in The University of Chicago Library




by Robert C. Emmett










Cover illustration: Farmers inspecting improved crop strain, Etawah District.

All photographs are from the Albert Mayer Papers on India.

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 77-2498 © 1977 by The University of Chicago

Printed in the United States of America



Albert Mayer: Architect and Planner . . . . . . . . 1

Albert Mayer's Work in India . . . . . . . . . . . . 4


The Uttar Pradesh Pilot Development Project . . 4

Urban Planning and Architectural Projects . . . 7

Organization and History of the Papers . . . . . . . 9



Series I: Uttar Pradesh Pilot Development Project

(Job Number 323) . . . , , . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13


General Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

General Correspondence . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

Pilot Project, India:

Park Marriott Files . . . 30

Pilot Project, India:

Correspondence and

Reviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Series II: Uttar Pradesh General Community

Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34


Series III: Urban Planning and Architectural

Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35


Ahmedabad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Allahabad Agricultural Institute: Master Plan

(Job Number 399) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Allahabad Agricultural Institute: Building

Design (Job Number 414) . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

Bombay Master Plan (Job Number 284) . . . . . . 41

Calcutta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

Cawnpore (Kanpur) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

Chandigarh Master Plan (Job Number 355) . . . . 44

Damodar Valley Project Consultation (Job

Number 421) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Delhi Regional Plan (Job Number 535) . . . . . . 49

Standard Vacuum Oil Company (Bombay):

Building Design (Job Number unknown) . . . . . . 59

Series IV: Resource Materials on Planning and

Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59


General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60

Resources and Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

Social Institutions, Politics and Economics . . 62

Planning and Development . . . . . . . . . . . . 64

Series V: Manuscripts, Lectures, and Publications . 68


India: General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

India: While Nehru, What? . . . . . . . . . . . 76

India: Book Reviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

Non-India: General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

Series VI: Photographs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81


Pilot Development Project . . . . . . . . . . . 81

Planning and Architectural Projects . . . . . . 81

General Indian Scenes . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82

Seminar on Urbanization in India . . . . . . . . 83

Series VII: Miscellaneous Materials Not on India . . 83


Series VIII: The Albert Mayer-Richard L. Park

Correspondence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84



Index of Persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85


Index of Institutions, Projects, and

Geographical Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88




The fifteen years which Albert Mayer devoted to rural development and city planning in India were a period of delicate adjustment as newly developed Western energies and techniques were attuned to work in an ancient civilization. Mr. Mayer's restless spirit and his desire to work for a people with whom he developed great sympathy quickly emerges from the record of his career in the subcontinent.

Mr. Mayer selected the University of Chicago Library as the depository for his India papers because of the University's commitment to the study of South Asia. Several dozen members of the University faculty carry out a broad range of social science and humanistic research and teaching on South Asia. This program is supported by the Library's Southern Asia Reference Center and a large collection of publications in all subjects.

Professor Richard L. Park of the University of Michigan supported Albert Mayer’s decision to make Chicago the home of his record. As the long-time secretary of the Association for Asian Studies, Professor Park is keenly aware of the need to preserve the papers of those involved in post-World War II Indian-American relations.

Robert C. Emmett, a specialist in South Asian studies and presently on the staff of the Northwestern University Library, was selected to organize and describe the Mayer papers. His work, completed under the guidance of Maureen L. P. Patterson, is embodied in this publication which has been made possible by the joint support of the University Library and the Committee on Southern Asian Studies.

But the greatest debt is to Albert Mayer. He has had a lively sense of history in the making as well as the foresight to preserve for others the record of his participation. Mayer's generosity and patient advice in matters of detail ensured the completion of Mr. Emmett's work.

Inquiries about access to the papers may be addressed to the Department of Special Collections or to the Southern Asia Reference Center, the Joseph Regenstein Library, 1100 East 57th Street, Chicago, Illinois, 60637.

Robert Rosenthal


Special Collections

March 1977


The Albert Mayer Papers on India are the collection of personal papers, correspondence, reports, and reference materials which Albert Mayer assembled in the course of his rural development and urban planning work in India. The three largest divisions of the Papers contain respectively materials on the Pilot Development Project carried out at Etawah and other districts in the state of Uttar Pradesh, materials on Mayer's architectural and planning projects, and reference and background materials on development and planning in India. Mayer's papers on India represent only part of a long and varied career.


Albert Mayer (b. 1897) began his career as a civil engineer in New York City upon completion of an engineering degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1919. His early engineering work on commercial and apartment buildings fostered an interest in architectural design and layout which later led Mayer to become a registered architect. In the early 1930's Mayer became closely associated with several eminent architects and planners who brought to their profession a keen sense of the social inadequacies of modern housing. Together they saw the need for more creative planning--planning oriented not just to physical design of buildings, but to creation of environments conducive to community life. In 1933 this group of planners joined forces with Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal to draft a new federal housing policy. These recommendations, which contained the early outlines of "limited-dividend" housing and large scale public housing policy, led to the creation of the U.S. Housing Authority in 1937.

From the era of the New Deal up to World War II, Mayer was active in many areas of planning and architecture.


2-Albert Mayer Papers

He devoted a considerable proportion of his time to several government agencies who consulted him on questions of public housing and urban renewal. With Lewis Mumford and Henry Wright he founded the Housing Study Guild. This organization, which lasted about five years supported by public funds, was devoted to developing personnel with the range of special expertise required for the nascent limited dividend and public housing programs. Among its other undertakings the Guild did a detailed comparative study of costs and other characteristics of buildings of different heights, from two to twelve stories. Mayer was also involved in such large scale housing studies as that of Oueensbridge (New York City) in 1934. A year later he and Julian Whittlesey founded the New York architectural firm of Mayer and Whittlesey (later Mayer, Whittlesey and Glass). Throughout this period Mayer also continued his private architectural practice, designing country homes, and large scale urban apartments and community complexes.

World War II took Mayer (as an Army engineer) first around the U.S., then to North Africa and India. While in Bengal building airfields for operations in the China-Burma-India Theater, Mayer became interested in Indian life and culture. His experience as an activist in innovative governmental policy in the United States and his concern for the improvement of living conditions in Indian villages led Mayer to propose a program for model villages to the incoming Congress Party government of Jawaharlal Nehru. This proposal, in modified form, resulted in Mayer's intensive involvement in Indian village planning and development for more than a decade beginning in 1946. Other Indian projects in which Mayer was involved were of a more strictly architectural and planning nature--master plans for Cawnpore (now Kanpur), Bombay, Delhi, Chandigarh, a master plan and building designs for the Allahabad Agricultural Institute, and several building and landscape designs for the Standard Vacuum Oil Company in Bombay.

During the period in which Mayer was active in India (1945-60), he also was involved in numerous, large scale urban renewal and master plan projects, as well as housing projects outside of India. He served as design consultant for the new seaport of Ashdod, Israel, and as architect for the new town of Kitimat, British Columbia. In New York City, Mayer was planner and architect for numerous large buildings, ranging from


expensive Park Avenue apartments to environmentally planned public housing communities. Mayer's award winning designs for the East Harlem Plaza in New York are but one example of the quality of his work of which Arnold Whittick has written:

His contribution to planning has combined design and execution of specific undertakings of innovative technical and social grasp, and pioneering introduction (1946) of new dimensions in the form of involvement and self development of the people, later called "community development."

In 1961, at age 64, Mayer retired from Mayer, Whittlesey and Glass to concentrate on serving as consultant to urban renewal and housing projects. Areas in which he worked during this period include New York, Brookline, Miami, Cleveland, San Antonio, Sacramento, and Puerto Rico. He also planned the new city of Maumelle, Arkansas, and led a nation-wide series of seminars on design for the Public Housing Administration, the National Association of Housing and Redevelopment Officials, and the American Institute of Architects. Mayer's book, The Urgent Future: People, Housing, City, Region, summarizes his views of the need for creative planning.

Albert Mayer is the author of several books and numerous articles on town planning, urban renewal, and community development. He was the recipient of a number of awards and citations for his architectural, urban, and landscape designs, and is a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects. The Society for Applied Anthropology recognized his pioneering application of social research to planning and development by making him an honorary fellow. Mayer has lectured before academic and professional groups throughout the world, and was visiting professor of urban planning at Columbia University from 1967 to 1971.

4-Albert Mayer Papers


In India, Mayer worked on two very different types of projects- rural development in the United Provinces (later Uttar Pradesh), and planning and architecture for several Indian cities and colleges. Mayer's involvement in Indian rural development resulted from two chance events, his presence in India at the end of World War II as an Army Engineer, and his introduction in 1945 to Jawaharlal Nehru, then recently released from British political imprisonment. His architectural and planning work for Indian cities was a natural extension of his work in the United States. The opportunity to work on such projects in India, however, came as a result of his repeated visits to India for the Etawah Project.


The Uttar Pradesh Pilot Development Project


At his first meeting with Nehru, who was then planning for the Congress Party's assumption of leadership of the Indian government, Mayer outlined his thoughts for improving living conditions in Indian villages. They focused on stimulating economic and social progress by the creation of "model" villages. Mayer's sympathetic approach to Indian life appealed to Nehru who wanted the Indian National Congress to begin development projects in the states which they controlled (such as his native Uttar Pradesh) even before the transfer of power was completed.

Writing on behalf of G.B. Pant, a member of the Congress Party and Premier of Uttar Pradesh, Nehru invited Mayer to return to India to advise the U.P. government on "various matters relating to planning, village reconstruction and the ordered development of community life more especially in our rural areas." (Nehru to Mayer, May 1, 1946; Box 8, Folder 1) Mayer accepted, and in the fall of 1946 took an exploratory trip through the U.P. countryside. This experience convinced Mayer that the social and economic base for self-sustaining development did not yet exist. Mayer had seen that the earlier developmental efforts of the government, missionaries, and Gandhian "constructive sworkers" had failed when outside supports were removed. He therefore dropped his initial suggestion of a program to build model villages, proposing instead to organize


an integrated rural development program. Mayer saw the benefits of increased agricultural production not as ends in themselves, but as means of raising the level of village expectation and stimulating a self-sustaining participation in local development.

Several months before the creation of the independent Dominion of India on August 15, 1947, Mayer was appointed Planning Advisor to the Government of Uttar Pradesh. He immediately started to organize the pilot development project which soon became famous as the Etawah Project, named for the district where it began. Mayer personally selected the key American and Indian staff, with them set program priorities, and picked the group of villages where the project was to start. Once the project became operational, Mayer's role became one of overall guidance. Each year he spent several months in the villages talking to farmers, reviewing progress, and suggesting improvements.

The organization of the Etawah Project was based on the principle of what Mayer called "inner democratization." Mayer consciously tried to change the hierarchical structure of government and of village life. To encourage both local involvement and governmental sensitivity to local needs, officers of the Etawah Project were encouraged to make over-night visits to villages. Lower level staff were urged to speak out at project meetings, which were often held outdoors to enable villagers to listen and participate in the discussions.

Mayer's innovative approach led the Etawah Project to develop many new methods and techniques. The most famous and widely copied was the concept of the Village Level Worker. The idea for the Village Level Worker (or "VLW" as he was usually called) came from Mayer's observation of the effectiveness of medical corpsmen in the U.S. Army. The VLW functioned as a link between the government and the villagers. After a short training period the VLW, often a villager himself, was responsible for the promotion of development programs in a territory consisting of four villages. Like the medical corpsman, the VLW was not supposed to be an expert; for advice he was to rely on specialists at a central office. His success depended on his ability to interest villagers in new techniques. Because of his continuing proximity to a village, a good VLW could gain the confidence of villagers to a degree that had been impossible for the

6-Albert Mayer Papers

earlier departmentalized government field officers who had been responsible for hundreds of villages which they could rarely visit. The low cost of running a program whose success depended on a corps of dedicated non-specialists, rather than field officers in a top heavy bureaucracy, gave economic justification to the project.

Other innovations of the Etawah Project included a rural newspaper to inform farmers of modern agricultural practices and to promote literacy; a program of small scale industries such as cooperative brick making and leather tanning; and the appointment of an anthropologist (the "Rural Life Analyst") to communicate to the staff the otherwise unarticulated needs of the villagers. The Rural Life Analyst was a detached social-technical observer capable of quickly anticipating and communicating village reactions in order to facilitate the early correction of misjudgements. Another innovation was the creation of the Planning Research and Action Institute in Lucknow to experiment with new practices and to make ongoing evaluations of the Project's success.

The Etawah Pilot Development Project was one of the models available to the Government of India when it decided in the First Five Year Plan to emphasize rural development programs. These had been successful in augmenting agricultural production, in raising levels of education, in transforming conservative governmental bureaucracy and village organizational structures, and in stimulating an increased alertness to potential for




social and economic development. These results had been achieved, moreover, within the limitations of a state budget before the era of massive American assistance.

The Indian Government's first nation-wide attempt at rural or community development programs began with Ford Foundation assistance in 1951. This program consisted of fifteen pilot projects of 300 villages each, one in each of the major states. Beginning in 1952, partly because of the availability of American assistance through the Joint Indo-American Technical Cooperation Agreement, the Government decided to devote a substantially increased proportion of its resources to a proliferation of community development projects throughout India. The first step was the creation of the Community Projects Administration. Later the national program was divided into two levels, administered respectively by the Community Development Programme, and the National Extension Service. Although political exigencies imposed, a degree of urgency on the implementation of the Government's program, Mayer continued to argue that to develop the human resources and community support for such a large scale expansion of projects would require years. He himself was never satisfied with the manner in which the Government so precipitately expanded the number of community development projects. This rapid expansion exceeded the rate at which he felt adequate and dedicated personnel could be assembled, and new values and relationships developed and sustained.

Urban Planning and Architectural Projects

The second major realm of Mayer's work in India was urban planning and architecture. The immediate post-World War II years saw a vastly increased town planning activity in India. This renewed emphasis was partly in compensation for the lack of planning during the war, and partly in response to the rapid growth of major urban centers stimulated by wartime industrialization. A further impetus for planning came from the need to resettle refugees displaced by the partition of British India. Mayer became involved in several of the post-war

8 Albert Mayer Papers

town planning projects even while working on rural development in Uttar Pradesh. Mayer's first urban planning contract in India began in 1947 with his appointment as consultant to Greater Bombay. Together with N. V. Modak, the municipal engineer of Bombay, Mayer was the author of two preliminary studies for the Master Plan for Greater Bombay. He also advised planners in the city of Cawnpore.

A planning project quite different in nature with which Mayer was deeply involved from 1950 to 1957 was the expansion of the Allahabad Agricultural Institute. The Institute, which had been founded in 1910 by a young American missionary, was the first agricultural college in India to use the American style of agricultural extension service. In 1950 the Institute received large grants from the Ford Foundation and the Harvard-Yenching Trustees to expand both the campus and the number of extension projects. Mayer, who had frequently consulted the Institute's staff concerning the Etawah Project, was chosen to write the master plan for the Institute's growth. Later he designed the Institute’s new buildings. The Mayer Papers reflect the close attention he gave to meeting the needs of the faculty, and to turning to advantage the extremes of wind, rain and heat characteristic of the north Indian climate.

