Sir Charles

Box 3   Folder 11

Dobzhansky, Theodosius

Box 3   Folder 12

Emerson, Alfred

Box 3   Folder 13

Emiliani, Cesare

Box 3   Folder 14

Evans, Earl

Box 3   Folder 15

Ewing, J F

Box 3   Folder 16

Ford, E B

Box 4   Folder 1

Gaffron, Hans

Box 4   Folder 2

Gannt, W: Horsley

Box 4   Folder 3

Gause, G E

Box 4   Folder 4

Gerard, Ralph

Box 4   Folder 5

Hallowell, A I

Box 4   Folder 6

Hilgard, Ernest

Box 4   Folder 7

Howell, F: Clark

Box 4   Folder 8

Huxley, Frances

Box 4   Folder 9

Huxley, Sir Julian, correspondence

Box 4   Folder 10

Huxley, Sir Julian, papers, criticisms

Box 4   Folder 11

Kluckholm, Clyde

Box 4   Folder 12

Kroeber, Alfred L

Box 4   Folder 13

Leakey, L S B

Box 4   Folder 14

Magoun, H:W

Box 4   Folder 15

Mayr, Ernst

Box 4   Folder 16

Muller, H J

Box 5   Folder 1

Nicholson, A J

Box 5   Folder 2

Olson, Everett C

Box 5   Folder 3

Pelikan, Jaroslav

Box 5   Folder 4

Piggott, Stuart

Box 5   Folder 5

Pittendrigh, Colin S

Box 5   Folder 6

Polak, Fred

Box 5   Folder 7

Prosser, C Ladd

Box 5   Folder 8

Rensch, Bernhard

Box 5   Folder 9

Scnmidt, Karl

Box 5   Folder 10

Scnmidt, Karl

Box 5   Folder 11

Shapley, Harlow

Box 5   Folder 12

Simpson, G: Gaylord

Box 5   Folder 13

Stebbens, G: Ledyard

Box 5   Folder 14

Steinbach, H B

Box 5   Folder 15

Steward, Julian

Box 5   Folder 16

Tax, Sol

Box 5   Folder 17

Tinbergen, N

Box 6   Folder 1

Urey, Harold C

Box 6   Folder 2

Veith, Ilza

Box 6   Folder 3

von Muralt, Alexander

Box 6   Folder 4

von Witzlebin, Henry

Box 6   Folder 5

Waddington, C H

Box 6   Folder 6

Washburn, Sherwood L

Box 6   Folder 7

White, Leslie

Box 6   Folder 8

Willie, Gordon

Box 6   Folder 9

Wright, Sewall

Box 6   Folder 10

Panel I

Box 6   Folder 11

Panel II

Box 6   Folder 12

Panel III

Box 6   Folder 13

Panel IV

Box 6   Folder 14

Panel V

Box 6   Folder 15

Invitations to participate, declined

Box 6   Folder 16

Mailings to participants

Box 6   Folder 17

Lists of participants

Box 7    Folder 1

Programs, printed materials used at the conference

Box 7    Folder 2

Using Modern Knowledge to Teach Evolution in High School

Box 7    Folder 3

Proceedings- The University of Chicago Darwin Centennial Celebration

Box 7    Folder 4

Proceedings- The University of Chicago Darwin Centennial Celebration

Box 8    Folder 1

Publicity correspondence

Box 8    Folder 2

Publicity correspondence

Box 8    Folder 3

Press releases

Box 8    Folder 4

Television, radio publicity

Box 8    Folder 5

Press releases, the Office of Public Relations

Box 8    Folder 6

Press releases, the Office of Public Relations

Box 8    Folder 7

Press releases, the Office of Public Relations

Box 8    Folder 8

Documentation, film and recording

Box 8    Folder 9

Clippings

Box 8    Folder 10

Clippings

Box 8    Folder 11

Clippings

Box 8    Folder 12

Clippings

Box 8    Folder 13

Photographs (portraits for press use, pictures taken at the Centennial)

Box 9    Folder 1

General comments, thank-you letters

Box 9    Folder 2

Correspondence from fundamentalists, crackpots, fanatics, etc

Box 9    Folder 3

Correspondence from fundamentalists, crackpots, fanatics, etc

Box 9    Folder 4

US Information Service

Box 9    Folder 5

The Encyclopedia Britannica film on the Centennial- "The University of Chicago Darwin Centennial Celebration"

Box 9    Folder 6

"At Random" (television show)

Box 9    Folder 7

Materials concerning Evolution after Darwin

Box 9    Folder 8

Materials concerning Evolution after Darwin

Box 9    Folder 9

Materials concerning Evolution after Darwin

Box 9    Folder 10

Materials concerning Evolution after Darwin

Box 9    Folder 11

Reviews of Evolution after Darwin

Box 10

Tapes of Centennial proceedings

Box 11

Tape 1 Introduction to Centennial, Lawrence Kimpton, Chancellor of the University

Box 11

Tapes 2-3 Sir Charles Darwin's address

Box 11

Tapes 4-5 LSB Leakey's address

Box 11

Tapes 6-8 Proceedings of the Institute on Science and Theology

Box 11

Tape 9 Unidentified reel