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University of Chicago Library

Guide to the Marshall G. S. Hodgson Papers 1940-1971

© 2010 University of Chicago Library

Descriptive Summary

Title:

Hodgson, Marshall G. S. Papers

Dates:

1940-1971

Size:

8 linear feet (16 boxes)

Repository:

Special Collections Research Center
University of Chicago Library
1100 East 57th Street
Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.

Abstract:

Marshall Goodwin Simms Hodgson (1922-1968) was a professor of Islamic Studies and Chairman of the Committee on Social Thought at the University of Chicago. The Marshall G.S. Hodgson Papers contain correspondence, teaching materials, research notes, and writings, primarily related to his professional life and scholarly work.

Information on Use

Access

Series V contains student evaluations, restricted for 80 years.

The remainder of the collection is open for research.

Citation

When quoting material from this collection, the preferred citation is: Hodgson, Marshall G. S. Papers, [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library

Biographical Note

Marshall Goodwin Simms Hodgson (1922-1968) was a professor of Islamic Studies and Chairman of the Committee on Social Thought at the University of Chicago during the 1950s and 1960s.

Hodgson's tenure at the University overlapped with the restructuring of the core "civilizations" courses for undergraduates. During the 1950s the sequence was expanded to include India, China, and Islam. This integrated approach provided an important intellectual background for Hodgson's own work; so too did his involvement with the Committee on Social Thought, which brought him into contact with important historians, anthropologists, and sociologists, notably John Ulric Nef, Mircea Eliade, Robert Redfield, and Edward Shils.

As an Islamic scholar, Hodgson rejected the Eurocentrism of most historical study. He argued that Europe's historical divergence occurred not during Renaissance, but much later, during the scientific revolutions of the seventeenth century. His efforts to locate the origins of modernity in a global context led to his interest in theories of world history. He is known primarily for his Venture of Islam: Conscience and History in a World Civilization (1975, 1977) and The Secret Order of Assassins: The Struggle of the Early Nizârî Ismâî'lîs Against the Islamic World (1955). The former was revised by university colleague Reuben W. Smith and published after Hodgson's death. Both books are still considered major contributions to the field. In these works Hodgson broke with the dominant historiographical narrative of Islam, focusing on piety rather than on political or dynastic history. He was concerned with the way Islamic philosophers and historians used Qur'anic teachings to approach the problems and ideals of their contemporary societies.

Hodgson was a practicing Quaker who attended the 57th Street Friends Meeting. His Quakerism informed his academic work and his political views. Hodgson was interested in the role of individual conscience and sensibility in history. He downplayed the idea that war and violence accounted for Islam's initial spread, and he supported anti-Vietnam pacifism and draft resistance. As a scholar who paid particular attention to terminology and the relationship between language and the perception of reality, he sought to distance himself from the oversimplified umbrella of "radical politics." Hodgson was also a strict vegetarian described as "ascetic."

Hodgson had three children with his wife, Phyllis, also an active member of the Hyde Park community.

Scope Note

The Marshall Hodgson Papers cover the period between1940-1971 and are organized into five series:

Series I: University of Chicago, contains correspondence, teaching materials, and copies of papers delivered during Hodgson's tenure as Chairman of the Committee on Social Thought and Professor of Islamic Studies and History at the University of Chicago. It covers the period 1948-1968.

Series II: Professional, contains correspondence and papers relating to Hodgson's academic work beyond the University of Chicago. It contains correspondence with colleagues from other institutions. It also includes notes for, and copies of, papers delivered at venues outside the university. This series spans 1946 through the 1960s.

Series III: Research, contains research material compiled by Hodgson between 1940 and 1948. These are primarily detailed notes and commentary on secondary sources, many folders also containing correspondence on the subject or author in question. Some notes are written on the back of unrelated personal correspondence.

