Gitel P. Steed.

Papers. 1907-1980.

The Gitel P. Steed papers comprise approximately 43 linear feet of material. The bulk of the collection dates from 1949-1951 and consists mostly of research data from the Columbia University Research in Contemporary India Field Project. The data were collected from three villages in western and northern India and include extensive life histories of informants, psychological tests, typed notes, field notebooks, photographs, genealogies, histories, transcripts of interviews, and art work by both researchers and villagers. Other materials in the collection include data from Steed's previous fieldwork project among Chinese immigrants in New York City and lectures and publications about the India Project by Steed and other scholars. The collection was given to the University of Chicago Committee on Southern Asian Studies by Robert Steed in 1978. It was transferred to the University of Chicago Library in 1984. Before the collection reached the Library, James Silverberg and McKim Marriott gave the papers a preliminary order, and their efforts have contributed to the collection's current organization. Additional materials were given to the Library by Robert Steed in 1985 and 1989, and by McKim Marriott and James Silverberg in 1994.


Biographical Sketch

Gitel P. Steed was born Gertrude Poznanski in 1914 in Cleveland, Ohio, the hometown of her mother, Sara Auerbach. Her father, Jakob Poznanski, was a businessman who had immigrated to the United States from Poland via Belgium. She had two older sisters, Mary and Helen, both of whom eventually settled in Israel. As a teenager she adopted the Yiddish name Gitel.

Shortly after she was born, Steed moved with her family to the Bronx, New York, where she attended Waleigh High School. In 1932 she entered New York University, majoring in banking and finance, but dropped out after her first year. She returned to NYU a few years later at the urging of Sidney Hook and in 1938 received her B.A. degree with honors in sociology and anthropology.

During her years at New York University Steed lived in Greenwich Village, where she was connected to the art scene. She sometimes sang blues in nightclubs, and the artist Rafael Soyer painted her portrait ("Girl in a White Blouse," 1932), which now hangs in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. It was at this time also that Steed met her future husband, the artist Robert Steed.

In 1938, with financial support arranged by Ruth Benedict, she entered graduate school in anthropology at Columbia University, where she studied under Benedict for three years. During this time Steed undertook the first two of four ethnological projects that marked her career in anthropology. The first of these projects, under the direction of Ruth Benedict, she conducted among the Blackfoot Indians in Montana. Then, from 1939 to 1941 she worked with Vilhjalmur Stefannsson on Inuit in Greenland, studying hunter-gatherer diet and subsistence patterns. Material from this latter project was meant to form the basis of her dissertation, but she never completed this Greenland project and only much later (1969) completed her dissertation, basing it on her India research. In 1941 she left Columbia and worked until 1943 as the senior editor of information at Yale University's Institute of Human Relations.

In 1944 she was invited to join the Jewish Black Book Committee. A group of writers and researchers supported by the World Jewish Congress and other anti-fascist Jewish organizations, this committee documented in detail the Nazi death campaign against Jews in Europe during World War II. The committee compiled papers subsequently published as The Black Book: The Nazi Crime Against the Jewish People (1946). Steed contributed a 130-page section called "Strategies of Decimation" in which she documented Nazi Germany's policies and techniques of extermination.

In 1945 and again in 1947 Steed taught at Hunter College in New York. In 1946 she taught at Fisk University and there edited the journal Race Relations. In 1947 she married Robert Steed, and in 1953 gave birth to their only child, Andrew Hart Steed.

In 1947 Steed began her third ethnological project. Ruth Benedict invited her to join the Columbia University Research in Contemporary Cultures Project, co-directed by Benedict and Margaret Mead. Steed's assignment was to work among Chinese immigrants in New York City under the direction of Ruth Bunzel. The project was funded initially by a grant from the Human Resources Division of the Office of Naval Research, and coincided with the trend in anthropology during and just after WWII to study "culture and personality."

Steed's role in this project was to interview Chinese immigrants in New York. Some of the results of Steed's work were published in Mead and Metraux, The Study of Culture at a Distance (1953). Steed worked with individuals and families who had migrated to New York from China's Kwantung Provice, and used primarily life histories, community "self-analysis," and projective, psychodiagnostic tests. She collected data on friendship and childhood, among other topics.

A subsequent but related project Steed formulated for China had to be cancelled because of the Chinese Revolution of 1949. It was then that she formulated her fourth ethnographic project, a field study in India. This project received funding again through a grant from the Department of the Navy, this one awarded to Dr. Abram Kardiner, a psychiatrist at Columbia University. Steed was appointed Director of the Columbia University Research in Contemporary India Project. She assembled a team of researchers, trained herself in photography, and set out for India to conduct what was her most extensive research project, a project that provided material for her eventual Ph.D. in anthropology.

Upon her return to the U.S. from India in 1951, Steed presented her findings in several seminars. The most in-depth of these seminars was a lecture series she gave at Columbia University in 1953-1954. She presented her research methods and findings over the course of several months at a seminar on the psychodynamics of culture run by Abram Kardiner. During this period, a disagreement concerning methods of analyzing the project data led to a rift between Steed and Kardiner, and Steed's funding was subsequently discontinued. Steed also participated in a seminar series at the University of Chicago which resulted in the publication of Village India (1955).

Steed joined the faculty of Hofstra College in New York in 1962. While teaching at Hofstra, she completed her dissertation at Columbia University, "Caste and Kinship in Gujerat: The Social Use of Space" (1969). Around the same time she also completed a screenplay called "Devgar" about life in village India. The story centers on a landowner named Devgar, whom Steed is said to have modeled after one of her key informants. In 1970 she returned to Kasandra for four months, with her husband, at which time she interviewed many of her old informants about social change in the village.

Steed remained on the faculty of Hofstra University until she died in 1977, at the age of 63, after having battled serious health problems for many years.


