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University of Chicago Library

Guide to the Hyde Park, Kenwood, and Woodlawn Neighborhoods Collection 1883-2004

© 2020 University of Chicago Library

Descriptive Summary

Title:

Hyde Park, Kenwood, and Woodlawn Neighborhoods. Collection

Size:

5.25 linear feet (7 boxes)

Repository:

Special Collections Research Center
University of Chicago Library
1100 East 57th Street
Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.

Abstract:

The Hyde Park-Kenwood and Woodlawn Records contain articles, journals, small publications, brochures, correspondence, neighborhood directories, flyers, newsletters, advertisements, neighborhood guides, pamphlets, proposals, reports, and newspapers concerning the history of Hyde Park and its surrounding neighborhoods, as well as the urban renewal movement.

Information on Use

Access

This collection is open for research.

Citation

When quoting material from this collection, the preferred citation is: Hyde Park, Kenwood, and Woodlawn Neighborhoods. Collection, [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library

Historical Note

Before European settlement, the Chicago area functioned as a trade center for various Native American nations, such as the Potawatomi, Myaamia (Miami), and Illiniwek Confederacy nations. Other nations that lived in this region were the Ottawa, Sauk, Ojibwe, Kiikaapoi (Kickapoo), Mascouten, Wea, Delaware, Winnebago, Menominee, and Mesquakie (Fox) nations. The first non-native settler in Chicago was Jean Baptiste Point du Sable, a Haitian from the French colony of Saint-Domingue, who by 1790 had established a trading settlement near the Chicago River. After several wars and raids between Myaamia and Iroquois nations, in the late 18th century the Ojibwe and Potawatomi nations took control over the Chicago area. It was ultimately the Potawatomi nation that, with the Treaty of Chicago in 1833, ceded their remaining lands in Illinois, Wisconsin, and Michigan to the American government.

Twenty years later, Paul Cornell, a lawyer, real estate spectator, and cousin of the founder of Cornell University, purchased 300 acres of land between 51st and 55th street. Cornell had envisioned creating a residential neighborhood for Chicago businessmen and their families and quickly Hyde Park became that suburban retreat. In 1861, Hyde Park was incorporated as an independent township, called Hyde Park Township, and its boundaries were extended south from 39th to 63rd Streets to 138th Street and west to State Street.

Woodlawn, previous a part of the Hyde Park Township, is a neighborhood south of Hyde Park extending north to 60th Street, south to 67 Street, and west to King Drive. The first non-native settlers of Woodlawn were Dutch farmers who arrived in the 1850s. These farmers were able to sell their produce to merchants via the Illinois Central Railroad, which in 1862 opened a station on 63rd Street.

Kenwood, also a former Hyde Park Township neighborhood, was settled in the 1850s by Chicago individuals who sought a respite from the city. The first of these residents was Dr. John A. Kennicott, who built a home near the Illinois Central Railroad tracks at 48th Street. Dr. Kennicott named his home Kenwood after his ancestral land in Scotland, and eventually the name Kenwood came to be applied to the land between 43rd Street and 51st Street, and west to Cottage Grove Avenue.

In 1889, Hyde Park Township, including the neighborhoods of Kenwood and Woodlawn, was annexed to the city of Chicago.

Though the University of Chicago was originally was located in the Bronzeville neighborhood, on the northwest corner of 35th Street and Cottage Grove Avenue, through the efforts of the American Baptist Education Society and billionaire John D. Rockefeller, the university was moved to Hyde Park in 1890

In 1893, The World’s Columbian Exposition was hosted in Hyde Park-Kenwood and Woodlawn, which, alongside an influx of residents, brought increased attention and development to the neighborhoods. During this period, Hyde Park was an affluent white neighborhood governed by racially segregating covenants that prevented African Americans from purchasing or occupying property.

In the 1950s, Both Hyde Park-Kenwood and Woodlawn experienced racial tensions and declining housing conditions, which led to a “white flight” as middle class white families left the area. In response to deteriorating housing conditions and economic decline, during the 1950s and 1960s the University of Chicago sponsored an urban renewal plan. This plan involved demolishing and redeveloping entire blocks of buildings in disrepair. Significantly, substandard housing primarily populated by low-income African Americans was demolished and replaced, but these former residents could not afford to live in these newly developed areas. The goal of this renewal plan was to create an affluent but diverse community, and after this plan, the average income of Hyde Park increased sharply by 70 percent, but the population of African Americans decreased by 40 percent.

Scope Note

This collection is organized into 3 series:

Series I: History

Series II: Urban Renewal Movement

Series III: Oversized

The Hyde Park-Kenwood and Woodlawn Records contain articles, journals, small publications, brochures, correspondence, neighborhood directories, flyers, newsletters, advertisements, neighborhood guides, pamphlets, proposals, reports, and newspapers concerning the history of Hyde Park and its surrounding neighborhoods, as well as the urban renewal movement.

