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University of Chicago Library

Guide to the Henry Kendall Carter Papers 1823-1880

© 2013 University of Chicago Library

Acknowledgments

Processed with assistance from the CLIR-funded Black Metropolis Research Consortium "Color Curtain Processing Project."

Descriptive Summary

Title:

Carter, Henry Kendall. Papers

Dates:

1823-1880

Manuscript Number:

Crerar Ms 208

Size:

4 linear feet (5 boxes)

Repository:

Special Collections Research Center
University of Chicago Library
1100 East 57th Street
Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.

Abstract:

The Henry Kendall Carter Papers (1823-1880, bulk 1840-1870) are made up of business documents, primarily concerning Carter's time in New Orleans (circa 1842-1874), personal and business correspondence, and personal memo books and diaries (1850-1878). Together, these items shed light on business life in Antebellum New Orleans, and on the realities of personal and business life in a divided country during the Civil War.

Information on Use

Access

The Henry Kendall Carter Papers are open for research in accordance with the University of Chicago Library's "Policies and Regulations Governing the Use of Manuscript and Archival Collections."

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Citation

When quoting material from this collection, the preferred citation is: Carter, Henry Kendall. Papers, Crerar MS 208, [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library.

Biographical Note

Henry Kendall Carter was born circa 1805 (some census data suggests 1812) in Connecticut. Around 1837 he married Henrietta Whitlocke, also of Connecticut. In 1842, he moved to New Orleans and entered the cotton business, first working for D. Pratt & Co. and then under his own name as H. Kendall Carter & Co. As a cotton trader and partial owner of one of New Orleans' leading newspapers (The New Orleans Commercial Bulletin, bought in 1849), Carter enjoyed substantial wealth and influence throughout the city.

In 1850 Carter purchased a home in Hartford, Connecticut and maintained partial residence there, as did his family. By this time he and Henrietta had four daughters: Henrietta, Mary, Ella, and Isabel (Belle). However, his business operations continued to be concentrated in New Orleans, and he travelled extensively back and forth before and even during the Civil War. In 1863 New Orleans was seized by Union troops, and Carter's spacious offices were taken over by General Butler. As a result of the war, he lost nearly all of the $300,000 that he had loaned out to planters, though he continued to do business in New Orleans through the early 1870s.

After the Civil War, Carter purchased a farm on the Fox River in Kendall County, IL, not far from his daughter Henrietta and son-in-law, John H. S. Quick, who lived in Chicago. Henrietta Whitlocke Carter died in 1867 in Illinois, and Carter did not remarry. He lived and focused on the farm in his later years, and died around 1880.

Members of Henrietta Whitlocke Carter's family appear in Series I and II of the collection, as Henry Carter was heavily involved in the family's business affairs. Most notable are Eulalia Whitlocke, her mother, who died in 1862, her brother-in-law, William L. Johnson, with whom Eulalia lived for many years, and Eulalia's sister Elizabeth Bertram. After Eulalia's death, Carter corresponded with Elizabeth and William both about personal matters and about affairs related to Eulalia's estate. There are also a number of early letters addressed to Henrietta in care of her brother-in-law Isaac Seymour, husband of Henrietta's sister Caroline Eulalia Whitlocke.

The collection gives insight not only into Carter's life and business, but also that of his extended family. Letters and journals reveal a family that was surprisingly mobile and far-flung, with members spread among Connecticut, New York, Georgia, New Orleans, and Illinois.

Scope Note

The collection is divided into three series: Personal, Correspondence, and Business Records.

Series I, Personal, contains personal records, diaries, and other ephemera. This includes a school composition by a young Henrietta Carter and records of business dealings with family, particularly with regard to Henrietta Carter's mother's estate and resultant transactions. The series also contains a number of small leather bound memo books that document Carter's personal and household expenses, letters written, laundry sent out, and travel. Sundry ephemera and incidental papers were found inside the books, such as newspaper clippings, recipes, and receipts. There are three later diaries documenting Carter's farm ventures after relocating to Illinois, his daily activities, and some of his private thoughts. Of particular interest to researchers are the incidental papers in Box 1, Folder 2, which include a recipe for alcoholic bitters, a Confederate government bond, and a pass that allowed travel from Louisiana to New York during the Civil War. Folder 7 contains a newspaper clipping with the text of the 1875 Civil Rights Act, and Folder 12 includes a scrap of paper with an idea for a hollow rubber horse shoe. Personal papers will come first in the series, arranged chronologically. The memo books and diaries follow, also arranged chronologically. Each book is housed with any material found in its covers. Material pertaining to Whitlocke family estates and affairs is at the end.

Series 2, Correspondence, contains letters from Carter to his wife Henrietta, as well as letters to Henrietta from her family, mostly dating from before her marriage to Carter. There are also a few letters from Carter to other members of his family, and several to other members of Henrietta's family. Whitlocke family correspondence is first, arranged chronologically, then letters written by H. K. Carter.

