© 2009 University of Chicago Library
Lincoln Collection. Cartoons, Drawings and Photographs
2.5 linear feet (1 box)
Special Collections Research Center
The Lincoln Cartoons, Drawings, and Photographs collection forms part of the William E. Barton Collection of Lincolniana. The vast majority of the collection consists of cartoons, drawings, and lithographs from the American Civil War period.
The collection is open for research.
When quoting material from this collection, the preferred citation is: Lincoln Collection. Cartoons, Drawings, and Photographs, [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library
Rev. William Eleazar Barton (1861-1930) The Rev. William Eleazar Barton (1861-1930) was one of the early twentieth century's most prominent writers and lecturers on the life of Abraham Lincoln. Born in Sublette, Illinois, in the same year Lincoln assumed the presidency, Barton grew up in an environment heavily influenced by reverence for Lincoln. After pursuing undergraduate studies at Berea College in Kentucky, Barton earned his divinity degree from the Oberlin Theological Seminary in 1890. He served parishes in Tennessee, Ohio, and Massachusetts before becoming the pastor of the First Congregational Church of Oak Park, Illinois, a position he held until his retirement in 1924. Four years later, Barton accepted an appointment as lecturer at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, where he also organized and served as pastor of the Collegeside Congregational Church.
Barton's work as a writer produced a number of denominational manuals for church organization and a series of books presenting the wisdom and parables of a character he named Safed the Sage. For the last ten years of his life, however, Barton was best known to the public as a prolific author and lecturer on Abraham Lincoln. His publications about Lincoln included The Soul of Abraham Lincoln (1920), The Paternity of Abraham Lincoln (1920), The Life of Abraham Lincoln (1925), The Great and Good Man (1927), The Women Lincoln Loved (1927), and The Lincoln of the Biographers (1930).
In the course of compiling material for his writings and talks, Barton visited Lincoln sites in Kentucky, Indiana, and Illinois; interviewed surviving Lincoln relatives and acquaintances; and traveled as far as California and England to collect information and conduct genealogical research on the ancestry of the Lincoln family. While acquiring a large collection of books, periodicals, pamphlets, manuscripts, and ephemera related to Lincoln and the Civil War era, Barton also purchased privately or at auction historical materials amassed by other Lincoln collectors such as John E. Burton and Osborn H. Oldroyd.
The Lincoln Cartoons, Drawings, and Photographs collection forms part of the William E. Barton Collection of Lincolniana. The vast majority of the collection consists of cartoons, drawings, and lithographs from the American Civil War period. Subject matters of these cartoons vary in scope in their relation to the war and have been organized to distinguish issues addressed in the materials.
The collection is organized into four series. Series I, Lincoln’s Life and Presidential Campaigns, is divided into four subseries and contains materials related to Lincoln’s presidential and pre-presidential life as well as commentaries on his consecutive presidential campaigns and his handlings in the efforts of the Civil War.
Series II, Civil War Cartoons and Drawings, is divided into four subseries and contains materials related to the Civil War. Subseries 1 houses materials covering Britain’s responses to the American Civil War through cartoons published in the “Punch, or the London Charivari” British magazine; in this series, depictions of the American and British personifications of Brother John and Jack Bull can be found. Subseries 2 contains materials related to the issue of slavery before and during the Civil War. Britain’s comments on the American dilemma of the right to own slaves are housed here as well as a coterie of lithograph illustrations from Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Subseries 3 contains drawings and lithographs illustrating life of the soldier and Civil War battle scenes. A catalogue testing the effect of cannon shots is also housed in this subseries. Subseries 4 contains representations of Civil War figure-heads as Greek Mythology icons or novel characters; mainly from texts such as those written by William Shakespeare. Subseries 5 contains commentary on the result effects of the Civil War; the outcome and reconstruction of the post-war period and its effects on the country as a whole.
Series III, The Canada Fires of the Fenian Raids, contains materials from the “Punch” magazine. Cartoons and drawings focusing on the United States inaction to aid British Canada when it was invaded by the Fenian Brotherhood are housed here.
Series IV, Photographs, contains photography from the time period of William E.
Barton. This includes an image of Graham White, aviator.
