Special Collections Research Center

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Military, War and Veterans

    American Civil Liberties Union. Illinois Division. Records

    Documents the activities of the Illinois Division of the American Civil Liberties Union from its founding through the early 1980s. Includes case files, finances and fundraising information, individual and institutional correspondence, minutes, newsletters and publications, film, audio cassettes, and photographs.

    American Veterans Committee, Chicago Area Council. Records

    The collection contains documents from the American Veterans Council, founded in 1944 and disbanded in 2003. The American Veterans Council was a liberal Veterans’ organization that sought to protect and extend Democracy. The collection spans from 1946-1973, with the bulk of the collection from 1946-1958. Researches interested in union and or Veterans history, especially with regards to Chicago, will find this collection useful.

    Beaumont, William. Collection

    William Beaumont (1785-1853), surgeon in the United States Army and pioneer in gastroenterology. The William Beaumont Collection contains correspondence, medical documents, legal documents, photographs, artwork, artifacts, and ephemera of William Beaumont and of the Beaumont family. Materials date from 1821 to 1938, with the bulk dating between 1830 and 1889.

    Bonney Family. Correspondence

    The Bonney Family Civil War Letters collection is comprised of 48 letters written to their parents by Daniel, James, and Seth Bonney, soldiers in Massachusetts regiments during the Civil War. With the exception of one letter from Seth, written in 1868, the correspondence in the collection falls within the period 1860-1864, and describes the various experiences of the three brothers in camp, field, prison, and hospital.

    Campbell, William Henry, Correspondence

    Letters (1862-1864) from William Henry Campbell, acting assistant surgeon aboard the U.S.S. Commodore McDonough during the Civil War, to his wife Mary Upham Campbell, Watertown, Massachusetts. Stationed most of the time in South Carolina, Campbell related what he observed of plantation and military life.

    Carlson, LeRoy T. Papers

    LeRoy T. Carlson (1916- ) graduated from the College at the University of Chicago in 1938, going on to earn his M.B.A. from Harvard University in 1941. He served with the Persian Gulf Command during World War II, helping secure supply lines to Russia in Iran. From 1942 to 1943, he worked as an assistant treasurer at the General Motors plant in Calcutta, India. Carlson founded Telephone and Data Systems in 1970, a Fortune 500 company, and has maintained a relationship with the University of Chicago, sponsoring the LeRoy T. and Margaret Deffenbaugh Carlson University Professorship. The bulk of his collection contains materials from his time spent abroad during the years 1942 to 1944.

    Cate, James Lea. Papers

    James Lea Cate (1899-1981) was a scholar of medieval history and historiography, and a professor at the University of Chicago from 1930 to 1969. A veteran of World War II, Cate studied aviation history, co-edited the seven-volume history Army Air Forces in World War II, and earned an award for Exceptional Civilian Service for his consultancy in the History Office of the United States Air Force. The collection includes material pertaining to Cate's research, writing, and teaching; material relevant to his administrative contributions to the University and to outside professional activities; correspondence; and personal ephemera. Materials date between 1920 and 1980, with the bulk of the material dating between 1945 and 1978.

    Duckworth, Sir John Thomas. Papers

    Contains correspondence, naval orders and instructions, and reports. Also includes an 1811 broadside printed in Newfoundland. Topics highlight some of Duckworth's decisions as British governor and naval commander of Newfoundland on the eve of the War of 1812.

    Gilkey, Langdon. Papers

    Langdon Brown Gilkey taught at the Divinity School of the University of Chicago from 1963 until his retirement in 1989. He was a prominent protestant theologian, an expert on the relation between science and religion, and a key respondent to the rise of intelligent design as a way of teaching creationism. During 1940-1945 he taught at Yenching University (now part of Peking University) in Beijing, China, then occupied by the Japanese, and from 1943 to 1945 he was interned along with other Allied civilians at the Weihsien Internment Camp (or Weihsien Civilian Assembly Center). The collection contains official and personal correspondence, notes, manuscripts and typescripts, newspaper clippings, postcards, periodicals and other publications, photographs, and administrative documents dating between 1934 and 2004. The bulk of the material dates between 1940-1945 and 1954-2004. The papers primarily document Langdon Gilkey’s life in China during the Second World War and his professional career as theologian, academician, and professor at the Divinity School of the University of Chicago and other institutions.

    Goettler, Harold E. Papers

    Harold E. Goettler was a University of Chicago graduate (1914) who joined the United States Air Service in 1917. Goettler was killed in the line of duty during World War I, while flying supply runs to Allied troops trapped by Germans in the Argonne Forest. This collection contains memorabilia of Goettler's days as a student, including an exceptionally large and elaborate scrapbook representing his academic, athletic and social activities at University of Chicago. Also included are memorabilia from his time in the Air Service.

