© 2006 University of Chicago Library
Znaniecki, Florian. Papers
5 linear feet (10 boxes)
Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library
Sociologist. Lecturer on Polish History and Customs, University of Chicago, 1917-1919. Professor of sociology, University of Illinois, 1941-1950. Contains correspondence, manuscripts, notes, bibliographies, articles, essays, biographical material, and bibliographies. Papers document Znaniecki's career as a sociologist, his interest in Polish intellectual life, and his concern for the well being of his fellow Polish immigrants in the United States. Correspondents include Ernest W. Burgess, Everett C. Hughes, Albion Small, W. I. Thomas, Louis Wirth, and others.
When quoting material from this collection, the preferred citation is: Znaniecki, Florian. Papers, [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library
Florian Witold Znaniecki (1882--1958) was born in Swiatniki, Poland, of mixed French, Prussian, Saxon, and Polish ancestry. His early education by tutor and in the Czestochowa Gymnasium was supplemented by extensive private reading in Spanish and English poetry. After being expelled from the University of Warsaw in 1903 for participation in a student movement considered threatening by the Russian authorities, he traveled widely in Switzerland, France, and Italy, served as the editor of Nice Illustre, and enlisted briefly in the French Foreign Legion. In 1905, he resumed his education at the University of Geneva (M.A., 1907), the University of Zurich, the Sorbonne, and at the University of Cracow, where he received a Ph.D. in 1909 for his thesis on "The Problem of Values in Philosophy." Prevented by his political record from obtaining an academic appointment at any Polish university, Znaniecki accepted a position as director of the Emigrants' Protective Association in Warsaw and became increasingly absorbed in questions of a sociological character. When W. I. Thomas, on a trip to Europe in 1913, casually suggested that Znaniecki come to the University of Chicago and assist him with research on Polish immigration to America, Znaniecki seized the opportunity to leave the Association and devote himself to his new field of interest. Arriving in Chicago in 1914, Znaniecki collaborated with Thomas, a Professor of Sociology at the University, on the investigation that resulted in the publication of The Polish Peasant in Europe and America in five volumes from 1918 to 1920. Through the intervention of Thomas,
Znaniecki was also appointed Lecturer on Polish History and Institutions in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology in 1917. Their intellectual partnership came to an abrupt end, however, when Thomas was dismissed from the University in 1918 under a cloud of personal scandal, and Znaniecki was dropped from the faculty a year later for budgetary reasons despite Albion Small's efforts to save his position (2:13).
In 1920, Znaniecki returned to a newly-independent Poland to become a professor of sociology at the University of Poznan. While at Poznan, he played a crucial role in training the first generation of Polish sociologists and was a leader in the development of the institutional structure of the Polish profession of sociology. He founded the Polish Sociological Institute (1922) and Polish Sociological Review (1929) and served as president of the Polish Sociological Society (1929--1940). From 1931 to 1933, Znaniecki undertook research on American education with George S. Counts and Edmund Brunner as a visiting professor at Columbia University. He was at Columbia once again during the summer of 1939 when the German invasion of Poland brought the beginning of World War II. Forced to abandon his attempt to reenter Poland when his name was found on a list of Polish intellectuals slated for execution by the Germans, Znaniecki returned to New York as the Julius Beer lecturer at Columbia (1939--1940) before accepting a position as visiting professor (1940) and later professor (1941) of sociology at the University of Illinois. Joined by his wife and daughter, who had been held briefly in a concentration camp in Poland, Znaniecki remained at the University of Illinois until his retirement in 1950.
Znaniecki's writing, whether in Polish or English, stressed his conception of sociology as a discipline distinct from either the natural sciences or psychology, as a highly specific study of social systems that described actions from the participant's as much as the investigator's point of view. Znaniecki repeatedly questioned the utility of statistical methodology and insisted on the importance of such subjective data as autobiographies, diaries, letters, and the personal experience of the observer. Drawing heavily on his early studies in philosophy, Znaniecki constructed a sociology that disdained the formation of a behavioral science of society and sought meaning instead in the actions and relations of the cultural element he designated "the humanistic coefficient."
The Papers of Florian Znaniecki are divided into six series.
Series I. BIOGRAPHICAL
The first series of the papers consists of miscellaneous material describing Florian Znaniecki's life and career. Included are autobiographical and biographical essays, bibliographies of Znaniecki's work, and tributes by friends and colleagues. Correspondence related to the Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences in America and other Polish-American social and educational organizations reveals the extent of his involvement in Polish intellectual life and his continuing concern for the well being of his fellow Polish immigrants in America. Three folders of material document Helena Znaniecki Lopata's efforts to publish her father's work after his death and her critical assessment of his work for the "Introduction" to Social Relations and Social Roles.
