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University of Chicago Library

Guide to the Alexander Maximow Papers 1902-1936

© 2016 University of Chicago Library

Descriptive Summary

Title:

Maximow, Alexander A. Papers

Size:

4.75 linear feet (11 boxes)

Repository:

Special Collections Research Center
University of Chicago Library
1100 East 57th Street
Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.

Abstract:

Alexander A. Maximow, histologist, Professor of anatomy. The Alexander A. Maximow Papers contains correspondence, laboratory notes and sketches, manuscripts of scientific papers and addresses, English translations of Maximow’s Russian works, Russian textbooks, drawings, and photographs.

Information on Use

Access

The collection is open for research.

Citation

When quoting material from this collection, the preferred citation is: Maximow, Alexander A. Papers, [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library

Biographical Note

Alexander A. Maximow was born in Russia on January 22, 1874. He earned his M.D. at the Imperial Military Academy in St. Petersburg, where he showed a keen interest in morphological problems and won special distinction for his work on the experimental production of amyloid. After two years of study in Berlin and Frieburg, he returned to St. Petersburg in 1902 as Privat-Dozent in pathology. He remained there as professor of histology and embryology from 1903 until 1922, at which point he came to the University of Chicago as aprofessor of anatomy, a position he held until his death in 1928.

In the first phase of his career, from 1896 until 1902, Maximow published both descriptive and experimental papers on normal and on abnormal histologic problems, establishing the background for his future work. His paramount interest in the later stages of his career was in the normal and pathologic histology and histogenesis of the blood and the connective tissue pioneering and classic studies were the result of his experimental investigations into the problems of this field. By proving that all blood cells develop from a common mother cell, he confirmed the unitarian theory of hematopoiesis; among his other experimental findings were confirmatory evidence that lymphocytes of the blood, as well as of lymph nodes, are undifferentiated cells, and proof of the purely extracellular origin of argyrophile and collagenous fibers in tissue cultures.

Dr. William Bloom, of the Department of Anatomy and Physiology, worked closely with Maximow in the four years before Maximow’s death. Bloom then continued the work of Maximow and brought to completion the product of the joint enterprise, the Textbook on Histology, which has appeared in seven editions since its original publication in 1930.

Scope Note

The Alexander A. Maximow Papers contains correspondence, laboratory notes and sketches, manuscripts of scientific papers and addresses, English translations of Maximow’s Russian works, Russian textbooks, drawings, and photographs.

The collection is divided into four series. Series I primarily contains the drawings and sketches Maximow produced in the course of his work. These drawings are loose and collected in file folders, as listed below. Series II contains Maximow’s correspondence with William Bloom and others, as well as Bloom’s correspondence regarding Maximow. Series III contains photographs and biographical information about Maximow. Series contains Maximow’s writings, in both manuscript and printed form, as well as his laboratory notes.

Related Resources

Browse finding aids by topic.

Subject Headings

INVENTORY

Series I: Original Drawings

Box 1   Folder 1

“Microscopic Structure of Organs.” Holograph draft. Unfinished

  • Translation in Translation from Russian
Box 1   Folder 2

Drawings first published in Russian “Cytology and Histology” or in American text

  • Mount 1.28 drawings (two reproductions of this mount are included.)
  • Mount 2.7 drawings
  • Mount 3.4 drawings
  • Mount 4.5 drawings
  • Mount 5.5 drawings
  • Mount 6.3 drawings
  • Mount 7.2 drawings
  • Mount 8.7 drawings
  • Mount 9.2 drawings
  • Mount 10.10 drawings
  • Mount 11.2 drawings
  • Mount 12.3 drawings
  • Mount 13.4 drawings
  • Mount 14.4 drawings
Box 1   Folder 3

Drawings for his classic monograph on inflammation. Ziegler’s Beitr

  • z. path. Anat., Supplement 5, 1902
  • Mount 1.47 drawings
  • Mount 2.33 drawings
  • Mount 3.6 drawings
  • Mount 4.5 drawings
  • Mount 5.10 drawings
  • Mount 6.10 drawings
  • Mount 7.11 drawings
  • Mount 8.11 drawings
  • Mount 9.2 drawings
  • Mount 10.5 drawings
Box 1   Folder 4

