The University of Chicago Library
History
Les Tres Riches Heures, July


Nancy Spiegel, Bibliographer for Art & Cinema
Regenstein Library, Room 463
nspiegel@uchicago.edu, 773-702-5193


See also other library web pages for Ancient Near East, Classics, Latin America, Middle East, Slavic and Eastern European Studies, and South Asia.

This page seeks to direct users chiefly to networked information sources provided by the University of Chicago Library to its users. For links to free services and resources on the web, see Selected Internet Resources for Historians, below. Its European History Primary Sources portal is an index of scholarly websites that offer online access to primary sources on the history of Europe. For a comprehensive guide to reference sources in all fields, print and online, consult the American Library Association's Guide to Reference. It lists approximately 2200 resources specifically on history and area studies.

  • Indexing and abstracting services for history
  • Indexes and services including full text of journal articles
  • Indexes -- general periodicals
  • Union catalogs, library catalogs, guide to special research materials of the Center for Research Libraries
  • Periodicals -- guide
  • Newspapers, news reports
  • Encyclopedias of history and historical dictionaries of special topics
  • Dissertations
  • Biographical sources [and link to Ancestry Library Edition, searchable database of images of census schedules and local histories]
  • Early imprints and other electronic books
  • Full-text collections
  • Archives, manuscripts, special collections
  • Government publications
  • Statistical sources
  • Historical maps
  • Guides to microform sources
  • Selected internet resources for historians

    Indexing and abstracting services for history

    Historical Abstracts. The fundamental indexing and abstracting tool for modern history. Abstracts and indexes articles appearing in 2,000 journals published worldwide, from 1954, covering world history since 1450 (except United States and Canada). Includes key historical journals from nearly every country, and selective coverage of social science and humanities journals in related fields. Database is updated monthly.

    America: History and Life. The fundamental indexing and abstracting tool for American and Canadian history. Abstracts and indexes articles and reviews from 2,000 journals published worldwide from 1954. Database also includes citations to abstracts of dissertations published in these areas. Database updated monthly.

    Iter, The bibliography of Medieval and Renaissance Europe from 400-1700. A bibliography of approximately 225,000 records from the complete runs of more than 300 scholarly journal titles pertaining to the Middle Ages and Renaissance.

    International Medieval Bibliography. The IMB database comprises some 300,000 records, deriving from articles published in periodicals (journals) and in miscellany volumes (conference proceedings, collected essays, Festschriften and exhibition catalogues) published world-wide. All subjects relating to the Middle Ages are included, within the date range 400-1500 AD. Geographical areas covered are Europe, the Middle East and North Africa.

    Handbook of Latin American Studies. 1935--. Annual. Extensive, annotated bibliography on full range of humanities and social sciences, prepared by scholars. Print version at Z1601.A25 RR

    PRISMA: publicaciones y revistas sociales y humanísticas.
    Indexes articles published since 1970 in history, social sciences and humanities for Latin America and Caribbean. Provides full text for many articles from numerous journals, especially since 2002 or 2003. Integrates indexing of HAPI (see next entry), but returns are not identical.

    Hispanic American Periodicals Index (HAPI)
    . Cites articles published since 1970 in history, social sciences and humanities. Print version at Z1605.H67 RR

    Royal Historical Society Bibliography: the History of Britain, Ireland, and the British Overseas.
    Based essentially upon the content of Writings on British History (1901-1974) and the Annual Bibliography of British and Irish History (1975- ), the work includes over 330,000 searchable citations. Users may search database from 1946 using a fully-featured search; or entire database using more restricted search criteria. Materials published since 1992 may be searched using the specialized subject classification also. Site also includes a special 25,000-item bibliography for the history of London.

    Österreichische Historische Bibliographie: Austrian Historical Bibliography.
    A bibliography of Austrian historical research published since 1945, containing over 100,000 citations. One may search by author/editor; title; series or serial; publication dates; and keywords.

    AIDA - Articoli italiani di periodici accademici / Bibliography of Italian Periodical Literature
    .
    Indexes articles in nearly 1000 Italian scholarly journals in the humanities and social sciences, 1997--. Complex searches are possible; limited subject searching. Normally use Italian keywords.

    CINDOC: Centro de Información y Documentación Científica of Spain's Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas.
    Provides a database of articles and contributions appearing in journals and proceedings published in Spain, many of them highly specialized and not widely indexed elsewhere. Database is searchable by words from titles, authors, and periodical titles. Includes special history and Latin American subject sections. Some entries date from the 1960's, though most are more recent.

    Victorian Database Online
    . Search over 100,000 records listing books, articles, and dissertation abstracts published from 1945 to 1999 on every field of nineteenth-century British studies.

    ViVa: A Bibliography of Women's History in Historical and Women's Studies Journals. Database contains more than 6,000 articles published in English, French, German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish are selected from 140 European, American, and Indian journals.

    HeritageQuest. Includes Periodicals Source Index (Persi), an extensive index of periodical articles in the fields of family and local history. Also includes searchable database of images of US census enumerators' schedules and full text of 25,000 US local and family histories. Special Use Instructions: from off campus go to http://www.lib.uchicago.edu.proxy.uchicago.edu/e/db/maroon/heritagequest.html (You cannot bookmark this url.)

    Indexes and services including full text of journal articles

    Electronic Journals List. An alphabetic listing of electronic journals available through the University of Chicago Library. Provides information on availability of full-text coverage. Identifies titles available directly from publishers' websites (such as the University of Chicago Press), and from aggregators, such as Johns Hopkins' Project Muse, The History Cooperative, and the indexing and full-text services listed immediately below.

    The JSTOR Journal Browser. Search full-text of major historical journals from their first volumes up through recent years. One may search by natural language or browse each issue. Images of each page are viewable and printable. -- A growing number of other important journals in other fields, such as economics, ecology, demography, political science, etc. are also searchable from this location.

    Periodicals Archive Online (formerly known as Periodicals Contents Index Full Text -- PCI). Provides full-text articles from over 500 periodicals in 37 subject areas in the humanities and social sciences, in many cases from the first issues through the mid-1990's. One may search by author, title, or words appearing in the full text. Includes such titles as Current History, 1941-- , History Today, 1951-- , Journal of Social History, 1967--, Latin American Research Review, 1965-- , etc. From the same site one seamlessly also searches the content of British Periodicals. (Collection I). Consists of more than word-searchable full-text of some 160 journals that comprise the UMI microfilm collection Early British Periodicals, published between the late 17th and early 20th centuries, the equivalent of 5,238 printed volumes containing approximately 3.1 million pages. Topics covered include literature, philosophy, history, science, the fine arts and the social sciences.

    Periodicals Index Online (formerly known as Periodicals Contents Index -- PCI). Indexes articles published in over 5,000 periodicals in 37 subject areas in the humanities and social sciences, indexing each included title from the first issue to its terminal date, or through the mid-1990's. Includes numerous foreign-language titles, and many older, long-ceased titles commencing as early as 1665. Topical indexing appears to be mainly from title words, or translations of words in the article titles.

    Ebsco Academic Search Premier. Includes indexing and full text for more than 300 journals for history, as well as full text for an additional 3,000 scholarly publications covering academic areas of study in the social sciences, humanities, education, computer sciences, engineering, language and linguistics, arts & literature, medical sciences, and ethnic studies. Coverage varies considerably, title by title. Increasingly full text is available for important titles for the last decade; full text for some titles in history is available for more than 20 years.

    Wilson Select Plus. Provides indexed and abstracted records with accompanying full text in periodicals from General Science Abstracts, Humanities Abstracts, Readers' Guide Abstracts, Wilson Business Abstracts and many other databases produced by H.W. Wilson, 1994+.

    Readers Guide Retrospective, 1890-1982. Indexes the contents of some 375 of the most popular general-interest periodicals published in the United States, covering such subjects as aeronautics, African-Americans, aging, archeology, astronomy, automobiles, biographies, business, children, education, environment, fashion, film, fine arts, food, foreign affairs, gardening, health, history, hobbies, home, journalism, leisure activities, literature, medicine, music, news, nutrition, photography, politics, popular culture, radio, religion, science, sports, technology, television, travel. At the same site you may simultaneously search the following:

    Humanities and Social Sciences Retrospective 1970-1984, Indexes the contents of nearly 1200 English-language scholarly and specialized journals in fields such as addiction studies, anthropology, archaeology, area studies, area studies, art, classical studies, communications, communications & mass media, community health & medical care, corrections, criminal justice, criminology, dance, economics, environmental studies, ethics, family studies, film, folklore, gender studies, geography, gerontology, history, international relations, journalism, law, linguistics, literary & social criticism, literature, minority studies, music, performing arts, philosophy, planning & public administration, policy sciences, political science, psychiatry, psychology, public welfare, religion & theology, social work, sociology, and urban studies. (Database corresponds to International Index, 1907 - March 1965; Social Sciences & Humanities Index, April 1965 – March 1974; Humanities Index, April 1974 – March 1984; and Social Sciences Index, April 1974 – March 1983). From the same site you may simultaneously search Readers Guide Retrospective, 1890-1982.

