About the Artists and Photographers

Max and Albert Rosenthal

Max Rosenthal Signature Detail, from Oliver Ellsworth Portrait

Max Rosenthal, Oliver Ellsworth, n.d., print: etching, United States Supreme Court: Portraits and Autographs, D'Angelo Law Library Rare Book Room, University of Chicago Library.

Albert Rosenthal Signature Detail, from John Marshall Portrait

Albert Rosenthal, J. Marshall, n.d., print: etching, United States Supreme Court: Portraits and Autographs, D'Angelo Law Library Rare Book Room, University of Chicago Library.

Max Rosenthal (1833-1918) and Albert Rosenthal (1863-1939), father and son, are the artists of the etched portraits in this collection of Supreme Court Portraits and Autographs. While the works included in this collection are primarily etchings and/or lithographs, the Rosenthals were accomplished artists in other media as well.

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Alexander Gardner and Moses P. Rice

The Supreme Court of the United States

Alexander Gardner and Moses P. Rice, The Supreme Court of the United States, n.d., photograph, United States Supreme Court: Portraits and Autographs, D'Angelo Law Library Rare Book Room, University of Chicago Library.

This photograph of the Chase Court is undated, but was likely taken between 1865 and 1867 based on who is pictured. It is the first group photograph taken of the U.S. Supreme Court. From left: Clerk D.W. Middleton [standing, cropped out of the print], Justices Davis, Swayne, Grier, Wayne, Chief Justice Chase, Justices Nelson, Clifford, Miller, and Field.

Moses P. Rice Copyright Detail

Alexander Gardner and Moses P. Rice, The Supreme Court of the United States, n.d., photograph, United States Supreme Court: Portraits and Autographs, D'Angelo Law Library Rare Book Room, University of Chicago Library.

Detail of copyright information from Alexander Gardner and Moses P. Rice Supreme Court photograph: copyright M.P. Rice.

Alexander Gardner (1821-1882) was a photographer most known for his photographs of President Lincoln and the Civil War. The photograph of the Chase Court included in this collection is attributed to him. Moses P. Rice (1839-1925) may have been an assistant to Gardner before opening a photography studio of his own with his brother Amos. The print of the photograph contained in this collection was likely made by Rice from Gardner's negative.

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Harris & Ewing

U.S. Supreme Court

Harris & Ewing, U.S. Supreme Court, n.d., photograph, United States Supreme Court: Portraits and Autographs, D'Angelo Law Library Rare Book Room, University of Chicago Library.

This photograph of the White Court is undated, but was likely taken between 1912 and 1914 based on who is pictured. Front row: Justices Day and McKenna, Chief Justice White, Justices Holmes and Lurton; Back row: Justices Lamar, Hughes, Van Devanter, and Pitney.

Harris & Ewing Copyright Detail

Harris & Ewing, U.S. Supreme Court, n.d., photograph, United States Supreme Court: Portraits and Autographs, D'Angelo Law Library Rare Book Room, University of Chicago Library.

Detail of copyright information from Harris & Ewing Supreme Court photograph: (c) Harris & Ewing, Washington, D.C.

Harris & Ewing (in business from 1905 to 1977) was a prominent photography studio in Washington, D.C. frequented by Presidents and Supreme Court Justices (among many others). The studio was owned by George W. Harris and Martha Ewing. The photograph of the White Court included in this collection is attributed to this studio.

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For Additional Research on these Images

For more information about Supreme Court portraits and group photographs, see:

  • "All Together for the Camera: 150 Years of Group Photographs," Exhibitions, Visiting the Court, Supreme Court of the United States, accessed July 8, 2019, https://www.supremecourt.gov/visiting/AllTogetherForCamera.aspx.
  • "Group portraits of U.S. Supreme Court Justices," Record, Photograph, Print, or Drawing (Collection), Prints & Photographs Reading Room, Library of Congress, accessed July 10, 2019, https://lccn.loc.gov/2004668984.
    • This collection of group portraits at the Library of Congress contains 78 items.
  • "National Portrait Gallery," Smithsonian Institution, accessed July 10, 2019, https://npg.si.edu/.
    • The National Portrait Gallery collections have many portraits and photographs of Supreme Court Justices, as well as other works by the artists and photographers featured in this exhibit.

For additional assistance with research into the visual arts, see: