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University of Chicago Library

Guide to the University of Chicago Wartime Military Training Programs Records 1923-1955

© 2012 University of Chicago Library

Descriptive Summary

Title:

University of Chicago. Wartime Military Training Programs. Records

Dates:

1923-1955

Size:

6 linear feet (10 boxes)

Repository:

Special Collections Research Center
University of Chicago Library
1100 East 57th Street
Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.

Abstract:

This collection contains correspondence, memoranda, reports, financial records, curricula, evaluations, and correspondence related to the wartime activities of the University of Chicago. Materials in this collection primarily document the Army Specialized Training Program (ASTP) and the Civil Aeronautics Administration's War Training Service Program (WTS). Other minor wartime programs contained within this collection include Army Sponsored Meteorological Training, Civil Affairs Training School, Institute for Military Studies, and Production Training for War Industries. Also contained with this collection are documents pertaining to the University's military programs during the interwar years and the University's activities during World War II.

Information on Use

Access

Records contained in Series VIII are restricted until 2024. The rest of collection is open for research.

Citation

When quoting material from this collection, the preferred citation is: University of Chicago. Wartime Military Training Programs. Records, [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library.

Historical Note

During the Second World War several programs of instruction were instituted at the University of Chicago. The major war activity of the University, in addition to research, was the Army Specialized Training Program (ASTP) inaugurated in the spring of 1943. The students in this program were enlisted and drafted soldiers who had demonstrated on intelligence and aptitude tests that they possessed outstanding qualifications for further training. The University provided instruction in basic-phase subjects and in several advanced courses including medicine, pre-medicine, area and language, and psychology. Those who had had only high school or a limited college experience were assigned to the basic phase of the program, and were given a broad background of training with instruction in English, history, mathematics, physics, chemistry, engineering, and geography. The trainees who had completed some college work or who had special qualifications were assigned to one of a series of advanced courses that provided specialized training. The last group to be trained at the University graduated in October 1944.

The other major program was the Civilian Pilot Training Program. Originally established in 1939 to teach college and university students to fly, it was converted after the outbreak of war to a program of instruction for men in the armed services. Its name was changed to the CAA War Training Service (WTS) and provided instruction for Navy combat pilots, Army glider pilots, and Army flight instructors. These men took a two-month course, including ground school instruction and flight training. When the CPT Program was converted to military purposes, the University began a program to train civilian Aviation Ground School Instructors.

While the ASTP and the WTS were the major wartime training programs, the University did institute other smaller programs. Of note are the Civil Affairs Training School and Production Training for War Industries programs. The Civil Affairs Training School trained soldiers in military government at Provost Marshall General's School in Georgia and then they were sent to select universities for training in foreign languages and culture. At the University of Chicago, the soldiers were trained in Japanese language and culture. The Production Training for War Industries trained men for war industries through tuition free classes at the School of Business.

Scope Note

The Wartime Military Training Program Records contain correspondence, memoranda, reports, financial records, curricula, evaluations, and correspondence related to the wartime activities of the University of Chicago. Materials in this collection primarily document the Army Specialized Training Program (ASTP) and the Civil Aeronautics Administration's War Training Service Program (WTS). Other minor wartime programs contained within this collection include Army Sponsored Meteorological Training; Civil Affairs Training School; Institute for Military Studies; and Production Training for War Industries. Also contained with this collection are documents pertaining to the University's military programs during the interwar years and the University's activities during World War II.

The collection is organized into seven series: Series I Interwar; Series II World War II, General Files; Series III Army Specialized Training; Series IV Civilian Pilot Training/ Wartime Training Service; Series V Minor Wartime Military Training Programs; Series VI Postwar and Series VII Restricted.

Series I, Interwar, consists of pamphlets and magazines pertaining to the military training programs at the University during the interwar period.

Series II, World War II, General Files consists of files about the University's response to World War II that was not part of the various military training programs. It also includes a paper written by Adolph T. Scott Jr. entitled "The University and World War II" that discuses in depth the University's activities during World War II.