Related Resources

The following related resources are located in the Department of Special Collections:

Browse finding aids by topic.

Hyde Park Historical Society. Collection

Hyde Park-Kenwood Razed Buildings. Collection

Hyde Park-Kenwood Community Conference. Records

University of Chicago. Center for Urban Studies. Records

University of Chicago. University Extension. Records

University of Chicago. Woodlawn Social Services Center. Records

Subject Headings

INVENTORY

Series I: History

This series contains newspaper and journal articles, small publications, newsletters, correspondence, brochures, directories, and miscellaneous flyers and pamphlets. The materials date from 1883 to 2004 and are arranged by type and then chronologically.

Subseries 1: Hyde Park

Box 1    Folder 1

Articles, 1956-1990

Box 1    Folder 2

Publications, 1929-1988

Box 1    Folder 3

Commemorations and Fairs, 1961-1962

Box 1    Folder 4

Hyde Park Golden Jubilee, undated

Box 1    Folder 5

Hyde Park Historical Society, 1979-1989

Box 1    Folder 6

Hyde Park Historical Society, 1984-1994

Box 1    Folder 7

Joseph Regenstein Library, 1972-1988

Box 1    Folder 8

University Brochures, undated

Box 1    Folder 9

University Correspondence and Invitations, 1998-2004

Box 1    Folder 10

Miscellaneous, 1883-1992

Subseries 2: Woodlawn

Box 1   Folder 11

Articles and Publications, 1941-1992

Box 1   Folder 12

The Book of Woodlawn, 1920-1930

Box 1   Folder 13

The Coliseum, 1897-1938

Box 1   Folder 14

Jackson Park, undated

Box 1   Folder 15

Miscellaneous, 1917-1987

Subseries 3: Southside and Chicago

Box 2   Folder 1

Articles and Publications, 1926-1940

Box 2   Folder 2

Chicago’s Great South Shore, 1930

Subseries 4: Directories

Box 2   Folder 3

Neighborhood Classified Phone Directory, 1959-1962

Box 2   Folder 4

Neighborhood Phone Directory, 1964

Box 2   Folder 5

Neighborhood Phone Directory, 1965

Box 2   Folder 6

Neighborhood Phone Directory, 1967

Box 2   Folder 7

Neighborhood Phone Directory 1968-1971

Box 3   Folder 1

Neighborhood Phone Directory, 1972

Box 3   Folder 2

Neighborhood Directory, 1966

Box 3   Folder 3

Neighborhood Yellow Pages, 1966

Box 3   Folder 4

Hyde Park Chamber of Commerce Directory, 1986-1996

Box 3   Folder 5

Miscellaneous, 1964-1990

Subseries 5: Hyde Park Businesses

Box 3   Folder 6

Publications and Newsletters, 1979-2005

Box 3   Folder 7

Flyers and Advertisements, 1979-2007

Subseries 6: Publications

Box 3   Folder 8

Articles, 1959-1989

Box 3   Folder 9

Journals and Magazines, 1979-1989

Box 3   Folder 10

The Hyde Park Jacket, 1989

Box 4   Folder 1

Housing Guides, 1983

Box 4   Folder 2

Hyde Park Guides, 1980

Box 4   Folder 3

University Guides to Chicago, undated

Box 4   Folder 4

Brochures and Pamphlets, 1987-2002

Series II: Urban Renewal

This series contains press releases, newspaper and journal articles, brochures and pamphlets, reports, proposals, and personal correspondence related to the urban redevelopment movement led by the University in Hyde Park, Kenwood, and Woodlawn neighborhoods. The materials date from 1953 to 2002 and are arranged by type, and then chronologically.