    Harper's Weekly was a leading American source for news and opinion during the middle years of the 19th century. Search the full-text by keywords or browse digitized images of all pages of any issue for the period 1857-1877. Note that there is also a digitized version of Harper's Weekly, 1850-1899, included in the Making of America collection (free).

    American Periodicals Series Online. Includes digitized images of pages from over 1,500 American periodicals, including 89 journals published between 1740 and 1800; more than 900 titles from 1800 to 1860; and 118 periodicals published during the Civil War and Reconstruction eras, and titles beginning publication from the 1880's through the World War II period. Full text is searchable, with comparatively high accuracy for 19th and 20th century materials, less accuracy for 18th century materials.

    Making of America (free Cornell site) includes digitized page images and searchable full text of 955 volumes for American serials from Antebellum times to the end of the 19th century:

    The American Missionary (1878 - 1901)
    The American Whig Review (1845 - 1852)
    The Atlantic Monthly (1857 - 1901)
    The Bay State Monthly (1884 - 1886)
    The Century (1881 - 1899)
    The Continental Monthly (1862 - 1864)
    The Galaxy (1866 - 1878)
    Harper's New Monthly Magazine (1850 - 1899)
    The International Monthly Magazine (1850 - 1852)
    The Living Age (1844 - 1900)
    Manufacturer and Builder (1869 - 1894)
    The New England Magazine (1886 - 1900)
    The New-England Magazine (1831 - 1835)
    New Englander (1843 - 1892)
    The North American Review (1815 - 1900)
    The Old Guard (1863 - 1867)
    Punchinello (1870)
    Putnam's Monthly (1853 - 1870)
    Scientific American (1846 - 1869)
    Scribner's Magazine (1887 - 1896)
    Scribner's Monthly (1870 - 1881)
    The United States Democratic Review (1837 - 1859)

    Making of America (free University of Michigan site) includes digitized page images and searchable full text of 2,457 journal issues for American serials from Antebellum times to the end of the 19th century:

    Appleton's (1869-1881; 2 series)
    Catholic World (1865-1901)
    DeBow's (1846-1869, and 1952 index; 3 series)
    Garden and Forest (1888-1897) (from Library of Congress)
    Ladies Repository (1841-1876; 3 series)
    The Old Guard (1864)
    Overland Monthly (1868-1900; 2 series)
    Princeton Review (1831-1882; 3 series)
    Southern Literary Messenger (1835-1864, and 1936 Contributor index)
    Southern Quarterly Review (1842-1857; 3 series)
    Vanity Fair (1860-1862)

    British Periodicals. (Collection I). Consists of more than word-searchable full-text of some 160 journals that comprise the UMI microfilm collection Early British Periodicals, published between the late 17th and early 20th centuries, the equivalent of 5,238 printed volumes containing approximately 3.1 million pages. Topics covered include literature, philosophy, history, science, the fine arts and the social sciences.

    Eighteenth Century Journals II. Full text of more than 60 British and Irish journals and newspapers dating from 1683 to 1799, not duplicating any material in Early English Books Online, Eighteenth Century Collections Online, or Early English Newspapers.

    Internet Library of Early Journals. A joint project of the Universities of Birmingham, Leeds, Manchester and Oxford, the ILEJ seeks to digitize substantial runs of 18th and 19th century journals, and make these images available on the Internet, together with their associated bibliographic data. As of this writing, the following runs are available:
    Three 18th-century journals: Gentleman's Magazine (1731-1750); The Annual Register (1758-1778); and Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (1757-1777); and three 19th-century journals : Notes and Queries (1849-1869); The Builder (1843-1849); and Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine (1843-1863).

    Gallica, a project of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, includes includes a growing collection of online reproductions of major French journals since the 19th century in fully searchable digital versions. It also includes tens of thousands of monographic works in French or about French culture and history, as well as many tens of thousands of maps and other images.

    Persée, created by the French ministry of éducation nationale, de l'enseignement supérieur et de la recherche as a gateway for fully-digitized (French) journals in the sciences, humanities, and social sciences. Representative titles slated for early digitization in whole or part include Homme, Bibliothèque de l’École des chartes, Revue française de science politique, and the Annales. Free; but users must register individually prior to first access.

    DigiZeitschriften. Provides searchable full-text of German scholarly periodicals, in arts, economics, education, Egyptology and Coptology, English language and literature, geology,Germanic language and literature, history, law, librarianship, mathematics, music, philology, philosophy, religion, Romance language and literature, sciences, and sociology. . Those in the narrow "History" category include the following:

    Archiv für Kulturgeschichte, 1951 - 2004; Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters, 1951 - 2004; Deutsches Archiv für Geschichte des Mittelalters, 1937 - 1944; Neues Archiv der Gesellschaft für Ältere Deutsche Geschichtskunde zur Beförderung einer Gesamtausgabe der Quellenschriften deutscher Geschichten des Mittelalters, 1876 - 1935; Archiv der Gesellschaft für Ältere Deutsche Geschichtkunde zur Beförderung einer Gesammtausgabe der Quellenschriften deutscher Geschichten des Mittelalters, 1820 - 1874; Geschichte und Gesellschaft : Zeitschrift für historische Sozialwissenschaft, 1975 - 2004; Historia, 1950 - 2003; Historisches Jahrbuch, 1880 - 2003; Vierteljahrschrift für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte, 1903 - 1925; and Zeitschrift für Social- und Wirthschaftsgeschichte, 1893 - 1900.

    Compact Memory: Internetarchiv jüdischen Periodika. A collection of electronic versions of more than 100 of the most important Jewish periodicals in German-speaking countries from 1806 to 1938.

    Indexes--General periodicals, etc.

    Nineteenth Century Masterfile. Indexes a wide range of U.S. and British periodical literature, 1802-1906, based upon Poole's Index to Periodical Literature, 1802-1907; Stead's Index to Periodicals, 1890-1902, Richardson's ...Index... to Periodical Articles on Religion, 1890-1899; Jones and Chipman's Index to Periodical Legal Literature, 1786-1922, and certain early runs of newspapers (see below). Site also includes a single-volume index to U. S. government documents, 1774-1881, and indexing for British parliamentary proceedings, 1803-1830.

    C19: The Nineteenth Century Index. Indexes a wide range of U.S. and British periodical literature, drawing upon the Nineteenth Century Short Title Catalogue, The Wellesley Index, Poole's Index, Periodicals Index Online, American Periodicals Series, and British Periodicals Collection I, the 19th Century House of Commons Papers, and other sources. Please note that searching this large 'federated' database will produce different results from individual searches of the constituent databases.

    Web of Science, from Web of Knowledge site. Provides access to the ISI citation databases Arts and Humanities Citation Index and Social Science Citation Index. One may identify related works by identifying works in which a known work has been cited. By use of the keyword index a subject search may be undertaken. Coverage from 1956.

    Left Index. Guide to the diverse literature of the left, with an emphasis on political, economic, social and culturally engaged scholarship inside and outside academia. Coverage includes citations and abstracts (with some full text) from 1982 to present.
  • Union catalogs, library catalogs; guide to special research collections of the Center for Research Libraries

    WorldCat. About 90 million records of all types of materials cataloged by many libraries worldwide, identifying the location of over one billion copies. Searchable in a variety of ways.

    Library of Congress catalog is a truly fundamental reference source. It provides information on the unparalleled collections of the Library of Congress by authors, subjects, titles, series, and other added entries.

    British Library catalog provides information on the remarkable collections of the British Library. May require special care to retrieve materials cataloged prior to 1975.