The following related resources are located in the Department of Special Collections:
Series I: Lincoln’s Life and Presidential Campaigns
This series is composed of cartoons, lithographs, and drawings related to Lincoln’s eras of presidency. The materials housed here are divided into four subseries whose subject matters include Lincoln’s presidential campaigns and genealogy, publications where he is represented from the "Punch" magazine, a sequence of cartoons by L.H. Stephens, and opinions on his orchestration of the Civil War. Please note there is also an instance of correspondence between R.E. Townsend and William E. Barton in Folder 3 with the Stephens cartoons.
Subseries 1: Life and Campaigns
|Box 1 Folder 1|
Drawing of "Honest Abe on the Stump", 1860; Drawing with Lincoln quote: A Pioneer Suffragist, 1836; Postcard photograph of birthplace of Nancy Hanks, Lincoln’s mother, 1927; cartoon drawing, Platforms Illustrated: Baltimore/Chicago, date unknown
|Box 1 Folder 2|
Reproduction of London Punch’s tribute to Lincoln after assassination, Britannia Sympathises with Columbia, 1865
Subseries 2: British "Punch" Cartoons
|Box 1 Folder 3|
Two cartoons from the British "Punch" magazine; The Great
|Box 1 Folder 4|
"Punch" print of Lincoln as a bartender mandating the New York
Subseries 3: L. H. Stephens Cartoons
|Box 1 Folder 5|
Letter from R.E. Townsend to William E. Barton requesting he publicize a collection of several Lincoln cartoons by L.H. Stephens, 1930. Cartoons: Ingenious Thing! Very!, Melancholy Accident: To a Gentleman in High Life; This Little Joker for President; Last Appearance March 4, 1865, Love me little, Love me long; The Unhappy Family, Chicago Platform, date unknown
Subseries 4: Lincoln’s Handling of Civil War
|Box 1 Folder 6|
lithograph in color, The First of May 1865 or General Moving Day in Richmond, Virginia, 1864; Little Mac, In his Great Two Horse Act, in the Presidential Canvass of 1864, 1864; Lithographs in color, The Question Settled and The Great Remedy, date unknown
Series II: Civil War Cartoons and Drawings
Materials housed in this series focus on issues surrounding the American Civil War. These prints, drawings, and lithographs are mainly publications from the "Punch, or the London Charivari" British magazine and center on Britain’s political relations with America during their Civil War. The issue of slavery, Britain’s association to America during the war, and the effects and outcomes of it are the focuses dealt with in the cartoons housed here. Also included are cartoons which utilize mythological icons to personify figure-heads during the war as well as the confrontation of America invading Canada. Included here are a series of illustrations from the novel "Uncle Tom’s Cabin".
Subseries 1: Britain Responses to American Civil War
|Box 1 Folder 7|
"Punch" drawings: John Bull’s Neutrality, 1863; Naughty Jonathan, Mrs. Britannia moderates the reconciliation between John Bull and America after "Trent Affair", 1862; How They Went to Take Canada,
|Box 1 Folder 8|
"Punch" drawings: Naughty Jonathan, 1861; A Likely Story and Look Out for Squalls, 1861
|Box 1 Folder 9|
"Punch" drawings: Extremes Meet, Holding a Candle to the ***** (Much the same Thing.), 1863; "Up a Tree,"Colonel Bull and the Yankee ‘Coon, Lincoln is pictured as a raccoon up a tree being hunted by Colonel Bull, 1862
|Box 1 Folder 10|
"Punch" drawing, The American Difficulty; 1861
|Box 1 Folder 11|
"Punch" drawings: A Family Quarrel, 1861; Neutrality 1863
|Box 1 Folder 12|
"Punch" drawings; Columbia’s Fix and Waiting For an Answer, 1861
|Box 1 Folder 13|
"Punch" drawings: The Dowry, 1863; Beecher’s American Soothing Syrup, 1863; Something for Paddy and Very Probably, 1864
|Box 1 Folder 14|
"Punch" drawings: Retrogression (A very sad Picture),1862; The American Juggernaut, 1864
Subseries 2: The Issue of Slavery in the American Civil War
|Box 1 Folder 15|
