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University of Chicago Library

Guide to the William Henry Jackson. Photographs 1870-1878

© 2007 University of Chicago Library

Descriptive Summary

Title:

Jackson, William Henry. Photographs

Dates:

1870-1878

Size:

6 linear feet (4 boxes)

Repository:

Special Collections Research Center
University of Chicago Library
1100 East 57th Street
Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.

Abstract:

William Henry Jackson, photographer (1843-1942). The William Henry Jackson Photograph collection consists of 85 unique photographs and 17 duplicate prints of the West taken for the U.S. Geological Survey of the Territories (1870-78). Areas include Colorado, Mexico, Montana, Utah, and Wyoming. Prints in box 4 are not identified as part of the Survey, but appear to be from roughly the same time period.

Information on Use

Access

This collection is open for research.

Digital Images

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The University of Chicago Library appreciates hearing from anyone who may have information about any of the images in this collection.

Citation

When quoting material from this collection, the preferred citation is: Jackson, William Henry. Photographs, [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library

Biographical Note

William Henry Jackson was born in Keeseville, New York in 1843. He began selling his drawings and retouching photographs at an early age and, after serving in the Union Army during the Civil War, Jackson opened his own photography studio with his brother Edward in 1867. Jackson spent less than three years at his new studio, however, before leaving it in the care of his wife and two of his brothers while he headed West, photographing landscapes, railroads, railroad workers, and many new settlements. In 1870 Professor Ferdinand Vandiveer Hayden invited Jackson to join the U.S. Geological and Geographical Survey expedition. For the next 8 years (1870-78), Jackson took thousands of photographs and many stereograph images of the West, particularly in Utah, Wyoming, Montana, and Colorado. During this time, Jackson produced the first published photographs of the Yellowstone area. His work played an important role in persuading Congress to name Yellowstone the first national park in the United States in 1872.

In 1879, funding for Survey expedition ended and Jackson again opened his own studio, this time in Denver, Colorado. There he continued photographing the West, taking on many side projects photographing for hotels and railroad companies like the Mexican Central, New York Central, and the Baltimore & Ohio. In 1893 many of these photographs were displayed at the World's Columbian Exhibition in Chicago. Moreover, Jackson was asked to be the official photographer of the fair, a job he desperately needed after losses during the Panic of 1893. Soon thereafter, Jackson was offered an all-expenses paid trip around the world by railroad publicist Joseph Pangborn as part of the World's Transportation Commission. Jackson traveled to and photographed many parts of Europe, Asia, North Africa, and Australia.

Jackson returned from his trip in 1896 and in 1897 he became a partner in the Detroit Photographic Company. There he began to experiment with color photography, thanks to the recently developed Photochrom processing. Thousands of postcards and prints were issued by the company, now that they were able to colorize Jackson' new and old negatives. In 1924, due to the decline in postcard sales after WWI and the expense of the Photocrom process, the Detroit Photographic Company went out of business and Jackson went into retirement.

Jackson wrote two autobiographies after he retired. The first, published in 1929, was entitled The Pioneer Photographer: Rocky Mountain Adventures with a Camera. Jackson' second autobiography, Time Exposure: The Autobiography of William Henry Jackson, was published in 1940. Jackson died at the age of 99 in 1942.

Scope Note

The William Henry Jackson Photograph collection consists of 85 unique photographs and 17 duplicate prints of the West taken for the U.S. Geological Survey of the Territories (1870-78). Areas include Colorado, Mexico, Montana, Utah, and Wyoming. Prints in box 4 are not identified as part of the Survey, but appear to be from roughly the same time period.

Related Resources

The following related resources are located in the Department of Special Collections:

http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/e/spcl/select.html

Surveyors of the American West. New York Public Library. http://digital.nypl.org/surveyors/index.html

William Henry Jackson. Papers. New York Public Library Digital Papers. http://digilib.nypl.org/dynaweb/ead/human/jacksonw/

Around the World in the 1890s: Photographs from the World' Transportation Commission, 1894-96. Library of Congress http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/wtc/wtchome.html

Subject Headings

INVENTORY

Box 1

Title sheet, Volume 1

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Box 1

66 South from Berthoud Pass

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Box 1

67 Grand Lake

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Box 1

69 Grand Lake. Distant View From Foot of Round-Top Mt.

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Box 1

[Duplicate] 69 Grand Lake. Distant View From Foot of Round-Top Mt.

