© 2009 University of Chicago Library
Krug, Mark M. Papers
5.5 linear feet (11 boxes)
Special Collections Research Center
Mark M. Krug (1915-2004), professor of history and education, served on the faculty of the University of Chicago’s Graduate School of Education during the 1960s and 1970s. Krug was interested in the politics of cultural pluralism both as an academic and in the wider community, and he was involved with secondary school curriculum initiatives at the state and national levels. He chaired the Zionist Organization of Chicago. The Mark M. Krug Papers include correspondence, teaching materials, and scholarly and public writings.
Series VI contains student material that is restricted for 80 years, and tenure review and personnel material that is restricted for 50 years.
The remainder of the collection is open for research.
When quoting material from this collection, the preferred citation is: Krug, Mark M. Papers, [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library
Mark M. Krug (1915-2004) was a professor of history and education at the University of Chicago’s Graduate School of Education. He was active in the wider Chicago community as an educator, author, social critic, and spokesman for Israel.
Krug was born in Vienna and lost his mother and sister to the Holocaust. He received an M.A. in education at Roosevelt University and a PhD in history from the University of Chicago in 1960. He taught high school history and began his academic career as a scholar of the American Civil War and Reconstruction era. His 1965 biography of Senator Lyman Trumbull was considered influential. His interest in race and politics became increasingly focused on the American education system, and the tension between teaching American history and “American values,” and respecting cultural pluralism.
As a faculty member of the University of Chicago's Graduate School of Education, Krug became involved in curriculum initiatives inside and outside the university, most notably as director of the Schwartz Citizenship Project. This project was funded by Mr. and Mrs. Charles and Lavinia P. Schwartz through a grant to the University of Chicago, but involved educators from outside the university. The project attempted to devise a one-year curriculum in government and civics instruction at the high school level, to be used across the country. In the Vietnam era it aimed to combat youth protest by focusing on aspects of the democratic process overlooked by traditional social studies and civics textbooks. These included the place of voluntary associations and pressure groups in American politics.
Krug’s scholarly and public writings during the 1970s revolved around the role of ethnic and racial minority lobbies in American politics and education. He became particularly interested in “white ethnic” groups, and his newspaper articles on the American Polish and Jewish communities attracted comment. The 1974 “Krug Report,” published as a series in the Chicago Tribune, addressed the controversial topic of the Chicago public school system, then plagued by violence and poor academic performance. Krug attacked racial segregation and a decentralized bureaucracy that gave local school councils and parents power to remove principals.
Krug himself was active in politics and involved with state and national legislative agendas on education and citizenship. He was also professionally invested in teacher training at the Graduate School of Education, where he taught classes in history and social studies education for the Master of Arts in Teaching and Master of Science in Teaching for Experienced Teachers degrees. Krug was prominent on the academic lecture circuit and participated yearly in conferences such as the National Council on Social Studies; he spent a term as a visiting professor at University of California at San Diego.
Between the late 1960s and 1971 Krug was director of the Zionist Organization of Chicago. He had connections with the Consul General of Israel and the Zionist Organization of America, and was frequently a guest speaker on Israeli politics and the cultural and political issues facing American Jews.
The Mark M. Krug Papers span the years 1964-1982, and are organized into six series:
Series I: Correspondence and Project Records, contains correspondence related to Krug’s career as a professor and author during the 1960s and 1970s. Also represented is his participation in education initiatives at the local and national levels.
Series II: Teaching contains materials related to Krug’s teaching career, including correspondence with students, program and course descriptions, teaching notes, and examination outlines. It includes student directories. It also contains materials related to workshops and courses conducted outside the University of Chicago. Material in this series spans the 1960s and 1970s.
Series III: Writings, contains book reviews, journal articles, academic papers, and book excerpts and outlines. It includes correspondence with readers and publishers related to certain articles. It also contains correspondence with readers and publishers related to certain articles. Most papers are undated, but topics correspond with his academic career, ranging from the American Civil War to contemporary social studies.
Series IV: Jewish Organizations, details Krug’s involvement with local and national Jewish organizations, and with Israeli academics and politicians, during the late 1960s and 1970s.
Series V: Personal, contains correspondence and papers relating to Krug’s personal life between 1969 and 1980. It includes letters to and from friends and family, holiday plans, and some insurance policies.
Series VI: Restricted, contains student grades, observation reports on student teachers, and letters of recommendation. It also contains information related to personnel and faculty review.