"Punch" drawings: Caesar et Imperator and ; "Caesar Imperator!" or, The American Gladiators, and, 1861
|Box 1 Folder 16|
"Punch" drawings; Brutus and Caesar (From the American Edition of Shakespeare, 1863
|Box 1 Folder 17|
"Punch" drawings; Divorce A(*) Vinculo: Mrs. Carolina Asserts her Right to "Larrup" her Nigger, 1861; Lithograph, The House that Jeff Built, illustrates in stages the inevitable abolition of slavery and cotton trade in the south through slave ownership of Confederate president Jefferson Finis Davis, 1863
|Box 1 Folder 18|
"Punch" drawing; The Jamaica Question, 1865, Drawing from Philadelphia publisher, Forcing Slaver Down the Throat of a Freesoiler, date unknown; Uncle Sam Protecting his Property Against the Encroachments of Cousin John, 1861
|Box 1 Folder 19|
"Punch" drawing; The Black Conscription: "When Black meets Black Then comes the End (?) of War", 1863
|Box 1 Folder 20|
Lithograph illustrations from London depicting images from text of "Uncle Tom’s Cabin": Emmeline Sold, "Cassey’s Sorrows", "Cassey’s Happier Days", Eva’s Forebodings, "Eliza", Eva and Topsy, 1852-53
Subseries 3: Soldier Life
|Box 1 Folder 21|
Soldier carrying drum, drawing from life, 1864; lithographs, Behind the Breastworks. Awaiting the Attack, Bringing Up a Batter: "Just in Time!", A Cavalry Charge, Crossing the Rapidan, Roadside Commissaries, Commissary Sergeant’s Headquarters, On the Alert, date unknown
|Box 1 Folder 22|
Barnard Casement cannon shrapnel; shots 3-6, Barnard Casement; photograph no. 1,2 and 3 before shots; Barnard Casement photo no. 4 after first shot; Barnard Casement photo no. 5 after 2nd shot; Barnard photo no. 6 after 4th shot; Barnard photo no.7 after 4th shot (from casement interior); Barnard photo no. 8 after 5th shot; Barnard photo no. 9 after 6th shot; photo no. 10 after 6th shot (from casement interior); photo no. 11 after 7th shot; photo no. 12 after 8th shot; Target at Fort Delaware photo no. 1; Fort Delaware photo no. 2 after 1st shot; Fort Delaware photo no. 6 after 4th shot; Fort Delaware photo no. 7 after 5th shot; Fort Delaware photo no. 8 after 7th shot; Fort Delaware photo no. 9 after 9th shot; Open Embrasure photo no. 1; Embrasure photo no.2; Embrasure photo no. 3 after 1st shot; Embrasure photo no. 4 after 1st shot (interior); Embrasure photo no. 5 after 2nd shot; shrapnel and bullet photos, 1st-4th Shot Totten Embrasure; Totten Embrasure photo no. 14 after 8th shot; Battery at Fort Monroe photo no. 18, date unknown
Subseries 4: Mythical and Iconic War Cartoons and Drawings
|Box 1 Folder 23|
"Punch" drawings: King Cotton Bound -- The Modern Prometheus, 1861; Teucer, Assailed by Hector, is Protected by The Shield of Ajax, 1864
|Box 1 Folder 24|
"Punch" drawings: and The Genu-Ine Othello, 1861; Oberon and Titania, 1862
Subseries 5: Effect and Outcome of the American Civil War
|Box 1 Folder 25|
"Punch" drawings Columbia’s Sewing-Machine, 1864; The Re-United States and The Disputed Account, 1865
|Box 1 Folder 26|
Depiction of the before and after effect of America’s national bird, 1861; print cartoon of Benjamin Franklin Butler as a maid "cleaning up" New Orleans, date unknown; print cartoon of Lincoln having the Union stitched together by a man sitting on a globe of the world with a needle and thread, date unknown
|Box 1 Folder 27|
Cartoon diptych of General Stonewall Jackson and Jeffery F. Davis, Democracy: 1832 and 1864, 1864
Series III: The Canada Fires of the Fenian Raids
The cartoons and drawings housed in this series are "Punch" magazine commentaries on the United States inaction to aid British Canada when their neutrality was violated by the Fenian raids.
|Box 1 Folder 28|
"Punch" drawing; The Yankee Fireman and The Yankee Fireman Keeps his Word, 1866
Series IV: Photographs
Housed in this series are photographs taken during the time period of William E.
|Box 1 Folder 29|
Photograph of aviator Graham White taking off, 1911; Photograph of the Lincoln Log Cabin, undated