After the war, the government of what was then East Punjab State in India undertook planning for a new state capital to replace Lahore, the former capital, which had gone to Pakistan in the partition. The immediate need was for a city which would give the Indian Punjab a political center, while providing housing for refugees from West Pakistan. At that time, the intention to plan an entirely new city was heralded as an "architect’s dream." Mayer produced a master plan for the new capital during the years 1947-51. Ultimately a team of architects headed by Le Corbusier of France was retained by the East Punjab government to execute the plan for Chandigarh. Le Corbusier affected major changes in the master plan for the capital, which eventually became famous for his modern architecture. Many fundamental elements in the final execution, however, were carried over from Mayer's original plan.


In the mid-1950's, the rapid and haphazard growth of Delhi and the entire national capital region reached a climax. This situation, which had begun with wartime growth and had been exacerbated by the massive influx of refugees in 1947, demanded immediate attention. Mayer, who recognized the urgent need for comprehensive planning, was selected by the Ford Foundation and the Government of India to head a team of American experts to assist in the government's planning effort. He selected the members of the team and, throughout the project, gave it his characteristic community orientation. Many of the Ford team's recommendations were incorporated in the official master plan published in 1961. The Mayer Papers document this team's imaginative approach to common urban problems in Delhi.

For a period of a few weeks in 1952, Mayer was a regional planning consultant to the Damodar Valley River Development Project in eastern India. Although his official involvement was slight, Mayer’s continuing interest in this attempt to apply the principles of the Tennessee Valley Authority to India is reflected in his large file on the project.


The Albert Mayer Papers on India in the University of Chicago Library are arranged in eight series:

Series I The Uttar Pradesh Pilot Development Project

"The Etawah Project" , Correspondence, memoranda, and reports concerning Mayer's developmental work in Uttar Pradesh; Mayer’s files on the Planning Research and Action Institute; and editorial files and reviews for Pilot Project, India.

Series II General Community Development in Uttar Pradesh. Reports an newsletters on several projects which interested Mayer, but which were not part of the Etawah Project; many reports of a

10-Albert Mayer Papers

general nature are also scattered throughout the files of The Uttar Pradesh Pilot Development Project.

Series III Urban Planning and Architectural Projects. Correspondence, memoranda, reports, drawings, and maps for urban, regional and college master plans and for architectural designs.

Series IV Resource Materials on Planning and Development. Topical collection o clippings reports, pamphlets and various near-print and ephemeral materials on Indian society and on industrial and rural development.

Series V Manuscripts, Lectures, and Publications by Albert Mayer. Manuscript and/or published forms of Mayer's articles and lectures on India; outline and editorial files of an uncompleted book on Indian bureaucracy; and copies or offprints of a selection of Mayer's articles on subjects not directly related to his work in India.

Series VI Photographs. Prints (in a few cases with negatives of the Etawah, Allahabad Agricultural Institute, Delhi, and Chandigarh projects, as well as of general Indian scenes.

Series VII Miscellaneous Materials Not on India. Reviews, publicity, and citations of Mayer's architectural and planning work in the U.S. and Canada (a selection of duplicates of material in the Mayer Papers at the University of Wyoming Library).

Series VIII The Albert Mayer – Richard L. Park Correspondence. A file of correspondence wit Albert Mayer given to the Library by Richard L. Park in 1976 for inclusion in the Albert Mayer Papers on India. Much of the material in these files is from 1959 and 1960, although some items from as early as 1956 are preserved. The subjects covered by the correspondence include: the publication of Pilot Project, India, the selection of a library in which to deposit a set of documents related to Pilot Project, India (a duplicate set of these documents is contained in the


Mayer Papers on India, Boxes 11:12 to 13:4), and research for a new book on India which Mayer had tentatively titled While Nehru, What? (see p. 51 and Boxes 37:1 38:8).

The present organization of the papers maintains Mayer’s original arrangement. His files were provided with a system of cross references from one file to another. In order to preserve the usefulness of the cross reference slips contained in the files, Mayer's file titles have been retained, although sometimes in paraphrase, wherever they adequately describe the contents of a file. For the same reason, Mayer's original folder titles are given in the guide with cross references to the revised titles when the originals had to be substantially altered. Duplicate copies of reports and correspondence will be found throughout the collection, where they were intentionally filed by Mayer to minimize the need for cross referencing.

Throughout the Mayer Papers, the files function topically, housing a wide variety of materials. Files on persons frequently contain correspondence between third parties or reports relevant to the person's work. The combination of personal correspondence, reports, memoranda, offprints, and clippings typical of his files often gives them an eclectic character. To enhance the access to such eclectic files, items of unusual interest, such as offprints or large reports, are noted after the file title in the guide. Because of their highly variegated nature and individual importance or scarcity, most of the Resource Materials on Planning and Development comprising Series IV are individually identified in an inventory available at the University of Chicago Library in the Department of Special Collections. This detailed inventory serves as a bibliography of obscure or ephemeral publications and near-print materials on development in India.

Albert Mayer gave his papers on India to the University of Chicago Library in 1975. Recognizing that his work in India formed a significant chapter in the country's modern history, as well as a distinctive part of his career, Mayer decided to separate the Indian materials from the rest of his papers, which he deposited in the Archive for Contemporary History at the University of Wyoming. He felt that his papers on rural development and urban planning in India would be most useful at a university which supports a program of South Asian studies.

12-Albert Mayer Papers

The Mayer Papers on India supplement the University of Chicago Library's extensive South Asian collections. Mayer's collection of books on India has been incorporated into the Library's general book collection, and his topographical maps of Uttar Pradesh, into the Library's Map Collection.

Robert C. Emmett February, 1976

Pilot Development Project: General Files-13

I. Uttar Pradesh Pilot Development Project (Job Number 323)

Series One contains records of Albert Mayer's work in Indian rural development for the Pilot Development Project in the state of Uttar Pradesh (U.P.) from 1947 until the late 1950's. The project was commonly called the "Etawah Project" for the district in which it was first implemented. Correspondence, reports and memoranda pertaining to the project's activity in Etawah and other districts in Uttar Pradesh comprise this series of the Albert Mayer Papers. Because of its large size, the series has been divided into four sections. The largest section is the topically arranged General Files. Files on persons are in the General Correspondence section. The last two sections contain material prepared for the production of Pilot Project, India, and the correspondence and reviews resulting from Pilot Project, India.


The files in this section are arranged alphabetically by subject, including such headings as Budget, Block Reports, Mayer's Reports, and Village Replanning. An extensive collection of material relating to the Planning Research and Action Institute is to be found under its name, preserving Mayer's original arrangement. Copies of reports and memoranda written by Mayer are listed under his name. Most of these reports and memoranda are also to be found in the files on the subjects with which they deal.

Box 1

Folder 1: Block and District Reports. Almora,

Community Projects.

2: _____. Azamgarh, Correspondence with B. V.

Singh Seth, Bhupendra Vir Singh, and Kamla


3-5: Azamgarh, Progress Reports.

6: Ballia, Correspondence.

14-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 1 (cont.)


7-9: Block and District Reports, continued.

Ballia, Fortnightly Reports.

10: Bhagyanagar, Correspondence and



11-24: Etawah, Progress or Fortnightly

Reports, Nov. 1948-1953.

11: Nov. 1948-Jan. 1949.

12: Feb-April 1949.

13: May-Sep. 1949.

14: Oct-Dec. 1949.

15: Mar-June 1950.

16: Aug Oct. 1950.

17: Nov-Dec. 1950.

18-19: 1951.

20: 1952.

21: 1953.

22: Jan-Aug. 1954.

23: Sep. 1954.

24: June 1955-May 1956.

25: Faizabad, Community Projects.

26: Ghazipur, Annual Program: 1951-52.

Box 2


1-2: Ghazipur, Correspondence with K. K.

Misra, M. S. Haq, M. L. Saxena, D. P. Singh.

Pilot Development Project: General Files 15

Box 2 (cont.)


3-6: Block and District Reports, continued.

Gorakhpur, Fortnightly Reports.

7: Gorakhpur, Mayer, Interim Report on

Pilot Development Projects Etawah & Gorakhpur. Allahabad, 1951.

8-9: Budgets for the U.P. Pilot Projects.

10: Community Development Conference at Allahabad Agricultural Institute and at Lucknow, 1951.

11-12: Community Projects in the Field.

Includes "Preliminary Draft Note of Organization of Community Projects in the Field," ms., and cover letter Mayer to D. P. Singh, Sep. 18, 1952.

13: Community Projects, Reports and Observations. Includes Adrian C. Mayer, "Development Projects in an Indian Village," reprinted from Pacific Affairs 29, no. 1, March, 1956.

14: Credit for Development Projects in Rural Areas.

Folder [Interim Reports, See Box 2:19-21]

15: "Kisan Mela" (Discussion and Analysis of the First Agricultural Fair, Mahewa, March 9-15, 1951), by Baij Nath Singh.

16: Mayer, Albert, Reports and Memoranda. Notes for Talks and Lectures About Etawah and Other Projects, 1951-52. Manuscripts.

17: _____. "Preliminary Outline for Village

Planning and Reconstruction," ms., Dec. 2,


"Proposal for Planning. Coordination

an Development for Immediate Application

in One District," ms., Jan. 1, 1947.

"Corrected to Jan. 2, 1947."

16-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 2 (cont.)

Folder 17 (cont.) Mayer, Albert, Reports and Memoranda,

continued. "Memorandum on the 'Pool' Proposal," ms., Jan. 22, 1947.

[_____. "Rural Life Analyst -- A Job Description," ms., Oct. 15, 1947. See Box 13:4]

Mayer to G. B. Pant, Feb. 19, 1948.


18: _____. "Specific Programme for the Pilot

Intensive Project in Planning Development

Coordination in District Etawah," mimeograph,

Sep. 15, 1948.

19: _____. "Etawah Pilot Development Project --

Interim Report," mimeograph, June 29, 1949.

First interim report.

20: "Etawah Pilot Development Project --

n Interim Progress Report," mimeograph,

Aug. 13, 1949.

"Pilot Development Project: Discussion of Adult Education -- Participation Program and Secondary Boys' Camps," mimeograph, Oct. 15-18, 1949.

21: _____. Mayer to G. B. Pant, Dec. 29, 1949,


Third interim report.

"Etawah Pilot Development Project

Interim Report and Appraisal by the Advisor,"

mimeograph, June 27, 1950.

Fourth interim report.

"Suggestion Box or Footnote for U.P. Pilot Projects -- A Personal Note," mimeograph, Dec. 10, 1951.

22: _____. "The U.P.: Pilot Rural Projects

A Personal Note," ms., Nov. 12, 1951.

"Note on Present Crisis in Etawah:

Outline, Diagnosis, Implications for All

Development Work," ms., Dec. 24, 1951.

With cover letter to K. B. Bhatia, Dec. 24, 1951.

Pilot Development Project: General Files-17

Box 2 (cont.)

Folder 22 (cont.) Mayer, Albert, Reports and Memoranda,

continued. [Interim Report on Pilot Development Projects Etawah and Gorakhpur. Allahabad, 1951. See Box 2:7]

"To Co-workers in the Pilot Projects," ms. and mimeograph, June 7, 1952.

23: _____. "Note on Organization of Etawah Pilot Project," ms., July 29, 1952.

24: "To Co-workers in the Pilot Projects,"

ms. and mimeograph, Aug. 4, 1952.

[_____. "Preliminary Draft Note on Organization of Community Projects in the Field," Sep. 8, 1952. See Box 2:11-12]

25: "Training Extension Workers in

Uttar Pradesh." Two Letter Reports to S. S. Khera, April 11 and May 7, 1953.

26: _____. "Note on Tank Deepening," ms., April 22, 1953.

"Development Work in the Districts of U.P. Outside of Community Projects and in Districts with No Community Projects: Observations and Recommendations," ms., April 24, 1953.

"Community Projects in U.P.:

Observations and Recommendations," ms.,

April 26, 1953.

27: _____. Mayer to G. B. Pant, May 19, 1953.

Re: Direct Economic Return from Pilot and

Community Projects: Results in Etawah's

236 Villages."

"Brief High Priority Memo on Development Work in Uttar Pradesh," ms., May 19, 1953.

28: _____. "To Co-workers in the Community

Projects," ms. and mimeograph, June 15-July 12,


18-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 2 (cont.)

Folder 29: Mayer, Albert, Reports and Memoranda,

continued. "To Co-workers in the Community Projects," ms., July 22, 1953.

30: Three Notes on Problems of the

National Extension Service, February 1954.

31: "Note on Pilot Project in Rural

Industry," ms., March 22, 1954.

With cover letter to G.B. Pant, March 22, 1954.

"Questions of Leadership in Villages an Our Associations," mimeograph, April 4, 1954.

Box 3

Folder 1: "Community Projects and National

Extension Service Projects in U.P.: Observations and Recommendations," ms., May 31, 1954.

2: Mayer to G. B. Pant, Oct. 13, 1954.

Cover letter for "Rural Life Analyst -- A Job Description."

"Observations and Recommendations on Training," ms., April 7, 1955.

3: _____. "Orientation and Refresher Camps," ms., April 14, 1955.

"Community Projects and National Extension Service Projects in the U.P.: Observations and Recommendations," ms., April 21, 1955.

4: _____. Newsletters, 1953.

"To Co-workers in the Field." Mimeographs.

5-8: Newsletters, 1955.

Mimeographs. With cover letters from Deputy Development Commissioners.

9: "Moral Regeneration and the Way Ahead."

Unidentified ms. fragment.

Pilot Development Project: General Files-19

Box 3 (cont.)

Folder 10: "Pilot Development Project Etawah," ms.

11-15: Planning Officers' Conference, 1956.

16-20: Planning Research and Action Institute, Cooperative Section. The cooperative section dealt with the planning and development of cooperative unions. Includes correspondence with Andrew F. Braid, Trilok Chand, S. S. Tyagi, and others.

21-23: _____. Reports.


24-26: Planning Research and Action Institute.

Das, Ram (Director, beginning 1957).

Correspondence, 1957 64.

24: 1957-58.

25: 1959.

26: 1960-64.

27: Dhillon, Harwant Singh (Junior

Associate to the Rural Life Analyst).

28: First Six Month Report on the P.R.A.I.


29: _____. Planning Research and Action Institute:

Functions and Organization. Lucknow:

Planning Department, 1957 (2nd ed.). (P.R.A.I.

Publication No. 45).

30: _____. Hoff, Wilbur (Specialist, Rural

Sanitation & Public Health).

31-32: Jansen, J. L.

Jansen was being considered for the position of rural industries specialist for P.R.A.I.

33-34: _____. Leather Tanning.

T is was P.R.A.I.'s first pilot project.

Box 4

Folder 1: Mayer, Albert, Reports and "Brief


20-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 4 (cont.)

Folder 2: Planning Research and Action Institute,

continued. Miscellaneous Correspondence. Includes A. R. Pandey, S. D. Pant, B. S. Sharma, Raghuraj Gupta, Ram Surat Singh, and Dr. Chakravarty.

3: Miscellaneous Reports.

Includes "Rural Research and Action Centre, U.P. -- the Situation and the Need," photocopy of ms., 1953; "Proceedings of the Meeting of the Institute Planning Committee," mimeograph, July 22, 1954; "Report on Agricultural Implements Program," ms.; "Scheme for Organizing Cooperative Industrial Estates in U.P.," mimeograph, Oct. 14, 1957; "Revenue Statement of Cooperative Union Mahewa for the Year 1956-57," ms.; "Multipurpose Cooperative Union Project, Mahewa Distt. Etawah," ms.

4-5: Monthly, Semi-Annual and Annual


6-7: Nimbkar, Mrs. Krishnabai (Specialist,

Women's Welfare).

Includes D. P. Singh to Mayer, Feb. 6/7, 1957.

[_____. Organization of. See Steps Leading Up to Organization and General Order Setting Up Organization, Box 5:9-11]

8: Pilot Development Project Etawah.

Lucknow: Planning Research and Action Institute, [1960]. (P.R.A.I. Publication No. 207).

9 Raj, Deva (Joint Director).

10: "Research Scandal" Clippings (1955).

11-12: _____. Roelofs, Garritt (Specialist on Extension and Rural Youth Work).

Includes "Preliminary Guide to the Establishment of Rural Youth Organizations in Uttar Pradesh," mimeograph and others.

13-14: _____. Seth, Harish C. (Senior Associate,

Soil Conservation).

Pilot Development Project: General Files-21

Box 4 (cont.)


15-24: Planning Research and Action Institute,

continued. Singh, Dhyan Pal (Director,

1954-57). Correspondence, 1954-57.

15-16: Jan-July 1954.

17-18: Aug-Sep. 1954.

19-20: Oct-Dec. 1954.

21-22: Jan-July 1955.

23 24: Aug Dec. 1955.

Box 5


1-6: Singh, Dhyan Pal. Correspondence,

-57, continued.

1-2: Jan-April 1956.

3-4 May-Dec. 1956.

5-6: Jan-April 1957.

7: Singh, Rudra Dutt (Rural Life Analyst).

8: "Small Scale Industry Plans," ms., by

D. P. Singh. See also Resource Materials: Economic and Industrial Planning, Box 32:25-33:39; and National Planning, Box 34:25-38.

9-11: Steps Leading to Organization and

General Order Setting Up Organization.

This file contains documents on the establishment of the Planning Research and Action Institute, with a list of contents of the file.

12: _____. Village Replanning Reports.

13: Weaver, Warren (Director, Division

of Natural Sciences and Technology, The Rockefeller Foundation, New York).

This correspondence concerns the Rockefeller Foundation’s support of the Planning Research and Action Institute.

22-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 5 (cont.)


14-15: Planning Research and Action Institute,

continued. Youth Work.

Includes correspondence with Tulsi Bhatia

Saral; four issues of Nava Yuvak (Hindi

magazine for youth).

16: Plan for Development in Uttar Pradesh: Maps and Charts Relating to Land Irrigation and Yield. Lucknow, U.P.: Bureau of Agricultural Information, Dec. 1950.

Etawah District Plan: 2962-52.

Lucknow, 1953.

Jhansi District Preliminary Second Five Year Plan.

Lucknow: Planning Department, 1955.

[Proposals and Early Documents, 1947-48, See Box 2:17-18]

17: Public Opinion Studies by Baij Nath Singh.

"This is a collection of items lumped

together as one with the inclusive title of

'Public Opinion Study.' AM says these span

the period 1952-1955" (note on original folder).

18-27: Publicity, Commendations and Articles. Includes published and unpublished statements referring to the Pilot Development Project, mostly by persons not officially connected with the project.

See also, for other publications on the project, Box 13:13-19.

Box 6

Folder 1: Town Planning in Uttar Pradesh.

2: U.P. General Information. Vera Micheles

Dean, "Impressions of Lucknow," Far Eastern

Survey 19, no. 19, Nov. 8, 1950.

3-4: Village Replanning Scheme. Blueprints of village layouts. Includes "Etawah District: Villages Under Replanning;" Layout Plans for:

Pilot Development Project: General Files 23

Box 6 (cont.)

Folders 3-4 (cont.) Bhandra, Bhawanipur; Improved Plans

for: Bhairaipur, Hari-ka Pura, Udot-ka-Purwa.

5-6: Village Replanning Scheme, continued. Blue prints of Model Houses.

Includes U.P. Town and Village Planner, House Designs & Layout Plans for Model Villages in U.P. Lucknow: 1955, and others.

7: Maps Illustrating Village Replanning.

Maps of hypothetical village layouts illustrating good planning principles.


This section of Mayer's files on the Etawah Project contains correspondence with individuals on the Pilot Development Project staff, as well as others with whom Mayer corresponded regarding his community development work. The files are arranged alphabetically by last name. In addition to correspondence, the files sometimes contain offprints or other materials associated with the person.

Box 6 (cont.)


8-9: Bhatia, K. B. (U.P. Development Commissioner

until Aug., 1952).

Includes Memorandum from N. N. Singh

appointing Mayer as Planning Advisor to the

Government of U.P., Jan. 10, 1947.

10: Das, Ram (Deputy Director of Education, U.P.).

11: Gupta, B. N.

12: Gupta, Har Govind (District Development

Officer, Training, Mahewa).

13: Gupta, S. P. (Project Executive Officer,


14-15: Harvard University. Graduate School of

Business Administration.

Includes correspondence concerning Richard

24-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 6 (cont.)


14-15 (cont.) Morse's "Staff Report on a Pilot

Project in Rural Development in India," a

report prepared for the Institute of Current

World Affairs (1949) which was reproduced as

a case study by the Graduate School of Business

Administration. A copy of the report with an

introduction and a postscript by Mayer is

included. See Also: Richard Morse, Box 7:18 20.

16-17: Holmes, Horace (Chief Agriculturalist, U.S.

Dept. of Agriculture, New Delhi, and later

Agricultural Advisor to the U.P. Government).

18-19: Jha, Adit N. (Secretary, Planning Commission, U.P.).

Includes Mayer to Jha, Feb. 27, 1954 with attached "Note on Immediate Problems of N.E.S. (National Extension Service) -- Observations and Recommendations," by Mayer.

Box 7

Folder 1: Karve, D. G. (Head, Planning Evaluation

Organization, The National Planning Commission).

2-5: Krishnan, Ram (Assistant Development

Commissioner, U.P.).

6: Marriott, McKim (American Anthropologist). Includes correspondence concerning the selection of the Pilot Development Project’s Rural Life Analyst; and offprints of three articles by Marriott.

7: Mehta, Asoka.

Includes some material on the Socialist Party.

8 14: Miscellaneous Correspondence on the Project,


Includes list of contents (Folder 8).

15: Miscellaneous Correspondence on the Project,


16-17: Misra, J. N. (Town and Village Planner, U.P.).

See Also: Town Planning in Uttar Pradesh,

Box 6:1.

Pilot Development Project: General Correspondence-25

Box 7 (cont.)


18-2O: Morse, Richard (Institute of Current World

Affairs). See Also: Harvard University.

Graduate School of Business Administration,

Box 6:14-15.


21: Nair, Kusum. Notes from Meeting, Dec. 18,


22-24: Narain, Govind (Development Commissioner,


25: Nath, Dr. V. (Planning Commission, Government of India).

Box 8


1-5: Nehru, Jawaharlal (Prime Minister, India,

1947-64). Correspondence, 1945-62.

1: 1945-47.

2 3: 1948-49.

4-5: 1950-56, & 1962.

[1957-60: See Planning Projects --

Delhi Regional Plan, Box 20:17-23:27]

6-7: Clippings.

8: Opler, Marvin K. (Occidental College).

9-10: Opler, Morris E. (Anthropologist, Cornell


Includes M. E. Opler, "Two Villages of Eastern

Uttar Pradesh, India: An Analysis of

Similarities and Differences," offprint from

American Anthropologist

54, no. 2, Ap-Jn, 1952.

11: Pandey, M. P. (District Planning Officer,

Gorakhpur, U.P.).

26-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 8 (cont.)


12-17: Pant, Govind Ballabh (Chief Minister

[Premier], U.P., 1937-39 and 1946-54; Home

Minister, Government of India, 1955-61).

Correspondence, 1946-61.

12: 1946.

13: 1947-Aug. 1950.

14-15: Sep. 1950-54.

16-17: 1955-61.

Includes "India's Tower of Strength: Govind Ballabh Pant," New York Times, Nov. 10, 1959.

18-2O: Pathik, Shalig Ram.

21: Patil, R. K.

Includes R. K. Patil, "Note: Background of

the Etawah Project," ms.

22-25: Ram, Shankar (Deputy Development Officer,

Mahewa, Etawah Dist.).

Includes several reports on Adult Education

by Ram.

26-28: Sahay, Ram (Assistant Development Commissioner,


Box 9


1-3: Seth, Harish C. (Deputy Development Officer,

Mahewa, Etawah Dist.).


4-22: Singh, Baij Nath. Correspondence, 1949-72.

B. N. Singh's relationship with Mayer spans

more than twenty years, during which time

Singh changed position several times. A

chronology of Singh's career up to 1972 has

been added to folder 4. Most of the Mayer-

B. N. Singh correspondence after 1960 is of

a personal nature.

Pilot Development Project: General Correspondence 27

Box 9 (cont.)

Folders 4-22 (cont.). Mayer-B. N. Singh Correspondence.

4-5: 1949-52.

6-7: 1953.


8: 1954.

Includes Taya Zinkin, "Improvement of Indian Cattle," photocopy from Hindu Weekly Review (Madras), June 14, 1954.

9-11: 1955.

Includes typed copies of the following by B. N. Singh: "Village Ikari"; "Kathas and Religious Recitals"; and "Public Opinion Studies."

12-13: 1956.

See Also: Correspondence regarding Singh's Book, Box 9:2l-22.

14-15: 1957.

16: 1958.

17: 1959-June 1960.

18: July 1960-62.

See Also: Correspondence regarding Mayer's book, While Nehru, What? Box 37:51-53.

19: 1963-68.

Includes B. N. Singh, "Four Factors

Analysed: Effort Lags Behind Intention

in Agriculture," Yojana, Dec. 20, 1964.

2O: 1970-72.

2l-22: Singh, Baij Nath, A Handbook of Social Education for Community Development. Correspondence.

23-25: Synopsis and Manuscript.

28-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 10


1-10: Singh, Dhyan Pal. Correspondence, 1948-73.

A chronology of D. P. Singh's professional

appointments has been added to folder 1.

1: 1948-49.

2: 1950.

3: 1951.

4: 1952-53.

5-6: 1954.

See Also: Planning Research and Action Institute, Box 4:14-5:3.

7: 1957-58.

8: 1961.

9: 1962-63.

10: 1965-69; 73.

11: _____. Miscellaneous.

Contains three articles on agriculture by

D. P. Singh, and U.P. Agricultural University,

The Year in Retrospect: 2987-88.


12-16: Singh, Rudra Dutt (Rural Life Analyst, Etawah,

and later Planning Research and Action

Institute). Correspondence, 1949-61.

12: 1949-51.

13-15: 1952-56.

16: 1957-61.

See Also: Planning Research and Action Institute, Box 5:7.


17-22: Singh, Tarlok (Planning Commission,

Government of India). Correspondence, 1951-74.

Pilot Development Project: General Correspondence-29

Box 10 (cont.)

Folders 17-22 (cont.) Tarlok Singh.

17-18: 1951-53.

19: 1955.

20: 1956-58.

21: 1959-61.

22: 1962-74.

23-26: Articles, mss. (photocopies) and


Box 11

Folder 1: Sussman, Gerald.

In 1971, Sussman was doing research for a dissertation on community development in India. This file contains some of his correspondence with Mayer. Sussman's dissertation is in

the University of Chicago Library's general collection.

2-3: Varshney, Mahesh.

4-5: Wiser, William and Charlotte.

Includes Arthur Wiser to Mayer, May 27, 1965;

W. Wiser, "Social Education and Rural

Community Welfare," ms.

See also India Village Service, Box 14:6-8.


6-11: Wood, Evelyn. Correspondence, 1955-72.

See also Planning Projects, Box 17:4; and


While Nehru, What?

Box 37:1-38:8.

6-7: 1955-59.

Includes E. Wood, "Tabulation of Audio-

Visual Aids to Extension as Tested in

Rural India," reprinted from Gaon Sathi:

Experiment in Extension. Bombay; Oxford,

1956; and E. Wood, "A Co-Opform Primer --

Management in the Selfmade Cooperative," ms.

30-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 11 (cont.)


8-11: Wood, Evelyn, Correspondence, continued.

8-9: 1960 62.

Includes E. Wood, "National Symbols," ms., Sept. 5, 1960.

10-11: 1963-72.

Includes E. Wood, "Campaigns Against Corruption in India," ms.; and E. Wood, "India: the Immediate Future," ms., July 1964.

PILOT PROJECT, INDIA: The Marriott-Park Files

Mayer personally selected papers from his files to be used by his associate editors (McKim Marriott and Richard L. Park) in preparing Pilot Project, India (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1959; reprinted in Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1973; Hindi edition Lucknow, India: British Book Depot, 1960). Typed copies of these papers were made by Mayer and were arranged in thirteen numbered and titled files, each with an index of contents. In addition to these numbered files, this section contains five other files related

to the production of Pilot Project, India. See also Series VIII, The Mayer-Park Correspondence.

Box 11 (cont.)

Folder 12: File 1. Pre-Etawah Reports and Recommen-

dations: Village Replanning & Reconstruction; and the "Pool" Proposal.

13: File 2. The Specific Etawah Working Plan

of September 15, 1948.

Includes Mayer, "Specific Programme for the Pilot Intensive Project in Planning, Development Coordination in District Etawah," mimeograph.

14-16: File 3. Etawah (and later Gorakhpur) Interim


17-21: File 4. Typical Field Reports from Etawah and Other Projects -- "Regular Reports" and "Special Reports."

Pilot Development Project: Pilot Project, India-31

Box 11 (cont.)


22-23: File 5. 1953 and 1954 Reports on

Development, to Chief Ministers and Others.

Box 12



4: File 6. Rural Industry.

5 6: File 7. Correspondence With Certain

Individuals in India.

Contents: Jawaharlal Nehru, Govind Ballabh

Pant, K. B. Bhatia, Baij Nath Singh, Rudra

Dutt Singh, Ganga Tar Singh.

7: File 7-A. Correspondence With Non-Indians.

This file contains only correspondence with

Horace C. Holmes.

8-9: File 8. Newsletters to Indian Colleagues:


With newsletters from 1955.

10-11: File 9. Rural Research-And-Action Institute.


12: File 10. Miscellaneous Material.

Correspondence with T. Singh, S. N. Mozumdar,

R. K. Singh.

13-17: File 11. Published Material and Lectures

Dealing with Various Phases of Work, and

Some Conclusions.

Includes offprints and copies of articles by

Mayer and others on the Pilot Development


18: File 11-A. Published Material and Lectures

by Co-Workers.

All by Horace C. Holmes.


19-22: File 12. News Letters to American Friends,


32-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 12 (cont.)

Folders 19-22 (cont.) News Letters to American Friends,

1946-58, continued.

19-20: 1946-48.

21-22: 1949-51. Box 13



1-3: News Letters to American Friends, 1946-58,


1: 1952-54.