Series III, Army Specialized Training, consists of files pertaining to the Army Specialized Training Program.

Series IV, Civilian Pilot Training/ Wartime Training Service, consists of files pertaining to the Civilian Pilot Training Program and the CAA War Training Service. While the Civilian Pilot Training files predates World War II, it was during World War II that it expanded and in 1942 it became the CAA War Training Service.

Series V, Minor Wartime Military Training Programs, consists of files pertaining to: Army Sponsored Meteorological Training; Civil Affairs Training School; Curtiss-Wright Engineering Program; The Institute of Military Studies; Navy and Marine Education Program; Production Training For War Industries; and Radio, Electronics, and Microwaves.

Series VI, Postwar, consists of documents pertaining to the University's postwar activities relating to veterans. Specifically, it includes documents related to veterans' education and housing.

Series VII, Restricted, consists of graded student material and is restricted until 2024.

Related Resources

The following related resources are located in the Department of Special Collections:

http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/e/spcl/select.html

University of Chicago. World War I. Ephemera Collection.

Subject Headings

INVENTORY

Series I: Interwar

Box 1   Folder 1

Military Science Program, 1923-1927

Box 1   Folder 2

National Defense Magazine, February 1928

Series II: World War II, General Files

Box 1   Folder 3

Pre-war Debate Pamphlets and Press Releases, 1941

Box 1   Folder 4

Letter to Trustees, Deans and Advisory Officers, 1941

Box 1   Folder 5

Speeches, Pamphlets and Press Releases Pertaining to the University's role in World War II, 1942

Box 1   Folder 6

"A Useful Service" Chicago Tribune Editorial, 1942

Box 1   Folder 7

"The College in Wartime: New Responsibilities" Proceedings, 1942

Box 1   Folder 8

"Evenings in the Loop" 1942-1943

Box 1   Folder 9

Board of Vocational Guidance and Placement Bulletin,1942

Box 1   Folder 10

Board of Vocational Guidance and Placement Bulletin, 1943

Box 1   Folder 11

Board of Vocational Guidance and Placement Bulletin, 1944

Box 1   Folder 12

Board of Vocational Guidance and Placement Bulletin, 1945

Box 1   Folder 13

Yankee Service Bureau Pamphlet. Chicago Tribune, 1942

Box 1   Folder 14

University of Chicago World War II Pamphlets, 1943

Box 1   Folder 15

University of Chicago Class Pamphlets, 1942-1943

Box 1   Folder 16

Clippings, 1942-1945

Box 1   Folder 17

V.E. Day Memo, 1945

Box 1   Folder 18

General Documents, 1944, undated

Box 1   Folder 19

Scott, Adolph T. "The University and World War II" 1955

Series III: Army Specialized Training

Box 1   Folder 20

ASTP Manual, 1944

Box 1   Folder 21

ASTP Program, 1944

Box 1   Folder 22

National Examination, 1943-1944

Box 1   Folder 23

Instructor Criticism, 1943

Box 1   Folder 24

Trainee Evaluations, 1944

Box 1   Folder 25

Sectional Interviews, undated

Box 1   Folder 26

Trainee's Criticisms of AST Personnel Psychology Course, 1943

Box 1   Folder 27

ASTP Documents and Correspondence, 1943-1945

Box 1   Folder 28

Pre-Professional Phase Reports, 1943-1944

Box 1   Folder 29

Pre-Medical Correspondence, 1944

Box 1   Folder 30

Basic Phase Reports, 1943-1944

Box 1   Folder 31

Basic Phase Grades and Rubric, 1943-1944

Box 1   Folder 32

Basic Phase Curriculum, 1944

Box 1   Folder 33

Course Descriptions and Curriculum, 1943-44

Box 1   Folder 34

Stanford ASTP-Schedules of Lectures and Assignment Sheets, undated

Box 1   Folder 35

Stanford ASTP-Outline and Summary of Lectures, 1943

Box 1   Folder 36

Stanford ASTP-Material for Additional Reading: History, Anthropology and Language, 1943