    Hancock, Winfield Scott. Collection

    Winfield Scott Hancock (1824–1886) was a career military officer in the US Army and the Democratic Party’s 1880 nominee for President. The collection contains fifteen letters written by Hancock, mostly to Samuel S. Cox, the US Representative from New York.

    Hansen, Harry. Papers

    Harry Hansen, writer, literary critic, and editor. The Harry Hansen Papers consist of correspondence, manuscripts by Hansen, reviews and production notes of his books, and an extensive collection of clippings of his book review columns, World War I reporting, and other short writings.

    Harlan, Robert and Lois. Papers

    Robert and Lois Harlan were alumni of the University of Chicago. Robert Harlan was an exchange student in Marburg, Germany in 1938-1939 at the dawn of the Second World War and experienced the Kristallnacht. He served as Consul General of the United States in Frankfurt, Germany during 1971-1975. The collection contains official and personal correspondence, notes, manuscripts and typescripts, newspaper clippings and copies, scrapbooks, and photographs dating between 1922 and 2009. The bulk of the material dates between 1935 and 1940 and 1971-1975. The papers primarily document Robert Harlan's student years, his exchange in Germany, and his consulship in Frankfurt.

    Historical Manuscripts. Collection

    The Historical Manuscripts Collections contains correspondence and other brief manuscripts documenting personal, scholarly, business, government, and religious affairs, written by an array of authors, primarily from North America and Western Europe. The manuscripts date from the fifteenth to the twentieth centuries.

    Hitchcock Family. Papers

    This collection is made up of the correspondence, business papers, and assorted miscellany of Dexter and Sheldon Hitchcock, and their families between 1834 and 1878. Of interest to the economic historian will be the shipping receipts and bills of lading in the business papers of Dexter Hitchcock, 1834-1835, and the various personal account books for the post Civil War period in Folder 6. There are also two interesting letters dealing with western lands in the correspondence of Sheldon Hitchcock, and a group of letters written by soldiers in the Union Army to family and friends in Aurora, Illinois.

    Janowitz, Morris. Collection

    Morris Janowitz, sociologist. Papers include professional correspondence, biographical materials, research and subject files, manuscripts of Janowitz's books and articles, course materials, and papers concerning the Inter-University Seminar on the Armed Forces and Society, founded by Janowitz in 1960. Most dates from the late 1960s through the mid-1980s. Earlier material includes Janowitz's research using World War II military, and psychological warfare documents.

    Johnson, Edgar N. . Papers

    Born in Chicago in 1901, Edgar N. Johnson was a University of Chicago undergraduate and graduate student in history. He served on the history faculties of University of Nebraska, Brandeis University, and University of Massachusetts. From 1943-1946, he served in the Office of Strategic Services in England and continental Europe. This collection contains letters written home to his family during this period, as well as biographical material, photographs, and incoming correspondence.

    Kupfer-Koberwitz, Edgar. Dachau Diaries

    The Edgar Kupfer-Koberwitz Papers contain his original diary and other documents pertaining to his imprisonment at Dachau. The early volumes are practically illegible from water damage. A folder containing the issues of Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte in which the diary was published is also included.

    Lincoln Collection. Charles Edwards Wilcox. Civil War Diary

    This diary was kept by Charles Edwards Wilcox (1839-1931), and includes his experiences during the Civil War as a northern soldier from Diamond Lake in northern Illinois. It forms part of the William E. Barton Collection of Lincolniana.

    MacDowell, Charles Henry. Papers

    An expert in nitrate, Charles H. MacDowell served on President Wilson’s War Industries Board as the director in the Chemical Division. Additionally, he served with the American Commission to Negotiate Peace. The papers of Charles MacDowell relate to his war efforts and his service with the American Commission to Negotiate Peace. The larger part of the papers consist of minutes of the Economic Commission, the Supreme Economic Council, and the sub-committee on Germany and other committees. The latter section of the Papers is comprised of newspaper clippings collected by MacDowell and miscellaneous letters and pamphlets.

    Malone, Virginia Eckels. Family. Papers

    Virginia Eckels Malone (1898-1978) was a writer and amateur historian who lived in Chicago, Washington D.C., and Long Island, New York. Her extended family included distinguished politicians, attorneys, and philanthropists. The collection consists of family papers kept by Virginia Eckels Malone. There are papers of the Eckels family, the Malone family, and the Bright, Oberly, and Schuckers families. It also includes Virginia Eckels Malone's own personal papers. Materials include correspondence, publications, ephemera, manuscripts, financial and organizational records, photographs, artworks and artifacts.