2-3: 1955-58.


4: File 13. Other Items.


"Rural Life Analyst – Job Description."

Mayer to Pant, Oct. 13, 1954.

Mayer to R. D. Singh, Mar. 30, 1953.

"Engineer for Rural Areas of India,"

Jan. 15, 1955.

"Question of Leadership in Villages and

of Our Association," April 4, 1954.

Mayer to Pant, April 1, 1953.

"Note on Tank Deepening," April 22, 1953.

Mosher to D. P. Singh, Jan. 29, 1950.

C. B. Gupta Inaugural Address, April 4, 1955.

"U.P. Pilot Rural Projects -- A Personal


"Note -- Background of the Etawah Project."

5-6: Master List File.

This is an incomplete list of all the material

which Mayer sent to Park and Marriott.

7: Mandir Se ("From The Temple").

Mandir Se

was a Hindi magazine devoted to pilot project news. This file contains a sample copy, a photocopy of the masthead, and a report for the quarter ending Nov. 16, 1957.

Pilot Development Project: Pilot Project, India-33

Box 13 (cont.)

Folder 8: Maps and Charts of the Development Districts.

Includes organizational chart of the community development staff.

9: The Albert Mayer Etawah Papers -- Introduction and Outline.

This is the introduction to a set of papers given to the New York Public Library. The Outline is a carbon copy of that in Box 13:5-6 which lists the Park-Marriott File Nos. 1 through 13.

10: Miscellaneous Manuscript Drafts of Pilot

Project, India.

PILOT PROJECT, INDIA: Correspondence and Reviews

Mayer frequently corresponded with reviewers or prospective reviewers of Pilot Project, India. That correspondence, as well as publicity and copies of reviews of Pilot Project, India are included here.

Box 13 (cont.)


11-12: Correspondence With Reviewers.

In Mayer's filing system, this was coded


13: Publicity and Commendations.

In Mayer's filing system this was coded


14: Published Reviews. Miscellaneous. Contains examples of advertising and book review citations.

In Mayer's filing system, the reviews were coded AM14.p.

15: General Circulation Magazines.

16: Religious Journals.

17: _____. Social Science Journals.

34-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 13 (cont.)


18-19: Published Reviews, continued. Foreign


From India and England.

II. Uttar Pradesh

General Community Development

Reports and Newsletters on several projects in U.P. which interested Mayer, but were not part of the Etawah Project, comprise Series Two of Mayer's papers.

Box 13 (cont.)

Folder 20: Allahabad Agricultural Institute, U.P.

Extension Project Under World Neighbors


See also Allahabad Agricultural Institute,

Boxes 15:7-17:4.


21-26: Balwant Rajput College, Agra, U.P. Corres-

pondence mainly with R. K. Singh, Principal,


21: 1954.

22-23: 1955-56.

24: 1958.

25-26: 1959. Box 14



1-4: _____. Correspondence mainly with R. K.

Singh, Principal, 1954-66, continued.

1-2: 1960-62.

3-4: 1963-66.

Uttar Pradesh: General Community Development-35

Box 14 (cont.)

Folder 5: Balwant Rajput College, Agra, U.P. (cont.).


6-8: India Village Service.

Consists mainly of quarterly reports.

See also: Wiser, Wm. and C. Correspondence,

Box 11:4-5.

9: Ingraham Institute, Ghaziabad, U.P.

Extension Projects.

Includes "Plan for the Extension Service of

World Neighbors, Inc. Through Ingraham

Institute Ghaziabad U.P. April 1955," ms.

10: Leather Tannery Project. Corres-

pondence, 1953-54.

11: _____. Leather Tannery Project. Correspondence, 1955-62.

12-13: International Society for Community

Development. Newsletters and Membership Lists.

See also: Community Development, Boxes 30:11-


III. Urban Planning and

Architectural Projects

The various planning and architectural projects in India with which Albert Mayer was associated are included here. The sections without job numbers represent projects to which Mayer was not officially contracted. There are no files for Mayer's work on the master plan for Gujarat University; his architectural work for the Standard Vacuum Oil Company (Bombay) is represented by only three items. The papers in this section are arranged alphabetically under the name of the city or institution; topical files for each project are also arranged alphabetically.

36 Albert Mayer Papers


Box 14 (cont.)


14-15: Correspondence with the Municipal Corpo-

ration Regarding Hiring Mayer as Town

Planning Consultant.

Includes "Requirements for Gujarat University,"

ms., Manu Subedar; Report on the Financial

Position of the Ahmedabad Municipality,

Bombay, 1946; History of the Town Planning

Schemes [in Ahmedabad]; G. S. Desai, "Master

Plan for Ahmedabad," ms., 1948.

16: Correspondence with G. S. Desai Regarding the Town Planning Exhibition, held at Ahmedabad, March, 1950.


(Job No. 399)

Mayer first prepared a master plan for A.A.I., and

later contracted to design several of their new buildings.

Box 14 (cont.)

Folder 17: Krieger, Jean H.

Includes mimeographed brochure on the


18: "Master Plan for Expansion of the Institute,

Report on," ms., Sept. 26, 1951.

By Mayer & Whittlesey. Includes site plan

of the Institute.


19-22: Mosher, Dr. Arthur (Principal, ?-1953).

Correspondence, 1948-1952.

19: 1949 Aug. 1951.

20: Sep. 1951.

21-22: Oct. 1951-52.

Planning Projects: Allahabad-37

Box 14 (cont.)

Folders 21-22 (cont.) Includes correspondence with

Faculty Council; T. A. Koshy to Mosher, Oct. 12, 1951; Koshy to Mayer, Oct. 4, 1951; four site plans and revisions.

Box 15


1-2: Notes on the Program and Work to be Done

by Mayer & Whittlesey For Master Plan.

Includes Mayer's longhand notes on various

reports of the Institute's needs.

3: Proposal Letter and Contract.

4: Reports and Prospectuses on the Institute.

See also: Brochure in Box 14:17.

5: Roy, Shunil E. (Agricultural Engineer).

Correspondence not about A.A.I.

6: Vaugh, Mason. (Professor of Agricultural



PROJECT (Job No. 414)

See also master plan project, Boxes 14:17 – 15:6; photographs Box 40:13-26.

Box 15 (cont.)


7-8: Acoustical Considerations.

Includes H. V. Munchhausen, "Allahabad

Agricultural Institute: General Acoustical

Considerations," ms., Feb. 14, 1952.

9: Airconditioning.

Report of a conference with Carrier Corp.

10: Architectural Production Costs.

Notes on expenses incurred by Mayer & Whittlesey.

38 Albert Mayer Papers

Box 15 (cont.)


11-15: Azariah, Henry (Principal, 1953-?). Corres-

pondence, 1952-57.

11: 1952.

Includes pamphlet on the Institute.

12: 1953.

13-14: 1954.

15: 1955-57.

16: Brooks, A. P. (Head, Chemistry Dept.).

Correspondence, 1952-54.

17-19: Chapel Design.

Includes typescript copy of "The Architectural

Setting for Reformed Worship."

[Extension Project (Under World Neighbor's

Sponsorship). See Box 13:20.]


20-24: Jacob, G. M. (Head, Agricultural Engineering

Dept.; On-site engineer, 1953-?). Corres-

pondence, 1954-56.

20: Jan. 1954-Aug. 1954.

21: Sep. 1954-Oct. 1954.

22: Nov. 1954-Dec. 1954.

23: Jan. 1955-April 1955.

24: May 1955 Jan. 1956.

25: Koshy, T. A. (Head, Biology Dept.). Correspondence, 1952-54.

26: Maintenance of Comfort Conditions.

Includes Robert Burns, "Maintenance of Comfort Conditions in Sub-tropical and Tropical Climates -- With Particular Reference to Allahabad, India," ms., Feb. 14, 19S2.

Planning Projects: Allahabad-39

Box 15 (cont.)

Folder 27: Master Plan, Site Plans, and Plans of

Architectural Details.


28-32: Mayer & Whittlesey. Inter-office Corres-

pondence, 1951-57.

Correspondence mainly by Albert Mayer, Julian

Whittlesey, and William Conklin. Includes .

correspondence to and from Mayer while he

was in India.

28: 1951.

29: 1952.

30: 1953.

31: Jan.-May 1954.

32: June-Dec. 1954.

Box 16


1-2: Mayer & Whittlesey Inter-office Correspondence,

1951-57, continued.

1-2: 1955-57.

3-4: Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1952-54.

Includes Jean Krieger, W. B. Hayes, W. A.

Shah, R. Rae, Glory Azariah.

5: 1955-57.

Includes W. B. Hayes, P. C. Patel, M. M. Siddiqui, Prof. Paul, J. B. Chitambar,

Mr. Mitra, E. Abramson, John H. Reisner.


6-11: Mosher, Arthur T. (Principal until 1953).

Correspondence, 1951-57.

6: Aug. 1951-Jan. 1952.

7: Feb. 1952.

8: March-Oct. 1952.

40-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 16 (cont.)


9-11: Mosher, Arthur T. Correspondence, 1951-57,


9: Nov-Dec. 1952.

10: 1953.

11: 1954-57.

12-15: School Construction. Correspondence. Correspondence with various agencies, universities, etc. regarding design, acoustics, and construction of classrooms and labs.

List of contents in folder 12.

16: _____. Research and Bibliography by Engelhardt, Engelhardt & Leggett.

17-18: Sun Control and Air-conditioning. Building

Plan Sketches.

19-20: Research and Planning Notes.

21: Survey Plan Record Prints.

Site Plan with Elevations.

22-23: Texas Engineering Experiment Station.


24-25: _____. Reports.

"Natural Ventilation of a Proposed Building for Allahabad Agricultural Institute," ms.; "Natural Lighting of a Proposed Classroom

Design . . . "ms.


26-27: Vaugh, Mason (Professor of Agricultural

Engineering; On-site Engineer, 1952-53).

Correspondence, 1952-55.


26: Jan-Sep. 1952.

27: Oct-Dec. 1952.

Planning Projects: Allahabad-41

Box 17


1-3: Vaugh, Mason Correspondence, 1952-55,


1: Jan-Feb. 1953.

2: March-Dec. 1953.

3: 1954-55.

4: Wood, Evelyn. Correspondence, 1952-54.

Regarding art and inscriptions for the

Institute buildings.


Albert Mayer was Architect and Town Planning Consultant to the Bombay Municipality from 1947 to 1950.

Box 17 (cont.)


5-6: Ambdekar, V. N. (Architect, City Engineer's

Office, Bombay). Correspondence, 1947-56.

7: Bulsara, Dr. Jal F. (Office of the Municipal Commissioner, Bombay). Correspondence, 1948-49.

Includes Homi A. Kharas, Bombay’s Environs

and Beauty Spots (ed. by J. F. Bulsara), Bombay: National Information and Publications, 1948.


8-11: Cox, William J. (Traffic Consultant).

Correspondence, 1947-49.

8: Jan-Aug. 1947.

9: Sep-Dec. 1947.

10: 1948.

11: 1949.

42-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 17 (cont.)

Folder 12: Cox, William J. "Report on a Traffic Plan for Greater Bombay and Bombay Island," ms.


13: Greater Bombay Master Plan -- First Progress

Report, 1949, by N. V. Modak and Albert

Mayer. Bombay, 1949.

14: Greater Bombay -- The Master Plan in Out-

line [1948] by N. V. Modal and Albert Mayer.

Bombay, 1948.

15: Housing Commission (Bombay Government).

Public Housing Plans.

16: Housing Plans.

17: Industrial Estate, Correspondence.

See also: Correspondence with N. V. Modak,

Box 17:20-25 and V. N. Ambdekar, Box 17:5-6.

18: Industrial Estate (near Bhandup), Master Site

Plans: Proposed Schemes A, B, and C.

[Mayer, Albert. Greater Bombay Master Plan,

see Box 17:13-14.]

19: Miscellaneous Correspondence.

Includes Municipal Commissioner Bombay,

Gulzarilal Nanda, Julian Whittlesey, Allen &

Co. Booksellers, D. I. Ahmadi, Kenneth Welch,

C. L. Vartak, Dr. Lorenzo & Dr. Moorthy,

L. C. Chaudhuri, Frank R. Moraes.


20-25: Modak, N. V. (Special Engineer, Bombay).

Correspondence, 1947-54.

Includes all the correspondence with the

Municipal Corporation of Bombay regarding

Mayer & Whittlesey’s fees.


20: Jan-May 1947.

21: June-July 1947.

22: Aug-Sep. 1947.

23: Oct-Dec. 1947.

24: Jan. 1948.

25: Feb-March 1948.

Planning Projects: Bombay-43

Box 18


1-8: Modak, N. V., Correspondence, continued.

1: April-June 1948.

2: July Sep. 1948.

3: Oct. 1948.

4: Dec. 1948.

5: Nov. 1949-July 1950.

6: Oct-Dec. 1950.

7: 1951-52.

8: 1953-54.

[Modak, N. V. Greater Bombay Master

Plan, see Box 17:13-14.]

9-10: Publicity.


Box 18 (cont.)

Folder 11: Proposal for Master Planning Project for

Greater Calcutta, 1945.

Includes correspondence with R. A. Stracey.


Box 18 (cont.)


12-13: Mehta, V. C. (Town Planner, Cawnpore

Development Board).

Mainly concerns books which Mayer was collecting for a Cawnpore Planning Library.

44-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 18 (cont.)

Folder 14: Miscellaneous Correspondence Concerning the

Cawnpore Development Board.

Includes T. D. Pande, A. P. Kanvunde, H. W. G.

Holford, R. C. Weinberg, H. S. Vidyarthi,

and Cawnpore Development Board Buildings

Survey questionnaire form.

15: Raj, Deva. (Cawnpore Development Board.)

Deva Raj also has correspondence file under

Planning Research and Action Institute,

Box 4:8.

Includes statement by Mayer on the Cawnpore

Master Plan.

16: Souter, Sir Edward M. (President, Cawnpore

Development Board).

Includes "Master Plan for Cawnpore," Statesman,

Aug. 29, 1948.


Mayer worked on the master plan for the new capital for East Punjab State from 1950 to 1951. The contract for architectural design went to Le Corbusier, P. Jeanneret, and E. Maxwell Fry.

Box 18 (cont.)


17-19: Buckley, James C. (Traffic Consultant to

Mayer and Whittlesey).

20: Coffey, Clara (Landscape Architect,

Consultant to Mayer & Whittlesey).

21: Drawings Distribution Chart.

22: Eberlin, Ralph (Site Engineer, Consultant to Mayer & Whittlesey).

23-24: Embassy of India, Washington, D.C.

Correspondence regarding payment of fees.

Planning Projects: Chandigarh-45

Box 18 (cont.)


25 26: Fry, E. Maxwell (Senior Architect, East

Punjab Government).

Fry became the on-site architect when the

architectural design passed from Mayer &

Whittlesey to Le Corbusier, Jeanneret, and


27: Landsberg, Dr. E. H. (Climatologist,

Consultant to Mayer & Whittlesey).

28-29: Master Plan Maps.

30-33: Master Plan Reports.