    Other national libraries' online catalogs

    Center for Research Libraries. The Center for Reseach Libraries holds, and lends to member libraries, very large stocks of specialized research materials, including backfiles of foreign and domestic newspapers; foreign and US state government documents; scholarly journals; foreign dissertations; archival materials in microform; large microform research collections; and other specialized collections. The Center's Catalog includes records for serials, archival materials, large microform research collections, and for many newspapers. (Records for US National Archives microfilms and some newspapers are not yet included in the catalog, and state documents and foreign dissertations are generally not cataloged.) The Center's Handbook describes specialized research materials in various fields, including the following: African Studies; Austria; Black Studies; Business; Canada; Censuses;o China; Dissertations; Eastern Europe; France; Germany; Government Publications - Foreign; Government Publications - U.S.; Greece; Great Britain; Italy; Indians of North America; Japan; Korea; Labor; Latin American Studies; Law; Middle Eastern Studies; Netherlands; Newspapers; Railroads; Religion & Philosophy; Russia & Former Soviet Republics; Socialism & Communism ; South Asian Studies ; Spain & Portugal ; State Publications ; Turkey ; United Nations; United States -History; Urban Studies; and World War II & Aftermath.

    Periodicals -- Guide

    Ulrich's international periodicals directory; a classified guide to current periodicals, foreign and domestic. Titles grouped in subject classifications, indexed alphabetically. Indication of abstracting and indexing service titles are covered by.

    Newspapers, news reports

    In addition to the major newspapers and collections identified below, there are increasingly significant collections of newspapers being digitized by libraries, archives, and other repositories around the world. For a classified guide to newspaper digitization projects go to ICON: International Coalition on Newspapers: Newspaper Digitization Projects.

    New York Times Full Text on ProQuest
    .
    From v. 1, no. 1, 1851.

    Washington Post Full Text on ProQuest. From v. 1., no. 1, 1871 to 1987.

    Chicago Tribune Full Text on ProQuest. From v. 1., no. 1, 1849 to 1984. For full-text articles since 1985, click here.

    Los Angeles Times Full Text on ProQuest. From 1881 to 1986.

    Boston Globe Full Text on ProQuest. From v. 1., no. 1, 1872 to 1924.

    Wall Street Journal Full Text on ProQuest. From v. 1, no. 1, 1889 to 1985.

    Black Historical Newspapers. Proquest Historical Newspapers includes five important African-American titles:

    Atlanta Daily World Full Text on ProQuest, From 1931-2003.

    Chicago Defender Full Text on ProQuest. From 1905 to 1975.

    Los Angeles Sentinel Full Text on ProQuest, From 1934-2005.

    New York Amsterdam News Full Text on ProQuest, From 1922-1993.

    Pittsburgh Courier Full Text on ProQuest, From 1911-2002.

    America's Historical Newspapers. Provides full text of issues from hundreds of American newspapers published between 1699 and 1922, with near exhaustive coverage for newspapers that began publication before 1820. Also includes long runs for such newspapers as Baltimore Sun, 1817-1922; Philadelphia Inquirer, 1860-1922; and the San Francisco Bulletin, 1855-1891. Provides page images and images of individual articles. Texts are word searchable.

    Nineteenth Century U. S. Newspapers. Digitized articles and pages from approximately 250 American newspapers. Most titles are represented by comparatively short runs or only a few issues, but some titles are more extensive, including the [Chicago] Inter Ocean, 1874-1896; California Daily Bulletin, 1855-1893; [Denver] Rocky Mountain News, 1873-1898; Indiana State Journal, 1825-1899; [New Orleans] Picayune, 1861-1899; Boston Daily Advertiser, 1855-1899; New York Herald, 1830-1863; Cleveland Daily Herald, 1835-1884; [Philadelphia] North American, 1801-1899; Milwaukee Daily Sentinel, 1844-1899; United States Telegraph [Washington], 1818-1839; Washington Globe, 1822-1868; and many others.

    Times (of London) Digital Archive, 1785-1985. Provides full text of the Times of London. Images of each article and each page are available; text is word-searchable.

    The Economist Historical Archive, 1843-2003
    . Full text of over 8000 weekly issues, covering British and foreign economic and political affairs.

    British Newspapers 1600-1900. The most comprehensive digital historic newspaper archive, including 3 million pages of historic newspapers, newsbooks, & ephemera (such as Acts of Parliament, addresses, broadsides, pamphlets, proclamations). This collection includes within it the 17-18th Century Burney Newspaper Collection. Includes titles from London, British Isles, and colonies, plus some issues from foreign countries. Word-searchable. One may browse or limit by place or title or date.

    Eighteenth Century Journals II. Full text of more than 60 British and Irish journals and newspapers dating from 1683 to 1799, not duplicating any material in Early English Books Online, Eighteenth Century Collections Online, or Early English Newspapers.

    Austrian Newspapers Online: Historische österreichische Zeitungen und Zeitschriften Online. Digital images of newspapers from the Habsburg Monarchy and Austria provided by the Austrian National Library. As of this writing, coverage includes selected titles for 1780-81; 1808-1938; and 1985.

    Compact Memory: Internetarchiv jüdischen Periodika. A collection of electronic versions of the most important Jewish
    periodicals in German-speaking countries from 1806 to 1938.

    Spanish Newspapers Online: Hemeroteca Digital of the National Library of Spain
    . Includes fully-searchable digital images of some 143 newspaper titles, and over 500,000 digitized pages, a wide variety of Spanish press of all types: political, satirical, technical, literary, sports, religious, etc., ranging from 1772 to 1933. Also includes this link to other Spanish digitized newspaper collections.

    Historical Newspapers Online Indexes the Times (London) from 1790 to 1980) and the New York Times, 1851-1922.

    Keesing's Record of World Events. Provides full text international news reports since 1931. A particularly useful source for 'foreign' political and economic reports.

    Lexis-Nexis Academic. Contains full-text articles from many newspapers, including the New York Times, from about 1980 onward. One may restrict searching to specific foreign-language newspapers.

    ProQuest Newstand. Full text articles from some 500 U.S. and international news sources. Includes coverage of 150+ major U.S. and international newspapers such as The New York Times and the Times of London, Chicago Tribune (1985+), plus hundreds of other news sources and news wires. Coverage varies from title to title with respect to years covered and comprehensiveness. For particulars, click here.

    Ebsco Newspaper Source
    . Provides full-text articles from recent years from about 200 international and regional newspapers, including the Chicago Tribune.

    Ethnic NewsWatch. Full text articles from newspapers and periodicals published by the ethnic, minority and native press in the U.S. Coverage is from 1960 to date.

    Factiva, merging content from Dow Jones Interactive and Reuters. Strong business focus. Search full text content from over 6,000 newswires, papers, magazines, & trade journals.

    Facts on File. Includes a "World News Digest," 1940 to present, and World Almanac Reference Database, and World Almanac Encyclopedia.

    World News Connection. Includes translations of articles dealing with covering political, economic, scientific, and cultural issues and events appearing in newspapers around the world, and of transcripts of foreign radio and television broadcasts. Prepared by the Foreign Broadcast Information Service, a United States government agency. (Older coverage is in fiche and film only. For access, use Foreign Broadcast Information Service Electronic Index, 1974-1994.)

    Chicago Foreign Press Survey. A WPA effort, the project sought to survey the foreign press of the Chicago area, 1861-1938, translating selected articles and organizing them into several dozen thematic categories for each of 22 different foreign language communities in Chicago. Digitized by the Library of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Survey consists of 120,000 pages. A Guide produced by the University of Illinois Library provides an introduction to the project and offers advice for using the Survey, which is rich in content but unusually complex in structure.

    U. S. Newspapers held by the University of Chicago Library. Detailed holdings of all U. S. newspapers held by the University of Chicago in any format, as of April, 1999. Searchable by title, place of publication, date, and readership.

    The Center for Research Libraries possesses, and lends to member libraries, a very large stock of newspaper backfiles, foreign and domestic, black, ethnic, and general circulation. Most, but not all, are listed in the CRL's catalog. For a general description of the CRL's newspaper collections, see its Handbook.

    Encyclopedias of history and historical dictionaries of special topics

    The Encyclopedia of World History: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern, 6th ed., edited by Peter N. Stearns. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2001. Fully searchable comprehensive chronology of more than 20,000 entries that span the millenia from prehistoric times to the year 2000; includes maps, genealogical tables, etc. "A completely revised and updated edition of the classic reference work originally compiled and edited by William L. Langer."

    A Dictionary of World History (Oxford University Press: Oxford Reference Online). Over 4,700 entries. This up-to-date dictionary contains clear, concise, and detailed entries covering 4,000 years of world history. It includes biographical entries on hundreds of key figures, from Alexander the Great to Bill Clinton, Elizabeth I to Nelson Mandela, Moses to Tony Blair. There are subject entries on religious and political movements, international organizations, and key battles and places. One may search by keywords, or browse entries alphabetically. First published 2000.