The Columbia University Research in Contemporary India Field Project

The India field project was a team effort carried out between 1949 and 1951 in three different villages in northwestern and north central India. The primary research team included Steed, as Project Director; an anthropology graduate student, James Silverberg; a British psychiatrist, G. Morris Carstairs; and Steed's husband, Robert Steed. Silverberg's wife Donna also joined the team for some time, as did an assistant researcher, Cecil B. Massey. They were joined in India by a team of Indian interpreters and researchers. These included Bhagvati Masher and Kantilal Mehta, who worked as interpreters; Nandlal Dosajh, a pyschologist; N. Prabhudas, an economist who conducted the land utilization survey; and Jerome D'Souza as cook. In the second year of research, the team also included an Indian assistant, Tahera, as well as Americans Grace Langley and John Koos. The three villages were "Kasandra" in Gujerat state, "Nawabpur" in Uttar Pradesh, and "Deoli" in Rajasthan. The villages were referred to by these psuedonyms throughout the project. Steed worked primarily in Kasandra for one year (1950). She started work in Nawabpur as well but had to cut her stay there short because of illness. James Silverberg worked in both Kasandra (1950) and in Nawabpur (1951), staying in each place for one year. Carstairs worked almost exclusively in Deoli. He worked there for approximately six months, alone but for one brief visit by Steed in the summer of 1950.

Steed and her team of researchers made use of a variety of fieldwork methods, gathering data both on individual psychology and on social institutions. Most of their data on individual psychology they derived from detailed life histories collected from a sample of informants. These life histories comprised long sets of free-ranging interviews that were designated "personal narrations," a battery of psychodiagnostic tests (whose validity they subsequently questioned and dismissed), as well as watercolors and drawings by both adults and children. Data on social institutions were collected through survey methods as well as participant observation. They completed thorough surveys on land tenure and economic relations, and collected data on economic, political, religious, kinship, and caste organization.

Steed formulated the project within the broader agenda of culture and personality studies in anthropology. The theoretical and methodological agenda of culture and personality studies was to study the relation between individual personality and the socio-cultural context of their enculturation. Steed was interested in studying the extent to which Indian social institutions determined individual behavior and personality. Conversely, she also asked if innate psychological or personal aspects influenced institutions. She analyzed both the cultural and the psychological aspects of character formation and was interested in where these two aspects met.

In order to judge the relation of social institutions to personality formation, the researchers required a basis for comparison, and thus they chose three villages with different institutional frameworks. Kasandra and Deoli were predominantly Hindu villages, while Nawabpur was predominantly Muslim. Each of the three villages had a different land tenure system and political history as well. Linguistically all three were distinct.

While the Columbia University Research in Contemporary India Field Project generated a great deal of data, publications stemming from it were relatively few. Publications included Steed's dissertation, "Caste and Kinship in Rural Gujerat" (1969), and her 1955 paper in McKim Marriott's Village India; Silverberg's dissertation, "Peasant Behavior and Its Caste-Relevancy," University of Wisconsin, 1962; and Carstairs' The Twice Born (1957), and later The Death of a Witch (1983), in which he incorporated materials from a later project as well as the original project.

Organization of the Papers

The Gitel P. Steed papers have been arranged in eight series:

I. Columbia University Research in Contemporary Cultures Project (Box 1)

II. Columbia University Research in Contemporary India Field Project (Box 1-11, 83, 89, Drawer 1-2)

III. Kasandra Files, 1950 (Box 12-55, 83-84, Drawer 2)

IV. Nawabpur Files, 1951 (Box 55-72)

V. Deoli Files, 1950 (Box 72-75)

VI. Art Work by Gitel and Robert Steed (Box 75, 85-88)

VII. Audio-Visual Materials (Box 76-77, Reel 1-2)

VIII. Manuscripts and Publications by Others (Box 78-82)

The basic organization of materials in these series conform closely to the organization of the papers upon their arrival in Special Collections. The main feature of the collection's organization is the separation of material on the three villages in Series III-V, where the bulk of the collection is found. Research notes from the project are found in four basic forms: life histories, general notes, field notebooks, and note extracts. Life histories comprise typed transcriptions of sets of interviews with a select number of informants as well as results and notes taken on psychodiagnostic tests administered by the researchers. General notes are typed notes that the researchers maintained on a daily basis, in which they included the results of participant-observation in the village. Field notebooks are the rough, handwritten primary sources from which both of the former sets of notes were transcribed. Finally, note extracts refer to excerpts cut, sometimes in thin strips of as little as one line of type, from both the general notes and the life history material and then refiled under topical categories such as religion, economics, and caste and kinship.

In addition to these notes, Steed and her team also compiled detailed topical indices to both the general notes and the life histories. The most elaborate indices appear in the Kasandra series and appear under their own subseries heading, "Indices."

Certain conventions adopted by Steed and her research team have been maintained in the collection. These conventions include most importantly (1) the use of pseudonyms and informant numbers to protect the anonymity of informants, and (2) the analysis of life history data, psychodiagnostic tests, and general notes, which has led to duplicated material in different parts of the collection.

Pseudonyms apply to both villages and individual informants within each village. The village pseudonyms and informant numbers used in this inventory are the same as those used by the research team. Informant lists found at the beginning of series III, IV and V list basic information (name, age, gender, and caste) on each informant by number. In cases where there was no informant number provided for a particular individual, the convention has been adopted to label these cases "unnumbered informant."

Duplication of materials in the collection occurs primarily in Series III through Series V. Excerpts of life histories are found in the subsequent topical subseries, which include government, politics and Rajputs, caste and kinship, economics, and religion. The psychodiagnostic tests are cross-filed under the life history of a particular informant and under their own subseries. The general notes are excerpted in the topical files. Furthermore, all three types of data--life histories, psychodiagnostic tests, and general notes--are in part transcripts from the field notebooks.