Includes Mayer & Whittlesey, "Report on

the New Punjab Capital," ms., May 12, 1950; Mayer & Whittlesey, "Report on School System and Playgrounds," ms.; M. Nowicki, "Supplementary Notes to the Architectural Study of Superblock L-37," photocopy of ms.

34-36: Mayer, Albert. Correspondence Regarding

Publicity for the Punjab Capital Project.

Includes Mayer, "Note on Matthew Nowicki's

Work for the Punjab Capital," ms., Aug. 21,


37 38: Mayer, Albert. Miscellaneous Correspondence.

Congratulations and inquiries about the

Punjab Project.

39: Mayer & Whittlesey. Book Reports on Town


Box 19

Folder 1: Mayer & Whittlesey. Inter-Office Corres-


2-3: Miscellaneous Correspondence Soliciting

Books and Other Printed Materials on Town Planning.

4: Minutes of Meetings of Mayer & Whittlesey

Punjab Capital Team.

46-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 19 (cont.)


5-14: Nowicki, Matthew (Architect, Consultant to

Mayer & Whittlesey). Correspondence, 1949-58.

Nowicki was killed in a plane crash on

August 31, 1950 while returning from work in

India; subsequent correspondence is with his

widow and others.

5: Feb. 1949-Feb. 1950.

6-7: March-April 1950.

8-10: May-Aug. 1950.


11-13: Sep-Dec. 1950.


14: 1951-58.

15: Orr, Douglas (Architect). 16-18: Planning Notes (Charts). 19-20: Planning Notes (Drawings).

21: Prefabricated Buildings.

Advertisements for Butler Steel Buildings.

22: Project Proposal Letter and Statement of

Production Costs to December 1951.

23-25: Publicity.

Includes commendation from Punjab Government,

signed by P. N. Thapar, August 26, 1951, and

other publicity.

26-27: Stein, Clarence S. (Architect, Consultant to Mayer & Whittlesey).

28: Thapar, P. N. (Administrator and Secretary to the Government of the Punjab).


29-35: Varma, P. L. (Chief Engineer, Punjab Capital

Project). Correspondence from Mayer &

Whittlesey, 1949-51.

29: 1949-Feb. 1950.

Planning Projects: Chandigarh-47

Box 19 (cont.)


30-35: Varma, P. L., Correspondence, continued.

30-32: March 1950.

33: April 1950.

34: May-July 1950.

35: Aug. 1950-Feb. 1951.

Box 20


1-7: Varma, P. L., continued.

1: Jan. 1950.

Some correspondence from R. N. Dogra.

2-4: Feb. 1950.

5: March 1950.

6: April 1950.

7: May-Oct. 1950.


Albert Mayer was officially involved with the Damodar Valley Development Project as regional planning consultant for only a short period in 1952. The papers in this section span several years, however, reflecting Mayer's continuing interest in the project. In addition to the project's intrinsic economic value for India, Mayer felt that its success would provide a model for other river development projects in Asia. An extensive collection of material on the Damodar Valley Development Project is also contained in Series IV, Resource Materials, Box 34:3-18. Four maps of mineral deposits in the Damodar Valley and the adjacent area have been added to the Map Collection.

48-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 20 (cont.)

Folder 8: "Damodar Valley Regional Study – A Report

of the Joint Committee," mimeograph, J. C. Ghosh, chairman, Feb. 5, 1955.

With several cover documents addressed to the Planning Commission.

9: Dewan, M. L. (Soil Scientist, Damodar

Valley Corporation). Includes Charles Madge,

"Town and Country Planning in the Damodar

Valley," typed copy of lecture given at

Damodar Valley Corp. Seminar, January 18,

1952; and a map of Damodar Valley soil types.

10: Mayer, Whittlesey & Glass. Inter-Office


11: Mozumdar, S. N. (Chairman, Damodar Valley


Includes Leonard Elmhirst to Mayer, Jan. 30,

1952; Mayer to Mozumdar, June 24, 1952 [Mayer's

report]; and others.

12: Planning Notes.

Includes research on the Tennessee Valley Authority; B. H. Kizer, John M. Gaus; James M. Berkey; E. N. Torbert; William Conklin; and Julian Whittlesey.

13: Planning Notes by Mayer.

14: Sen, Sudhir (Secretary, Damodar Valley

Corporation). Correspondence.

15: Articles.

Includes "Cost of the Damodar Valley Scheme -Then and Now," reprinted from Indian Journal of Power & River Valley Development 2, no. 5; and "The Damodar Scheme -- A Case of Nature's Priorities," reprint from Indian Journal of Power & River Valley Development 2, no. 1.

16: United Nations Technical Assistance Administration. "Co-ordinated Development of Resources and Integrated Economic and Social Development, Damodar Valley, India: Statement on Possible Technical Assistance," mimeograph.

Planning Projects: Delhi-49


Albert Mayer assembled and acted as general consultant to the Ford Foundation's Regional Planning Team which assisted the Government of India's Town Planning Organization in the preparation of the regional plan for Delhi. This project lasted from 1957 to 1960. The team's members were: Gerald Breese, Edward G. Echeverria, Arch Dotson, George Goetschius, Britton Harris, Walter P. Hedden, and Bert F. Hoselitz. Breese, Dotson, and Goetschius do not have separate files. Correspondence addressed jointly to all team members will be found under "Team Letters," Box 22:29.

Box 20 (cont.)

Folder 17: Background and Philosophy of the Delhi

Regional Plan.

The material which was in this file has been distributed throughout the other files in this section according to its subject. This file now contains only a list of the original items, with their locations in the Papers.

18: Bibliography. "Initial Bibliography (and

Maps) for the Delhi-New Delhi Regional Plan,"

photocopy of ms., by A.M. & J.R., Feb. 28, 1957.

[Breese, Gerald (Urban Planner, Leader and

Coordinator Ford Foundation Team).

See: Terms of Employment, Box 23:16; Team Meetings, Boxes 22:30-23:2; Team Weekly Progress Reports, Box 23:5-15.]


19-22: Budget for the Ford Foundation Team.

19-20: Feb. 1957-April 1958.

21: Sep-Dec. 1958.

22: 1959.

23-24: "Cities and Towns Around Delhi, "mimeograph,

Regional Studies Section, Town Planning

Organization, 1957.

50 Albert Mayer Papers

Box 20 (cont.)

Folder 25: Cities and Towns Around Delhi. File

Memoranda on Field Trips by Edward G.


26: Civic Center and Walled City Extension. Correspondence concerning designs and layout for a proposed civic center in the Ram Lila area.

Includes perspective sketch of proposed civic center.

27: Climatological Studies. Charts of Wind

Patterns Around Buildings,

28: Climatic Data for Design of Buildings

Delhi Region). New Delhi: National Buildings Organization, n.d.

29-31: "Climatological Study: With Architectural

Recommendations Town Planning Considerations for the Region of New Delhi, India," ms., 1958.

32: Correspondence Between Edward Echeverria and William J. Conklin.

Includes Conklin to Mayer, Feb. 9, 1959.

Box 21

Folder 1: _____. Correspondence Between Edward

Echeverria and Mayer.

2: Correspondence with Douglas H. K. Lee

and Otto Koenigsberger.


3 5: _____. Correspondence with Ben H. Evans,

Texas Engineering Experiment Station.

The Station performed several wind flow tests

of building designs for Mayer & Whittlesey.

3: 1957.

4: 1958.

5: 1959.

Planning Projects: Delhi-51

Box 21 (cont.)

Folder 6: Confidential Correspondence.

Includes Mayer to Echeverria (No. 166),

Feb. 8, 1960; Mayer to Echeverria (No. 167), Feb. 8, 1960, and Mayer, "Memo for D(ouglas) E(nsminger) on Delhi Plan Situation," ms., Aug. 29, 1957. The following note was written on the original file: "All other correspondence destroyed Aug. 28, 1964."

7: Delhi Land Use Plan Map.

Photographic copy with recreational areas

colored green.


8 13: Delhi Master Plan, Drafts, ms.

8; Pt. I, Ch. 1 – Summary of Contents; Pt.

II, Ch. 9 -- Housing; Pt. II, Ch. 9 -Traffic and Transportation.

9: Pt. I, Ch. 2 -- Regional Planning Proposals.

10: Ch. 7 – Housing and Neighbourhood

(Includes Mayer, "Comments on the Housing Chapter in Detail," ms.).

11: Ch. 8 -- Slums and Congestion, Rehabili-

tation Development (Urban Renewal) Preservation, Destruction, Re-creation: From the Heart of the Old City to the "Urban Village."

12: Ch. 13 -- Planning Administration ("Final


13: Ch. 14 -- Governmental Organization for


14: District Centers.

Correspondence and drawings of proposed district business centers.

Includes correspondence with E. G. Echeverria and Humayun Kabir. See also Pusa Road District Center, Box 22:18-19.

15-16: District Centers. Plans.

Includes "Schematic Prototype Diagram," and

52-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 21 (cont.)

Folders 15-16 (cont.) "Proposed Land Use Plan South of

Ring Road."


[Dotson, Arch (Government & Administration

Specialist, Ford Foundation Team).

See Organization of the Delhi Regional

Planning Effort, Box 22:8, and Team Weekly

Progress Reports, Box 23:5-15.]

17: Echeverria, Edward G. (Physical Planner & Assistant Coordinator, Ford Foundation Team). Correspondence with Echeverria occurs in almost every file in this section; for list, see name index.

18-19: Ensminger, Douglas (Representative in India,

Ford Foundation). See also Budget, Box 20:

19-22; Confidential Correspondence, Box 21:6.

Includes D. Ensminger, "A Master Plan for

India's Capital," Ford Foundation Program

Letter -- India, Report No. 95, February 12,



20 24: Harris, Britton (Regional Demarcator and

Industrial Planner, Ford Foundation Team).

20; 1957.

21: Jan-July 1958.

Includes typed excerpts from Catherine

Bauer to Harris, June 4, 1958.

22: Aug-Dec. 1958.

Includes Mayer to C. Bauer, Sep. 2, 1958; C. Bauer, "Memo on Delhi Plan," mimeograph, Sep. 25, 1958.

23: April-May 1959.

24: Aug. 1959-Feb. 1961.


25-28: Hedden, Walter P. (Traffic and Transportation

Specialist, Ford Foundation Team).

25: Jan-July 1957.

Planning Projects: Delhi-53

Box 21 (cont.)


26-28: Hedden, Walter P., continued.

26: Aug-Oct. 1957.


27: Jan-March 1958.

28: April-May 1959.

29: Ford Foundation, New York.

Includes correspondence with William Rudlin,

Alfred C. Wolf, and Bernard Loshbaugh; and

A. Mayer, "Memo from Ford Meeting," ms.,

November 15, 1957.

See also Budget, Box 20:19-22; and Terms of

Employment, Box 23:16.

[Goetschius, George (Urban Sociologist,

Ford Foundation Team).

See Team Weekly Progress Reports, Box 23:


30-31: Hoselitz, Bert F. (Economist, Ford Foundation


Includes B. F. Hoselitz, "Delhi-New Delhi

Regional Plan: Some Thoughts About the

National Picture and Delhi (Point 1)," ms.,

March 26, 1957; and photocopy of J. Winsemius,

"The Location of Industry in the Netherlands,"

Geografisch Tijdschrift,

August 1954.

[Maps. See Planning Maps, Box 23:11-15.]

32-34: Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of City & Regional Planning. Correspondence regarding Albert Mayer's M.I.T. lecture series on the Delhi-New Delhi Regional Plan, November 1960, and outline of the lectures, revised May 10, 1961.

35: "Master Plan for Delhi Region: Some Underlying or Background Notes for Consideration in Connection with Meeting with the Planning Commission on March 21, 1959," ms.

36: Mayer, Albert, "Memorandum on Delhi-New Delhi Regional Plan (For Discussion March 2-3, 1957)," ms., Feb. 26, 1957.

54-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 22


1-2: Mayer, Albert, continued. Miscellaneous

Material by Mayer.

Includes: "Delhi New Delhi Regional Plan:

Some Thoughts About the National Picture and

Delhi (Point 1)," ms., March 23, 1957; memo,

Sept. 28, 1956; "Proposed Ford Foundation

Project Regional Plan for New Delhi," ms.;

"Delhi-New Delhi Regional Plan: Some Pre-

Research Items Being Investigated in U.S.A.,"

ms., March 22, 1957; "Some Implications of

the Delhi Plan," ms., (precis of lecture at

Berkeley Seminar), April 29, 1960; "Some

Policy Issues Raised by the Industrialisation,

Urbanisation and Housing Requirements, and

Specifically, by the Master Plan for the Delhi

Region," ms. memo to the Planning Commission,

March 23, 1959; Mayer to G. R. Pant, March 24,

1959; "Delhi Plan in Retrospect," in Tenth

Annual Town and Country Planning Seminar

(Madras) Souvenir, October 1961; and others.

3: Miscellaneous.

Includes Dr. V. Nath, "Comments on Memorandum on Delhi-New Delhi Plan," ms., June 2, 1957; "Outline Plan for the Proposed Industrial Town at Bahadurgarh," colored map with cover letter from P. C. Khanna, Aug. 12, 1949; "India Team," blueprint of ms.; Coleman Woodbury to Richard L. Park, memo on Interim General Plan for Greater Delhi, March 1, 1957; Subbiah Kannappan to Gerald Breese, June 16, 1958.

4-5: Nehru, Jawaharlal (Prime Minister of India). Correspondence regarding the Delhi Plan and the Town Planning Organization.

[Old Delhi, see Walled City, Box 23:24-25.]

6: Olgyay, Aladar (Architect). Correspondence regarding the climatological study of Delhi.

Includes several memoranda by Edward Echeverria on climate.

Planning Projects: Delhi-55

Box 22 (cont.)

Folder 7: Optimum Size of Delhi.

Includes memoranda by Britton Harris,

Julian Whittlesey, Edward Echeverria, and

Walter Hedden.

8: Organization of the Delhi Regional Planning


Includes correspondence with Richard L. Park

and Arch Dotson.

9: Phased Program (1960-66).

Schedule of completion dates for phases of

the regional plan.

10: "Piece for Jean Joyce," ms., March 23, 1959.

On the Delhi Plan; no author given.

11: Planning Maps of Delhi. Town Planning

Organization, Draft maps of the Delhi metro-

politan area.

12: Planning Maps of Delhi. Town Planning Organization, Miscellaneous maps of greater Delhi.

13: _____. Town Planning Organization, Greater

Delhi Localities.

14: Town Planning Organization, Delhi

Urban Area Land Use Plan.

15: Delhi Guide Map (3 inches to 1 mile)

wit penciled title, "Map Showing Land Suitable for Agricultural purposes."

16-17: Publicity.

Includes "Why a Master Plan for Delhi," Hindustan Times Sunday Magazine, Aug. 21, 1960, pp. 1-6; Gordon Cullen, "IXth Delhi," reprint from Architectural Forum, Feb. 1960.

18-19: Pusa Road District Shopping Center. Includes photocopies of drawings and correspondence.

20-22: Residential Space Standards and Densities.

56-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 22 (cont.)


23-24: Sah, J. P. (Assistant Economist, Central,

Regional and Urban Planning Organization).