    Andromeda Encyclopedic Dictionary of World History. Edited by John Haywood, Brian Catchpole, Simon Hall, Edward Barratt. More than 3,500 entries on historical events, periods and personalities, covering all periods and continents.One may search by keywords, or browse entries alphabetically. Published Andromeda, 2001.

    Encyclopaedia of the Renaissance. Edited by Thomas G. Bergin and Jennifer Speake. Includes some 2,500 entries on a broad range of events, people, ideas and movements that have come to represent the Renaissance. One may search by keywords, or browse entries alphabetically. Publishing history: Market House Books Encyclopaedia of the Renaissance, © Market House Books Ltd 1987.

    A Dictionary of Twentieth-Century World History (Oxford University Press: Oxford Reference Online). Edited by Jan Palmowski. Includes 2,500 entries. Provides in-depth coverage of the major historical figures and events of the twentieth century, offering both fact and historical analysis. One may search by keywords, or browse entries alphabetically. Print edition publication date: 1998.

    A Dictionary of Contemporary History - 1945 to the Present. Edited by Duncan Townson. A concise guide of 500 entries to the ideas, events, people and movements that have shaped the world from the end of the Second World War to the present. One may search by keywords, or browse entries alphabetically. Publishing history: Blackwell, 1999.

    Encyclopedia of Chicago. Edited by Janice Reiff, Ann Keating, and James Grossman. A comprehensive reference to Chicago and its history. Site includes full text of thousands of specific topical entries, links to some 1,500 historical sources, iconographic and full-text, and scores of specialized maps. Print version: University of Chicago Press, 2004.

    The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military (Oxford University Press: Oxford Reference Online). Includes U.S. military terms, people, and battles, covering military history from the earliest colonial conflicts to the present. It includes facts and trivia on major historical military figures. It covers all conflicts involving the U.S. military, plus military ranks, attire, insignia, medals, weapons, military prisons, vehicles, ships, and aircraft. One may search by keywords, or browse entries alphabetically. Publishing history: Berkley Edition, July 2001.

    A Dictionary of British History (Oxford University Press: Oxford Reference Online). Edited by John Cannon. Contains 3,600 entries. Based on the very successful Oxford Companion to British History, A Dictionary of British History, is an invaluable compact reference work on all aspects of the history of Britain from 55 BC to the present day. Written by over 100 distinguished specialist contributors, the variety of entries provides a wealth of essential information touching all aspects of British history: political, economic, social, military, people, events, and institutions. One may search by keywords, or browse entries alphabetically.

    The Companion to British History. Edited by Charles Arnold-Baker. Comprehensive in scope. One may search by keywords, or browse entries alphabetically. Publishing history: Routledge edition, 2001, has 1400 pages; first published, 1996, Longcross Press.

    The Kings and Queens of Britain (Oxford University Press: Oxford Reference Online). Edited by John Cannon and Anne Hargreaves. This dictionary presents English, Scottish, Welsh, and Irish monarchs, from mythical and Romano-British rulers to the House of Windsor. Extended entries give information on themes such as Coronations and Regalia, and on significant royal residences or traditions like Sandringham House and touching for the King's Evil. One may search by keywords, or browse entries alphabetically. Print edition publication date: 2001.

    The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History (Oxford University Press: Oxford Reference Online). Edited by David Hey. Includes over 1500 entries, this dictionary provides both amateur and professional historians with quick answers to questions of terminology that may arise in the course of research. It contains, for example, entries on legal and other specialist terms; types of documentation; sources of information; social and religious groups; institutions and organizations; historical and political events; official functions and occupations; and authors and scholars. One may search by keywords, or browse entries alphabetically. Print edition publication date: 1997.

    Who's Who in Gay and Lesbian History - From Antiquity to World War II. Edited by Robert Aldrich and Garry Wotherspoon. Includes entries on over 500 individuals from Europe, the Americas, South Africa, and Australasia. Originally published, 2001.

    Encyclopaedia Britannica. The famous general-purpose encyclopedia.

    Dissertations

    ProQuest Dissertations and Theses/Dissertation Abstracts. Indexes North American dissertations and some European ones, 1861- to date, as well as many master's theses. Provides full texts of almost all dissertations from 1997, and many earlier ones as well. After 1980 database contains abstracts in addition to bibliographic information. Searchable in various ways. Updated monthly.

    Center for Research Libraries. The Center for Reseach Libraries holds, and lends to member libraries, very large stocks of specialized research materials, including in particular foreign dissertations. The collections are described in the Center's Handbook section on dissertations. Foreign dissertations, however, generally are not included in the Center's Catalog.

    Biographical sources

    HeritageQuest. Searchable database of images of US census enumerators' schedules and full text of 25,000 US local and family histories. Also includes an extensive index of periodical articles in the fields of family and local history. Special Use Instructions: from off campus go to http://www.lib.uchicago.edu.proxy.uchicago.edu/e/db/maroon/heritagequest.html (You cannot bookmark this address.)

    The American National Biography provides scholarly biographies of more than 17,400 men and women from all eras and walks of life. The print version was published in 24 volumes in 1999, and a special effort was made to include more women and members of minority groups that had been underrepresented in previous biographical references. The signed articles are provided with bibliographies. The full text is searchable by keywords. In effect it substantially supersedes:

    The Dictionary of American Biography, a biographical classic, was published in 20 volumes between 1928 and 1934, and 10 supplements have been published between 1944 and 1995, providing scholarly biographies of over 19,000 Americans who died by December 31, 1980. In its electronic form, accessed from workstation in Joseph Regenstein Library first-floor reading room, the text is searchbable by keywords.

    Oxford Dictionary of National Biography presents newly commissioned scholarly biographies of more than 50,000 (deceased) individuals influential in British history. This new work (published September, 2004) also includes the full text of the classic 33-volume Dictionary of National Biography.

    Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (Oxford University Press: Oxford Reference Online). Includes 2,000 entries on men and women from different countries and cultures who have contributed to the thought as well as the action of the twentieth century. One may search by keywords, or browse entries alphabetically. First published 1985 as The Longman Dictionary of 20th Century Biography. Revised Edition published 1992 by Oxford University Press as A Dictionary of Twentieth-Century World Biography. This abridged and updated edition published as an Oxford University Press paperback 1999.

    African American Biographical Database brings together in one resource the biographies of thousands of African Americans, many not to be found in any other reference source. These biographical sketches have been assembled from biographical dictionaries and other sources. The majority of the biographies come from titles listed in Black Biographical Dictionaries, 1790-1950, and many entries have a distinctly romantic or sentimental quality. Entries may be searched by categories, such as occupation, gender, state of origin, or by keywords appearing in the text.

    Contemporary Authors is a bio-bibliographic guide covering more than 110,000 current writers of fiction, general nonfiction, poetry, and drama whose works have been issued by commercial or university presses, who write in English are whose works have been translated into English. Emphasis is upon writers active since 1960.

    Biography and Genealogy Master Index indexes approximately 14,000,000 biographical sketches appearing in biographical dictionaries, encyclopedias, and similar reference works.

    World Biographical Information System Online (WBIS Online). Comprehensive retrospective biographical database, based on the digitization of K. G. Saur's Biographical Archives. It compiles biographical articles from printed reference works published from the 16th to the 20th century, and it is in the process of reproducing these original documents as facsimile images. As of this writing, it includes over two million digitized biographical articles from 8 regional Biographical Archives. It also provides an index to 30 Biographical Archives containing biographies on more than 3.6 million persons from all centuries as well as all countries and regions worldwide. If the original documents corresponding to for whom biographical information is sought are not yet digitized, consult the Library's fiche editions of the Biographical Archives.

    The Macmillan Dictionary of Women's Biography. Compiled and edited by Jennifer Uglow, Frances Hinton, Revised by Maggy Hendry. Includes more than 2000 entries. One may search by keywords, or browse entries alphabetically. Print edition publication date: 1999.

    The Penguin Biographical Dictionary of Women. 1600 concise biographies of women in all fields, all periods, all parts of the world. One may search by keywords, or browse entries alphabetically. Print edition publication date: 1998.