Box 1   Folder 37

Stanford ASTP- Material for Additional Reading: Geography, 1943

Box 1   Folder 38

Stanford ASTP-Material for Additional Reading: Japan, 1943

Box 2   Folder 1

Stanford ASTP- Material for Additional Reading: Indonesia

Box 2   Folder 2

Walter Johnson's Summary of American History Lectures, undated

Box 2   Folder 3

Course in Topographic Surveying, undated

Box 2   Folder 4

Social Science Research Committee Accounts, 1943-1944

Box 2   Folder 5

Ethnographic Board, 1944-1945

Box 2   Folder 6

Department of Geography, 1943

Box 2   Folder 7

Russian Language and Area Instruction, 1943

Box 2   Folder 8

Japanese Language and Area Instruction, 1943-1944

Box 2   Folder 9

Foreign Language and Area Documents, undated

Box 2   Folder 10

Foreign Language and Area Correspondence, 1944

Box 2   Folder 11

Foreign Language and Area Correspondence, 1945

Box 2   Folder 12

Linguistic Department Correspondence, 1943-1944

Box 2   Folder 13

Linguistic Department Grade Distribution, undated

Box 2   Folder 14

Basic Phase and Foreign Language and Area Statistics, undated

Box 2   Folder 15

Language Instruction Account Book, 1943-1944

Box 2   Folder 16

Language Instruction Account Book, 1943-1944

Box 2   Folder 17

Cyril O. Houle Typed Manuscripts, undated

Box 2   Folder 18

Cyril O. Houle Correspondence, 1943

Box 2   Folder 19

Cyril O. Houle Correspondence, 1944

Box 2   Folder 20

Office of Assistance Business Manager Correspondence, 1943-1947

Box 2   Folder 21

Typewriting Office Accounts, 1944

Box 2   Folder 22

Budgetary Materials, 1944

Box 3   Folder 1

Cost Statements, 1944-1945

Box 3   Folder 2

Transfer Accounts, 1945-1946

Box 3   Folder 3

Change of Grade Reports, 1944

Box 3   Folder 4

Change of Status Reports, 1944

Box 3   Folder 5

Faculty Participation in ASTP, undated

Box 3   Folder 6

List of Instructors, 1943

Box 3   Folder 7

Teaching Hours of Instructors, 1943, undated

Box 3   Folder 8

Staff Information, 1943-1944

Box 3   Folder 9

Temporary Employees, 1945-1946

Box 3   Folder 10

Contract Revisions, 1944

Box 3   Folder 11

Teaching Appointments, 1945

Box 3   Folder 12

Academic Appointments, 1943

Box 3   Folder 13

Academic Appointments, January/1944-June/1944

Box 3   Folder 14

Academic Appointments, July/1944-September/1944

Box 3   Folder 15

Academic Appointments, 1944-1945

Box 3   Folder 16

Academic Appointments, 1945-1946

Series IV: Civilian Pilot Training/ Wartime Training Service

Box 4   Folder 1

CPT Pamphlets, undated

Box 4   Folder 2

Curricula for Aviation Ground School, undated

Box 4   Folder 3

Session 43-J List of Students

Box 4   Folder 4

Session 43-J Trainee Statements, 1943

Box 4   Folder 5

Session 43-J Ground Schools Records,1943

Box 4   Folder 6

Session 43-J Rejection and Reassignments, 1943

Box 4   Folder 7

Session 43-J Robert Slamp Flying Service Records, 1943

Box 4   Folder 8

Session 43-J Receipts for Lodging, Board and Transportation, 1943

Box 4   Folder 9

Session 43-J General Documents

Box 4   Folder 10

Cyril O. Houle CTP/WTS Correspondence, 1942-1943

Box 4   Folder 11

General Correspondence, June/1942-August/1942

Box 4   Folder 12

General Correspondence, September/1942-October/1942

Box 4   Folder 13

General Correspondence, November/1942-December/1942