Includes Planning Commission, "Approach to

Urban Development in the Third Five Year

Plan," ms., with comment by Sah; J. P. Sah,

"A Note on Urban Land Policy," ms.

25: "Social Studies and Action in Planning:

Understanding and Support," ms. [by Albert

Mayer, Feb. 18, 1961).

26: "Special Report of the Delhi Town Planning

Committee on the Possibility of Building the

Imperial Capital on the North Site." Delhi,

1913. Typed copy.

27: Suniwalan Redevelopment. Correspondence.

28: Layout Plans.

29: Team Letters From Albert Mayer and Edward G.

Echeverria to Members of the Ford Foundation

Delhi Planning Team.


30-31: Team Meetings (U.S. & India). Minutes of

Meetings and Notes for Discussions.

30: March-May, 1957.

31: June-Aug. 1957.

Box 23


1-2: Team Meetings, continued.

1: October-Dec. 1957.

2: Jan-Sep. 1959.

Includes Sayed S. Shafi to Edward

Echeverria, photocopy, June 13/14, 1960.

3: Team Orientation Materials.

Lists of material sent to team members by

Albert Mayer.

Includes George Goetschius, "T.P.O. [Town

Planning Organization] History and Current

Affairs," ms., n.d.

Planning Projects: Delhi-57

Box 23 (cont.)

Folder 4: Team Reports. Lists of enclosures with

team reports, July 1957 Oct. 1958.


5-15". Team Weekly Progress Reports.

Note on original folder, "typical but not


5: Breese, Gerald, June-Oct. 1957.

6: Dotson, Arch, Sep Nov. 1957.

7: Echeverria, Edward, June-July 1957.

8: Aug-Sep. 1957.

9: Oct-Nov. 1957.

10: Dec. 1957-April 1959.

11: Goetschius, George W., June-July 1957.

12: Aug-Dec. 1957.

13: Harris, Britton, Sep-Dec. 1957.

14: Hedden, Walter, Nov.-Dec. 1957.

15: Hoselitz, Bert F., Sep-Dec. 1957.

16: Terms of Employment for Ford Foundation

Regional Planning Team. Correspondence with

Ford Foundation, Institute of International

Education, and Gerald Breese.


17-21: Town Planning Organization, Correspondence.

17: 1957.

Includes G. P. Mukharji (Chairman,

T.P.O.) and J. P. Sah (Economist, T.P.O.).

18: 1958-59.

Includes G. P. Mukharji, W. Hedden, and S. S. Shafi.

19: 1960.

Includes G. P. Mukharji, S. S. Shafi, J. P. Sah, and others.

58-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 23 (cont.)


20-21: Town Planning Organization, Correspondence,


20: 1961.

Includes G. P. Mukharji, S. S. Shafi, and A. Mayer, "Social Studies and Action in Planning: Understanding and Support," ms., Feb. 18, 1961.

21: 1964.

Includes G. P. Mukharji and J. P. Sah.

22: Unauthorized Occupation of Open Lands in Urban Areas of Delhi. A Note by S. Mullick, mimeograph.

23: Urbanization and Housing.

Includes Mayer to E. G. Echeverria, Sept. 17,

1958; E. G. Echeverria to Gerald Breese,

May 10, April 10, and May 14, 1958; and others.

24: Walled City (Old Delhi). Correspondence Between Mayer and Edward Echeverria regarding plans for a bridge across the Ram Lila. Includes drawings.

25: _____. Street Plan (Scale 1 inch to 300 feet).

26: Work Phases and Time Schedules.

Includes Mayer to Richard L. Park, March 25, 1957; Town Planning Organization, "Phasing of the Work Programme for the Preparation of Comprehensive General Plan for National Capital Region," ms., with cover letter dated May 11, 1957; and others.

See also Phased Program, Box 22:9.

27: York Place Redensification.

Includes correspondence, plans and drawings.

Planning Projects: Standard Vacuum Oil Company-59




In 1954, Mayer and his firm were retained as architects and planners for the housing development, administration buildings and laboratories of the new Standard Vacuum

Oil Company complex at Bombay. Mayer and Whittlesey provided the master plan and designed the laboratories

and administration building. Mayer and his colleagues

saw to it that their principle of involving Indian architects, engineers, and draftsmen was carried out in every stage of the project. Durga S. Bajpai, a young Bombay architect, with Mayer and Whittlesey as consultants, designed the housing units. Mayer's file on this project was not among the papers given to the University of Chicago Library, nor was Mayer himself able to locate it. The three items included here were discovered during the processing of the Mayer Papers on India.

Box 23 (cont.)

Folder 28: Miscellaneous documents from the Standard

Vacuum Oil Company project.

IV. Resource Materials on

Planning & Development

Materials collected by Albert Mayer from 1947 to 1974 for reference purposes to support his work in India are contained in this series. Included are clippings, offprints, and near-print and manuscript reports on many aspects of Indian life and Indian economic and community development.

The organization of this series of Mayer's papers preserves his own filing system based upon a sequential numbering of file topics, with subordinate entries indicated by decimal numbers. Mayer's file numbers are listed in the Guide in parentheses after the corresponding subject headings. This series was clearly part of a larger filing system encompassing more than resources on India. The portion of these files preserved in the

Mayer Papers on India occasionally includes only

60-Albert Mayer Papers

subordinate (decimal number) files or interrupted sequences of files. Gaps in the classification numbers may represent either a device in Mayer’s filing system to accommodate anticipated expansion of his files, or files removed and not returned. Mayer's unclassified additions to the Resources files are inserted where they would logically occur in his system.


Box 23 (cont.)


29 33: Surveys of Conditions in Post-Independence

India (E13.1).

34-36: Maps and Atlases of India (E13.2).

Box 24


1-7: Maps and Atlases of India, continued.

8: Tourist Information (E13.2).


9: India, Central Statistical Organization. "Statistical Summary of Regional Differences in Economic and Social Conditions," mimeograph, 1956 (E13.3).

10: "Published Reports of the NSS [National

Sample Survey]," manuscript, ca. 1957 (E13.3).

11-12: Notes Taken by Mayer During His Trip to

India, Spring 1954 (E13.4).

13-16: Clippings on Mohandas K. Gandhi.

See also Gandhian Movement, Box 25:28.

17: Programs From Panels and Conferences on

Indian Development.

18: Bibliographies on India in General.

19-21: Bibliographies of Reference Materials on

Urban Planning.

Resource Materials: General-61

Box 24 (cont.)


22-24: Notices of Books on India.

25: [Indian] Parliamentary Publications fox

Sale, New Delhi: Lok Sabha Secretariat, 1959.


Box 24 (cont.)

Science and Technology (E31)

Folder 26: Science in Modern India (E31.1).

27: Domestic and Self-Help Technology (E31.2).

Climate, Water, Land (E32)

28: Climate (E32.1).

29-31: Water Resources (E32.2).

32-34: Soil Conservation (E32.3).

Box 25

Industrial Technology (E35)


1-5: Rammed Earth Construction (E35.1).

Agriculture (E37)

6-8: General Reviews (E37.1).

9: Uttar Pradesh Agricultural Pamphlets (E37.1).

10-17: Agricultural Implements (E37.2).

18-20: Research Reports (E37.3).

62-Albert Mayer Papers


Box 25 (cont.)

Social Conditions (E41)

See also General Conditions in Post-Independence India, Box 23:29-33.


21-22: Social Conditions, general (E41.1).


23-26: Rehabilitation of Displaced Persons (E41.2).

Race Relations (Hindu-Muslim) (E42.1), see Social Conditions Box 25:22 23.

Community, Group Action and Participation (E43)

27: Gandhian Movement (Jeevandan) (E43.1).

Cultural-Religious Change (E43.2) see Indian Religions Box 29:14-15.

Box 26


1-2: Mass Awakening and Mobilization (Shramdan)


Social Organization (E44)


3: Hugh Tinker, "Authority and Community in

Village India," Pacific Affairs, December

1959 (E44.1).

4-5: Cooperatives including Cooperative Villages


6: Family Affairs (E44.3).

7-9: Irawati Karve, "Hindu Society -- A New

Interpretation," 3 parts. mimeograph.

10: Adrian C. Mayer, "The Dominant Caste in a

Region of Central India," reprinted from

Southwestern Journal of Anthropology

14, n. 5,

Winter 1958.

Resource Materials: Social Institutions-63

Box 26 (cont.)

Folder 11: K. N. Sharma, "Occupational Mobility of

Castes in a North Indian Village," mimeograph.

Health (E45.1-.3)

12: Population and Family Planning (E45.1).

13-14: Public Health (E45.3).

Education (E45.4-.9)

See also Schools, Box 30:10.

15-16: Rural Education Including Training of Village

Level Workers (E45.4).

17: Social Welfare and Social Service (E45.5).

18-29: Training Program Reports (E45.6).

30-31: Adult Education and Literacy (E45.7). Box 27



1-3: Adult Education and Literacy (E45.7).


4-7: Higher and Advanced Education and Student

Indiscipline (E45.8).

8-10: Extension Work (E45.9).

11-15: Rural Institutes (E45, unclassified).

Politics and Government (E46)

16-28: Political Conditions (E46.1).

29-31: Land Reform, Tenure and Taxation (E46.2).

Economics (E47-48)

Industry and the Economy (E47.1) see Economic and Industrial Planning Boxes 32: 25-33:39, and National Planning Box 34:25-38.

32-33: Agricultural Credit (E47.2).

34: Credit and Banking (E47.3).

64-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 27 (cont.)


35 40: Economic Development (E47.4).

Box 28


1 10: Economic Development, continued.

11-19: International Participation in Indian Economic Development (E48.1).

Urban Growth and Change (E49)

20-42: Urbanization (E49.1).

43: Refugee Townships and Colonies (E49.2).

Box 29

Folder 1: Refugee Townships and Colonies, continued.

2-3: Urban Migration and Social Nobility (E49.3).

4-5: Bombay (E49, unclassified).

6-11: Calcutta (E49, unclassified).

12-13: Delhi (E49, unclassified).

14-15: Indian Religions (unclassified).


Land Use Planning (E211-219)

16-18: Residential Neighborhood Units (E211.1).

19-29: Industrial Estates (E216.1).

30: Cooperative Industrial Estates (E216.2). 31-32: Consolidation of Land Holdings (E219.1).

Resource Materials: Planning & Development-65

Box 29 (cont.)

Housing (E220)



33-35: General Reports (E220.1).

36-37: Industrial Housing (E220.2).

38-42: Village & Rural Housing (E220.3-.4).

Box 30


1-6: Self-Help Housing and Renewal (E220.5).

7: "All India Technical-cum-Promotion for Planning and Rebuilding of the Villages," mimeograph, Jan. 10, 1957.

8: Calcutta Improvement Trust, "Suggested

Housing Layouts," blueprints.

9: All India Institute of Hygiene and Health,

"Type Design for Small Houses," blueprints.

10: Schools (E241.1)

Community Development (E256-58)

See also U.P. Pilot Development Project for many examples of community development projects.

11: Agricultural Surveys (E256.1).

12-13: Rural Engineering (E256.2).

[Rural Community Development (Miscellaneous) (E257.1). See Rural Development Box 30:24-30; Government of India Community Development Programme Box 31:22-29; Development Programs in Delhi State Box 31:30-31.]

14-20: Community Development Magazines (E257.2).

21-22: Rural Extension Work (E257.3).

23: Village Participation Programme (E257.4).

66-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 30 (cont.)


24-31: Rural Development (E257.5).

See also Government of India Community

Development Programme and National Extension

Service Box 31:22-29.

Box 31


1-5: Voluntary Agencies and Private Community

Development (E257.6).

See also Bharat Sevak Samaj Box 32:5-10; and

Association of Voluntary Agencies for Rural

Development Box 32:11-24.

6-7: Community Facilities (E257.7).

8-20: Urban Community Development (E258.1).

See also Delhi Regional Plan Box 20;17-23:27;

and Urbanization Box 28:20-42.

21-28: Government of India Community Development

Programme and National Extension Service

(E258, unclassified).

29-30: Development Programs in Delhi State (E258, unclassified).

31-33: Vigyan Mandirs (institutes for the dissemination of scientific ideas and practices among the rural masses) (E258, unclassified).

34-35: Four-H Clubs (E258, unclassified). Miscellaneous correspondence soliciting literature on Four-H clubs in the U.S.

36-39: Villages and Rural Communities (E258, unclassified).

Box 32


1-4: Villages and Rural Communities Other than in

India (E258, unclassified).


5-10: Bharat Sevak Samaj (Indian Volunteer Society)

(E258, unclassified).

Resource Materials: Planning & Development-67

Box 32 (cont.)


11-24: Association of Voluntary Agencies for Rural

Development (AVARD) (E258, unclassified).

Economic and Industrial Planning (E260) See a so Economics Boxes : – 8;19; and National Planning Box 34:25-38.

25-32: Industrial Development (E260.1).

Box 33


1-2: Industrial Development, continued.

3-12: Small Scale Industries (E260.2).

See also Rural and Cottage Industries Box 33,

13-25; and Small Scale Industry Area Survey

Reports Box 33:36-39.

13-35: Rural and Cottage Industries (E260.3).

36-39: Small Scale Industry Area Survey Reports


Box 34

Regional Resource Planning (E265)

Folder 1: Miscellaneous Reports (E265.1),

2: Rajasthan Canal project (E265.2),


3-18: Damodar Valley Project (E265.3)

See also Planning Projects Box 20.8-16.

19 20: Counter Magnet Towns (E265.4).

State Planning (E275)

21: Kerala (E275.k).

22-23: Rajasthan Decentralization (E275.r).

24: New Towns (E290.1).

National Planning (E295)

68-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 34 (cont.)

National Planning, continued.


25-26: General Reviews of National Economic

Development. Sec also Economic and Industrial

Planning, Boxes 32:25-33:39; and Economics,

Boxes 27:32-28:19.

27: The First Five Year Plan (E295.1).

28-33: The Second Five Year Plan (E295.1).

34-36: The Third Five Year Plan (E295.2).

37-38: The Fourth Five Year Plan (E295, unclassified).

V. Manuscripts, Lectures, and

Publications By Albert Mayer

Mayer's public statements on India and on a few non-Indian subjects are contained in Series Five. In the first major sub-division of Indian material, manuscripts (or offprints) of articles and lectures are interfiled and arranged chronologically. At the end of this collection is a complete run of Mayer's newsletters written to colleagues and friends in America and elsewhere. The next sub-division contains the topical files associated with Mayer's uncompleted book, While Nehru, What?. Mayer's reviews of books on India and his own selection of some of his articles on subjects other than India, which make up the last two sub-divisions of this section, are arranged chronologically. A Xerox copy of a complete list of articles and addresses, compiled by Mayer as a guide to that segment of his files, is located at the beginning of Series Five.

Box 35

Folder 1: Albert Mayer Articles and Addresses: List

of Files. Photocopy, with annotations in red of items to be included in the Mayer Papers at the University of Chicago Library.

Ms. & Publications: India 69


Box 35 (cont.)

Folder 2: "A Note on Post War Planning in India,"

reprinted from Calcutta Review, August 1944.

"Planning: From Paper to Results," reprinted from Prabuddha Bharata, October 1944.