    Dictionary of Political Biography (Oxford University Press: Oxford Reference Online). Edited by Dennis Kavanagh. Includes more than 1000 entries. Compiled by an expert team of contributors, this dictionary covers all the major figures in world politics of the twentieth century. It describes and assesses the lives of more than 1000 men and women who have shaped political events across the world. Each entry includes an account of the background, career, and achievements of the individual concerned, balancing fact with critical appraisal. One may search by keywords, or browse entries alphabetically. Print edition publication date: 1998.

    The Kings and Queens of Britain (Oxford University Press: Oxford Reference Online). Edited by John Cannon and Anne Hargreaves. This dictionary presents English, Scottish, Welsh, and Irish monarchs, from mythical and Romano-British rulers to the House of Windsor. Extended entries give information on themes such as Coronations and Regalia, and on significant royal residences or traditions like Sandringham House and touching for the King's Evil. One may search by keywords, or browse entries alphabetically. Print edition publication date: 2001.

    Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage. Edited by Charles Kidd and David Williamson. Biographical details of British living peers and baronets, with information on predecessors. 2000 edition, published by Debrett's Peerage Limited and Macmillan Publishers Ltd.

    The Oxford Dictionary of Popes (Oxford University Press: Oxford Reference Online). Edited by N. D. Kelly. A papal Who's Who presents biographical accounts in chronological order of all the officially recognized popes from St Peter to John Paul II, whose entry has now been expanded and brought up to date. Providing a continuous history of the papacy, it also includes their irregularly elected rivals, the so-called antipopes. One may search by keywords, or browse entries alphabetically. First published in 1986 by Oxford University Press.

    The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (Oxford University Press: Oxford Reference Online). Edited by David Hugh Farmer. Over 1,300 entries, from the famous to the obscure, this book provides concise accounts of the lives, cults, relationships through patronage, and artistic associations of more than a thousand saints - including the most recently canonized. One may search by keywords, or browse entries alphabetically. Fourth Edition, 1997.

    Who's Who in Gay and Lesbian History - From Antiquity to World War II. Edited by Robert Aldrich and Garry Wotherspoon. Includes entries on over 500 individuals from Europe, the Americas, South Africa, and Australasia. Originally published, 2001.

    Early imprints and other electronic books

    Google Book Search. Searches contents of an extremely large and growing but entirely undefined collection of digitized books and serials. For books out of copyright, and certain other texts, full text is displayed. In other cases, publishers permit "previews" of substantial portions of books. One may restrict one's search just to "full view" texts, or to "full view" and "preview" texts.

    Humanities E-Book (formerly "History E-book Project") is a digital collection of nearly 2,800 full-text titles offered by the ACLS in collaboration with twenty learned societies and nearly 100 contributing publishers. Available titles may be browsed by author, title, specific subject headings, or general category (e. g., European history, 1400-1800); and the texts may be searched by words or phrases. At present, downloads and copying are limited to three pages at a time: The menu bar includes a "page" pull-down menu. Select "pdf" to display the the current pages in non-searchable pdf, which can be downloaded or printed.

    Ebrary is a digital collection of full-text titles from various publishers. As of this writing it includes more than 1300 recent University of Chicago Press titles.

    Early English Books Online
    . When complete in 2007, will provide full text in the form of digital page images of titles listed in Pollard & Redgrave's Short-Title Catalogue (1475 - 1640), and Wing's Short-Title Catalogue (1641-1700), as well as titles in the Thomason Tracts collection. Database is searchable by words from titles, authors, publishers, places of publication, dates of publication, etc. PDF copies of titles are downloadable as PDF files. In addition, full text is searchable for about 3,000 selected titles.

    Early American Imprints, 1639-1800 (Evans Digital Edition). Project digitizes essentially every known monograph published in what is now the United States from 1639 through 1800. Includes books, pamphlets, broadsheets, etc., though neither serials nor newspapers. (For digitized early American serials, see American Periodical Series Online. In addition, the library has extensive holdings of early American newspapers in microform.) The full text of digitized titles is also searchable, though the accuracy of searchable files of early imprints with difficult typefaces is rather lower than for later texts: Please take note of the "search hints" on the main search page.

    Early American Imprints, 1801-1819 (Shaw-Shoemaker). Continuation of the preceding resource.

    American History and Culture Online: Sabin Americana, 1500-1926. A large (26,000 volumes, 6 million pages) collection of digitized books (and some serials) on "American" history published throughout the world from 1500 to the early 1900's. Collection includes a very considerable amount of material for Latin America, particularly for the earlier years. Full text is searchable.

    The Making of the Modern World: The Goldsmiths'-Kress Collection of Economic Literature 1450-1850. The Collection is formed from the holdings of the Kress Library at Harvard University and Goldsmiths' Library at the University of London. This remarkably comprehensive collection of almost 12,000,000 pages consists of about 61,000 printed books, about half published before 1801, and half between 1800 and 1850. Also included are 466 pre-1906 serials. Texts are fully digitized and searchable by authors, titles, subject terms, and words appearing in the text. The collection is somewhat misleadingly titled in that "economic literature" must be understood very broadly to comprehend all the following categories:

    * Agriculture — fishing, mining, surveying, and landed property
    * Colonies — the entire story of the rise of the West, the expansion of Europe, to origins of European Empires and other colonial imperial relations
    * Commerce — shipping, piracy, and smuggling
    * Corn Laws/Navigation Acts/Mercantilism — their agricultural, financial, and commercial aspects
    * Finance — coinage, numismatics, and titles
    * General — treatises on sociology and political science as well as economics, topography, and the theoretical and general aspects of emigration
    * Miscellaneous — national defense, local government, subjects not relevant to the social sciences (e.g., theology), and the unclassifiable
    * Politics — political theory
    * Population — observations on the state of population in a variety of countries
    * Slavery — contains more than 1,100 titles on slavery and moves toward its abolition in the western democracies
    * Social Conditions — public order, public utilities, debtor and creditor, penology, criminology, trade unions, and temperance
    * Socialism — theoretical works on the subject
    * Trades and Manufactures — practical manuals and technology in general
    * Transport — transport technology
    When doing keyword searches, bear in mind that languages represented in the collection include Danish, Dutch, English, French, German, Italian, Latin, Portuguese, Spanish, and Swedish.

    Eighteenth Century Collections Online. When complete, will provide full text for 150,000 printed works (33 million pages), including virtually every significant work published in the Great Britain and Ireland in the 18th century, plus thousands of works published in the 18th century in the Americas. Each work will be fully word-searchable. For films of titles not yet digitized in this project, consult:

    English Short Title Catalogue. The English Short Title Catalogue contains over 450,000 bibliographic records and holdings details for books, pamphlets, broadsides, and ephemera printed in any language in England or its dependencies from the beginning of printing through the end of the eighteenth century, as well as works printed in English anywhere else in the world during that period. This database incorporates the listings in STC I, 1475-1640 (Pollard and Redgrave); STC II, 1641-1700 (Wing); the Thomason Tracts; and The Eighteenth Century, as well as other items discovered to be in scope. The University of Chicago Library holds microfilms of all 26,500 titles listed in STC I, and more than 50,000 titles filmed so far in STC II, all the 22,000 titles in the Thomason Tracts, and essentially all the 105,000 titles filmed so far from the Eighteenth Century collection, selected from the ESTC. The listings in the ESTC typically, but not always, include reel numbers and item numbers for items that have been filmed as part of these collections. In addition, the catalog of the University of Chicago Library includes records for all the titles listed in STC I, over 42,000 items listed in STC II, and over 81,000 items that are part of the Eighteenth Century. To obtain film copies of these items, consult the library's catalog, the ESTC database, or the appropriate print catalog cited below, and take the reel and item number to the General Microforms section (JRL 3rd Floor).

    Making of Modern Law: Legal Treatises, 1800-1926. Contains digital images of 22,000 legal treatises on US and British law published between 1800 and 1926.

    Making of Modern Law: 1600-1926. Comprises thousands of books and pamphlets. It covers adultery, commercial law, conspiracy, constitutional law, crimes against persons, domestic relations, dueling, elections, impeachment, international law, land, libel, military offenses, murder, slavery, theft, torts, treason and wills, among many other subjects. In addition to works pertaining to English-speaking jurisdictions such as the United States, Britain, Ireland and Canada, English-language titles about trials in other jurisdictions such as France are included.

    HeritageQuest. Includes searchable full text of 25,000 US local and family histories, and searchable images of US census enumerators' schedules. Also includes Periodicals Source Index (Persi), an extensive index of periodical articles in the fields of family and local history.