This brief series comprises materials from Steed's research from 1947-1949 among Chinese immigrants in New York City. It includes transcripts of several informant life histories collected by Steed as well as a manuscript by Ruth Bunzel, who directed the project.


This series contains general and preliminary material related to Steed's research work in India. The series is divided into five subseries: general files, Columbia University Seminar on Rural India, urban life histories and tests, note cards, and maps and charts.

The General files contain a wide array of materials. Among these are Steed's writings on the India research, including her dissertation as well as a screenplay she wrote based on characters in Kasandra; basic research materials used in the psychodiagnostic tests administered as part of the gathering of life histories; a preliminary research report; newspaper clippings, correspondence, and bibliographies; and a set of detailed inventories of the papers compiled in 1980 by James Silverberg, one of the original project team members. These inventories may be of value to the researcher who wishes to know more about the kind of material located in the files.

The second subseries comprises the set of lectures that Steed presented at Columbia University in 1952-1953. These lectures represent her first and perhaps most thorough examination of her fieldwork material. In these lectures she clearly states her theoretical goals and research methods.

The third subseries contains material which was compiled in urban India prior to the village studies. These interviews and tests functioned in part as trials and in part as points for comparison to the subsequent rural studies.

The Note cards subseries includes two card boxes of field data analysis, consisting of cut and paste notes taken from the General Notes and grouped into a set of topical areas. A third box of note cards consists of reading research notes on books and articles about India.

The fifth subseries contains Maps and charts. The maps range in scale from the Indian sub-continent to state and district maps and maps of the villages produced by the research team. The charts consist of large kinship diagrams as well as posters of caste and marriage relations. Some maps from Steed's early fieldwork in Greenland are also to be found here. These latter are, however, the only material from her Inuit research in the collection.


This series contains all of the research materials produced from research in Kasandra, a village in Gujerat State. It is the most extensive series in the collection and forms the basis of all of Steed's subsequent writings on India. The series is divided into eighteen subseries.

The first subseries, Informant life histories and psychodiagnostic tests, contains detailed life history material for 25 informants. For each informant there is a personal narration as well as a set of psychodiagnostic tests. The personal narration consists of typed transcriptions of interviews that took place in some cases over the course of an entire year. Informants were asked to speak and reflect as freely as possible on the things that they felt affected their life as they grew up and interacted with others. The psychodiagnostic tests include one or more of the following: Rorschach (which asks informants to identify shapes in ink blots), Thematic Apperception Test (in which informants are shown a series of illustrations and asked to talk about the situation, the people in it, what they might be doing or thinking or feeling), Horn-Hellersberg (a drawing test), Draw-a-man (in which informants are asked to draw and comment on a man, woman and child), and Color Association Test (one specially designed for India, where informants are given a set of words and asked to associate a color with the idea conveyed by the words). The amount of data varies for each informant.

The second subseries, Psychodiagnostic tests, contains the results of all tests categorized not by informant but by the test type. The tests were administered to more informants than were asked to give personal narrations.

The third and fourth subseries contain general notes by Gitel Steed and James Silverberg, respectively. These notes are typed transcripts from the field notebooks and constitute a set of detailed, daily observations of life and work in Kasandra. The notes are chronologically ordered. Duplicates have been maintained in the collection when marginalia between the different sets differs.

The fifth subseries contains a census of the village, including economic information categorized by household and caste. A set of maps of Kasandra is also included. Some of these maps are smaller versions of those found in the Maps and charts subseries of Series II.

The sixth subseries contains a set of indices that Steed and her team devised in order to locate data on certain topics within their notes. Indices for demography, caste, politics, economics, religion, child behavior, and social relations are included. These indices reference the dates and page numbers of data to be found in general notes, life histories, and psychodiagnostic tests.

The seventh through thirteenth subseries are topical, including Government, politics, and Rajputs; Caste and kinship; Economics; Land tenure; Land utilization survey; Structure of family and child life; and religion. All of these headings were established before the collection came to the Library. The materials include maps, charts, genealogies, survey results, copies of government surveys and reports, a few manuscripts on the specified topics, and many extracted notes. The extracted notes are for the most part cut-and-pasted portions taken from general notes and life histories.

The next three subseries contain field notebooks kept by Steed, Silverberg, and others, respectively. These are the notebooks that the researchers carried with them to their interviews and on their daily rounds in the village. Most of the notebooks were later typed up and their entries can be found in other places in the collection. It is not always clear which ones have been typed and which ones have not. Aside from the two main researchers, Steed and Silverberg, others also kept notebooks, including both Indian and non-Indian research assistants as well as informants themselves. An account book kept by Robert Steed is also found here. The notebooks are ordered chronologically, and headings correspond to those found on the notebooks themselves.

The seventeenth subseries contains a large number of watercolors and drawings, in pencil, pen, and charcoal, by informants of all ages. Informants drew people, animals, houses, and landscapes as well as other objects of everyday life. The research team kept an art supply on hand for this purpose. The results are both interesting and in some cases artistically rich. The oversized watercolors of informants 1, 3 and 16 are among the finest examples.

The final subseries contains a set of interviews Steed conducted on a return visit to India in 1970-1971. Accompanied by her husband, Steed conducted several interviews, some with her previous informants, to evaluate perceptions of social change in the intervening twenty years.


This series contains similar materials to those listed above for Kasandra. Nawabpur was predominantly Muslim village in Uttar Pradesh where the researchers moved for their second year in India. Steed was forced to leave halfway through their stay in Nawabpur due to illness, and James Silverberg took over the direction of the project during her absence. Steed's general notebooks were continued, in series, by other researchers after she left the field. There are additionally a series of notes taken by Grace Langley, an American graduate student who joined the project as an assistant this second year. The kinds of data collected were essentially identical to those discussed above for Kasandra, though the quantity is considerably less.