3: "Planning: From Paper to Practice," The

Calcutta Municipal Gazette 40, no. 19, Oct. 7,


4: "Americans in India," Survey Graphic,

March 1947.

"Article by Albert Mayer," unpublished ms., March 11, 1947.

"India Emerges,' Survey Graphic, July 1947.

"Americans in India -- Some Army Experiences and Experiences," manuscript, Aug. 12, 1946.

"In Praise of Missionaries," Albert Mayer, April 30, 1947, unpublished.

5: "Footholds for a New India," Survey Graphic,

Sept. 1947.

"The Greater Bombay Master Plan: Remedy for Overcrowding and Neglect," Eastern Rotary Wheel 16, no. 9, Sept. 1948.

"Nehru, the Man -- And India's Travail,"

The Survey,

Dec. 1949; with proof sheets.

6: "Planning a New Capital," National Herald,

June 5, 1950.

7: "The New Capital of the Punjab," Journal of the American Institute of Architects 14, no. 4, Oct. 1950.

8: "India: Action Now," New School Bulletin 8,

Nos. 14 & 15, Dec. 4 & 11, 1950.

70-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 35 (cont.)

Folder 8 (cont.)

"A Progress Report on Pilot Development

Projects at Etawah and Gorakhpur, U.P.,

India," mimeograph by Agricultural Missions,

Inc., circa 1951.

9: "Talk Before I(nstitute) of P(acific) R(elations) at Bankers Club," ms., Jan. 3, 1951.

"Planning in India," ms., circa Aug. 1951.

"Planning in India," Manchester Guardian, Nov. 10, 1951.

10: "Self-Help in Housing and Construction:

Some Experiences in India," ms., ("Draft of pamphlet for the United Nations"), Dec. 31, 1951; with revision March 3, 1952.

11: "Working With The People," ms., "Cooper

Foundation Talk at Swarthmore, February 24,


12: "Application of Planning Techniques in Less Developed Areas," mimeograph, circa 1952. At head of title page: "United Nations Seminar on Housing & Community Improvement."

13-14: "United Nations Pamphlet," photocopy of ms.,

December 30, 1952.

Appears to be same text as "Application of

Planning Techniques in Less Developed Areas."

15: "India's Five Year Plan," ms. of outline of talk at New School, March 13, 1952.

"Notes For New School Talk," ms., March 13, 1952.

16: "Pilot Project In Indian Rural Development," mimeograph, copyright 1952 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College. Case study for the Harvard Business School; Text by Richard Morse and comments by Albert Mayer.

17: "Pioneer Efforts in Community Planning in Under-Developed Countries," ms. outline of a talk at Vassar, January 12, 1954.

Ms. & Publications: India-71

Box 35 (cont.)

Folder 18: Lectures and Seminars at the University of

California, Berkeley, January 20-23, 1954.



Announcement of Albert Mayer's program at the University of California, Berkeley, January 20-23, 1954.

19: "Techniques of Rural Development in India:

A Report to Social Scientists," ms. outline

for talk at University of California Colloquium,

Jan. 20, 1954.

"Techniques for Rural Development in India: A Report to Social Scientists," ms., of material used in colloquium, Jan. 20, 1954, and in seminar No. I, Jan. 21, 1954, both at University of California, Berkeley; with mimeographed copy.

20: "Techniques of Rural Development in India: A Report to Social Scientists," ms. of notes of Mayer's talk, taken by McKim Marriott.

21: "Seminar I, Research and Action: The Indian

Village," ms. of transcript of talk, Jan. 21,


22: "Seminar I, Research and Action: The Indian

Village," ms. notes of Mayer's talk, taken by

McKim Marriott.

23: "Seminar III, Administrative Problems of Rural Planning in India," ms. of transcript of talk, Jan. 22, 1975.

"Administrative Problems of Rural Planning

in India," ms. of outline of talk, Jan. 22, 1954.

"Indian Government and Development," ms. of chart used in Seminar III, University of California, Jan. 22, 1954.

24: "Seminar III, Administrative Problems of

Rural Planning in India," ms. of notes of

Mayer's talk, taken by McKim Marriott.

72 Albert Mayer Papers

Box 35 (cont.)

Folder 25: "Seminar IV, Social Science, Planning and

Action: Some Tentative Conclusions," ms.

of transcript of Mayer's talk, Jan. 23, 1954; with Mayer’s outline of the talk.

26: "Seminar IV, Social Science, Planning and Action: Some Tentative Conclusions," ms. of notes on Mayer's talk by McKim Marriott.

27: "Talk to World Neighbors," ms. of Mayer's notes, Oct. 9, 1954, Columbus, Ohio; with typed copy.

28: "Personal Characteristics & Relations Among Extension or Development Workers," ms. of talk at Cornell University, March 16, 1956; with mimeographed copy.

29: Transcript of talk, Technical Committee of the New York Chapter, American Institute of Architects, Nov. 7, 1956, ms.

"Notes for a Talk on Climatology and Architecture at Lalit Kala Akadami [New Delhi]," mimeograph, March 17, 1959.

30: "Challenge and Difficulties in Planning for an Era of Rapid Industrialization," ms., New Delhi, March 26, 1959.

31: Transcript of Mayer's remarks in a panel on agricultural development, at "India and the United States, 1959," A Conference Sponsored by The Committee for International Economic Growth, May 4-5, 1959, Washington, D.C. Photocopy.

32: "Community Development in India's Villages," ms., of lecture at Southern Illinois University, July 7, 1960; with ms. of first draft of lecture.

33: "Some Implications of the Delhi Plan," mimeograph, paper presented at The Seminar on Urbanization in India, University of California, Berkeley, June 26-July 2, 1960 (Paper No. 14); with mimeographed precis of paper.

Ms. & Publications: India-73

Box 35 (cont.)

Folder 34: "Some Operational Problems in Urban and

Regional Planning and Development," mimeograph, paper presented at The Seminar on Urbanization in India, University of California, Berkeley, June 26-July 2, 1960, (Paper no. 18).

35: "Delhi Regional Plan: Case History as a Specific Undertaking, and in its Impact and Implications as a Pioneer and Prototype," ms., September 20, 1960, revised May 10, 1961. An outline for five lectures,

36: "Some Special Points in Urban Community

Development," offprint from International

Review of Community Development, no. 7, 1961,

37: India, Ministry of Community Development & Co-operation. important Letters Issued by the Community Projects Administration, v. 2 (July 1961). Photocopy of pp, 218-25 containing two letters from Mayer to Tarlok


38: "Delhi Plan in Retrospect,' in Tenth Annual Town & Country Planning Seminar (Madras), Souvenir, Oct. 1961; with copy of Mayer's manuscript dated Sept. 6, 1961.

39: "Article for the Public Cooperation Number of Bharat Sevak, Dec. 1961," ms., Nov. 29, 1961.

40: "The Public Cooperation," Bharat Sevak 9, no. 3, Dec. 1961.

41: "Transplantation of Institutions in Both

Directions: Examples from India and the

U.S.A.," ms., Feb. 20, 1962.

42: "Transplantation of Institutions in Both Directions: Examples From India and the U.S.A.," mimeograph, Duke University Commonwealth Studies Center Seminar, March 12, 1962.

43: "Social Analysis and National Economic

Development in India," offprint from Pacific

Affairs 35, no. 2, Summer 1962.

74 Albert Mayer Papers

Box 36 Albert Mayer's Newsletters from India

(and elsewhere), March 25, 1945-August 1, 1974.

Folder 1: Mar. 25, 1945, New York City.

Feb. 1946.

Oct. 27, 1946.

Nov. 14, 1946, Lucknow.

2: Dec. 11, 1946.

Jan. 20, 1947, Fyzabad.

Feb. 28, 1947, Bombay.

July 11-Aug. 29, 1947.

June 26-July 8, 1948, Lucknow.

3: Aug. 1, 1948, en route to Bombay.

Aug. 8, 1948, Bombay.

Oct. 12, 1948, Bombay.

4: Dec. 2, 1948, Lucknow.

May 9 11, 1949, Lucknow.

June 30, 1949, India.

July 28, 1949, India.

5: Aug. 23, 1949, Geneva.

Jan. 31, 1950.

July 2, 1950, Simla.

Aug. 8, 1950.

6: Sept. 1-24, 1950.

May 15, 1951.

June 1, 1951, Lucknow.

Ms. & Publications: India-75

Box 36 (cont.)

Folder 6 (cont.)

July 23, 1951, Bombay.

June 16, 1952, Bombay.

7: Aug. 3, 1952.

April 29, 1953.

May 13, 1953-June 14, 1953.

March 25, 1954, Lucknow.

8: May 24, 1954, Lucknow.

Mar-April 1955, India.

Oct. 22, 1956.

July 16, 1957.

9: July 22, 1957.

July 22, 1957.

April 16, 1958, Etawah.

10: June 11, 1958.

April 2 13, 1959, U.S.A.

May 1-21, 1959, New York City.

11: May 27, 1960.

Jan. 5-12, 1963, en route to Lambarene and Israel.

Aug. 1, 1973.

July 25-Aug. 1, 1974, Switzerland.

76-Albert Mayer Papers


In 1960 Mayer began research for a book, tentatively entitled While Nehru, What?, that would analyze the shortcomings of development in India. Mayer worked intermittently on this book for several years, going so far as to sign a contract with Asia Publishing House, Bombay. After writing several chapters in full, and several in detailed outline, Mayer abandoned the project. This section contains Mayer's last draft of the book, a small file of reference materials on the shortcomings of Indian bureaucracy, a list of persons to whom Mayer wanted to send the book, and extensive correspondence with persons from whom he sought advice on subjects raised in the book. See also Series VIII The Mayer-Park Correspondence, 1956-60, Box 42.

Box 37


1-12: Draft Outline of the Proposed Book on India,


While Nehru, What?

1: Introductory Material.

2: Ch. 1. What This Rook Is About (in full).

3: Ch. 2. A Definition and a Challenge:



4: List of Titles, Chs. 3-24.


Some Amplification of Specimen Chapters.

5: Ch. 3. The "Standard" Negatives, the

Cliches: Putting Them in Their Place."

6: Ch. 4. The Hierarchical System:

Dampening Enthusiasms and Underuse of Man-power Potential.

7: Ch. 6. Secular State and the Present

Absence of Emotional Allegiance.

Situation & Suggestions. Separatism &

Linguistic States.

8: Ch. 7. Lacks in the Democratic System:

and Their Effects on Urge and Performance.

Ms. & Publications: India-77

Box 37 (cont.)

Folder 9: Ch. 9. Democratic Decentralization,

or Panchayati Raj.

10: Ch. 10. Productivity: Agriculture &


11: Ch. 11. The Delhi Regional Plan; Ch. 15. Slow Procedures: Slow Payments: The Secretariat; Ch. 16. Premature Pitch-forking into Work vs. Genuine Decisiveness.

12: Ch. 24. "Post-Final" -- Proposed: A

New Role for Nehru (in full).

13: Lists of Persons Interested in India.

"This list will also contain people to whom

A.M. wants to send book" (from original folder).

14: Source Material on Administrative Breakdown in India.


Included here is Mayer's correspondence (in alphabetical order) on While Nehru, What? Persons with whom Mayer conducted an extensive correspondence are noted individually.

15-18: Agarwal, Satya P.

19: Agrawal, Chakradhari – Asia Foundation.

20-21: Asia Publishing House.

22: Aumann, Moshe – Barnes, John W.

23: Bauer, Catherine.

24: Belshaw, Cyril – Center for International


25: Chaudhuri, M. D. – da Costa, E. P. W.

26: Dale, Ernest.

27: Dawson, J. D. – Duckworth & Co.

78-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 37 (cont.)

Folder 28: Echeverria, Edward – Galbraith, John Kenneth.

29: Gamble, Sidney - Gupta, R. N.

30: Harbison, Frederick H. – Hertz, Willard J.

31: The Hindu – Holland.

32: Icelandic Consulate General – Jain, Lakshmi C.

33: Johnson, Sherman E. – Kabir, Humayun.

34: Kannappan, Subbiah – Karve, D. G.

35: Kelley, Omer J. – McClelland, David.

36: Malenbaum, Wilfred.

37: Marriott, McKim – Metropolitan Life Insurance


38: Misra, K. N. – Montgomery, John D.

39: Mosher, Arthur T. – Myrdal, Gunnar.

40: Nair, Kusum.

41: Nehemiah, J. V. A. – Neurath, Paul M.

42: Nityaswarupananda, Swami – Organization for

Economic Cooperation.

43: Pabaney, A. D. – Pant, Pitambar.

44-45: Park, Richard L.

46: Patankar, Pandit – Rath, Nilakanth.

47: Retzlaff, Ralph.

48: Rosen, George.

49: Sah, J. P. – Shiva Rao, B.

50: Singer, Milton.

51-53: Singh, Baij Nath.

Ms. & Publications: India-79

Box 37 (cont.)

Folder 54: Singh, R. K. – Singh, Mrs. S. B.

55: Singh, Tarlok – Smyth, F. J.

56: Sovani, N. V. – Stepanek, Joseph E.

57-59: Suri, Surindar.

60: Taylor, Harold – Wade, Mason.

61: Wallerstein, Immanuel – Wilson, Jane. Box 38


1-6: Wood, Evelyn.


7: Wyon, John B.

8: Zinkin, Taya.


Included here are manuscripts and tear sheets of reviews by Mayer. All are on Indian subjects, and are arranged chronologically.

Box 38 (cont.)


9-17: Book Reviews.


This section contains articles and addresses on non-Indian subjects, mainly in the form of offprints and clippings, selected by Albert Mayer for inclusion in the Mayer Papers in the University of Chicago Library. These articles and addresses deal mainly with public housing and urban renewal and regional planning in the United States. See Box 35:1 for a copy of Mayer's list of his addresses and articles.

80-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 38 (cont.)


18-21: 1934.


22-24: 1935.


25: 1936.

26-31: 1937.

32-39: 1940-44.

40-45: 1951-55.

46-54: 1956-59.

55-58: 1960-61. Box 39


1-10: 1962.

11-14: 1963.

15-22: 1964.

23-24: 1965.

25-30: 1967.

31-38: 1968.

39-45: 1969. Box 40


1 10: 1970-75.

Photographs: Pilot Project-81

VI. Photographs

Throughout his career Mayer collected photographs of his work in India and photographs which he felt were indicative of conditions in India. In only a few cases are the photographers identified. Where available, negatives are included with their prints. The photographs are arranged in four series: Pilot Development Project, Planning and Agricultural Projects, General Indian Scenes, and Seminar on Urbanization.


The Etawah Project is well documented in photographs. Copies of most of the photographs used in Pilot Project, India are included.

Box 40 (cont.)

Folder 11: Mayer in Conference with K. D. Malaviya,

B. N. Jha, K. R. Bhatia, and Kher Singh, 1948.

12: Ballia.

13-15: Etawah.


25-26: (Negatives.)

27: Gorakhpur.


Box 40 (cont.)


28-36: Allahabad Agricultural Institute.

Box 41



82-Albert Mayer Papers

Box 41 (cont.)

Folder 6: Bombay.

7-8: Chandigarh. 9-14: Delhi.


Box 41 (cont.)