    Making of America. (University of Michigan.) A digital library of primary sources in American social history from the antebellum period through reconstruction. The collection is particularly strong in the subject areas of education, psychology, American history, sociology, religion, and science and technology. The collection, whose texts are searchable, currently contains approximately 8,500 books with 19th century imprints (as well as extensive runs of 19th century journals -- see list of titles above.)

    Making of America. (Cornell University). In addition to its extensive collection of 19th century journals (see list of titles above), Cornell's contributions to the MOA include an additional 267 monographs with 19th century imprints.

    Gallica, a project of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, includes fully searchable digital versions of tens of thousands of works in French or about French culture and history, as well as many tens of thousands of maps and other images. The collection also includes a growing collection of online reproductions of major French journals since the 19th century.

    La Révolution et l'Empire is a collection that brings together the works of fifty-two of the best known and most influential historians of the French Revolution and Empire from the 19th century, including Constant, Jaurès, Michelet, and Taine. Comprised of sixty-two complete works (and approximately 150 volumes), this database presents a wide range of historical writing from this period, fully-browsable and searchable by words and phrases.

    Project Gutenberg. An archive of thousands of out of copyright texts transcribed into plain ASCII format, including hundreds of historical works. Includes numbers of texts of 19th century English-language historiography, and earlier classic texts. Searchable by author, title, subject, and LC class.

    Oxford Text Archive. Collects, catalogs, and preserves high-quality electronic texts for research and teaching. Includes 2500 resources in 25 languages, most of literary interest.

    American Memory (Library of Congress). A large and growing collection of digitized manuscript, print, photographic, and mapping materials for United States history.

    British History Online (Institute of Historical Research and the History of Parliament Trust). Contains: Primary sources: Full-text editions of primary sources, such as the journals of the houses of Parliament or manorial records such as feet of fines; Secondary texts: Modern synthetic historical writing, including the Victoria County History and the Survey of London; Guides and calendars: Printed guides and calendars of manuscript collections, such as the Calendars of State Papers; Gazetteers and dictionaries: Dictionaries and gazetteers of places, property, goods and commodities; and Maps: Maps from the Ordnance Survey and historic maps from before 1800.

    Full-text collections

    North American Women's Letters and Diaries includes more than 150,000 pages of diaries and letters, dating from colonial times to 1950, drawn from more than 1,000 sources, including journal articles, pamphlets, newsletters, monographs, and conference proceedings, and 7,000 pages of previously unpublished materials. The full text can be searched by words and phrases, as well as by characteristics of the authors, such as age, marital status, number of children, residence, etc.

    Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1600-2000. More than 30,000 pages of text selected from a wide variety of sources, including some complete works. The full text can be searched by words and phrases, including subject terms, dates, characteristics of authors, etc.

    British and Irish Women's Letters and Diaries currently includes approximately 38,000 pages of diaries and letters written by 201 women. With subsequent releases, the collection will include more than 100,000 pages of primary materials spanning more than 300 years. The full text can be searched by words and phrases, as well as by characteristics of the authors, such as age, marital status, number of children, residence, etc.

    Black Women Writers. Will contain approximately 100,000 pages of fiction, nonfiction and poetry by women from North America, Africa and the Caribbean. It will also present essays by scholars and feminists about the history of feminism and genre studies in these regions.

    Civil War Letters and Diaries includes approximately 100,000 pages from published memoirs, letters and diaries, drawn from more than 500 sources, plus 4,000 pages of previously unpublished materials, searchable by words and phrases, as well as by places, battles, dates, form of material, etc. Database also includes 1000-item bibliography and 1000 biographies.

    The First American West: The Ohio River Valley, 1750-1820 consists of 15,000 pages of original historical material documenting the land, peoples, exploration, and transformation of the trans-Appalachian West from the mid-eighteenth to the early nineteenth century. The collection is drawn from the holdings of the University of Chicago Library and the Filson Historical Society of Louisville, Kentucky. Among the sources included are books, periodicals, newspapers, pamphlets, scientific publications, broadsides, letters, journals, legal documents, ledgers and other financial records, maps, physical artifacts, and pictorial images.

    Documenting the American South. A collection of sources on Southern history, literature and culture from the colonial period through the first decades of the 20th century. The 1,165 books and manuscripts come primarily from its Southern holdings of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

    Early Encounters in North America currently includes some 40,000 pages of accounts describing exploration of North America or interaction between various cultural groups, limited to events taking place between 1534 and 1860. Texts may range from chapters or smaller sections of books to the entire corpus of the Jesuit Relations, of which 49 volumes are currently available in full text. The texts can be searched in a variety of ways, with special indexes for features such as date, peoples, flora and fauna, etc.

    Arab-Israeli Relations, 1917-1970. Provides original source material from the British Foreign Office, Colonial Office, War Office and Cabinet Papers from the 1917 Balfour Declaration through to the Black September war of 1970-1, over 137,000 pages documenting the politics, administration, wars and diplomacy of the Palestine Mandate, the Independence of Israel and the Arab-Israeli conflict.

    Testaments to the Holocaust. A digital collection from the Wiener Library in London offering searchable personal accounts of life in Nazi Germany, photographs, propaganda materials such as school text books, small publications and rare serials reflecting Jewish life in Germany from 1933 to after the war, life in the concentration camps, in hiding, emigration and refugee life.

    Post-War Europe: Refugees, exile and resettlement, 1945-1950. A digital collection of records from the British National Archives and from the Weiner Library in London, providing primary sources for the study and understanding of the challenges facing the European peoples in the aftermath of World War II. It covers the politics and administration of the refugee crisis in Europe after World War II as well as the day-to-day survival of the refugees themselves.

    Digital Library of the Catholic Reformation. Transcriptions and facsimiles of documents, including papal and synodal decrees, catechisms and inquisitorial manuals, biblical commentaries, theological treatises and systems, liturgical writings, saints' lives, and devotional works by Catholic authors of the 16th and 17th centuries.

    Electronic Enlightenment. A very extensive collection of edited correspondence of the early modern period, linking people across Europe, the Americas and Asia from the early 17th to the mid-19th century, drawn from the best available critical editions.

    For other electronic collections of texts and documents, readers may search the web using a typical search engine, or consult the WWW-VL History Index Network.

    Archives, manuscripts, special collections

    ArchivesUSA. Comprises a current directory of over 5,400 repositories and over 124,400 collections of primary source material across the United States. It includes the National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections (NUCMC), comprising information gathered and indexed by the Library of Congress, covering more than 88,700 collections; and names and detailed subject indexing for over 52,000 collections whose finding aids have been published separately in the microfiche series, National Inventory of Documentary Sources in the United States (NIDS).

    ArchiveGrid. ArchiveGrid includes over one million collection records and tens of thousands of collection guides. Users may search entire file for names, keywords, subjects, etc., and also view detailed digitized finding guides, including scores of finding guides for University of Chicago manuscript collections.

    National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections (NUCMC). The NUCMC includes information on manuscript collections gathered and indexed by the Library of Congress, and provided with names and detailed subject indexing. From this site you may search the NUCMC via either OCLC or RLG through LC gateways that automatically limit your searches to archives and manuscripts. It is recommended that you search both databases, in that you are very likely to get different result sets. You may prefer to search these two large databases directly (WorldCat or RLG). [Choose "Advanced Search," and limit type to "Archival materials."]

    University of Chicago Library Department of Special Collections. Includes descriptions of rare book and manuscript collections, and lists of online finding guides.

    Guide to the National Archives of the United States. Brief description of record groups held.

    National archives microfilm resources for research: a comprehensive catalog. Most filmed materials are available for loan.

    American Memory
    (Library of Congress).
    A large and growing collection of digitized manuscript, print, photographic, and mapping materials for United States history.

    Digital National Security Archive, a collection of more than 35,000 important declassified U. S. government documents that provide the background for government decisions. Currently comprises fifteen collections: Afghanistan, Berlin Crisis 1958-1962, Cuban Missile Crisis, El Salvador, Iran-Contra Affair, Intelligence Community, Iran Revolution, Iraqgate, Military Uses of Space, Nicaragua, Nuclear Non-Proliferation, Philippines, Presidential Directives from Truman to Clinton, South Africa, and Soviet Estimate. Page images are digitized; documents are searchable by keywords, subject terms, titles, creator/recipient, date, cable number, and collection.

    In principio provides an index to incipits of a million Latin manuscripts up through the Renaissance. To access, click on "Enter Databases" near the top of the page; and then under "Medieval free-standing databases" click "GO" after "In principio."

