Copyright Restrictions for Reserve
The policy governing Reserve at the University of Chicago
Library is based on the United States
Copyright Act of 1976. 17 USC
§ 107 establishes the principle, commonly called "fair
use," that the reproduction of copyright works for certain limited,
educational purposes, does not constitute copyright
There are four factors in determining fair use:
- Purpose: The purpose and character of the use,
including whether such use is of a commercial nature, or is for
nonprofit education purposes.
- Nature: The nature of the copyrighted
- Amount: The amount and substantiality of the
portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole.
- Effect: The effect of the use upon the
potential market for, or value of, the copyrighted work.
Library Policies for Reserve
After review with the University's Office of Legal Counsel the
following policies were initiated by the Library:
- Single copies (photocopies or scans for electronic reserves) may
be produced by the Library at its discretion for Library course
reserves from materials in its collections or owned by faculty.
- Single copies of copyrighted materials made by or for an
instructor for use in teaching will be accepted for Library course
- Multiple copies of copyrighted material will not be produced or
accepted by the Library for course reserve without first having
written permission from the copyright holder or having purchased
those copies from the copyright holder or publisher.
- When producing copies for Library course reserve Library
personnel will limit photocopying or scanning to:
- a chapter or two from a book (but no more than 20% of the
- an article or two from a periodical or newspaper (but no more
than 20% of a single issue)
- Whenever possible, materials to be copied or scanned for
electronic reserves will be purchased by the Library, if not
- Compete works, which are in print, will not be added to
electronic course reserves. Complete works, which are out of print,
may be added to electronic course reserves with appropriate
- Copyright acceptance notice will appear on the screen in the
electronic reserves system prior to the download of all materials
scanned by the Library for electronic reserve.
Please note that copyright law is subject to change, and the
Library may have to revise its copyright policies without notice to
comply with new laws or rulings. The University of Chicago
Library monitors legal developments which may
affect the fair use analysis of electronic reserves to ensure that
Library services comply with U.S.
Questions or comments about Library copyright policies should be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org.