Taverns survived Prohibition and the shortages of the wartime years to emerge as a standard feature of many neighborhoods. Shortly after National Prohibition was repealed in December, 1933, the Chicago City Collector's Office granted nearly 7,000 liquor licenses. This was equivalent to an average of one saloon for every 500 Chicagoans. With the return of legalized alcoholic beverages, the term "saloon" used prior to Prohibition was banned and the term "tavern" adopted. Standing at the bar was also prohibited, in an effort to civilize the tavern environment, causing taverns to install stools bar side. On Chicago's South Side, these taverns featured blues and jazz musicians, particularly in the city's African-American neighborhoods like Bronzeville.