    Ut per litteras apostolicas represents an electronic version of the renowned Registres et lettres des Papes du XIIIe siècle (32 vols.; Rome, 1883- ) and Registres et lettres des Papes du XIVe siècle (48 vols.; Rome, 1899- ). The current release provides indexing access to the litterae communes for several pontificates, and when complete the electronic corpus will incorporate all the data contained in the printed volumes. Subsequent updates will supplement this information, as well as supplying the complete text of the papal letters themselves, and further adding the litterae secretae to this corpus. To access, click on "Enter Databases" near the top of the page; and then under "Medieval free-standing databases" click "GO" after "Ut per litteras apostolicas."

    Center for Research Libraries. The Center for Reseach Libraries holds, and lends to member libraries, very large stocks of specialized research materials, including archival materials in microform. The Center's Catalog includes records for archival materials, though records for US National Archives microfilms are not yet included in the catalog. The Center's Handbook describes specialized research materials in various fields, including the following: African Studies; Austria; Black Studies; Business; Canada; Censuses; China; Dissertations; Eastern Europe; France; Germany; Government Publications - Foreign; Government Publications - U.S.; Greece; Great Britain; Italy; Indians of North America; Japan; Korea; Labor; Latin American Studies; Law; Middle Eastern Studies; Netherlands; Newspapers; Railroads; Religion & Philosophy; Russia & Former Soviet Republics; Socialism & Communism ; South Asian Studies ; Spain & Portugal ; State Publications ; Turkey ; United Nations; United States -History; Urban Studies; and World War II & Aftermath.

    Government publications

    Lexis-Nexis Congressional. Provides indexing for Congressional reports, documents, hearings, prints and other Congressional papers from 1789. After 1970 detailed abstracts of Congressional hearings, reports, documents, and prints are provided. Provides full texts of Congressional committee reports since 1990; of House and Senate Documents since 1995; of selected committee prints since 1995; of bills since 1989; and of the Congressional Record since 1985. This site also includes:

    Lexis-Nexis U. S. Serial Set Digital Collection (1789-1969). Provides full text of the U.S. Serial Set, an ongoing collection of U.S. Government publications compiled under the directive of Congress that reflects every aspect of American life from the early 19th century onward, from farming, to westward expansion, relations with Indians, scientific exploration, public lands, politics, national defense, international relations, internal improvements, business, and manufacturing. It includes Congressional reports and documents as well as executive agency and departmental reports ordered to be printed by Congress. Including the American State Papers (1789-1838), this collection consists of more than 325,000 documents and 52,000 maps (comprising approximately 11,000,000 pages). -- To limit search to Serial Set, clear all check marks except for "Serial Set."

    Lexis-Nexis Congressional Committee Hearings and Prints (1824 to present). When complete, will provide full text of Congressional committee hearings since 1824, all Congressional committee prints since 1830, and Congressional Research Service reports since 1916. -- To limit search to any of these forms, clear all check marks and check only desired forms. Earliest years and latest years are being digitized first; full texts of all hearings will be available by 2008, and everything after 1970 will be complete by November, 2007.

    Lexis-Nexis Academic. Contains U.S. Federal and state case law, codes, regulations, legal news, law reviews, and international legal information, as well as full-text articles from many newspapers, from about 1980 onward.

    Government Printing Office GPO Access Service.
    Search the Monthly Catalog for government documents published since January 1994; and search the Federal Register, 1994+, the Congressional Record, 1994+, Congressional Record Index, 1983+, Congressional Documents and Reports, 1995+, Congressional Directory, 1995+, the Economic Report of the President, GAO Reports, History of Bills, 1983+, Government Manual, 1995+, Supreme Court Decisions, 1937-1975, United States Code, 1994 and supplements, etc. Conduct advanced searches of the Congressional Record and the Federal Register, 1995+. Use the Government Information Locator Service to identify and use other government sources of electronic information.

    The Library of Congress's Thomas site provides information on current floor action in Congress, bill summaries and status for the current Congress, texts of bills and public laws (1993+), text of Congressional Record (1993+), Committee reports, (1995+), other committee information, and historical documents.

    GPO. Index listing Federal documents issued from July, 1976, to the present.

    Century of Lawmaking: U. S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1873. (American Memory Project, Library of Congress.) Includes searchable texts of House and Senate Journals, with links to digitized images of Annals of Congress, Register of Debates, and Congressional Globe. Also includes searchable texts of Statutes at Large, 1789-1873, selected volumes of the Congressional Serial Set, the Journals of the Continental Congress and additional sources for the early Congress.

    Nineteenth Century Masterfile. Provides index for federal documents issued 1774-1897, and debates of British parliament, 1803-1830. Titles covered: Messages and Papers of the Presidents, 1789-1897; Index to Hickox’s Monthly Catalog of U.S. Government Publications, 1885-1894; Government Publications of the U.S., 1774-1881(Poore’s); Annals of Congress, 1789-1824 ("Congressional Record"); Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution, 1849-1961; Cobbett’s Parliamentary History of England, 1066-1803; Cumulative Title Index to United States Public Documents, 1789-1900; Hansard’s British Parliamentary Debates, 1803 to 1830 (Commons); Hansard’s British Parliamentary Debates, 1803 to 1830 (Lords); Index of Patents Issued from the U.S P. O. 1790-1873.

    Public Documents Masterfile. Provides indexing to US public documents based upon 19th century printed indexes, Monthly Catalog (1895+), and other sources. Links to full texts found in Library of Congress' Century of Lawmaking, 1774-1873 and some recent web-based documents. Also provides indexing to foreign and international documents found in Library of Congress records.

    Digital National Security Archive, a collection of more than 35,000 important declassified U. S. government documents that provide the background for government decisions. Currently comprises fifteen collections: Afghanistan, Berlin Crisis 1958-1962, Cuban Missile Crisis, El Salvador, Iran-Contra Affair, Intelligence Community, Iran Revolution, Iraqgate, Military Uses of Space, Nicaragua, Nuclear Non-Proliferation, Philippines, Presidential Directives from Truman to Clinton, South Africa, and Soviet Estimate. Page images are digitized; documents are searchable by keywords, subject terms, titles, creator/recipient, date, cable number, and collection.

    Declassified Documents Reference System
    . Dates of Coverage: 1941-1997. Provides online access to over 500,000 pages of previously classified government documents. Covering major international events from the Cold War to the Vietnam War and beyond.

    Lexis-Nexis State Capital. Bills, statutes, regulations; information about state legislators; texts from state newspapers of record.

    British House of Commons Parliamentary Papers, 1801-2004.
    As the working documents of government, the parliamentary papers encompass all areas of social, political, economic and foreign policy, showing how issues were explored and legislation was formed. Major types of documents in the House of Commons papers include: Bills - drafts of legislation, to be reviewed through various parliamentary stages; Reports of Committees - Select or the Whole House; Reports of Commissioners (Commissions appointed by the Crown to investigate social problems, to conduct inquiries into events, and as a preparation for legislation; membership was made up of experts in the field in question, who are not usually MPs); Accounts: statistical information, originating primarily from the Treasury, the Board of Trade and the War Office/Admiralty; and Papers, including such types as correspondence from ambassadors, governors, army officers abroad; commercial, trade and navigation accounts; statistical abstracts: judicial, taxation, etc.; census data; slavery and slave trade documents; and treaties. Collection consists of a fully-searchable database of 9.5 million pages of papers, corresponding to some 14,000 large bound volumes and including over 184,000 distinct parliamentary papers. Includes an index covering 1801-2004.

    British History Online (Institute of Historical Research and the History of Parliament Trust). Contains: Primary sources: Full-text editions of primary sources, such as the journals of the houses of Parliament or manorial records such as feet of fines; Secondary texts: Modern synthetic historical writing, including the Victoria County History and the Survey of London; Guides and calendars: Printed guides and calendars of manuscript collections, such as the Calendars of State Papers; Gazetteers and dictionaries: Dictionaries and gazetteers of places, property, goods and commodities; and Maps: Maps from the Ordnance Survey and historic maps from before 1800.

    Digitised Historical Parliamentary Material (United Kingdom). Links to full-text sources for Public Acts of Parliament, Local and Private Acts of Parliament, UK Statutory Instruments, Parliamentary Debates - House of Commons, Parliamentary Debates - House of Lords, Parliamentary Papers - House of Commons, Parliamentary Papers - House of Lords, Proceedings and Journals, House of Lords Judgments, Northern Ireland devolved Parliament and Assembly, Parliaments of Scotland, Welsh Assembly, Oireachtas (Republic of Ireland). Various sources range in date coverage from 1272 to the present. (Please note that access to materials through the BOPCRIS 18th Century Parliamentary Publications portal is restricted to users at UK academic institutions.)