Folder 15: Calcutta, miscellaneous.

16-21: Calcutta, from "A Yank's Memories of Calcutta,' by Clyde Waddell.

22: Community Development.

23-24: Construction Methods.

25: Floods, Sept. 1955.

26: Folk Dancing.

27: Gandhi.

28: Gasoline Pipeline Construction, World War II.

29: Himalayas and Hill Stations.

30: Independence Day.

Box 42

Folder 1: Miscellaneous.

2-3: Miscellaneous, "India Through the Camera's

Eye," by D. Mordecai.

4-8: Miscellaneous, from a book by Arthur Good-friend. Includes some of Etawah.

9-11: Religious Architecture.

12: Religious Scenes.

13: Transportation Overcrowding.

Photographs: General-83

Box 42 (cont.)

Folder 14: Urban Scenes.

15-16: Village Scenes.

17: Voluntary Work (Shramdan).

18: Mater Scenes.

SEMINAR ON URBANIZATION IN INDIA, Berkeley, 1960. Box 42 (cont.)

Folder 19: Photographs from the Conference.

VII. Miscellaneous Materials

Not On India

Box 42 (cont.)


20-22: Commendations and Publicity on Mayer's Work

in the U.S.

23-25: Reviews of The Urgent Future by Albert Mayer.

26: "The Culture of the Sub-cities." Part one of a two-part interview with Albert Mayer, recorded by WRAI, New York. Tape recording, one seven-inch reel.

84-Albert Mayer Papers

VIII. The Albert Mayer -- Richard L. Park

Correspondence, 1956-1960


This set of correspondence from the files of Richard L. Park contains material on Pilot Project, India, on Mayer's projected second book, While Nehru, What?, and on the selection of a library in which to deposit a duplicate set of documents prepared for Pilot Project, India. This series includes material from 1956 to 1960 and is arranged chronologically.

Box 43

Folder 1: 1956.

2: 1957.

3: 1958.

4: Jan-April 1959.

5: May 1959.

6: June-Sep. 1959.

7: Nov-Dec. 1959.

8: Jan-March 1960.

9: April-May 1960.

10: June-Aug. 1960.

11: Sep-Oct. 1960.

12: Nov. 1960.

13: Dec. 1960-Jan. 1961.




Numerals refer to page numbers in the Guide; citations of inclusive page numbers indicate that the name occurs on each page in the sequence of pages cited.

Abramson, E., 39 Ackerman, Fredrick, 1 fn. Agarwal, Satya P., 77 Agrawal, Chakradhari, 77 Ahmadi, D.I., 42 Ambdekar, V.N., 41-42 Aumann, Moshe, 77 Azariah, Glory, 39 Azariah, Henry, 38

Baij Nath Singh, See

Singh, Baij Nath Bajpai, Durga S., 59 Barnes, John W., 77 Bauer, Catherine, 1 fn.,


Belshaw, Cyril, 77 Berkey, James M., 48 Bhatia, Krishna Behari,


Bhatia, Tulsi, See Saral,

Tulsi Bhatia Bhupendra Vir Singh, See

Singh, Bhupendra Vir Braid, Andrew F., 19 Breese, Gerald, 49,54,


Brooks, A.P., 38 Buckley, James C., 44 Bulsara, Jal F., 41 Burns, Robert, 38

Chand, Trilok, 19 Chaudhuri, L.C., 42 Chaudhuri, M.D., 77 Chitambar, J.B., 39 Coffey, Clara, 44 Conklin, William, 39,


Corbusier, Le, 8,44-45 Cox, William 'J., 41-42


da Costa, Eric P.W., 77

Dale, Ernest, 77

Das, Ram, 19,23

Dawson, J.D., 77

Dean, Vera Micheles, 22

Desai, G.S., 36

Deva Raj, See Raj, Deva

Dewan, M.L., 48

Dhillon, Harwant Singh, 19

Dhyan Pal Singh, See Singh,

Dhyan Pal

Dogra, R.N., 47

Dotson, Arch, 49,52,55,57

Eberlin, Ralph, 44

Echeverria, Edward G., 49-


Elmhirst, Leonard, 48

Ensminger, Douglas, 51 52

Evans, Ben H., 50

Evenson, Norma, 8 fn.

Fry, E. Maxwell, 44-45

Galbraith, John Kenneth,


Gamble, Sidney, 78

Gandhi, Mohandas K., 60,


Ganga Tar Singh, See

Singh, Ganga Tar

Gaus, John M., 48

Ghosh, J.C., 48

Goetschius, George W.,


Goodfriend, Arthur, 82

Gupta, B.N., 23

Gupta, Chandra Bhan, 32

Gupta, Har Govind, 23

Gupta, R.N., 78

Gupta, Raghuraj, 20

Gupta, S.P., 23

86-Albert Mayer Papers

Haq, M.S., 14

Harbison, Frederick H.,


Harris, Britton, 49,52,


Hayes, William B., 39

Hedden, Walter P., 49,


Hertz, Willard J., 78

Hoff, Wilbur, 19

Holford, H.W.G., 44

Holmes, Horace C., 24,31

Hoselitz, Bert F., 49,53,


Jacob, C.M., 38

Jain, Lakshmi C., 78

Jansen, J.L., 19

Jeanneret, P., 44-45

Jha, Adit N., 24

Jha, B.N., 81

Johnson, Sherman E., 78

Joyce, Jean, 55

Kabir, Humayun, 51,78

Kamla Singh, See Singh,


Kannappan, Subbiah, 54,78

Kanvunde, A.P., 44

Karve, Dattatraya Gopal,


Karve, Irawati, 62

Kelley, Omer J., 78

Khanna, P.C., 54

Kharas, Homi A., 41

Kher Singh, See Singh,


Khera, S.S., 17

Kizer, B.H., 48

Koenigsberger, Otto, 50

Kohn, Robert, 1 fn.

Koshy, T.A., 37 38

Krieger, Jean H., 36,39

Krishnan, Ram, 24

Landsberg, E.H., 45

Le Corbusier, See

Corbusier, Le

Lee, Douglas H.K., 50

Loshbaugh, Bernard, 53


McClelland, David, 78

Madge, Charles, 48

Malaviya, K.D., 81

Malenbaum, Wilfred, 78

Marriott, McKim, 6,24,



Mayer, Adrian C., 62

Mehta, Asoka, 24

Mehta, V.C., 43

Misra, J.N., 24

Misra, K.K., 14

Misra, K.N., 78

Modak, N.V., 8,42-43

Montgomery, John D., 78

Moraes, Frank R., 42

Mordecai, D., 82

Morse, Richard, 23-25,70

Mosher, Arthur T., 32,

36 37,39-40,78

Mozumdar, S.N., 31,48

Mukharji, G.P., 57-58

Mullick, S., 58

Mumford, Lewis, 1 fn.,2

Munchhausen, H.V., 37

Myrdal, Gunnar, 78

Nair, Kusum, 25,78

Nanda, Gulzarilal, 42

Narain, Govind, 25

Nath, V., 25,54

Nehemiah, J.V.A., 78

Nehru, Jawaharlal, 2,4,

25,27,29,31,54,68 69,


Neurath, Paul M., 78

Nimbkar, Krishnabai, 20

Nityaswarupananda, Swami,


Nowicki, Matthew, 45-46

Olgyay, Aladar, 54

Opler, Marvin K., 25

Opler, Morris E., 25

Orr, Douglas, 46

Pabaney, A.D., 78

Pande, T.D., 44

Pandey, A.B., 20

Pandey, M.P., 25

Pant, Govind Ballabh, 4,




Pant, Pitambar, 78

Pant, S.D., 20

Park, Richard L., 6,30,

32,54 55,58,76,78,84

Patankar, Pandit, 78

Patel, P.C., 39

Pathik, Shalig Ram, 26

Patil, R.K., 26

Rae, R., 39

Raj, Deva, 20,44

Ram, Shankar, 26

Ram Das, See Das, Ram

Ram Surat Singh, See

Singh, Ram Surat

Rath, Nilakanth, 78

Reisner, John H., 39

Retzlaff, Ralph, 78

Roelofs, Garritt, 20

Roosevelt, Franklin D., 1

Rosen, George, 78

Roy, Shunil E., 37

Rudlin, William, 53

Rudra Dutt Singh, See

Singh, Rudra Dutt

Sah, J.P., 56-58,78

Sahay, Ram, 26

Saral, Tulsi Bhatia, 22

Saxena, M.L., 14

Sen, Sudhir, 48

Seth, Harish C., 20,26

Shafi, Sayed S., 56-58

Shah, W.A., 39

Shankar Ram, See Ram,


Sharma, B.S., 20

Sharma, K.N., 63

Shiva Rao, B., 78

Siddiqui, M.M., 39

Singer, Milton, 78

Singh, Baij Nath, 6 fn.,


Singh, Bhupendra Vir, 13

Singh, Dhyan Pal, 7 fn.,

14 15,20-21,28,32

Singh, Ganga Tar, 31

Singh, Kamla, 13

Singh, Kher, 81

Singh, N.N., 23

Singh, R.K., 31,34,79


Singh, Ram Surat, 20

Singh, Rudra Dutt, 21,28,


Singh, Mrs. S.B., 79

Singh, T., 31

Singh, Tarlok, 28-29,73,


Singh Seth, B.V., 13

Smyth, F.J.,


Souter, Edward M., 44

Sovani, Nilkanth Vitthal,


Stein, Clarence S., 1 fn.,


Stepanek, Joseph E., 79

Stracey, R.A., 43

Subedar, Manu, 36

Suri, Surindar, 79

Sussman, Gerald, 6 fn.,


Tarlok Singh, See Singh,


Taylor, Harold, 79

Thapar, P.N., 46

Tinker, Hugh, 62

Torbert, E.N., 48

Tulsi Bhatia Saral, See

Saral, Tulsi Bhatia

Tyagi, S.S., 19

Varma, P.L., 46-47

Varshney, Mahesh, 29

Vartak, C.L., 42

Vaugh, Mason, 37,40-41

Vidyarthi, H.S., 44

Waddell, Clyde, 82

Wade, Mason, 79

Wallerstein, Immanuel, 79

Weaver, Warren, 21

Weinberg, R.C., 44

Welch, Kenneth, 42

Whittick, Arnold, 3 fn.

Whittlesey, Julian, 2,39,


Wilson, Jane, 79

Winsemius, J., 53

Wiser, Arthur, 29

Wiser, Charlotte Viall,


Wiser, William Henricks,


88-Albert Mayer Papers

Wolf, Alfred C., 53

Wood, Evelyn, 29-30,41,


Woodbury, Coleman, 54


Wright, Henry, 1 fn.,2 Wyon, John B., 79 Zinkin, Taya, 6 fn.,



Ahmedabad, Gujarat, 36

All India Institute of Hygiene and Health, 65

Allahabad Agricultural Institute, 2,8,15,34, 36-41,81

Almora, U.P., 13

American Institute of Architects, 3

Asia Publishing House (Bombay), 76

Association of Voluntary Agencies for Rural Development (AVARD), 66 67

Azamgarh, U.P., 13

Bahadurgarh, Rohtak dist., Haryana, 54

Ballia, U.P., 13-14,81

Balwant Rajput College (Agra, U.P.), 34-35

Bhagyanagar, Etawah dist., U.P., 14

Bhairaipur, 23

Bhandra, 23

Bhandup, Bombay, Maha-rashtra, 42

Bharat Sevak Samaj

(Indian Volunteer Society), 66,73

Bhawanipur, 23

Bombay, Maharashtra, 2,



Butler Steel Buildings,


Calcutta, West Bengal,


Calcutta Improvement

Trust, 65


Cawnpore, U.P., 2,8, 43-44

Chandigarh, New Capital of Punjab State, 2, 8,44-47,69,82

Columbia University, 3

Community Development Conference, 15

Community Development Program, 6 fn.,7,65-66

Community Projects Administration, 7,73

Cooper Foundation Lecture, 70

Damodar Valley River Development Project, 9,47-48,67

Delhi, 2,9,25,49- . 58,64,66,72-73,77, 82

Engelhardt, Engelhardt and Leggett, 40

Etawah dist., U.P., See Etawah Pilot Project

Etawah Pilot Project, 1, 4-8,13-34,70,81-82

Faizabad District, U.P., 14

First Five Year Plan, 6, 68,70

Five Year Plan, See First, Second, Third', and Fourth Five Year Plans

Ford Foundation, 7-9, 49,53-54,56-57

Four-H Clubs, 66



Index 89

Fourth Five Year Plan, 68

Ghazipur District, U.P., 14

Gorakhpur District, U.P., 15,17,25,30,70,81

Greater Bombay, See Bombay

Gujarat University, 35-36

Hari-ka Pura, 23

Harvard-Yenching Trustees, 8

Harvard University, Graduate School of Business Administration, 23 25,70

Housing Study Guild, 2

India Village Service, 29,35

Indian National Congress, 2,4

Ingraham Institute (Ghaziabad, U.P.), 35

Institute of Current World Affairs, 24

Institute of International Education, 57

Institute of Pacific Relations (I.P.R.), 70

International Society for Community Development, 35

Jhansi District, U.P., 22

Joint Indo-American Technical Cooperation Agreement, 7

Kanpur, See Cawnpore

Kerala, 67

Leather Tannery Project, 35

Mahewa village, Etawah dist., U.P., 15,20, 23,26

Mandir Se

(Hindi news paper), 32

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1,53

Mayer and Whittlesey, Z, 36-37,39,42,44-46,50, 59



Mayer, Whittlesey and

Glass, 2 3,48

Naini, Allahabad dist.,



Allahabad Agri-

cultural Institute

National Association of

Housing and Redevelop-

ment Officials, 3

National Extension

Service (N.E.S.), 7,



Nava Yuvak


magazine for youth),


New Delhi, See Delhi

New York Public Library,


P.R.A.I., See Planning

Research and Action


Planning Research and

Action Institute

(Lucknow, U.P.), 6,


Public Housing Adminis-

tration, 3

Pusa Road District

Shopping Center,

Delhi, 51,55

Rajasthan Canal Project,


Rockefeller Foundation

(Division of Natural

Sciences and Tech-

nology), 21

Rural Research and

Action Centre, U.P.,


Rural Research-And-

Action Institute, 31

Second Five Year Plan,


Socialist Party, 24

Society for Applied '

Anthropology, 3

Standard Vacuum Oil

Company (Bombay), 2,


Suniwalan (Redevelopment),


90-Albert Mayer Papers

Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), 9,48

Texas Engineering Experiment Station, 40,50

Third Five Year Plan, 56,68

Udot-ka-Purwa, 23

United Nations Seminar on Housing and Community Improvement, 70

United Nations Technical Assistance Administration, 48

United Provinces, See Uttar Pradesh

United States Housing Authority, 1

University of California, Berkeley, 71-73


University of Chicago Library, 29,59,68,79

Uttar Pradesh (Agricultural pamphlets), 61

Uttar Pradesh Agricultural University, 28

Uttar Pradesh: General Community Development, 34-35

Uttar Pradesh Pilot Development Project, 4-7,13-34,65,81

See also

Etawah Project

Vigyan Mandirs

(science institutes), 66

World Neighbors, Inc., 34-35,38,72