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University of Chicago Library

Guide to the Washington Association of Scientists Records 1946-1957

© 2007 University of Chicago Library

Descriptive Summary

Title:

Washington Association of Scientists. Records

Dates:

1946-1957

Size:

1 linear ft. (2 boxes)

Repository:

Special Collections Research Center
University of Chicago Library
1100 East 57th Street
Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.

Abstract:

The Washington Association of Scientists was formed in January, 1946, to impress upon the public the potentialities of atomic energy, and to urge satisfactory methods of control and development of this source of energy. Contains correspondence, constitution and by-laws, minutes, memoranda, financial records, and membership information. Material relates to the administration and activities of the Association. Also includes material relating to other organizations of scientists concerned with atomic energy control such as the Federation of American Scientists.

Information on Use

Access

No restrictions

Citation

When quoting material from this collection, the preferred citation is: Washington Association of Scientists. Records, [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library

Historical Note

The Washington Association of Scientists was formed in January, 1946, to impress upon the public the potentialities of atomic energy, and to urge satisfactory methods of control and development of this source of energy. (see preambles to original and revised constitutions, Box 1, Folder 2). The association early associated with the Federation of American Scientists (FAS) (see Box 1, Folder 9 and 11, and Box 2, Folders, 12 to 16), and, in March 1947, was incorporated in the District of Columbia (see Box 1, Folder 1). Like similar groups in other parts of the country, it carried on various programs of education and agitation, directed toward both the general public and the government, and aimed at not only civilian and international control of atomic energy, but collective security, the promotion of scientific research and the integrity of the scientific profession as well. Somewhat longer-lived than many of its sister organizations, it continued to be active into 1957, but thereafter subsided. However, there is no record of the organization having been formally disbanded.

Scope Note

The present collection, which contains material from the organization’s inception until early 1957, is in two boxes and is divided into three general categories: internal affairs, correspondence, and activities, with a concluding section on other atomic energy control groups with which the association had contact. The “activities” section is divided in turn into “activities by type” and “activities by subject,” thus retaining as closely as possible the organization used by the association itself. The first sub-category is self-explanatory, while in the second, each subject heading contains both correspondence and documents of a varied nature, but all relating to the subject under which they are subsumed. The collection was turned over to the University of Chicago Library in 1959, with the Papers of the Federation of American Scientists, and is subject to such controls and limitations in use as the association or the library may direct.

Related Resources

The following related resources are located in the Department of Special Collections:

http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/e/spcl/select.html

Subject Headings

INVENTORY

Box 1   Folder 1

Internal affairs; correspondence and documents on general organization, documents on constitution and by-laws (chronological)

Box 1   Folder 2

Internal affairs; correspondence and documents on general organization, Executive Board; minutes of meetings (chronological)

Box 1   Folder 3

Internal affairs; correspondence and documents on general organization, Executive Board; personnel and elections, memoranda to general membership (chronological)

Box 1   Folder 4

Internal affairs; correspondence and documents on general organization, standing and ad hoc committees and study groups; Co-ordinating Committee, Fund Drive Committee, Program Committee, Science Legislation Study Group, Social Sciences and Humanities Committee, Study Group Committee (chronological)

Box 1   Folder 5

Internal affairs; correspondence and documents on general organization, general membership lists (chronological)

Box 1   Folder 6

Internal affairs; correspondence and documents on general organization, general membership promotion, general membership meetings (chronological)

Box 1   Folder 7

Internal affairs; correspondence and documents on general organization, finances; budgets and financial statements, banking arrangements, special purpose allocations and expenditures, program expenditures, membership dues, special gifts (chronological)

Box 1   Folder 8

Internal affairs; correspondence and documents on general organization, financial relations with the Federation of American Scientists (FAS); financial relations with the National Committee on Atomic Information (NCAI); financial relations with the Association of Scientists for Atomic Education (ASAE) (chronological)

Box 1   Folder 9

Correspondence; general correspondence (A-Z)

Box 1   Folder 10

Internal affairs; correspondence and documents on general organization, correspondence with FAS (chronological)

Box 1   Folder 11

Internal affairs; correspondence and documents on general organization, correspondence relating to the Fund Drive (A-Z)

Box 1   Folder 12

Internal affairs; correspondence and documents on general organization, correspondence relating to the National Science Foundation (A-Z)

Box 1   Folder 13

Internal affairs; correspondence and documents on general organization, correspondence relating to the O'Mahoney amendments to the appropriation bill H.R. 4177

Box 1   Folder 14

Activities; WAS Bulletin (chronological) (1947-1955, with omissions).

Box 2   Folder 1

Activities by type; mailing lists, conferences, policy suggestions, policy statements, press releases, panels, lectures, and exhibits, questionnaires Activities by type

Box 2   Folder 2

Activities by type; mailing lists, conferences, Condon Case, 1948

Box 2   Folder 3

Activities by type; mailing lists, conferences, German Scientists ("Project Paperclip")

Box 2   Folder 4

Activities by type; mailing lists, conferences, Hatch Act, International Control of Atomic Energy, Kamen Case

Box 2   Folder 5

Activities by type; mailing lists, conferences, Loyalty Problems.

Box 2   Folder 6

Activities by type; mailing lists, conferences, Opposition to the O'Mahoney Resolution, 1949

Box 2   Folder 7

Activities by subject; National Science Foundation (NSF); Proposed legislation

Box 2   Folder 8

Activities by type; mailing lists, conferences, NSF; bill of 19483

Box 2   Folder 9

Activities by type; mailing lists, conferences, NSF, WAS press releases on NSF

Box 2   Folder 10

Activities by type; mailing lists, conferences, Oppenheimer on atomic weapons, U.S. Public Health Service Research Grants, World Government

Box 2   Folder 11

Atomic energy control groups; Association of New York Scientists, Association of Scientists for Atomic Education, Federation of American Scientists (FAS) - general, FAS to others

Box 2   Folder 12

Atomic energy control groups; Association of New York Scientists, Association of Scientists for Atomic Education, FAS Council Meetings, FAS Questionnaires, FAS Information Bulletin, FAS Members Bulletin, FAS Newsletter, FAS Press Releases

Box 2   Folder 13

Atomic energy control groups; Association of New York Scientists, Association of Scientists for Atomic Education, FAS Washington Chapter Meetings, FAS Operation Mimeograph Machine

Box 2   Folder 14

Atomic energy control groups; Association of New York Scientists, Association of Scientists for Atomic Education, FAS Memoranda to Members (chronological)

Box 2   Folder 15

Atomic energy control groups; Association of New York Scientists, Association of Scientists for Atomic Education, WAS Memoranda to FAS (chronological), WAS memoranda to members regarding FAS, WAS memoranda to members regarding the National Committee on Atomic Information