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Box 1

73 Falls at Foot of Round

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Box 1

79 Middle Park. East from Mt. Bross

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Box 1

[Duplicate] 79 Middle Park. East from Mt. Bross

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Box 1

82 Middle Park. View up the Grand, From the Blue

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Box 1

[Duplicate] 82 Middle Park. View up the Grand, From the Blue

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Box 1

83 Middle Park. View up the Blue, From the Grand

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Box 1

[Duplicate] 83 Middle Park. View up the Blue, From the Grand

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Box 1

84 Looking North From the Mouth of the Blue. Middle Park

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Box 1

[Duplicate] 84 Looking North From the Mouth of the Blue. Middle Park

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Box 1

87 Entrance to the Cañon of the Grand

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Box 1

[Duplicate] 87 Entrance to the Cañon of the Grand

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Box 1

89 Great Cañon of the Grand River

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Box 1

92 Blue River Mts. South From Near Ute Peak

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Box 1

[Duplicate] 92 Blue River Mts. South From Near Ute Peak

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Box 1

99 Pleasant Park. Profile Rock

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Box 1

[Duplicate] 99 Pleasant Park. Profile Rock

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Box 1

111 Natural Arch Under the Citadel Rocks

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Box 1

[Duplicate] 111 Natural Arch Under the Citadel Rocks

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Box 1

114 Monument Park

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Box 1

115 Monument Park

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Box 1

[Duplicate] 115 Monument Park

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Box 1

120 Castellated Rocks. Near Monument Park

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Box 1

[Duplicate] 120 Castellated Rocks. Near Monument Park

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Box 1

122 The Rio Grande. Below the "Gap"

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Box 1

124 Antelope Park

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Box 1

127 Lake Under Bristol Head. Antelope Park

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Box 1

136 Bakers Park. Looking Down

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Box 1

141 West From Sultan Mtn

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Box 1

156 Ancient Ruins in the Canon of the Mancos

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Box 1

[Duplicate] 156 Ancient Ruins in the Canon of the Mancos

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Box 1

157 Ancient Ruins in the Cañon of the Mancos

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Box 1

[Duplicate] 157 Ancient Ruins in the Cañon of the Mancos

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Box 1

158 Ancient Ruins in the Cañon of the Mancos

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Box 1

[Duplicate] 158 Ancient Ruins in the Cañon of the Mancos

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Box 1

159 Ancient Ruins in the Cañon of the Mancos

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Box 1

160 Mancos Cañon. Looking Down from Near its Mouth

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Box 1

161 Ancient Ruined City at Aztec Spring. The Outer Wall

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Box 1

[Duplicate] 161 Ancient Ruined City at Aztec Spring. The Outer Wall

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Box 1

162 Ancient Ruined City at Aztec Springs

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Box 1

163 Ancient Ruins at the Head of the McElmo

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Box 1

165 Fortified Rock on the McElmo

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Box 1

166 Cave Dwellings Near the Fortified Rock on the McElmo

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Box 1

167 Cave Dwellings Near the Fortified Rock on the McElmo

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Box 1

168 Old Tower Near the McElmo

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Box 1

[Duplicate] 168 Old Tower Near the McElmo

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Box 1

169 Ruined Fortress on the Hovvenweep

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Box 1

171 Ruined Town and Fortress on the Hovvenweep. Utah

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Box 1

172 Ruined Fortress on the Hovvenweep. Utah

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Box 1

[Duplicate] 172 Ruined Fortress on the Hovvenweep. Utah

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Box 1

175 Three Very good Friends

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Box 1

176 Photographic Div. U.S.G.S. The Riding Animals

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Box 2

Title sheet, Volume 2

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Box 2

Cap of Liberty Mammoth Hot Springs

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Box 2

438 Crater of Castle Geyser

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Box 2

not identified [Upper Falls Yellowstone]

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Box 2

200 Valley of the Yellowstone

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Box 2

217 Gardiners River Hot-Springs-Diana's Bath

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Box 2

225 [Gardiners River Hot Springs = "Mammoth Hot Springs"]

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Box 2

241 Lower Falls of the Yellowstone

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Box 2

260 Boiling Sulpher Spring

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Box 2

261 Boiling Mud Spring

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Box 2

264 Mud Geyser in Action

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Box 2

296 [Crater of Giant Geyser]

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Box 2

298 Grotto Geyser

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Box 2

435 Upper Fire Hole Geyser Basin

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Box 2

442 The Bee Hive Crater

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Box 3

Grand Canon of the Yellowstone

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Box 3

[?]18 Great Falls of the Yellowstone

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Box 3

65 Gray's Peak

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Box 3

[?] Butte Near Mt. Blackmore, M.T.

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Box 3

26 Mammoth Hot-Springs. Gardener's River

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Box 3

Grand Canon of the Yellowstone

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Box 3

The Three Tetons. Panoramic View

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Box 3

Upper Fire Hole, From "Old Faithful"

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Box 3

106 Mountain of the Holy Cross

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Box 3

[Ancient Ruins?] In the Canon of the Mancos

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Box 4

1030 Ute Pass

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Box 4

1379 Mt. Hood. Oregon

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Box 4

1653 Cloud Peak. Big Horn Mts. Wyoming

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Box 4

1098 Lower Falls of the Yellowstone

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Box 4

1111 Shoshone Falls, Idaho

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Box 4

1071 Chihuahua. Mexico

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Box 4

1142 Popocatepetl From Tlamancas

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Box 4

1141 Ixtacchihuatl From Amecameca. Mexico

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Box 4

1260 Aspen. Colorado

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Box 4

1019 Phantom Curve

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Box 4

1345 the High Sierras From Glacier Point

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Box 4

1372 Muir's Butte. California

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Box 4

11[6?]3 Cathedral Spires. Garden of the Gods

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Box 4

1106 The "Castle" and Crested Spring. Yellowstone National Park

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Box 4

[?]+062 The Book Cliffs Near Green River. Utah

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Box 4

1091 Mammoth Hot Springs. Pulpit Terraces

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Box 4

1061 Gunnison's Butte-Green River

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Box 4

1191 The Narrows. Canon Creek

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Box 4

1058 [unidentified]

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Box 4

1670 Liberty Cap and Mammoth Hot Springs Hotel

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Box 4

1408 The Garden of the Gods

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Box 4

1380 "Leven Lakes" and Spanish Peaks

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Box 4

1157 The Spanish Peaks

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