Series 3, Business Records, contains documents relating to Henry Kendall Carter's business activities. It primarily reflects Carter's time in New Orleans, before he moved to Kendall County, IL. The material in this series consists of account ledgers, balance sheets, promissory notes, employment contracts, statements of accounts, business correspondence, legal documents such as mortgages and records of land sales, and other documents related to Carter's involvement in the cotton industry in New Orleans, as well as his involvement in The New Orleans Commercial Bulletin. It also contains bills and receipts for business expenses, rent, etc. Of particular interest is a bill of sale for two slaves, Nancy and Cordelia (a mother and child), in Box 4, Folder 6.

Series 4, Oversize, contains a fragile letter housed in Mylar, and a bound volume of business letters from Carter with many loose pages. The letters provide valuable information about the growth of Carter's cotton business in New Orleans.

Related Resources

The following related resources are located in the Department of Special Collections:

http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/e/spcl/select.html

Fanny Murdock. Papers

Subject Headings

INVENTORY

Series I: Personal

Box 1   Folder 1

School Composition – Henrietta Whitlocke, 1823

View digitized documents.

Box 1   Folder 2

Pocket Diary, Financial Records, Clippings, Recipes, Ephemera, 1848-1869

Box 1   Folder 3

Transcription of Eulogy, 1864

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Box 1   Folder 4

Memorandum Book – Hartford Household Expenses, 1850-1864

Box 1   Folder 5

Memorandum Book – Hartford Household Expenses, 1853-1864

Box 1   Folder 6

Pocket Diary, Clippings, 1857-1861, undated

Box 1   Folder 7

Memorandum Book – Laundry Lists, Personal Notes, Clippings, 1859-1875

Box 1   Folder 8

Bills, Gun Correspondence (Personal), 1868-1871

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Box 1   Folder 9

Correspondence, Accounts – Illinois Farm, 1869-1874

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Box 1   Folder 10

Memorandum Book – Kendall County Farm, 1871-1874

Box 1   Folder 11

Letter to the Editor of Turf, Field, and Farm, 1872

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Box 1   Folder 12

Memorandum Book – Accounts, Personal Notes, 1872-1876, undated

Box 1   Folder 13

Memorandum Book – Personal Expenses, 1875-1881

Box 2   Folder 1

Diary, 1876-1877

Box 2   Folder 2

Diary, 1877-1879

Box 2   Folder 3

Diary, 1878

Box 2   Folder 4

Pamphlet, Clipping, undated

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Box 2   Folder 5

Blank Pocket Diary, Lock of Hair, undated

Box 2   Folder 6

Bond – Eulalia Whitlocke to W. L. Johnson, 1840

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Box 2   Folder 7

Power of Attorney – Eulalia Whitlocke to Isaac Seymour, 1847

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Box 2   Folder 8

Assignment of Mortgage – W. L. Johnson, 1847

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Box 2   Folder 9

Deed Transfer – W. L. Johnson to Eulalia Whitlocke, 1850

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Box 2   Folder 10

Eulalia Whitlocke Estate – Records and , 1854-1870

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Box 2   Folder 11

Eulalia Whitlocke – Last Will and Testament, 1859

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Box 2   Folder 12

Correspondence and Account Statements – Whitlocke Family Business, 1862-1866

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Box 2   Folder 13

Documents Executing Will of Eulalia Whitlocke, 1863

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Box 2   Folder 14

Correspondence – Whitlocke/Bertram Estates, 1863-1872

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Box 2   Folder 15

Expenses, Summons, Receipt – W. L. Johnson Foreclosure, 1866

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Box 2   Folder 16

W. L. Johnson Mortgage – Assignments and Foreclosure, Memoranda, 1866-1871

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Box 2   Folder 17

Correspondence – Morris & Cogswell (Whitlocke/Johnson Business), 1867-1870

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Box 2   Folder 18

Records – Henrietta Whitlocke Estate, 1870

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Box 2   Folder 19

Eulalia Whitlocke – List of Descendants, undated

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Series II: Correspondence

Box 3   Folder 1

Correspondence – Whitlocke Family, 1827

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Box 3   Folder 2

Correspondence – Whitlocke Family,1831-1833

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Box 3   Folder 3

Correspondence – John H. To Henrietta Whitlocke, 1832-1833

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Box 3   Folder 4

Correspondence – John H. To Henrietta Whitlocke, 1834-1835

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Box 3   Folder 5

Correspondence – Whitlocke Family, 1834-1836

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Box 3   Folder 6

Correspondence – W. C. Cagswell to Henrietta Whitlocke, 1835-1836

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Box 3   Folder 7

Correspondence – John H. To Henrietta Whitlocke, 1836-1837

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Box 3   Folder 8

Correspondence – Whitlocke Family, 1837

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Box 3   Folder 9

Correspondence – Whitlocke Family, 1844

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Box 3   Folder 10

Correspondence – Whitlocke Family, undated

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Box 3   Folder 11

Correspondence – H. K. Carter to Henrietta Whitlocke, 1837

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Box 3   Folder 12

Correspondence – H. K. to Henrietta Carter, 1839

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Box 3   Folder 13

Correspondence – H. K. to Henrietta Carter, 1840-1843

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Box 3   Folder 14

Correspondence – H. K. to Henrietta Carter, Cross-Stitched Ribbons, Lock of Hair, 1846

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View digitized documents, part 2.