The following related resources are located in the Department of Special Collections:
Series I: Correspondence and Project Records
This series contains correspondence related to Krug’s career as a professor and author during the 1960s and 1970s. Also represented is his participation in education initiatives at the local and national levels. This series is divided into four subseries. Restricted material has been transferred to Series VI.
Subseries 1: University of Chicago, contains correspondence from Krug’s career as a professor at the University of Chicago. It includes letters and memoranda to and from other faculty members, and material related to university committees and projects on which he participated. Materials in this subseries are primarily related to the Graduate School of Education during the 1960s and 1970s. Folder 16 contains the papers of university colleague John Poster. Materials related to tenure reviews, salary and personnel have been transferred to Series VI.
Subseries 2: Schwartz Citizenship Project, 1970-1976, contains papers relating to Krug’s directorship of the project during the 1970s. Materials relate to curriculum development and funding.
Subseries 3: Professional Correspondence, 1964-1979, contains Krug’s correspondence with other academics on publications, conferences, and speaking engagements, arranged chronologically, and primarily outgoing. This subseries also includes incoming and outgoing correspondence with Chicago-area and national organizations on education, history, and social studies. Correspondence with Jewish organizations is filed under Series 4.
Subseries 4: Publishing Houses, Newspapers, and Journals, circa 1965-1979, contains incoming and outgoing correspondence with editors and publishers. These are organized by the name of the periodical or publishing house; some files contain correspondence with multiple publishers about a single publication.
Subseries 5: Politics, contains incoming and outgoing correspondence with politicians and administrators at the municipal, state, and national levels. They detail his involvement with political campaigns, and with legislative agendas pertaining to education and citizenship, between 1969 and 1977.
Subseries 1: University of Chicago
|Box 1 Folder 1|
Biographical text and c.v. undated
|Box 1 Folder 2|
|Box 1 Folder 3-8|
|Box 1 Folder 9|
Graduate School of Education (GSE), 1972-1973
|Box 1 Folder 10|
GSE Membership Committee, 1967
|Box 1 Folder 11|
"Special Report to the GSE", 1967
|Box 1 Folder 12|
GSE Policy Committee, undated
|Box 1 Folder 13|
Master of Science in Teaching for Experienced Teachers (MSTX) Committee, 1974
|Box 1 Folder 14|
In-Service Planning Committee (Committee on Experienced Teachers), 1972-1973
|Box 1 Folder 15|
"Bernstein Proposal," undated
|Box 1 Folder 16|
John Poster, 1972
Subseries 2: Schwartz Citizenship Project, 1970-1976
|Box 1 Folder 17|
Report to Dean Kruskal
|Box 1 Folder 18|
Correspondence outgoing and incoming, fundraisers
|Box 1 Folder 19|
Correspondence outgoing, fundraisers
|Box 2 Folder 1|
Papers, financial contributions
|Box 2 Folder 2|
|Box 2 Folder 3|
Correspondence, Schwartz family
|Box 2 Folder 4|
Correspondence, project contributors and others
|Box 2 Folder 5-6|
|Box 2 Folder 7|
Teaching outline, "American Indians" unit
|Box 2 Folder 8|
Teaching outline, "White Ethnic Groups and American Politics"
Subseries 3: Professional Correspondence, 1964-1979
|Box 2 Folder 9-11|
|Box 3 Folder 1-4|
|Box 3 Folder 5|
Chicago Board of Education
|Box 3 Folder 6|
Chicago Board of Education Proposal, Experimental Social Studies Project
|Box 3 Folder 7|
University of Chicago/ National Science Foundation Academic Year Institute for Secondary School Teachers
|Box 3 Folder 8|
Chicago Historical Society
|Box 3 Folder 9|
Ethnic Studies Center in Greater Chicago
|Box 3 Folder 10|
Chicago Suburban Supervisors of the Social Studies
|Box 3 Folder 11|
Organization of American Historians
|Box 3 Folder 12|
Committee on the Teaching of History in Schools and Colleges
|Box 3 Folder 13|
National Council for the Social Studies
Subseries 4: Publishing Houses, Journals, and Newspapers, 1965-1979
|Box 3 Folder 14|
|Box 3 Folder 15|
Chicago Daily News
|Box 3 Folder 16|
|Box 3 Folder 17|
|Box 3 Folder 18|
F.E. Peacock Publishers
|Box 3 Folder 19|
Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc.