This series contains the typewritten notes and data collected by G. Morris Carstairs in the third village included in the project. Carstairs worked for the most part alone and stayed in the village for approximately six months. Therefore, the amount and range of data he collected are more limited than in the other two villages. A psychiatrist, Carstairs was mostly interested in the life history material, and the bulk of his data is accordingly on particular individuals.


This series contains 70 photographs by Gitel Steed as well as the artwork of Robert Steed, an artist by profession.

Most of Steed's photographs are believed to come from Kasandra, though some from Nawabpur are included as well. These stunning black-and-white photographs portray parents and children, gods and rituals, and a variety of village scenes. The artistry of the photographs reflects not only Steed's research agenda but also her gifts for visual composition and photographic interpretation. Some of her India photographs appeared in Edward Steichen's exhibit on "The Family of Man" at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1955 and are reproduced in the book of the same title. Several negatives are also included in the series.

Robert Steed, having accompanied his wife to India, spent a great deal of his time sketching the villagers, their houses, shrines, etc. The collection here includes small pencil sketches on index cards, color and black-and-white xeroxes of other sketches still in the possession of the Steed family, and several watercolors of villagers and of village religious sites.


The film in this series is a 2-reel 16mm film of a village in India, presumably Kasandra. The film is chemically deteriorating and can be viewed only with great care. The sound recordings are similarly fragile. Most of the tapes appear to be interview tapes, and may have been typed up into the project notes. The wire recordings include recordings of songs, but because these recordings require special listening equipment, it has not been possible to ascertain their condition.


This final series of the Gitel P. Steed Papers contains manuscripts and publications that were in Steed's possession. These articles are on a wide variety of topics, primarily on India, and date from 1932 to 1977. Some of the manuscripts are early versions of what later became seminal publications on India (the works of McKim Marriott and Bernard Cohn, for example). Most of the manuscripts in this series are on India.


Among the most important sources for the study of South Asia found in the Department of Special Collections are the papers of S. Chandrasekhar, Edward C. Dimock, Cora Dubois, Mircea Eliade, Albert Mayer, A. K. Ramanujan, Robert Redfield, and Milton Singer.


The Gitel P. Steed Papers were processed as part of the HEA Title II-C project, "Preserving and Improving Access to Social Sciences Manuscript collections at the University of Chicago Library." the project was co-directed by Alice Schreyer and Daniel Meyer, and managed by Richard L. Popp. Caroline Meenan Coven served as project archivist.

Diane P. Mines

February 1995

Gitel P. Steed.

Papers. 1907-1980.




Box 1

Folder 1: China fieldwork project statement, n.d.

2-4: Chinese immigrant study, life histories, 1943-1947

5: _____, index outline, n.d.

6-7: Bunzel, Ruth, "Explorations in Chinese Culture," manuscript, 1950

II. Columbia UNIVERSITY RESEARCH IN contemporary india field project

General files

Box 1

Folder 8: "Sacred Geography and Hierarchy in a Hindu Village," manuscript, research notes, map, Morton Klass correspondence, 1950-1954

9: "Women of Gujerat," manuscript, n.d.

10: "Caste and Kinship in Rural Gujerat: The Social Use of Space," manuscript, n.d.

Box 2

Folder 1-4: _____, dissertation draft, n.d.

5: "Devgar," screenplay, correspondence, ca. 1968

6: "Extension of Caste-Kindred Practices Beyond Kasandra," notes, n.d.

7: University of Chicago, seminar discussions on "Village India," 1954

8: Hofstra University, Research in Contemporary Cultures India Project, project summary, proposals, "The Human Career," manuscript, 1964

9: Hofstra University General Bulletin, course list, 1972-1973

10: Mid-term examination for Anthropology 2, 1966

11: Women, research notes, 1950

12: Notes, reprint, manuscript, n.d.

13: Psychodiagnostic testing materials, Rorshach, location charts, n.d.

14: _____, _____, test cards, n.d.

15: _____, Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), small cards, negatives, n.d.

16: _____, _____, card list, comparisons from Bakrana and Adhon, notes, n.d.

Box 83 (oversize)

Folder 1: _____, _____, additional cards, n.d.

2: _____, _____, negatives, n.d.

3-5: _____, _____, cards

Box 3

Folder 1: _____, Horn-Hellersberg (H-H), instructions for researcher, informant list, n.d.

2: _____, Child Development Test, description, materials, notes, 1950, n.d.

3: Glossaries, Hindustani, Gujerati, body language, medical terms, 1950

4: "Methods of Selecting Appropriate Villages," report, calender, November 1949-January 1950

5: Preliminary report, November 15, 1949-January 31, 1950

6: Caste ranking questionnaire, n.d.

7: India's tribes and caste, population charts, lists, n.d.

8: Sarabhai, Gautam, correspondence, project objectives, 1949

9: Steward, Julian, correspondence, 1956

10: American University, Special Operations Research Office, correspondence, 1963

11: All India Sociology Conference, schedule, 1970

12: Linguistic map of India, n.d.

13: Bibliographies, n.d., 1963

14: "New India in the Making," review of Development for Free Asia by Maurice Zinkin, Times Literary Supplement, January 25, 1957

15: Notes, newspaper clippings, reprint, 1968-1971

16: Caste, newspaper clipping, translation from Tamil and Telugu, 1976

17: Newspaper clippings, 1941, n.d.

18: _____, 1972

19: Consultant forms, n.d.

20-26: Reading research notes, n.d.

27: James Silverberg, classified index categories, 1950-1951

28: _____, "leftover problems," 1980

Box 4

Folder 1-3: _____, indexing notecards

4-6: _____, Kasandra, inventory of Steed papers, 1980

7: _____, _____, notes on economics, n.d.