Neutral red; connective tissue cells. Arch. f. mikr. Anat., 1906 (67), 680

  • Mount 1.3 drawings
  • Mount 2.8 drawings
Box 1   Folder 5

Arch. f. mikr. Anat., 1909 (73), 444

  • Mount 1.5 drawings
  • Mount 2.9 drawings
  • Mount 3.15 drawings
  • Mount 4.10 drawings
Box 1   Folder 6

Drawings

  • Mount: 1.14 drawings
  • Mount: 2. 20 drawings
  • Mount: 3.25 drawings
Box 1   Folder 7

Drawings

  • Mount: 1. 13 drawings
  • Mount 2: 43 drawings
Box 1   Folder 8

Mitochrondria in living plant cells. Anat. Anz., 1913 (43), 241

  • Mount 1: 8 drawings
Box 1   Folder 9

B&B VII

  • Mount 1. 2 drawings
  • Mount 2. 3 drawings
  • Mount 3. 3 drawings
Box 1   Folder 10

Drawings

  • Mount 1. 2 drawings
  • Mount 2.4 drawings
  • Mount 3. 3 drawings
  • Mount 4.1 drawings
  • Mount 5.5 drawings
  • Mount 6. 2 drawings
Box 1   Folder 11

Drawings

  • Mount 1.4 drawings
  • Mount 2. 3 drawings
Box 1   Folder 12

Drawings

  • Mount 1.4 drawings
  • Mount 2. 7 drawings
  • Mount 3. 2 drawings
  • Mount 4. 8 drawings
  • Mount 5. 9 drawings
Box 1   Folder 13

Drawings

  • Mount 1. 2 drawings
Box 2   Folder 1

Tuberculosis in tissue culture. J. Infectious Diseases, 1924 (34), 549

  • Mount 1.11 drawings
  • Mount 2.2 drawings
  • Mount 3.3 drawings
Box 2   Folder 2

Cancer-like changes in cultures of rabbit mammary gland. Virchows

  • Archiv., 1925 (256), 813
  • Mount 1.3 drawings
  • Mount 2.2 drawings
Box 2   Folder 3

Contributions to Embryology, Publication 361 of the Carnegie Institute of Washington, 1925

  • Mount 1.2 drawings
  • Mount 2.5 drawings
  • Mount 3.4 drawings
  • Mount 4.3 drawings
  • Mount 5.3 drawings
  • Mount 6.1 drawings
  • Mount 7.3 drawings
  • Mount 8.2 drawings
  • Mount 9.2 drawings
  • Mount 10.1 drawings
  • Mount 11.4 drawings
  • Mount 12.1 drawings
  • Mount 13.1 drawings
Box 2   Folder 4

Mesothelium in tissue culture. Arch. f. exper. Zellforsch., 1927 (4), 1

  • Mount 1.3 drawings
  • Mount 2.5 drawings
  • Mount 3.7 drawings
  • Mount 4.3 drawings
  • Mount 5.4 drawings
Box 2   Folder 5

Monograph on blood and connective tissue in Handb. d. mikr. Anat., von Mollendorff, ed., 1927. Vol. 2

  • Mount 1.4 drawings
  • Mount 2.5 drawings
  • Mount 3.4 drawings
  • Mount 4.4 drawings
  • Mount 5.4 drawings
  • Mount 6.4 drawings
  • Mount 7.4 drawings
  • Mount 8.6 drawings
  • Mount 9.2 drawings
  • Mount 10.4 drawings
  • Mount 11.3 drawings
  • Mount 12.33 drawings
Box 2   Folder 6

Monograph on blood and connective tissue in Handb. d. mikr. Anat., von Mollendorff, ed., 1927. Vol. 2

  • Mount 1.4 drawings
  • Mount 2.2 drawings
  • Mount 3.4 drawings
  • Mount 4.4 drawings
  • Mount 5.4 drawings
  • Mount 6.4 drawings
  • Mount 7.4 drawings
  • Mount 8.5 drawings
  • Mount 9.5 drawings
  • Mount 10.3 drawings
  • Mount 11.1 drawings
  • Mount 12.3 drawings
  • Mount 13.2 drawings
Box 2   Folder 7

Cowdry’s Special Cytology, 1928

  • Mount 1.7 drawings
  • Mount 2.7 drawings
Box 2   Folder 8

Cultures of blood leucocytes. Arch. f. exp. Zellforsch., 1928 (5), 169

  • Mount 1.49 drawings
  • Mount 2.8 drawings
  • Mount 3.70 drawings
  • Mount 4.3 drawings
Box 2   Folder 9