Subseries 1: University of Chicago Campus Development and Neighborhood Housing

Box 4    Folder 5

University City, 1957

Box 4    Folder 6

The Neighborhood Program, 1960-1961

Box 4    Folder 7

South Campus, 1960-1963

Box 4    Folder 8

The Faculty Committee on Rental Policies, 1962

Box 4    Folder 9

The Hyde Park Kenwood Renewal Years, 1964-1967

Box 4    Folder 10

South East Chicago Commission, 1968

Box 4    Folder 11

The Chicago Public Housing Controversy, 1972

Box 5   Folder 1

University Publications, 1953-1979

Box 5   Folder 2

University Reports, 1956-1969

Box 5   Folder 3

Press Releases, 1959-1962

Subseries 2: Community Development

Box 5   Folder 4

The Hyde Park Kenwood Community Conference, 1962

Box 5   Folder 5

The Factual Background of the “Hyde Park-Kenwood Story”, 1963

Box 5   Folder 6

Harper Court, 1963

Box 5   Folder 7

Rebuilding Ghetto Communities for the People Who Live There, 1977

Box 5   Folder 8

Saul Alinsky and the Industrial Areas Foundation, 1962-1965

Box 5   Folder 9

The Woodlawn Organization (TWO), 1964-1969

Box 5   Folder 10

‘Crisis in Black and White’ Reviews, 1964

Box 5   Folder 11

Articles, 1960-1993

Box 5   Folder 12

Journals, 1960

Box 5   Folder 13

Brochures and Flyers, 1965-1995

Subseries 3: Religious Organizing

Box 6   Folder 1

Articles, 1963-1965

Box 6   Folder 2

The Christian Century, 1963-1965

Box 6   Folder 3

Correspondence, 1964-1965

Subseries 4: Reports and Proposals

Box 6   Folder 4

Commercial Club of Chicago Report, undated

Box 6   Folder 5

Community Appraisal Study, 1952

Box 6   Folder 6

South East Chicago Renewal Project, 1954

Box 6   Folder 7

Webb and Knapp Proposals, 1957

Box 6   Folder 8

City Council Proposed Ordinance, 1958

Box 6   Folder 9

People and Neighborhood Renewal Report, 1962

Box 6   Folder 10

Proposal for the Long-term Needs of Woodlawn, 1962

Box 6   Folder 11

Secondary Education Park Proposals, 1965

Box 6   Folder 12

Community Improvement and Redevelopment, 1965

Box 6   Folder 13

Jackson Park Case Study, 1966

Box 6   Folder 14

Alternatives for Planning Kenwood Oakland, 1968

Box 7   Folder 1

Report to Chicago Plan Commission, 1969

Box 7   Folder 2

Woodlawn Service Program Final Report, 1972

Box 7   Folder 3

University-Community Partnerships: Current Practices vol. 2, 1996

Box 7   Folder 4

Hyde Park Residents Focus Groups and Survey, 2002

Series III: Oversized

This series contains press releases, newspaper clippings, newspaper issues, magazine issues, and journal issues. The materials date from 1923 to 2004 and are arranged by type and then chronologically.

Subseries 1: Press Releases

Box 8    Folder 1

The Hyde Park Story, 1961

Subseries 2: Newspapers and Journals

Box 8    Folder 2

Miscellaneous Newspaper and Journal Clippings, 1923-1983

Box 8    Folder 3

Chicago Daily News Clippings, 1957-1962

Box 8    Folder 4

Chicago Sun-Times Clippings, 1957-1961

Box 8    Folder 5

The Woodlawn Observer vol. 4 no. 8, 1967

Box 8    Folder 6

Holiday Magazine, 1963

Box 8    Folder 7

Chicago Magazine, 1965

Box 8    Folder 8

Hyde Park-Kenwood Voices vol. 2 no. 8, 1967

Box 8    Folder 9

The Chicago Journal vol. 6 no. 12, 1981

Box 8    Folder 10

Lake Shore Perspectives vol. 1 no. 1, 1985

Box 8    Folder 11

Hyde Park Citizen vol. 5 no. 12, 1992

Box 8    Folder 12

The Resource Fall 1995 no.7, 1995

Box 8    Folder 13

The Chronicle of Higher Education, 1996

Subseries 3: Hyde Park Herald

Box 8    Folder 14

The Hyde Park Herald vol. 75 no. 44, 1956

Box 8    Folder 15

The Hyde Park Herald vol. 76 no. 18, 1958

Box 8    Folder 16

The Hyde Park Herald vol. 31 no. 15, 1962

Box 8    Folder 17

The Hyde Park Herald vol. 31 no. 16, 1962

Box 8    Folder 18

The Hyde Park Herald vol. 124 no. 29, 2004

Box 8    Folder 19

The Hyde Park Herald vol. 75 no. 34, 1956

Subseries 4: University of Chicago Newspapers

Box 8    Folder 20

The Chicago Maroon vol. 85 no. 4, 1975

Box 8    Folder 21

The Chicago Maroon vol. 86 no. 9, 1976

Box 8    Folder 22

The Chicago Maroon vol. 87 no. 39, 1978

Box 8    Folder 23

The Chicago Maroon vol. 88 no. 33, 1979

Box 8    Folder 24

Free Press Student Newspaper vol. 2 no. 6, 1995

Subseries 5: Chicago Tribune

Box 8   Folder 25

Chicago Tribune, Jul 23 1960

Box 8   Folder 26

Chicago Tribune, May 29 1985

Box 8   Folder 27

Chicago Tribune, Sep 29 1985

Box 8   Folder 28

Chicago Tribune, May 20 1987

Box 8   Folder 29

Chicago Tribune, May 8 1991

Box 8   Folder 30

Newspaper Clippings, 1938-1967