    Government Documents at University of Chicago Library. A brief introduction to government documents at the University of Chicago.

    The Center for Research Libraries possesses, and lends to member libraries, a large stock of government foreign and domestic government documents, including a fairly comprehensive collection of US state government documents prior to 1950. For a general description of the CRL's government document collections, see its Handbook, sections on US documents, foreign documents, and documents of US states. The CRL's catalog only lists portions of these collections.

    Government Resources on the Web, from University of Michigan. An extensive guide to sites for federal, state, and foreign government information; also international agency sites. Includes links to sites providing access to texts of Congressional Record, Federal Register, GAO reports, Congressional bills, government publications, etc., directories of agencies and web sites in all branches of government. Includes links to sites maintained by foreign governments.

    Statistical Sources

    Historical Statistics of the United States. Millennial Edition online. Represents a vast expansion of earlier editions of this work, now with over 37,000 data series. Users may download data series, compose their own custom tables drawing from various data series, and save data. Chapters include evaluative introductory essays describing the sources of the data and often assessing their reliability. Text is searchable; there is a topical index. There is a 5-volume print edition held in the first floor Reading Room of JRL. Contents: A. Population: Aa. Population Characteristics; Ab. Vital Statistics; Ac. Internal Migration; Ad. International Migration; Ae. Family and Household Composition; Af. Cohorts; Ag. American Indians. B. Work and Welfare: Ba. Labor; Bb. Slavery; Bc. Education; Bd. Health; Be. Economic Inequality and Poverty; Bf. Social Insurance and Public Assistance; Bg. Nonprofit, Voluntary, and Religious Entities. C. Economic Structure and Performance: Ca. National Income and Product; Cb. Business Fluctuations and Cycles; Cc. Prices; Cd. Consumer Expenditures; Ce. Saving, Capital, and Wealth; Cf. Geography and the Environment; Cg. Science, Technology, and Productivity; Ch. Business Organization; Cj. Financial Markets and Institutions. D. Economic Sectors: Introduction, Industrial Classification; Da. Agriculture; Db. Natural Resource Industries; Dc. Construction, Housing, and Mortgages; Dd. Manufacturing; De. Distribution; Df. Transportation; Dg. Communications; Dh. Services and Utilities. E. Governance and International Relations: Ea. Government Finance and Employment; Eb. Elections and Politics; Ec. Crime, Law Enforcement, and Justice; Ed. National Defense, Wars, Armed Forces, and Veterans; Ee. International Trade and Exchange Rates; Ef. Outlying Areas; Eg. Colonial Statistics; Eh. Confederate States of America.

    Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1878--. The basic annual statistical reporter for the United States. Typical chapters: Area and population; vital statistics, health, and nutrition; immigration, emigration, and naturalization; education; law enforcement and federal courts; climate; public lands and National Park System; labor force, employment, and earnings; military service and veterans' affairs; social security and related programs; income and expenditures; prices; elections; federal government finances; state and local government finances and employment; banking and finance; business enterprise; communications; power; public roads and motor vehicles; transportation, air and land; waterways, water traffic, and shipping; irrigation, drainage, and soil conservation; agriculture; forests and forest products; fisheries; mining; construction and housing; manufactures; foreign commerce; distribution and services. For many years subtitled "....and Guide to Sources": the various tables in the abstract cite the full statistical publication from which the data are abstracted. -- The documents linked hereto are pdf's, with chapters and topical indexes, but the individual volumes are not electronically searchable.

    Statistical Universe. Comprehensive guide to statistics published in federal government publications from about 1970, with many additional references to statistical reports published by states, intergovernmental organizations, and private organizations. Gives sources of statistics, and data elements in tables. Full tables are available for many statistical reports, often both as digitized images and in downloadable spreadsheet formats.

    Statesman's Yearbook. Provides 192 country profiles rich in statistical material, covering political parties and leaders; population; economics; climate; natural resources; military capabilities; education and legal systems; culture and communications; health and environment; international affairs. Permits preparation of customized statistical tables, charts, comparing countries' population, GDP, etc. International chronology; data on international organizations. Updated monthly. Library holds backfiles of Statesman's Yearbook providing national economic, political, and social statistics in more or less consistent categories back to 1865, at JA51.S79 Gen and other locations.

    CQ Voting and Elections Collection. Site contains electoral statistics for Presidential, US House, and Gubernatorial elections, 1824+; Senate elections, 1908+; Presidential primary elections, 1912+; Senatorial primary elections, 1920+; House primary elections, 1968+; and Gubernatorial primary elections, 1919+. Data can be downloaded. In addition, site provides election analyses, case summaries, legislation, explanations, biographies, profiles, and more.

    Historical Maps

    Concise Atlas of World History (Andromeda). 119 maps in six chapters, from the ancient world to the 20th century, with commentary.

    Lexis-Nexis U. S. Serial Set Digital Collection (1789-1969). Project includes more than 52,000 maps from Congressional reports and documents as well as executive agency and departmental reports ordered to be printed by Congress, dealing with such topics as westward expansion, relations with Indians, scientific exploration, public lands, politics, national defense, international relations, internal improvements, business, and manufacturing. Including the American State Papers (1789-1838), this collection of more than 325,000 documents (comprising approximately 11,000,000 pages), will be completed by 2005. Click here to see how much of the collection is online now.

    Digital Sanborn Maps, 1867-1970 [Illinois]. These fire insurance maps provide extremely detailed information on such building features as size and shape, construction details, roof type, occupancy, street addresses, and often the date of construction. Maps often include updates. Maps are available for many places in Illinois.

    American Memory (Library of Congress). Includes several thematic historical map collections, for example, Revolutionary Era, Railroads, Panormaic Maps, National Parks, Civil War, etc.

    University of Chicago Map Library website
    provides links to other sources of historical maps.

    British History Online (Institute of Historical Research and the History of Parliament Trust). Contains: Primary sources: Full-text editions of primary sources, such as the journals of the houses of Parliament or manorial records such as feet of fines; Secondary texts: Modern synthetic historical writing, including the Victoria County History and the Survey of London; Guides and calendars: Printed guides and calendars of manuscript collections, such as the Calendars of State Papers; Gazetteers and dictionaries: Dictionaries and gazetteers of places, property, goods and commodities; and Maps: Maps from the Ordnance Survey and historic maps from before 1800.

    Guides to microform sources

    Conaway, Frank. Guide to microform sources for history and political science in the University of Chicago Library. Chicago, 2004. Includes some 900 annotated citations for source materials in microform, including materials from national and other archives, collections of personal papers and other manuscript collections, and collections of books, pamphlets, serials, newspapers, and official documents. Includes chapters on sources for United States, Latin America, Great Britain, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Middle East, South Asia, East Asia, and Australia and Oceania; and chapters on sources for women's studies and African-American studies, and Judaica. Includes index of subjects, authors, and titles.

    Center for Research Libraries. The Center for Reseach Libraries holds, and lends to member libraries, very large stocks of specialized research materials, including large microform research collections. The Center's Catalog includes records for large microform research collections. The Center's Handbook describes specialized research materials in various fields, including the following: African Studies; Austria; Black Studies; Business; Canada; Censuses; China; Dissertations; Eastern Europe; France; Germany; Government Publications - Foreign; Government Publications - U.S.; Greece; Great Britain; Italy; Indians of North America; Japan; Korea; Labor; Latin American Studies; Law; Middle Eastern Studies; Netherlands; Newspapers; Railroads; Religion & Philosophy; Russia & Former Soviet Republics; Socialism & Communism ; South Asian Studies ; Spain & Portugal ; State Publications ; Turkey ; United Nations; United States -History; Urban Studies; and World War II & Aftermath.

    Selected internet resources for historians

    World-Wide Web Virtual Library: History -- A very broad and comprehensive guide to history resources on the internet, including many hundreds of links to sites for electronic texts, manuscripts, images, bibliographies, guides to archives and museums, indexes, information on organizations in the field of history, discussion groups and electronic journals, etc. Resources are organized by topic alphabetically, by era, and by region. Its European History Primary Sources portal is an index of scholarly websites that offer online access to primary sources on the history of Europe.

    University of Chicago History Department home page.