Maximow’s last drawing. Zeit. f. mikr. Anat.-Forsch., 1929 (17), 625.Mount 1.1 drawing

Box 2   Folder 10

Textbook of Histology, 1930

  • Mount 1.3 drawings
  • Mount 2.1 drawings
  • Mount 3.5 drawings
  • Mount 4.4 drawings
  • Mount 5.1 drawings
  • Mount 6.2 drawings
  • Mount 7.3 drawings
  • Mount 8.2 drawings
  • Mount 9.10 drawings
  • Mount 10.1 drawings
Box 2   Folder 11

Textbook of Histology, 1930

  • Mount 1.3 drawings
  • Mount 2.2 drawings
  • Mount 3.2 drawings
  • Mount 4.3 drawings
  • Mount 5.3 drawings
  • Mount 6.2 drawings
  • Mount 7.2 drawings
  • Mount 8.2 drawings
  • Mount 9.3 drawings
  • Mount 10.4 drawings
  • Mount 11.2 drawings
Box 3   Folder 1

Two original drawings

Box 3   Folder 2

Two notebooks-protocols of experiments

Box 3   Folder 3

Miscellaneous notes and sketches

Series II: Correspondence

Box 3   Folder 4

Correspondence, 1917-1928

  • Correspondents include R.R. Bensley, Professor Huntington, Chandler Foot, V. Möllendorf, H. Stieve, W.B. Saunder & Co., H. Gideon Wells
Box 3   Folder 5

Correspondence with publishing house W.B. Saunders Company, 1926-1928

Box 3   Folder 6

Correspondence with Dr. William Bloom, 1926--1928

Box 3   Folder 7

Dr. William Bloom correspondence about Maximow’s work, 1928--1936

Box 3   Folder 8

Dr. William Bloom correspondence with Armed Forces Institute of Pathology about Maximow’s slide

Box 4   Folder 1

Correspondence, A-De

Box 4   Folder 2

Correspondence, D

Box 4   Folder 3

Correspondence, E

Box 4   Folder 4

Correspondence, F-H

Box 4   Folder 5

Correspondence, L

Box 4   Folder 6

Correspondence, O-T

Box 4   Folder 7

Correspondence, Wa

Box 4   Folder 8

Correspondence, We

Box 4   Folder 9

Correspondence, Russian

Series III: Biographical

Box 4   Folder 10

Modern Trends in Human Leukemia Conference Brochure

Box 4   Folder 11

3 photographs of Maximow

Box 4   Folder 12

Autobiographical notes

Box 4   Folder 13

Biographical sketch

Box 4   Folder 14

Publication lists

Series IV: Writings and Laboratory Notes

Box 5   Folder 1-2

Russian Edition of Maximow work, unbound

Box 6

Reprints, Maximow, Vol. I, 1898-1906

Box 6

Reprints, Maximow, Vol. II, 1906-1916

Box 6

Reprints, Maximow, Vol. III, 1925-1927

Box 6

Reprints, Maximow, Vol. IV, 1927-1928

Box 7

Reprints, Maximow, Vol. V, 1922-1929

Box 7

Memorial Volumes to Alexander Maximow. Volumes I and II. German and English. 1929

Box 8

Microscopic Notes, Vol. I-IV. Four bound volumes of notes with descriptions and sketches of tissue culture, dealing with the growth of portions of mammalian embryos, of lymphatic tissue, of blood leucocytes, and of tissues infected with various human and bovine strains of tubercle bacilli

Box 9

Translation from Russian. One bound volume of the translation of portions of Volume II of Maximow’s Principles of Histology, and of the “Microscopic Structure of Organs.”

Box 9

Miscellaneous Manuscripts. One bound volume of autograph, unpublished manuscripts, mainly of scientific addresses

Box 9

Supravital Sketches. One bound volume of sketches of living cells in tissue culture

Box 10

Textbook Manuscript. One bound volume of autograph manuscripts for several chapters of Maximow’s Textbook of Histology

Box 11

Cultures 31--2213 and Cultures 2214--6182. Two bound volumes of protocols of experiments giving the history of each culture that was fixed for subsequent microscopic study