Series IV: Writings and Publications, contains drafts and offprints of articles and books by Hodgson. It includes book reviews and correspondence with publishers. This series contains notes by Roy Benbee for a paper on Marshall Hodgson. Material in this series spans 1940-1968.

Series V: Restricted, contains student evaluations.

Related Resources

The following related resources are located in the Department of Special Collections:

http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/e/spcl/select.html

University of Chicago. John U. Nef Committee on Social Thought. Records

Subject Headings

INVENTORY

Series I: University of Chicago

This series contains correspondence, teaching materials, and copies of papers delivered during Hodsgon's tenure as Chairman of the Committee on Social Thought and Professor of Islamic Studies and History at the University of Chicago. It covers the period 1948-1968.

Box 1    Folder 1

Committee on Social Thought and St. John's College, Oxford, lists of the Great Books, 1943, 1959

Box 1    Folder 2

History and anthropology, syllabi, 1950s-1960s

Box 1    Folder 3

"Inter-regional Relationships and Comparisons" seminar, notes and syllabus, 1957

Box 1    Folder 4

"Comparative Civilizations," seminar, notes and syllabus, 1957-1964

Box 1    Folder 5

"Introduction to Islamic Civilization," syllabus, 1958

Box 1    Folder 6

Committee on Social Thought, seminar schedule, 1960

Box 1    Folder 7

Hourani, seminar notes, 1962

Box 1    Folder 8

"The Muslim Religion," lecture notes, 1963

Box 1    Folder 9

"Methods of Civilization Studies," course outline, 1965

Box 1    Folder 10

"The Qur'an," lecture notes, 1965

Box 1    Folder 11

"Formal Teachings," lecture notes, 1968

Box 1    Folder 12

"Sufism," lecture notes and exam, 1968

Box 1    Folder 13

"Shi'ism," lecture notes in English and German, undated

Box 1    Folder 14

Students, correspondence, 1965

Box 1    Folder 15

"Orthodoxy and Dissent in Medieval Islam," paper for the Committee on Social Thought, 1948

Box 1    Folder 16

History of Religions conference, response to Charles Adams, 1965

Box 1    Folder 17

"Pre-modern Muslim Historians: Pitfalls and Opportunities in Presenting Them to Moderns," University of Chicago Radio lecture, 1966

Box 1    Folder 18

"The historian as Theologian," guest lecture for Henry Rago, 1967

Box 1    Folder 19

"Towards World Community" conference, program, 1968

Box 1    Folder 20

Middle Eastern Studies Fellowship, correspondence, 1956

Box 2   Folder 1

University administration, correspondence, 1960

Box 2   Folder 2

Committee on Near Eastern Studies, correspondence, 1961-1965

Box 2   Folder 3

Committee on Southeast Asian Studies, correspondence, 1961-1967

Box 2   Folder 4

College grading policy, correspondence, 1962-1968

Box 2   Folder 5

History Department, correspondence, 1963-1967

Box 2   Folder 6

College curriculum, correspondence, 1966

Box 2   Folder 7

Hodgson, research expenses, 1966-1968

Box 2   Folder 8

Middle Eastern Studies job search, correspondence, 1967-1968

Series II: Professional

This series contains correspondence and papers relating to Hodgson's academic

beyond the University of Chicago. It contains correspondence with colleagues from other institutions. It also includes notes for, and copies of, papers delivered at venues outside the university. This series spans 1946 through the 1960s.

