attractiveness of Hyde Park-Kenwood led many of Chicago's wealthiest
businessmen, including University trustees Martin A. Ryerson, Harold
Swift, and Julius Rosenwald, to build impressive homes in the area.
They were joined by prosperous middle-class families and by the great
majority of University faculty, who were attracted by comfortable homes
in an appealing neighborhood within walking distance of the campus.
Their houses were frequently designed by firms with distinguished national
and regional reputations: Frank Lloyd Wright, George W. Maher, Holabird
& Roche, Wilson & Fox, Marshall & Fox, Alfred Alschuler,
and Solon Beman among them.
the architects who designed the University's Gothic buildings secured
commissions for other work in Hyde Park. Henry Ives Cobb, the University's
first architect and the creator of its campus plan, built three houses
in Hyde Park in the 1890s, one for President William Rainey Harper.
Dwight H. Perkins, whose "Prairie Gothic" design for Hitchcock Hall
incorporated ornamentation based on Midwestern fauna, produced three
Hyde Park residences. Howard Van Doren Shaw, the fashionable architect
of many North Shore estates and the University's Quadrangle Club, executed
more than fifteen commissions in the neighborhood, many of them sophisticated
adaptations of traditional English manor houses.
Horace B. Mann, one of
the principals of Mann, MacNeille & Lindberg and a brother of a
University physics professor, led his firm to design four separate complexes
of linked rowhouses that came to be called "professors' houses." Bordering
shady Hyde Park streets and incorporating all the amenities of comfortable
upper-middle-class life, these rowhouses epitomized the successful integration
of a large university into a prosperous residential neighborhood.