|Box 3 Folder 20|
The History Teacher
|Box 3 Folder 21|
The Journal of Teacher Education
|Box 3 Folder 22|
The L.W. Singer Company
|Box 4 Folder 1|
The New York Times
|Box 4 Folder 2|
Phi Delta Kappan
|Box 4 Folder 3|
|Box 4 Folder 4|
|Box 4 Folder 5|
The School Review
|Box 4 Folder 6|
|Box 4 Folder 7|
|Box 4 Folder 8|
Teaching Manuals, City Series for Laurence Goldberg
|Box 4 Folder 9|
Publication of articles
|Box 4 Folder 10|
Book proposal on white ethnic groups
|Box 4 Folder 11|
Publication of "White Ethnic Groups in America"
|Box 4 Folder 12|
American Indians textbook proposal
|Box 4 Folder 13|
|Box 4 Folder 14|
|Box 4 Folder 15|
Book proposal, "Inside Conventions"
Subseries 5: Politics
|Box 4 Folder 16|
Chicago and Illinois, 1969-1973
|Box 4 Folder 17|
Washington D.C., 1969-1977
Series II: Teaching
This series contains materials related to Krug’s teaching career, including correspondence with students, program and course descriptions, teaching notes, and examination outlines. It includes student directories. It also contains materials related to workshops and courses conducted outside the University of Chicago. This series is divided into four subseries and spans the 1960s and 1970s. Restricted material has been transferred to Series VI.
Subseries 1: Student Correspondence, includes Krug’s correspondence with students, mostly from the Graduate School of Education. Letters of recommendation have been restricted and transferred to Series VI.
Subseries 2: Graduate School of Education, contains materials related to the Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT) and Master of Science in Teaching for Experienced Teachers (MSTX) degree programs at the GSE. This subseries includes papers on student recruitment, program information and requirements, and student directories. Included are course descriptions and exams for courses Krug taught, and his teaching notes for select courses. Some folders contain different courses taught the same year. Student grades and evaluation reports for student teachers have been restricted and transferred to Series VI.
Subseries 3: The College, contains course descriptions and exams from Krug’s undergraduate courses.
Subseries 4: Workshops, contains teaching materialsfor special workshops and
courses taught during summer term or outside the university. This includes a workshop taught by Krug’s colleague, John Poster.
Subseries 1: Student Correspondence
|Box 4 Folder 18-19|
Correspondence with students, 1969-1977
Subseries 2: Graduate School of Education
|Box 5 Folder 1|
Program descriptions, Master of Arts in Teaching and Master of
|Box 5 Folder 2|
Student requests for information, Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT), circa 1973
|Box 5 Folder 3-4|
Program information, MAT1971, 1976
|Box 5 Folder 5-7|
Program requirements, MAT1974-1975, 1977
|Box 5 Folder 8-11|
Student recruitment, MAT/MSTX 1973-1978, undated
|Box 5 Folder 12-13|
Student acceptance letters, MAT/MSTX,1966, 1974
|Box 5 Folder 14|
Sample programs, MAT, 1973-1974
|Box 5 Folder 15|
Student lists, MAT/MSTX1968-1969
|Box 5 Folder 16|
Student names and addresses, MAT/MSTX1973-1974
|Box 6 Folder s 1-3|
Student names and addresses, MAT/MSTX, 1975-undated
|Box 6 Folder 4|
Student questionnaire, MSTX, 1974
|Box 6 Folder 5|
Memos and program information for registered MAT students,
|Box 6 Folder 6|
Suggested topics, MAT paper, undated
|Box 6 Folder 7|
Templates, MAT paper undated
|Box 6 Folder 8|
Proposals, MAT paper circa 1967
|Box 6 Folder 9|
Teaching placement, MAT, circa 1969-1975
|Box 6 Folder 10|
Student petitions, MAT/MSTX circa 1969-1975
|Box 6 Folder 11|
Syllabi, GSE, circa 1973-1982
|Box 6 Folder 12|
Course description drafts, GSE, circa 1974-1978
|Box 6 Folder 13-16|
Course reading lists, GSE,1970-1975
|Box 7 Folder 1-3|
Course reading lists, GSE,1976-1980, undated
|Box 7 Folder 4|
Course handouts, "Education 378," undated
|Box 7 Folder 5|
Teaching notes, "Methods" course, undated
|Box 7 Folder 6-9|
Final exams, GSE, 1969-1980, undated
Subseries 3: The College
|Box 7 Folder 10|
Course reading lists, History Department, undated
|Box 7 Folder 11|
Course handouts, "History 236," undated
|Box 7 Folder 12|
Course reading lists, The College, 1973-1975
|Box 8 Folder 1|
Final exams, The College, 1974
Subseries 4: Workshops
|Box 8 Folder 2|
Workshop materials, "Education for the 70s," summer 1972
|Box 8 Folder 3|
Workshop materials, "New Trends in the Social Sciences," summer 1973
|Box 8 Folder 4|
Workshop materials, "Teaching Humanities," John Poster, instructor, summer 1973
|Box 8 Folder 5|
Proposal, "Workshop on Ethnicity and Ethnic Studies, University of Chicago," undated
|Box 8 Folder 6|
Proposal, "Weekend College," 1978
|Box 8 Folder 7|
Correspondence, "Workshop on Teaching Law and Government in
|Box 8 Folder 8|
Workshop materials, "Workshop on Ethnicity and Ethnic Studies,"
|Box 8 Folder 9|
Course reading lists, Roosevelt University, 1975
Series III: Writings
This series contains book reviews, journal articles, academic papers, and book excerpts and outlines. It also contains correspondence with readers and publishers related to certain articles, particularly the 1974 "Krug Report" on Chicago schools, published in the Chicago Tribune. Most writings are undated, but topics correspond with his academic career, ranging from the American Civil War to contemporary social studies.