Series II. CORRESPONDENCE
The correspondence in this series is almost entirely incoming and is concentrated in the period 1930-1950. While most of the letters are routine, a number discuss matters of greater consequence: Znaniecki's letter to Theodore Abel in September, 1939 asking for "any job in any college at any salary -- no lower limit whatever in pay, and no highest limit in work;" J. W. Albig's reassuring offer of a position at Illinois three months later; C. Wright Mills' discussion of an agenda for the sociology of knowledge; and Pitirim Sorokin's comments on Znaniecki's Cultural Sciences. Several letters of tribute are also notable: Everett C. Hughes' praise for Modern Nationalities; Albion Small's statement in May 1919 that "if I could have my way you would be a member of the Chicago faculty;" and W. I. Thomas' comment in 1942 that "I was most fortunate in getting you connected with the Polish Peasant and...I like to think that I did you a good turn by getting you over here at the time."
Series III. SOCIAL RELATIONS AND SOCIAL ROLES (1965)
The third series contains the final typescript text of Social Relations and Social Roles along with a number of preliminary drafts and notes. Especially important are the drafts of two chapters on the "Social Roles of Musicians" and the "Evolution of Social Roles of Poets" which did not appear in the published edition of the book.
IV. OTHER WRITINGS
Znaniecki co-authored with W. I. Thomas The Polish Peasant in Europe and America (1918--1920), a five-volume work with a "Methodological Note" that has made it a classic of sociological literature. While the Florian Znaniecki papers contain little that refers specifically to The Polish Peasant, the collection incorporates manuscripts of a number of other important works completed while Znaniecki was professor of sociology at the University of Illinois. Included in this series are miscellaneous drafts of published and unpublished articles and essays on a variety of topics in sociology. The holograph notes on national cultural groups published in translation by Vincente Herrero presented an outline of the ideas explored later in Modern Nationalities (1952). The manuscript of The Social Role of the University Student was compiled in the mid-1940's as part of a project conducted by Znaniecki and his classes in sociology at the University of Illinois. The University did not adopt the recommendations of the report and the manuscript itself was never published.
V. NOTES AND BIBLIOGRAPHIES
The notes in this series record Znaniecki's wide reading in sociology, philosophy, and related fields. The notes have been arranged alphabetically by the name of the author of the source. Two folders containing bibliographies on sociology compiled by Znaniecki and his students follow them.
The addendum consists primarily of correspondence and manuscripts.
The following related resources are located in the Department of Special Collections:
Further information on the Department of Sociology and Anthropology during Znaniecki's brief tenure can be found in the Presidents' Papers, the Papers of Albion W. Small and Robert E. Park, and the W. I. Thomas Inventory.
Series I: Biographical
|Box 1 Folder 1|
Autobiographical statements, 1945--1957 and undated
|Box 1 Folder 2|
Bibliographies of published works, 1903--1955
|Box 1 Folder 3|
Miscellaneous memorabilia, 1921--1946
|Box 1 Folder 4|
Notices of appointments and salaries, 1918, 1932--1950
|Box 1 Folder 5|
Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences in America, correspondence and reports, 1945--1956
|Box 1 Folder 6|
Polish-American social and educational organizations, correspondence and programs, 1941--1957
|Box 1 Folder 7|