Box 4   Folder 14

General Correspondence, 1943

Box 4   Folder 15

Budget Correspondence, July/1942-August/1942

Box 4   Folder 16

Budget Correspondence, September/1942-December/1942

Box 4   Folder 17

Budget Correspondence, January/1943-June/1943

Box 5   Folder 1

Budget Correspondence, July/1943-December/1943

Box 5   Folder 2

Budget Correspondence, 1944

Box 5   Folder 3

Financial Information for all Training Sessions, 1942-1943

Box 5   Folder 4

CAA Accounts, 1943-1944

Box 5   Folder 5

CTA/WTS Documents, 1942-1943

Series V: Minor Wartime Military Training Programs

Box 5   Folder 6

Air Crew, 1944

Box 5   Folder 7

Army Sponsored Meteorological Training- Pamphlets, 1942, undated

Box 5   Folder 8

Army Sponsored Meteorological Training- Admissions Documents, undated

Box 5   Folder 9

Army Sponsored Meteorological Training- Admissions Correspondence, 1942-1951

Box 5   Folder 10

Army Sponsored Meteorological Training- Course Outlines, 1944

Box 5   Folder 11

Civil Affairs Training School- Students Manuals, 1942-1945

Box 5   Folder 12

Civil Affairs Training School- Documents, 1944-1945

Box 5   Folder 13

CMTC Pamphlets, 1941

Box 5   Folder 14

Curtiss-Wright Engineering Program, 1944

Box 5   Folder 15

The Institute of Military Studies-Conference on Pre-Induction Military Training, 1942

Box 5   Folder 16

The Institute of Military Studies-Pre-Induction Military Training Forms, 1942-1944

Box 5   Folder 17

The Institute of Military Studies-Documents and Clippings,1936-1942

Box 5   Folder 18

Navy and Marine Education Program, 1943-1951

Box 5   Folder 19

Production Training For War Industries-Pamphlets, 1943

Box 5   Folder 20

Production Training For War Industries- Documents, 1941-1943

Box 5   Folder 21

Production Training For War Industries- Certificates, undated

Box 5   Folder 22

Radio, Electronics, and Microwaves- Radio Training School First Annual Report, 1943

Box 5   Folder 23

Radio, Electronics, and Microwaves- Documents and Pamphlets, 1942-1943

Series VI: Postwar

Box 6   Folder 1

Citation Order, 1944

Box 6   Folder 2

Faculty Exchange Memo, 1944

Box 6   Folder 3

Toxicity Lab Press Release, 1946

Box 6   Folder 4

Clippings, 1946

Box 6   Folder 5

Veterans Attending College Press Release, 1946

Box 6   Folder 6

Veterans Attending College Statistics, 1946

Box 6   Folder 7

Instruction Sheet For Student Enrollment Under Public Law 346, 1945

Box 6   Folder 8

Veterans' Education Pamphlets, undated

Box 6   Folder 9

General Educational Development Tests, 1946

Box 6   Folder 10

Veterans' Testing Service, 1947-1951

Box 6   Folder 11

Air Force Officer Education Documents, 1948, undated

Box 6   Folder 12

American Veterans Committee Documents, undated

Box 6   Folder 13

Veterans' Housing Documents, 1945-1946, undated

Box 6   Folder 14

Veterans' Housing Clippings,1946-1952

Box 6   Folder 15

Veterans' Nursing Program, 1946-1954

Series VII: Restricted

Box 7   Folder 1

Army Specialized Training- Linguistic Department Grades, undated

Box 7   Folder 2

War Training Service- Session 43-J Grades and Evaluations, 1943

Box 8   Folder 1

Army Specialized Training- Report Cards, 1944, undated

Box 9   Folder 1

Army Specialized Training- Report Cards, undated

Box 10   Folder 1

Army Specialized Training- Report Cards, undated