8: _____, Adhon, inventory of Steed papers, 1980

9: _____, Deoli, inventory of Steed papers, 1980


Columbia University Seminar on Rural India

Folder 10: Lecture 1, "Introduction," September 24, 1953

11: Lecture 2, Project personnel and methods, October 1, 1953

12: Lecture 3, Demographics, "Living Space," October 8, 1953

13: Lecture 4, Dr. Abram Kardiner on sexuality and personality, October 15, 1953

14: Lecture 5, "Living Space," October 22, 1953

15: Lecture 6, "Reactions to Strangers in Village India," October 29, 1953

Box 5

Folders 1: Lecture 7, "The Structure of Village Localism," November 5, 1953

2: Lecture 8, "Agrarian Class Structure under Talukdari," November 12, 1953

3: Lecture 9, "Village Governing Authority," November 19, 1953

4: Lecture 10, "Caste in the Village Social Matrix," December 3, 1953

5-6: Lecture 11, "Caste, Clan, and Family," fragment, December 10, 1953

7: Lecture 12, fragment, December 17, 1953

8: Lectures 11 and 12, drafts, December 10-17, 1953

9: Lecture 13, "Brief Introduction to Religious Experience and Thought," January 5, 1954

10-13: Lecture 14, Religion, February 4, 1954

14-15: Lecture 15, Religion, n.d.

16: Lecture 16, Religion, February 18, 1954

Box 6

Folder 1-2: Lectures 15 and 16, fragments, notes 1952-1954

3: Lecture 17, Kinship, family, and child-rearing, draft, photograph, February 25, 1954

4: _____, "Random Notes," February 25, 1954

5: Lecture 18, Kinship and family, March 5, 1954

6: Lecture 19, Rorschach interpretation, March 11, 1954

7: Lecture 20, Socialization, March 18, 1954

8-9: Lecture 21, March 25, 1954

10-11: Lecture 22, Rorschach case histories, April 1, 1954

12-13: Lecture 23, Child-rearing, April 8, 1954

Box 7

Folder 1: Caste, notes from lectures, 1953

2: _____, _____, field notes, 1950-1953

3: Informant 2, conference with Dr. Kardiner, 1952

4: "Some facts about the data," memorandum to Dr. Kardiner, 1952

Urban life histories and tests

Folder 5: United States, Rorschach, Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), Horn-Hellersburg (H-H), 1949-1950

6: India, Rorschach, informant list, n.d.

7-8: Bombay, Rorschach, 1949

9: _____, TAT, correspondence, 1950

10: _____, H-H, Child Development Test, 1949-1950

11: _____, Child Development Test, December 22, 1949

12-13: Ahmedabad, Informant 1, January 18-June 2, 1950

14: _____, Informant 2, April 10-May 1, 1950

15: _____, Informants 3-6, unidentified, H-H, 1950

Box 8

Folder 1: _____, Brahmin Informant, notes, May 23-June 28, 1950

2: _____, Rorschach, 1950

3: _____, TAT, May-June, 1950

4-5: _____, H-H, 1950

6: Uttar Pradesh, Rorschach, 1951

7: _____, _____, rural sample, 1951

8: _____, _____, H-H, Delhi, 1949-1950

9-10: _____, TAT, H-H, Draw-a-man, urban and rural, 1951

11: _____, Draw-a-man, 1951

12: _____, Draw-a-man, Color Association Test, 1951

13: Punjab, Rorschach, H-H, Draw-a-man, 1951

14: Udaipur, H-H, 1950

15: Madras, H-H, 1949

Note cards

Box 9

Field data analysis, 1950

Box 10


Box 11

Reading research notes, n.d.

Maps and charts

Box 89 (oversize)

Folders 1-2: Caste, kinship, 35 charts, n.d.

3-4: Geopolitical divisions, states, villages, 38 maps, 5 charts, notes, n.d.

Box 83 (oversize)

Folder 6: Surveyor of India, "Survey of India Map Catalogue," provisional edition (corrected), 1945

Drawer 1 (oversize)

Folder 1: India, nation and state, eight maps

2: Western India, region and district, ten maps

3: Kasandra, village, sacred geography, landholding, twenty maps, 1950

4: Kinship and genealogies, eighteen charts, 1950

5: Caste, territory, demography, nine charts, 1950

Drawer 2 (oversize)

Folder 1: Gujerat, district and Taluk, land tenure, demography, twelve maps

2: Kasandra, village, one map, 1950

Box 88 (oversize)

Folder 1: Greenland Inuit, 10 maps, 3 charts, notes, n.d.


Informant life histories and psychodiagnostic tests

Box 12

Folder 1-2: List of informants

3-4: Informant lists for drawings and tests

5: Informants 1-3, 8-10, indexes to political and economic data

6-8: Informant 1, personal narration

9: _____, Rorschach, Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), Horn-Hellersberg (H-H), Draw-a-man, Color Association, provisional color association word list, n.d.

10: _____, test interviews

11-12: _____, Rorschach, analysis by Alice Cottingham, n.d. (2)

13: _____, H-H

14: _____, _____, analysis by Elisabeth Hellersberg, correspondence, 1954

15: _____, Draw-a-man

16: _____, word lists, index

17: _____, general notes, extracts on religion

Box 13

Folder 1-4: Informant 2, personal narration, word list, inventory, indexes

5: _____, Rorschach, TAT, H-H, Draw-a-man, Color Association, word list

6: _____, Rorschach, analysis by Alice Cottingham, n.d.

7: _____, _____, analysis by Dr. Goldfarb, n.d.

8: _____, TAT

9: _____, _____, analysis by E.D.K. (sic), n.d.

10: _____, H-H, analyses by E. Hellersberg and Gitel Steed, n.d.