Testimonial Dinner tributes, 1950 (includes Theodore Abel, Herbert Blumer, Ernest W. Burgess, George S. Counts, E. Franklin Frazier, Robert M. MacIver, Pitirim A. Sorokin, and Louis Wirth, among others)
|Box 1 Folder 8|
Telegrams of congratulations, 75th birthday, 1957
|Box 1 Folder 9|
Telegrams of condolence, 1958
|Box 1 Folder 10|
|Box 1 Folder 11|
Znaniecki, Eileen Markley, correspondence, 1920--1964
|Box 1 Folder 12|
Lopata, Helena Znaniecki, correspondence regarding posthumous publications of FZ, 1959--1968
|Box 1 Folder 13|
Lopata, Helena Znaniecki, "Introduction" to Social Relations and Social Roles (1965), typescript draft
|Box 1 Folder 14|
Lopata, Helena Znaniecki, "Social Roles," lecture summarizing Social Relations and Social Roles, undated
|Box 1 Folder 15|
Mortensen, B. L., "Florian Znaniecki (1882--1958): An Analysis of His Sociological Development," 1963
Series II: CORRESPONDENCE
|Box 2 Folder 1|
|Box 2 Folder 2|
|Box 2 Folder 3|
|Box 2 Folder 4|
|Box 2 Folder 5|
|Box 2 Folder 6|
|Box 2 Folder 7|
|Box 2 Folder 8|
|Box 2 Folder 9|
|Box 2 Folder 10|
|Box 2 Folder 11|
|Box 2 Folder 12|
|Box 2 Folder 13|
|Box 2 Folder 14|
|Box 2 Folder 15|
|Box 2 Folder 16|
Series III: Social Relations and Social Roles (1965)
|Box 3 Folder 1|
Chapter I: "What Is Sociology?"; preliminary versions
|Box 3 Folder 2|
Chapter I: "What Is Sociology?"; final version; Chapter II: "The Fields of Sociological Research"
|Box 3 Folder 3|
Chapter III: "Humanistic Versus Naturalistic Approach to Sociological Fields;" Chapter IV: "The Study of Social Relations in Communities"
|Box 3 Folder 4|
Miscellaneous notes, Chapter V-VII; Chapter V: "Mother-Child Relations"
|Box 3 Folder 5|
Chapter VI: "Fraternal Relations," holograph draft and typescript
|Box 3 Folder 6|
Chapter VII: "Marital and Erotic Relations," holograph draft and typescript
|Box 3 Folder 7|
Chapter VIII: "Relations of Polite Companionship," holograph draft and Typescript
|Box 3 Folder 8|
Chapter IX: "Integration of Social Relations," holograph draft of Parts 4 and 5 and typescript of entire chapter Chapter X: "The Concept of Social Role"
|Box 3 Folder 9|
Chapter XI: "Persons" Chapter XII: "Social Circles"
|Box 3 Folder 10|
Chapter XII: "Personal Rights" Chapter XIV: "Personal Functions"
|Box 3 Folder 11|
Chapter XV: "Roles in Tribal Communities" Chapter XVI: "The Social Roles of Kings"
|Box 3 Folder 12|
Chapter XVII: "The Functional Differentiation of Religious Roles;" Chapter XVIII: "The Differentiation of Roles of Warriors;" Chapter XIX: "The Evolution of Political Roles"
|Box 3 Folder 13|
Chapter XX: "Historical Evolution of the Roles of Technicians"
|Box 3 Folder 14|
Chapter XXI: "The Evolution of Economic Roles"
|Box 3 Folder 15|
Notes on the historical evolution of the roles of artists
|Box 3 Folder 16|
Chapter XXII: "The Historical Evolution of Aesthetic Roles of Artists"
|Box 4 Folder 1|
Chapter XXIII (unpublished): Social Roles of Musicians"
|Box 4 Folder 2|
Chapter XXIV (unpublished): "Evolution of Social Roles of Poets"
Series IV. Other Writings
Subseries 1: Published Articles
|Box 4 Folder 2 (cont.)|
"The Principle of Relativity and Philosophical Absolutism,
|Box 4 Folder 3|
|Box 4 Folder 4|
National cultural groups, holograph notes published in translation by Vincente Herrero as "Las sociedades de cultura nacional y sus relaciones," 1944
Subseries 2: "The Social Role of the University Student"
|Box 4 Folder 5|
Chapter 2: "What Are Students?" Chapter 3: "The Student's Basic Role"
|Box 4 Folder 6|
Chapter 4: "The Roles of Students among Students"
|Box 4 Folder 7|
Chapter 5: "Individual Variations and Their Explanation"
|Box 4 Folder 8|
|Box 4 Folder 9|
Criticism of Donald R. Taft, Criminology (1942) "The Dependence of Cultural Evolution upon the Development of Social Systems"
|Box 4 Folder 10|
|Box 4 Folder 11|
|Box 4 Folder 12|
|Box 4 Folder 13|
"What Are Sociological Problems?"
