University of Chicago Library

Guide to the Dorothy Edith Bradbury Papers circa 1947

© 2006 University of Chicago Library


Descriptive Summary


Bradbury, Dorothy Edith. Papers


ca. 1947


0.5 linear feet (1 box)


Hanna Holborn Gray Special Collections Research Center
University of Chicago Library
1100 East 57th Street
Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.


The Dorothy Bradbury Papers contain a manuscript copy of Bradbury's unpublished book, The Children's Advocate, which tells the story of the establishment and operation of the United States Children's Bureau from 1905-1946.

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When quoting material from this collection, the preferred citation is: Bradbury, Dorothy Edith. Papers, [Box #, Folder #], Hanna Holborn Gray Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library

Biographical Note

Dorothy Bradbury became Director of the Division of Reports of the Children's Bureau in the 1940's under its second chief, Grace Abbott. Prior to that she had worked for the Iowa Child Welfare Research Station and the Extended School Services Division of the U.S. Department of Education. Bradbury published several books and articles in the field of child welfare, the best-known being Learning to Care for Children (1943, 1946), which was co-authored by Edna P. Amidon.

Scope Note

The Children's Advocate by Dorothy Bradbury is the story of the establishment and operation of the United States Children's Bureau from 1905-1946. Although the original manuscript was never published, an abstract entitled Four Decades of Action for Children: A History of the Children's Bureau was published by that agency in 1956. This version, as well as the second edition of 1962, included final chapters entitled "To the Future" written by Bureau Chiefs Martha M. Eliot and Katharine B. Oettinger respectively. Omitted in these brief histories were the detailed descriptions of Bureau personnel, projects, and problems as related in Bradbury's manuscript.

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Subject Headings


Box 1   Folder 1

Chapter 1, "The Birth of the Federal Children's Bureau" with preliminary matter.

Box 1   Folder 2

Chapter 2, "Congress and The Children's Bureau.

Box 1   Folder 3

Chapter 3, "Julia Lathrop, The First Chief of the Bureau."

Box 1   Folder 4

Chapter 4, "The Early Years."

Box 1   Folder 5

Chapter 5, "The First World War and After"

Box 1   Folder 6

Chapter 6, "Grace Abbott: The Second Chief of the Children's Bureau."

Box 1   Folder 7

Chapter 7, "The Doctors and The Maternity and Infancy Act."

Box 1   Folder 8

Chapter 8, "The Children's Amendment."

Box 1   Folder 9

Chapter 9, "The Children's Bureau During the Depression Years."

Box 1   Folder 10

Chapter 10, "Katharine Lenroot: Third Chief of The Children's Bureau."

Box 1   Folder 11

Chapter 11, "Child Labor in the Recovery Period."

Box 1   Folder 12

Chapter 12, "The Children's Bureau and the Social Security Act During the Recovery Period."

Box 1   Folder 13

Chapter 13, "Planning for Children in the Face of War."

Box 1   Folder 14

Chapter 14, "Health Services for Mothers and Children During World War II."

Box 1   Folder 15

Chapter 15, "Children at Work During World War II."

Box 1   Folder 16

Chapter 16, "Neglected, Dependent and Delinquent Children in Wartime."

Box 1   Folder 17

Chapter 17, "Reorganization Plans and Outcomes."

Box 1   Folder 18

Early draft of chapter 7.

Box 1   Folder 19

Early draft of chapter 5.

Box 1   Folder 20


  • Rejection letter to Dorothy E. Bradbury from the University of Chicago Press, February 27, 1947 with two critical reviews by readers for the Press.
  • Dorothy E. Bradbury, Washington, D.C., to Grace Abbott, March 28, no year.