Box 83 (oversize)

Folder 7: _____, Draw-a-man

Box 13

Folder 11: _____, general notes, extracts

12: _____, general notes, index to sociological documents

13-14: Informant 3, personal narration

Box 14

Folder 1-2: _____, _____

3: _____, index

4: _____, Rorschach, H-H, Draw-a-man, Color Association

5: _____, test interviews

6-7: _____, word lists

8: _____, indexes

9-10: Informant 4, personal narration

11: _____, _____, extracts n.d.

12: _____, Rorschach

13: _____, _____, analysis by Alice Cottingham, n.d.

14: Informant 5, personal narration

15: _____, Rorschach

16: _____, TAT

17: _____, H-H

Box 15

Folder 1-4: Informant 6, personal narration

5: _____, _____, extracts, kinship chart

6-7: Informant 7, personal narration, errata notes

8-9: _____, Rorschach, analysis

10: _____, _____, analysis by Alice Cottingham, n.d.

11: _____, lecture 20 extract, 1950, 1953

12-16: Informant 8, personal narration

Box 16

Folder 1-3: Informant 9, personal narration

4: _____, word list, n.d.

5-7: Informant 10, personal narration

8: _____, Rorschach, TAT, H-H, Draw-a-man, Color Association

9: _____, test interviews

10: _____, word lists

11: Informant 12, personal narration

12: _____, Rorschach

13: Informants 12, 19, 23, 25, personal narrations, extracts, Thakur genealogy

14: Informant 13, personal narration, note cards

15: _____, Rorschach

Box 17

Folder 1: Informant 14, personal narration

2: _____, Rorschach

3: Informant 15, personal narration

4-5: _____, Rorschach, TAT, H-H, James Silverberg notes

6: _____, extracts from James Silverberg notes

7: _____, Lebensraum, extracts

8: _____, extracts

9: _____, general notes, extracts, kinship chart, 1950-1951

10-11: _____, James Silverberg general notes

12: Informant 18, personal narration

13: Informant 19, personal narration

14: _____, Rorschach

15: Informant 20, personal narration

16: Informant 22, personal narration

17: Informant 23, personal narration

18: Informant 25, personal narration

Box 18

Folder 1-2: Informant 26, personal narration, general notes, land-use survey, account book

3: _____, _____, Rorschach, general notes, index

4: _____, general notes, index

5: Informant 30, personal narration, H-H

6: Informant 31, personal narration, James Silverberg general notes, extracts

7: Informant 32, personal narration

8: Informant 33, personal narration

9: _____, Rorschach

Psychodiagnostic tests

10: Informant lists, indexes to general notes

11: Total number tested by age, gender, caste

12: Rorschach, list of informants

13: _____, Informant 21

14: _____, Informant 39

15: _____, Informant 40

16: _____, Informant 52

17: _____, Informant 81

18: _____, Informant 115

19: _____, Informant 130

20: _____, Informant 156

21: _____, Informant 158

22: _____, Koli-Patel informants

23-25: _____, test materials

Box 19

Folder 1: TAT, interviews

2: H-H, informant list

3-7: _____, test materials

8-10: _____, interviews

Box 20

Folder 1: Draw-a-man, informant list, drawings

2-3: _____, original drawings

4: Draw-a-man, interviews

5-6: Color Association Test, color key, word lists, Chinese test, colors of castes and of god, village statistics by age and gender, n.d.

7: Child Development Test, Informant 175, 1950, 1951

General notes, Gitel P. Steed

8-11: Extracts

Box 21

Folder 1: Correspondence from Kasandra, dream, songs, cinema narration, costume, notes

2: January 28-February 5

3: February 6-16

4: February 16-28

5: Extracts, October 21-December 30

6-7: January 28-31

8-9: February 1-9

Box 22

Folder 1-2: February 11-28

3-4: February 1-March 15

5: March 1-20

6: April 1-20

7: May 6-9, diary index

8: July 18-31

9: August 1-31

10: October 21-30

Box 23

Folder 1: November 4-30

2-3: December 1-30

General notes, James Silverberg

4: Index, James Silverberg and Gitel P. Steed conference notes

5: _____, caste

6: _____, religion

7: _____, economics

8: _____, social, infants and children

9-12: January 20-March 4

Box 24

Folder 1: January 28-31

2: January 28-February 11

3: February 12-22

4: February 23-March 8

5-7: March 5-30

8-11: April 1-23

Box 25

Folder 1: June 22-30

2-3: July 1-10

4-6: July 6-31

7: July 11-15

8-10: October 20-November 17

Box 26

Folder 1: November 1-10

2: November 11-20

3-4: November 18-December 3

5-6: Kolis, intellectual and ideological roles, manuscript, n.d.

7: _____, production roles, manuscript, n.d.

8: _____, proprietary roles, manuscript, n.d.

9: _____, exchange roles, service roles, manuscripts, n.d.

10: Suthars (Carpenters), 1950-1951

11: Kumbhars (Potters), 1950-1951

Census data

Box 27

Folder 1-5: Caste and household, 1949-1950

6: _____, caste and household heads, Census of India Paper No. 2, reprint, 1949-1950

7: Classified Index, Mortality statistics, 1949-1953

8: Maps (Nos. 1, 5-12, 14-15), Rajput rankings, charts, 1907-1960


9: Original indexing categories

10: Chronological index to GPS general

11: Classified, One (The Physical Village), Two (Social Structure in Transition), 1948-1951

12: _____, Two, demography

13-14: _____, _____, political power

15: _____, _____, religion and ritual, rural economics, "Structure of Child Behavior," outlines

16: _____, political, economic, social

17: _____, Informant 3

Box 28

Folder 1: Social

2: Caste

3: Children

4: Property, extracts, 1950-1951

Government, politics, and Rajputs

5: Imperial Gazetteer of India, classified index, history of Rajputs, n.d.