Box 2   Folder 9

Colleagues, names and addresses, 1946-1964

Box 2   Folder 10

W.A. Isanow, correspondence, 1949-1950

Box 2   Folder 11

W.A. Isanow on the Ismailis, notes, circa 1949-1950

Box 2   Folder 12

Quakerism and Islam, public talks, circa 1950s-1960s

Box 2   Folder 13

Islamic history and the westernization of Turkey, correspondence, 1952-1963

Box 2   Folder 14

Gustav von Grunebaum, correspondence, 1957-1965

Box 2   Folder 15

McGill University Institute of Islamic Studies, report, 1959

Box 2   Folder 16

Colleagues, postcards, 1960, undated

Box 2   Folder 17

Colleagues, names and institutional affiliations, 1960-1963

Box 2   Folder 18

Colleagues, list of those sent articles, circa 1960s

Box 2   Folder 19

American Association of Middle Eastern Studies Lecture Series, correspondence, 1962-1964

Box 2   Folder 20

Pratt Institute, correspondence, 1964

Box 3   Folder 1-3

"History 187," at Harvard University, correspondence and lecture

  • notes,1964
Box 3   Folder 4

International Congress of Orientalists, correspondence, 1966

Box 3   Folder 5

Colleagues, correspondence, 1966-1967

Box 3   Folder 6

Westernization, correspondence, 1967

Series III: Research

This series contains research material compiled by Hodgson. These are primarily detailed notes and commentary on secondary sources, many folders also containing correspondence on the subject or author in question. Some notes are written on the back of unrelated personal correspondence. This series covers the period between 1940 and 1971. It is divided into four topical subseries:

Subseries 1: Islamic Studies, contains notes, commentary, and correspondence on Islamic history, philosophy, religion, and culture.

Subseries 2: Religion, contains notes, commentary, and correspondence on world religions and the philosophy of religion.

Subseries 3: History and Politics, contains notes, commentary, and correspondence on historical method, historical periods, particular regions, and problems of politics.

Subseries 4: Philosophy, Language, and Literature, contains notes, commentary, and correspondence on theories of language and the text. Of particular interest is Hodgson's correspondence with Wilfred Smith on translation, and his notes and outlines for a science fiction novel, "Valley of Vision."

Subseries 5: Oversize, contains a map of Muslim population distribution.