    Manly, John Matthews. Papers

    John Matthews Manly (1865-1940), Professor of English. The John Matthews Manly Papers contain personal and professional correspondence, manuscripts, copies of manuscripts from various libraries, articles, lectures, notes, student papers, and cryptography ciphers and problem sheets. Correspondents include G.L. Kittredge, Barrett Wendell, A.W. Pollard, William A. Craigie, R.B. McKerrow, and H.S. Bennett. The collection documents Manly’s work on Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales, and other works of medieval literature, as well as his interest in cryptography.

    Miles, Nelson Appleton. Collection

    Nelson Appleton Miles (1839–1925) was a career soldier in the United States Army, serving in the American Civil War, the Indian Wars, and the Spanish-American War. The collection contains correspondence sent and received by Miles, particularly upon his becoming Commanding General of the Army.

    Murphy, William S. Papers

    William S. Murphy was a military historian who studied Irish participation in European armies, particularly their role in French and Spanish campaigns in colonial America. This collection contains his articles, drafts, and research material.

    Niewiarowski, Radzia Jankowski. Papers

    Radzia Niewiarowski, student. Niewiarowski was a University of Chicago graduate in 1921. She was imprisoned in a Nazi camp at Liebenau during the German occupation of Poland in World War II. The collection consists of a typescript of her experiences during this time.

    Offenbach Archival Depot. Collection

    The Offenbach Archival Depot Collection contains bookplates, stamps, and monograms, arranged by countries in Eastern Europe, the Americas, and Western Europe. These bookplates, stamps, and monograms served as identifiers in restoring materials stolen by the Nazis to their original repositories following World War II.

    Oppenheim, Adolf Leo and Elizabeth. Papers

    This collection consists of documents relating to the lives of Leo and Elizabeth Oppenheim. A majority of the documents and correspondence relate to the couple's sustained attempts to leave Europe and immigrate to the United States during World War II. Documents within this collection date from 1888 to 1980, with the bulk of the documents dating between 1938 and 1946.

    Payne, Devall. Collection

    Devall Payne (1764-1830) was a major in the War of 1812, serving in Colonel R. M. Johnson’s regiment of mounted infantry and leading the pursuit of General Proctor after the Battle of Lake Erie. He was later promoted to the position of colonel in the United States military. The Collection contains six letters sent by Payne to his wife, Hannah and one letter sent to Payne by John Chambers, aide-de-camp to General Harrison.

    Shillinglaw, David Lee. Papers

    David Lee Shillinglaw (b. June 6, 1889, d. February 13, 1976) was a World War I-veteran, American Legionnaire, investment banker, and a Chicago civic leader. The collection contains correspondence, diaries, appointment books, notes, manuscripts, typescripts, blueprints, reports, clippings, World War I-era ephemera and publications, photographs, audiotape reels, and scrapbooks. Materials date between 1892 and 1971, with the bulk of the material dating between 1917 and 1960. The papers primarily document Shillinglaw's service in the YMCA American Expeditionary Forces and the army during WWI, his public speaking engagements, his service in the American Legion, and his personal involvement in numerous political organizations and boards.

    Stephenson, William A. F., Papers

    William A. F. Stephenson (1904-1985) University of Chicago graduate who had a long and prominent career in the military, public service, education, politics, and business. The collection documents Stephenson’s work in FDR’s New Deal, in the Army during WWII where he served under Patton and Bradley, and in Florida’s Democratic Party.

    United States Government War Exposition, 1918. Collection

    This collection consists of documents from the U.S. Government War Exposition of 1918. The exposition took place in Chicago's Grant Park, September 2-15, 1918. The bulk of the collection dates from this time.

    University of Chicago. Wartime Military Training Programs. Records

    This collection contains correspondence, memoranda, reports, financial records, curricula, evaluations, and correspondence related to the wartime activities of the University of Chicago. Materials in this collection primarily document the Army Specialized Training Program (ASTP) and the Civil Aeronautics Administration's War Training Service Program (WTS). Other minor wartime programs contained within this collection include Army Sponsored Meteorological Training, Civil Affairs Training School, Institute for Military Studies, and Production Training for War Industries. Also contained with this collection are documents pertaining to the University's military programs during the interwar years and the University's activities during World War II.

    University of Chicago. World War I Ephemera. Collection

    This collection contains memoranda, correspondence, certificates, reports, and records pertaining to the University's activities during World War I. Materials in this collection date from 1917 to1922, with the bulk of the material dating to 1917.

    Winston, Thomas. Papers

    Thomas Winston was a physician with Illinois troops during the Civil War. These papers relate primarily to Winston's activities as a surgeon during the Civil War. Includes biographical material, case histories, lists of medical supplies, receipts for effects of soldiers, and various documents relating to individual soldiers. Also contains some material relating to real estate after the Civil War.