6: _____, _____, extracts, n.d.

7: _____, extracts, n.d.

8: Correspondence, newspaper clippings, 1949-50

9: The village as an area of inquiry, notes, n.d.

10: Kinship, land tenure, agriculture

11: Maps, informant map

12: Vaghela Rajputs, history, genealogy, research notes, kinship charts, 1950

13: _____, political power, genealogy, research notes, lecture excerpt, 1950-1953

14: _____, as Darbars, village administration, gazetteer notes, research notes, kinship chart, lecture extract, 1950-1953

15: _____, local administration and village Talukdari powers, interview notes, history, notecards, November 23, 1950, n.d.

16: _____, leadership and status, Informant 1, interview, November 23, 1950

17: _____, Purdah households, child health survey, color association test, research notes, March-April, 1950

18: _____, Moti-deli, structure of family life, research notes, 1950

19: Jhala-Rajputs, Informant 3, interview, genealogy, Police Sub-Inspector's Office "Visitors Book" (1942-1950)

20-21: Koli-Patels, analysis of kinship system, lineages, notes, kinship charts, kinship terms

22: Harijans, General Notes, extracts, 1950

23: Culture change in the village, notes, November, 1970

Caste and kinship

Box 29

Folder 1: Caste, kinship practices

2: Caste hierarchy, ritual calender

3: Religion, varna, seating arrangements, Hindu compared to Muslim, Jains, 1950, n.d.

4: Caste lists, Bakrana compared against M. N. Srinivas list of castes, n.d.

5: Color associations, dress, restrictions, manuscript, notes, n.d.

6: Silverberg, James, untitled manuscript, n.d.

7: Brahmin and other kinship terms, marriage networks

8: Rajputs, village endogamy, extracts

9: Vaghela-Rajputs, wedding, correspondence

10: _____, political power, Imperial Gazetteer extracts, correspondence, manuscript

11: _____, Moti-deli, Nani-deli, manuscripts, historical chart, kinship chart, note cards, 1950-1953

12: _____, kinship chart

13: Jhala-Rajputs, Motawanta, Nanawanta, general notes, extracts

14: _____, and others, kinship system

15: _____, marriage practices, research notes, charts

16: _____, Informant 3, genealogical chart

17: Banyas, Informant 22

18: _____, Jainism, indexes, kinship notes, house plan, note cards

19: Kolis, James Silverberg interviews with A. R. Desai and D. N. Majumdar, September, 1952

Box 30

Folder 1: Koli-Patels, pregnancy ceremony financing, interview

2-3: _____, James Silverberg research notes, n.d.

4: _____, _____, going to a fair, n.d.

5: _____, _____, relations with outsiders, n.d.

6: _____, _____, relations with Koli-Pagis, dissertation notes, n.d.

7: _____, _____, relations with Vaghela-Rajputs and other Rajputs

8: _____, _____, relations with other village castes

9: _____, _____, relations with other Koli-Patels

10: Koli-Pagi, census, n.d.

11: Koli-Thakardas

12: Bawas

13: Bharwad (Herdsman)

14: Rat (Barber)

15: Kumbhars (Potters)

16: Rawal (Donkey Carrier)


17: Index to general notes, extracts

18: Intercaste economic relations, hereditary service, land tenure, Rajput social categories, charts, n.d.

19: General notes, extracts

20: James Silverberg general notes, extracts, mother's-brother's-daughter marriage chart

21-23: Land tenure, disputes, agriculture, trade, census, correspondence, tracts, newspaper clipping

24: Land Utilization Survey, milk production, questionnaire forms, n.d.

Box 31

Folder 1: Vaghela-Rajputs, economic relations

2: _____, genealogy, J. P. Peile data, n.d.

3: Jhala-Rajputs, Talukdars, genealogy, land tenure history, J. P. Peile data, Gazatteer extracts, n.d.

4: Reforms and changes, general notes, extracts

5: Bombay province government organizational charts, interview, "Some Aspects of Entrepreneurship in Western India," manuscripts, note by James Silverberg, 1950, 1978, n.d.

6: Kumaruppa, J. C., "A Survey of Matar Taluka," manuscript, notes, 1931, n.d.

7: Patel, M. D., "An Analytical Survey of Forty Years' Breeding Work in the Improvement of Kankrei Cattle. . .," manuscript excerpts, n.d.

Land tenure

8: Land Economics, labor relations, charts, n.d.

9: _____, landholdings, land types, charts, n.d.

10: _____, survey data, n.d.

11: Vaghela-Rajput, "Caste, Clan, and Territory," historical chart, genealogy, n.d.

12: Land tenure, charts, n.d.

13: Thooti, Vaishnavas of Gujerat, maps, n.d.

14: Khata-vati (Village) Settlement Register, Nos. 400-498, n.d.

15-16: _____, August 26, 1947

Box 83 (oversize)

Folder 8: _____, complete, handwritten, 1947

Box 32

Land Utilization Survey

Folder 1-4: Completed forms, n.d.

5: Banya, n.d.

6-7: Patels, n.d.

8: Vagharis, n.d.

9: Dhobi, n.d.

10: Rawal, n.d.

11: Harijan-dhed cultivators, n.d.

12: Harijans, n.d.

13: Totals, Book I, n.d.

14: _____, Book II, n.d.

15: _____, Book III, n.d.

16: Land tenure, Village Record of Rights, Informant 3

Box 33

Folder 1: Land Economics, crops, tabulations, chart, 1949-1950

2: Desai, N. K., "Agricultural Resources and Class Structure in Taluqdari village in Ahmedabad District (North Gujerat) 1949-1950," manuscript, correspondence, 1959, n.d.