Subseries 1: Islamic Studies

Box 3    Folder 7

Islamic history and law, 1948-1963

Box 3    Folder 8

Ismaili assassins, 1949-1951

Box 3    Folder 9

Shi'ite heterodoxy, 1949-1960

Box 3    Folder 10

Non-Shi'a Muslim sects, 1949-1961

Box 3    Folder 11

Ismailia, Egypt, 1949-1962

Box 3    Folder 12

Islamic political thought, 1949-1962

Box 3    Folder 13

Life and times of Mohammed, 1949-1962

Box 3    Folder 14

Islamic philosophy, 1949-1962

Box 3    Folder 15

Later Islamic philosophers, 1949-1967

Box 3    Folder 16

Shi'ite Islam, circa 1949

Box 3    Folder 17

Popular piety, circa 1949

Box 3    Folder 18

Qarmathian sect, 1950-1961

Box 4   Folder 1

Shi'ism, 1950-1963

Box 4   Folder 2

Guilds and chivalry, 1950-1966

Box 4   Folder 3

Saljuqid perios, circa 1951

Box 4   Folder 4

Buyid times, 1952-1953

Box 4   Folder 5

Early Islamic states, 1952-1961

Box 4   Folder 6

Tabari's historical method, 1952-1968

Box 4   Folder 7

Shi'a histories, circa 1952

Box 4   Folder 8

Nasir-i Khusraw, circa 1953

Box 4   Folder 9

Mystic philosophy, 1954-1966

Box 4   Folder 10

Modern Islamic politics, 1955-1960

Box 4   Folder 11

Islamic historiography, 1955-1968

Box 4   Folder 12

Islamic art and architecture, 1957-1966

Box 4   Folder 13

Modernization in Islam, 1958

Box 4   Folder 14

Islam in America, circa 1950s

Box 4   Folder 15

Tabari, circa 1950s

Box 4   Folder 16

Shi'ite leader Bayan, circa 1950s

Box 5   Folder 1

Islam and science, 1960-1965

Box 5   Folder 2

Meccan calendar, 1961-1963

Box 5   Folder 3

Abbasid period, 1961-1967

Box 5   Folder 4

Batiniyyah, 1963

Box 5   Folder 5

Islamic institutions, 1963-1964

Box 5   Folder 6

Muslims in Russia, 1963-1967

Box 5   Folder 7

Mystics, 1966

Box 5   Folder 8

Gazzali, circa 1967

Box 5   Folder 9

Sufism, 1968

Box 5   Folder 10

Islam in West Africa, undated

Box 5   Folder 11

Islam in Africa, undated

Subseries 2: Religion

Box 5   Folder 12

Life of Jesus, 1940-1963

Box 5   Folder 13

Quakerism, circa 1945-1966

Box 5   Folder 14

Nature of faith and history of religion, 1948-1966

Box 5   Folder 15

Heresy, 1950-1963

Box 5   Folder 16

Philosophy of religion, 1950-1968

Box 5   Folder 17

Quaker history, 1952

Box 5   Folder 18

Quakers, 1952-1958

Box 5   Folder 19

Christianity and Judaism, circa 1955

Box 5   Folder 20

Religion and philosophy, 1959-1968

Box 6   Folder 1

Islam and Christianity, circa 1950s-1960s

Box 6   Folder 2

Alcohol and religious devotion, 1960-1965

Box 6   Folder 3

Christianity, circa 1963

Box 6   Folder 4

Worship and prayer, 1963-1967

Box 6   Folder 5

Unity in religious history, 1965

Box 6   Folder 6

History as theology, 1965-1967

Box 6   Folder 7

Judaism, circa 1964

Box 6   Folder 8

History of religions, 1966-1967

Box 6   Folder 9

Buddhism, 1967, undated

Subseries 3: History and Politics

Box 6   Folder 10

Theoretical approaches to history, circa 1940s

Box 6   Folder 11

Historical method and purpose, 1947-1963

Box 6   Folder 12

"Wild historical theorizing," circa 1950

Box 6   Folder 13

Meaning of history, 1955-1957

Box 6   Folder 14

Theories of historical progress and synthesis, undated

Box 6   Folder 15

History by field, circa 1950s-1960s

Box 6   Folder 16

Chronology, circa 1971

Box 6   Folder 17

History of the human world, 1954-1955

Box 6   Folder 18

Regionality, 1955

Box 6   Folder 19

Inter-regional relations, 1955-1963

Box 6   Folder 20

Trans-regional history, 1957-1961

Box 6   Folder 21

World history and epic history, 1942-1949

Box 6   Folder 22

World history 1943-1959, undated

Box 6   Folder 23

Distortions in world history, 1946-1955, undated

Box 6   Folder 24

Structure of world history, circa 1960s

Box 6   Folder 25

Gibbon, 1947

Box 6   Folder 26

Marx and theories of historical process, 1947-1962, undated

Box 7   Folder 1

Toynbee, circa 1950s

Box 7   Folder 2

Sorokin, circa 1955

Box 7   Folder 3

Herodotus and Thucydides, undated

Box 7   Folder 4

East-West relations, 1955-1958

Box 7   Folder 5