Box 3   Folder 15

Correspondence – H. K. to Henrietta Carter [1 of 3], 1847

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View digitized documents, part 2.

View digitized documents, part 3.

Box 3   Folder 16

Correspondence – H. K. to Henrietta Carter [2 of 3], 1847

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Box 3   Folder 17

Correspondence – H. K. to Henrietta Carter [3 of 3], 1847

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View digitized documents, part 2.

View digitized documents, part 3.

Box 3   Folder 18

Correspondence – H. K. to Henrietta Carter, Calling Card, 1848

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View digitized documents, part 2.

View digitized documents, part 3.

Box 3   Folder 19

Correspondence – H. K. Carter to Daughter, 1875

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Series III: Business Records

Box 3   Folder 20

Correspondence, Receipts, 1836-1839

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Box 3   Folder 21

"Papers Left for Collection," 1840-1845

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Box 3   Folder 22

Bills and Receipts, 1841-1843

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Box 3   Folder 23

Bills, Statements, Correspondence, 1841-1847

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Box 3   Folder 24

Contracts, Correspondence, Account Records – Pratt & Carter, 1842-1859

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Box 3   Folder 25

Accounts and Correspondence – Berstow & Pope, 1846-1850

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Box 3   Folder 26

Contract of Sale – New Orleans Commercial Bulletin, 1848

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Box 3   Folder 27

Balance Sheets – H. Kendall Carter & Co., 1848-1850, undated

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Box 3   Folder 28

Mortgages (Land and Slaves), 1848-1852

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Box 3   Folder 29

Liabilities/Accounts Due/Bills, 1849, undated

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Box 3   Folder 30

Land Sale Documents (Connecticut and New York), 1850-1854

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Box 3   Folder 31

Receipts, 1850-1855

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Box 3   Folder 32

Promissory Notes – "Charged in Account and Cancelled," 1852-1859

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View digitized documents, part 2.

Box 3   Folder 33

"Miscellaneous Papers," 1852-1866

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Box 4   Folder 1

Account Book – H. K. Carter & Co., 1852-1872

Box 4   Folder 2

"Drafts Bought in 1854," 1854

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Box 4   Folder 3

Account Book – Carter & Pratt, 1855-1859

Box 4   Folder 4

Mortgages (Land and Slaves), 1856-1866

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Box 4   Folder 5

Stock Certificate – Mississippi Sound Company, 1857

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Box 4   Folder 6

Bill [of] Sale – Nancy and Cordelia, 1858

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Box 4   Folder 7

Bond Certificate – Louisiana Tehuantipec Company, 1858

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Box 4   Folder 8

Estimate for Office Painting, 1858

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Box 4   Folder 9

Protests (Draft Collections), 1858-1859

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Box 4   Folder 10

Rent Lists, 1858-1859

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Box 4   Folder 11

"Attorney Receipts for Claims," 1859

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Box 4   Folder 12

Accounts Current with H. Kendall Carter, 1859-1862

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View digitized documents, part 2.

View digitized documents, part 3.

Box 4   Folder 13

Statements of Accounts (Book), 1859-1866

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Box 4   Folder 14

Account Documents and Settlement, 1861-1867

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Box 4   Folder 15

Miscellaneous Accounts and Contracts, 1861-1868

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Box 4   Folder 16

Financial and Legal Correspondence, 1861-1871

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Box 4   Folder 17

Bills Payable, 1862

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Box 4   Folder 18

Bills and Accounts – Holstein and Holden, 1862-1865

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Box 4   Folder 19

Procurations (Appointment of Attorney John A. Mackender), 1862-1867

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Box 4   Folder 20

Accounts, Claims, and Mortgages Due/In Collection, 1862-1870

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Box 4   Folder 21

Liquor Inventories, 1866-1867

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Box 4   Folder 22

H. K. Carter Account with Taylor & Knapp, 1867

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Box 4   Folder 23

Trial Balance Sheet, Letter, 1867

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Box 4   Folder 24

Description of Property, 1868

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Box 4   Folder 25

Correspondence and Court Filing – Sale of Bartlett Land, 1868-1869

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Box 4   Folder 26

Accounts from the Ledger, 1868-1870

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Box 4   Folder 27

Account Records – D. S. Bryan, 1869-1873

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Box 4   Folder 28

Account Statements – H. K. Carter with Taylor McElroy & Co., 1870-1871

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Box 4   Folder 29

Board Bills, St. Charles Hotel, New Orleans, 1871-1873

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Box 4   Folder 30

Settled Bills and Memoranda, 1871-1873

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Box 4   Folder 31

Account Book and Statement – F. J. Baldwin, undated

Box 4   Folder 32

Blank Forms (Shipping and Acts of Sale), undated

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Box 4   Folder 33

Debts and Expenses "Since the War," undated

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Series IV: Oversize

Box 5   Folder 1

Correspondence – Whitlocke Family, 1827-1836

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Box 5   Folder 2

Business Correspondence (bound) – H. Kendall Carter & Co., 1842-1874