|Box 4 Folder 14|
Unidentified drafts and outlines
Series V. Notes and Bibliographies
|Box 4 Folder 15|
Reading Notes, A
|Box 4 Folder 16|
Reading Notes, B
|Box 5 Folder 1|
Reading Notes, C
|Box 5 Folder 2|
Reading Notes, D
|Box 5 Folder 3|
Reading Notes, E
|Box 5 Folder 4|
Reading Notes, F
|Box 5 Folder 5|
Reading Notes, G
|Box 5 Folder 6|
Reading Notes, H
|Box 5 Folder 7|
Reading Notes, I-K
|Box 5 Folder 8|
Reading Notes, L
|Box 5 Folder 9|
Reading Notes, M
|Box 5 Folder 10|
Reading Notes, N-P
|Box 5 Folder 11|
Reading Notes, Q-R
|Box 5 Folder 12|
Reading Notes, S
|Box 5 Folder 13|
Reading Notes, T-V
|Box 5 Folder 14|
Reading Notes, W-Z
|Box 6 Folder 1|
Miscellaneous unidentified notes
|Box 6 Folder 2|
Miscellaneous bibliographies on sociology compiled by FZ and others
|Box 6 Folder 3|
Miscellaneous bibliographies on sociology compiled by FZ and others
Series VI: Addenda
Subseries 1: Correspondence
|Box 7 Folder 1|
|Box 7 Folder 2|
|Box 7 Folder 3|
|Box 7 Folder 4|
|Box 7 Folder 5|
|Box 7 Folder 6|
|Box 7 Folder 7|
|Box 7 Folder 8|
|Box 7 Folder 9|
|Box 7 Folder 10|
|Box 7 Folder 11|
|Box 7 Folder 12|
|Box 7 Folder 13|
Subseries 2: Manuscripts
|Box 7 Folder 14|
"An Autobiography of a Homeless Wanderer," anonymous autobiographical account, pages numbered (114)1 through (114)91
|Box 7 Folder 15|
"Practical Program of Criminological Research in Poland," 18 pp., photocopy
|Box 7 Folder 16|
Review of Theory of Culture Change by Julian Steward
|Box 8 Folder 1|
List of items photocopied
|Box 8 Folder 2--3|
Appraisals of doctoral theses written under the supervision of Znaniecki
|Box 8 Folder 4|
|Box 8 Folder 5|
"The Significance of American Culture"
|Box 8 Folder 6|
Fragment concerning the League of Nations, signed by Znaniecki
|Box 8 Folder 7|
"The Historical Evolution of Aesthetic Roles of Artists"
|Box 8 Folder 8|
"The Social Personality"
|Box 8 Folder 9|
Untitled manuscript regarding the development of the social personality
|Box 8 Folder 10|
Notes on the Nazi oppression of Polish people
|Box 8 Folder 11|
|Box 8 Folder 12|
"A Project of Cooperation between Poland and Czechoslovakia in the Domain of Sociology"
|Box 8 Folder 13|
Untitled fragments dealing with the individual, the state, and social theory
|Box 8 Folder 14|
Untitled fragments dealing with ethnic minority groups and their assimilation into broader cultural arrangements
|Box 8 Folder 15|
"European Culture Groups," fragmentary notes
|Box 8 Folder 16|
"Some Famous Philosophical Controversies"
|Box 8 Folder 17|
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments
|Box 9 Folder 1|
"First List of Florian Znaniecki's Manuscripts at the Znaniecki Archive" (guide to the entire manuscript collection in Poznan, Poland; titles below correspond to some items on list); "Copy Guide," notes on photocopying process
|Box 9 Folder 2|
World War I and ethics (in English); notes concerning Wundt's Ethics. 1909 (in German)
|Box 9 Folder 3|
"Course A: Educational Preparation for Social Change" (in English)
|Box 9 Folder 4|
"Znaczenie socjologii dla innych nauk humanistycznych," or "The Significance of Sociology for Other Humanistic Sciences" (in Polish)
|Box 9 Folder 5|
"The Predestined," essay on the shaping mechanisms of culture (in English)
|Box 9 Folder 6|
"Czyny spoleczne," or "Social Actions" (in Polish)
|Box 9 Folder 7--8|
"Stosunki spoleczne," or "Social Relations" (in Polish)
|Box 9 Folder 9|
"Zycie polskie a kultura polska," or "Polish Life and the Polish Culture" (in Polish)
|Box 9 Folder 10|
Some notes on reflections on social tendencies (in English)
|Box 9 Folder 11|
The problem of unemployment in Poznan (in English)
|Box 10 Folder 1|
"Pragnienie harmonii uczuciowej," or "The Wish of the Harmony of Feelings" (in Polish)
|Box 10 Folder 2|
The origins of social communication (in English)
|Box 10 Folder 3|
Dissertation abstracts from Teachers College, Columbia University, 1932-1933