Modernity and modernization, circa 1960s

Box 7   Folder 6

Comparative cultures, undated

Box 7   Folder 7

Prehistory, circa 1957

Box 7   Folder 8

Crusades, circa 1947

Box 7   Folder 9

Classical Mediterranean history, circa 1960s

Box 7   Folder 10

Medieval West, circa 1949-1967

Box 7   Folder 11

Early modern West, circa 1965

Box 7   Folder 12

Early modern Europe, circa 1952-1965

Box 7   Folder 13

Ancien Regime and the Enlightenment, undated

Box 7   Folder 14

The Occident, circa 1950s-1960s

Box 7   Folder 15

Ancient Middle East, circa 1960s

Box 7   Folder 16

Safavids, Mongols, Timurids, 1962, 1964

Box 7   Folder 17

Pre-Islamic Middle East, 1960-1964

Box 7   Folder 18

Pre-Islamic Arab World, circa 1961-1964

Box 7   Folder 19

Modern Middle East, 1950s

Box 7   Folder 20

Spain, Iran, Turkistan, Egypt, Syria, circa 1952

Box 7   Folder 21

Israeli-Arab relations, 1958

Box 7   Folder 22

Iran, 1963

Box 8   Folder 1

Syria, circa 1951

Box 8   Folder 2

Saljuk Turks, circa 1950s

Box 8   Folder 3

Ottoman Empire, 1955-1967

Box 8   Folder 4

Turkey and Turkish nationalism, 1958-1963

Box 8   Folder 5

Modern Egypt, 1949-1967

Box 8   Folder 6

Education in Egypt, circa 1958

Box 8   Folder 7

Russia, 1957

Box 8   Folder 8

Eastern Europe, 1966

Box 8   Folder 9

Delhi Sultanate, 1948-1967

Box 8   Folder 10

Modern India and Pakistan, 1958-1960

Box 8   Folder 11

Modern India, excluding Muslim India, circa 1950s

Box 8   Folder 12

Non-Muslim India, circa 1940s-1950s

Box 8   Folder 13

India, circa 1950s

Box 8   Folder 14

Pakistan, undated

Box 8   Folder 15

Raja Ram Kumar Book Depot, Lucknow, undated

Box 9   Folder 1

China, undated

Box 9   Folder 2

Japan, 1943

Box 9   Folder 3

Malaysia, 1960-1964

Box 9   Folder 4

Eastern history, undated

Box 9   Folder 5

Africa, 1964

Box 9   Folder 6

Latin America, circa 1940s

Box 9   Folder 7

America, 1943-1966

Box 9   Folder 8

Radical politics, 1968

Box 9   Folder 9-10

General, circa 1940s-1960s

Subseries 4: Philosophy, Language, and Literature

Box 9   Folder 11

Human nature, 1942-1964

Box 9   Folder 12

Epic history and verse, 1944-1955

Box 9   Folder 13

Arabic literature, 1947-1961

Box 9   Folder 14

Philosophy of education, 1947-1968

Box 9   Folder 15

Philosophy of society and anthropology, 1949-1961

Box 9   Folder 16

Philosophy, 1949-1967

Box 10   Folder 1

Persian and Turkish literature, 1952-1967

Box 10   Folder 2

Philosophy of health, 1953-1960

Box 10   Folder 3

Philosophy and relativity, 1959-1960

Box 10   Folder 4-5

Arabic language, circa 1950-1963, undated

Box 10   Folder 6

Early Syrian texts, circa 1950s

Box 10   Folder 7

Science fiction, "Valley of Vision" novel, 1950s-1960s

Box 10   Folder 8

Publishing, circa 1950s-1960s

Box 10   Folder 9

Editing and translating, 1950s-1960s

Box 10   Folder 10

Truth and logic, 1961-1967

Box 10   Folder 11

Esperanto, 1961-1967

Box 10   Folder 12

Microcosmic myth, 1962-1967

Box 10   Folder 13

Rhetoric, 1967

Box 10   Folder 14

Philosophy of language, 1967

Box 10   Folder 15

Dozening and numerical systems, 1967-1971

Box 10   Folder 16

Literature, 1960s

Box 10   Folder 17

Philosophy of art, 1960s

Box 10   Folder 18

Teaching Arabic, 1960s

  • Folder19: Environmental science, 1960s
Box 10   Folder 20

Natural science, circa 1960s

Box 10   Folder 21

Ethics, circa 1960s

Box 10   Folder 22

Linguistic spelling reform, circa 1960s

Box 10   Folder 23

Pascal, undated

Box 10   Folder 24

Yoga, undated

Subseries 5: Oversize

Box 16

Distribution of Muslims by political area, undated

Series IV: Writings and Publications

This series contains drafts and offprints of articles and books by Hodgson. It includes book reviews and correspondence with publishers. In addition to his scholarly work, of note are his "Legacy Essays," which include "If Your Friend Turns Vegetarian" and "Dialogue for the Soul of an Ex-Nazi." This series contains notes by Roy Benbee for a paper on Marshall Hodgson. Material in this series spans 1940-1968.