|Box 8 Folder 10|
Book reviews, history and education, circa 1960s
|Box 8 Folder 11|
Book reviews and related correspondence, history and education,
|Box 8 Folder 12|
Original "Krug Report," Chicago Tribune 1974
|Box 8 Folder 13|
Copies of the "Krug Report," 1974
|Box 8 Folder 14|
Correspondence related to the "Krug Report," 1974
|Box 8 Folder 15|
Correspondence related to "Israel Faces Great Perils," 1972
|Box 8 Folder 16|
Correspondence related to "The Defamation of American Poles,"
|Box 9 Folder 1|
Offprints of published articles, history and education, undated
|Box 9 Folder 2|
Copies, writings on education, undated
|Box 9 Folder 3|
Copies, writings on "ethnic politics," undated
|Box 9 Folder 4|
Copies, writings on the social sciences, undated
|Box 9 Folder 5|
Copies, writings on American history, undated
|Box 10 Folder 1|
Copies, writings on American history, Civil War era, undated
|Box 10 Folder 2|
Copies, writings on World History, undated
|Box 10 Folder 3|
Article, "Chicago Public Schools in a Time of Crisis," undated
|Box 10 Folder 4|
Article, "Brief History of the Graduate School of Education,"
|Box 10 Folder 5|
Case studies, American politics, undated
|Box 10 Folder 6|
Research materials, history and education, undated
|Box 10 Folder 7|
Article drafts, writings on "ethnic politics" and social studies,
|Box 10 Folder 8|
Article drafts, writings on "ethnic politics" and American history,
|Box 11 Folder 1|
Book draft, "The School and the Making of America," undated
Series IV: Jewish Organizations
This series details Krug’s involvement with local and national Jewish organizations, and with Israeli academics and politicians. Krug was President of the Zionist Organization of Chicago and the Chicago Zionist Federation from the late 1960s until 1971. Of note is correspondence from his tenure as President, describing conflict between local Jewish organizations.
|Box 11 Folder 2|
Consul General of Israel
|Box 11 Folder 3|
Zionist Organization of America
|Box 11 Folder 4|
Zionist Organization of Chicago
|Box 11 Folder 5|
Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds
|Box 11 Folder 6|
|Box 11 Folder 7|
Jewish leaders and other organizations
Series V: Personal
This series contains correspondence and papers relating to Krug’s personal life between 1969 and 1980. It includes letters to and from friends and family, holiday plans, and some insurance policies. Also included are meeting details for the Poker Club Krug played with regularly.
|Box 11 Folder 8|
Personal correspondence and papers, circa 1969-1980
|Box 11 Folder 9|
Correspondence, Poker Club, 1974-1980
|Box 11 Folder 10|
New York Times clippings, 1972
|Box 11 Folder 11|
Change of address notifications, 1976
|Box 11 Folder 12|
Long distance call log, undated
Series VI: Restricted
This series contains student grades, observation reports on student teachers, and letters of recommendation. It also contains salary information, material related to tenure reviews, and the personal financial papers of Karol Noble, one of Krug’s secretaries.
|Box 11 Folder 13|
Student grades, salary information, and tenure reviews, circa 1966-1975
|Box 11 Folder 14|
Letters of recommendation, 1969-1974
|Box 11 Folder 15|
Observation reports, 1969-1975
|Box 11 Folder 16|
Personnel records, circa 1974-1980