Box 11   Folder 1

Pacifism and socialism, drafts, circa 1940s-1960s

Box 11   Folder 2

"Historical Method" and "Approaches to Controversy," drafts, 1946-1957

Box 11   Folder 3

"Responsibilities of the Historical Profession," draft, 1954

Box 11   Folder 4

"Legacy Essays," drafts, circa 1950s

Box 11   Folder 5

"The Role of Islam in World History," draft, circa 1950s

Box 11   Folder 6

"Interregional Structure of World History," draft and outline, 1957-1964

Box 11   Folder 7

"A Non-Western Civilization Course in Liberal Education," offprint, 1959

Box 11   Folder 8

"Interrelations of Societies in History," draft and correspondence, 1961

Box 11   Folder 9

"Studies in Medieval Shi'a Islam," book proposal, 1961-1962

Box 11   Folder 10

"Al-Darazi and Hams in the Origin of the Druze Religion," draft, 1962

Box 11   Folder 11

"The Islamic Political Problem," draft, 1962-1963

Box 11   Folder 12

"On the Islamic Political Problem," draft, 1963

Box 11   Folder 13

"Interrelations of Societies in History," draft, 1963

Box 11   Folder 14

"Islam and Image," offprint, 1964

Box 11   Folder 15

"Mood Drugs in History," draft, 1966

Box 12   Folder 1

"Order of Assassins," drafts, circa 1950s-1960s

Box 12   Folder 2

"Order of Assassins," correspondence with publishers, 1955-1965

Box 12   Folder 3-13

"Venture of Islam," chapter drafts, undated

Box 13   Folder 1-12

"Venture of Islam," chapter drafts, undated

Box 14   Folder 1-8

"Venture of Islam," chapter drafts, undated

Box 14   Folder 9-12

"Unity of World History," draft, undated

Box 14   Folder 13

"Impact of the Great Western Transmutation," undated

Box 14   Folder 14

"Impact of the Great Western Transmutation," offprint, 1967

Box 14   Folder 15

"How Did Early Shi'a Become Sectarian?" draft and notes, undated

Box 14   Folder 16

"Modernity and the Islamic Heritage," offprint, undated

Box 15   Folder 1

Wheelock, "Nasser's New Egypt," book review, 1960

Box 15   Folder 2

Mardin, "Genesis of Young Ottoman Thought," book review, circa 1962

Box 15   Folder 3-4

Islamic studies, book reviews and correspondence, 1950-1967

Box 15   Folder 5

Saunders, "The Muslim World on the Eve of Europe's Expansion, book review, 1966-1967

Box 15   Folder 6

Islamic studies, article outlines, 1945-1963

Box 15   Folder 7

World history publications, correspondence, 1953-1955

Box 15   Folder 8

Studia Islamica, correspondence, 1957-1962

Box 15   Folder 9

"Islam and Image," correspondence, 1962-1963

Box 15   Folder 10

Encyclopedia of Islam, correspondence, 1959-1960

Box 15   Folder 11

"Islam in Modern Eurasia," correspondence, 1965-1968

Box 15   Folder 12

Islamic studies publications, correspondence, circa 1960s

Box 15   Folder 13

New Grolier Encyclopedia, correspondence, circa 1960s

Box 15   Folder 14

The Courier, copies, 1954, 1958

Box 15   Folder 15

Marshall Hodgson, notes and paper by Roy Benbee, 1968

Series V: Restricted

This series contains student evaluations.

Box 15   Folder 16

Student evaluations, 1946-1967