The Structure of family and child life

3-4: Preliminary models, reading notes, questionnaires, n.d.

5: Life cycle

6: "The Structure of Child Behavior," outline, notes, 1950, 1959

7: Index Two, Child's Community

8: Banya children on the death of a young relative

9-10: Child study, index

11: _____, death of a Banya infant

12-13: Informant 58, notes, genealogy

14: _____, notes on art drawings

15: _____, Rorschach, TAT, H-H, Draw-a-man, genealogy, index

16: Singer, Milton, "Basic and Modal Personality," manuscript, 1953

17: Misc. general note extracts


Box 34

Folder 1-2: Indexes, classificatory, calendar, temple priest data

3: Index, chronological

4: _____, classified, life history, general

5: Religion and ritual, index, sacred geography

6: Festivals and rituals, ritual calendar, general note extracts

7-9: Lecture 14 notes, chapter notes, general note extracts, 1950-1953, n.d.

10: Festivals

11: Bhajans, bhakti

12: Worship practices, pitras, surdhans, Divali

13: Sorcery, ritual curing practices

14: _____, goddess possession, ghosts, dreams

Box 35

Folder 1: Personal religion

2: Religion and land tenure

3: Temple priests, interviews

4: Religious personnel

5: Religious principles, scriptures, texts, literature

6: Bhajans, members of the mandali

7-8: Ritual calender, extracts

9: Word lists

10: Note and lecture extracts

11-12: Notes

Field notebooks, Gitel P. Steed

13: Diary, 1950

14: _____, 1951

Box 36

Folder 1: Language lesson

2: London, 1949

3: I, method of selecting villages, November 28, 1949-January 21, 1950

4: II, projective methods, December 11, 1949

5: III, Rorschachs, January

6: IV, Rorschachs

7: V, method of selecting villages 2, January 20-28

8: VI, January 28-February 3

9: VIII, February 4-11

Box 37

Folder 1: IX, February 11-16

2: X, February 17-22

3: XI, February 23-26

4: XII, February 27-March 5

5: XIII, March 5-10

6: XIV, March 10-15

7: XV, March 15-April 1

8: XVI, April 1-4

Box 38

Folder 1: XVII, April 4-9

2-3: XVIII, April 9-15

4: XIX, April 16-21

5: XX, April 22-May 8

6: XXI, May 8-12

7: XXII, May 12-16

8: XXIII, Deoli, June-July

9: XXIV, July 17-19, August 15

Box 39

Folder 1: XXV, Informant 1, July 15-July 26

2: XXVI, Informant 8, July 19-August 15

3: XXVII, July 20-26

4: XXVIII, Informant 7 and others, July 20-October 6

5: XXIX, Informants 16 and 26, July 21-November 12

6: XXX, Informant 10, July 19-29

7: XXXI, Banyas and others, July 23-11

8: _____, additional notes, July 22, 1950

9: XXXII, Rorschachs, July 23-August 19

Box 40

Folder 1: XXXIII, Informant 3, July 26-28

2: XXXIV, July 26-August 2

3: XXXV, Informant 2, July 27-August 5

4: XXXVI, Informant 10, July 30-August 25

5: XXXVII, Informant 1, July 31-August 15

6: XXXVIII, August 4-14

7: XXXIX, Kumbhar (Potter), July 1950-January 4, 1951

8: XL, Informant 3, August 7-18

Box 41

Folder 1: XLI, boys, Color Association Test, Child Development Test, August 5, 1950-January 2, 1951

2: XLII, Informant 2, August 8-24

3: XLIII, Informants 41, 58, Banya children, August 9-December 3

4: XLIV, August 14-22

5: XLV, Informant 1, August 15-December 8

6: XLVI, Informant 8, August 17-October 30

7: XLVII, Rorshachs, August 22-28

8: XLVIII, Informant 3 and family, Informant 4, August 22-December 1

Box 42

Folder 1: XLIX, Jain-Banyas, August 22-December 11

2: _____, Informant 21, August 22-December 8

3: L, August 22-31

4: LI, Informant 2, August 22-December 6

5: LII, August 31-September 6

6: LIII, Rorshachs, September 12-November 19

7: LIV, October 21-30

8: LV, Color Association Tests, October 22-December 31

9: LVI, Informant 18, others, October 23-28

Box 43

Folder 1: LVII, Harijans, October 23-November 2

2: LVIII, Color Association tests, October 28-December 24

3: LIX, Women, October 29-December 27

4: LX, Rorschach, TAT, October

5: LXI, October 30

6: LXII, October 30-November 8

7: LXIII, Darbar women, November 7-30

8: LXIV, November 8-29

9-10: LXV, November 19-December 16

Box 44

Folder 1: LXVI, Rorschachs, November 1-December 2

2: LXVII, Informant 9 and family, November 21-December 12

3-4: LXVIII, Life history interviews, November 24, 1950-January 2, 1951

5: LXIX, tests, November 26, 1950-January 5, 1951

6: LXX, TAT, November 29, 1950-January 1, 1951

7: _____, index, n.d.

8: LXXI, TAT, November 31-December 22

9: LXXII, Darbar women, December 1-6

10: _____, Informants 4 and 7, index, n.d.

11: LXXIII, Darbar women, December 6-14

Box 45

Folder 1: LXXIV, Informant 11, dream, December 1

2: _____, December 8-23

3: _____, January 12, 1951

4: LXXV, tests, December 17, 1950-January 3, 1951

Field notebooks, James Silverberg

5-6: Diary

7: _____, 1951

8: Linguistics-Phonetics, January 30

9-10: I, Rorschach, January 25-February 5

Box 46

Folder 1: Unnumbered, January 16-February 6

2: II, February 8-16

3: III, February 16-24

4: IV, Mukund Shastri Gujerati notes, February 22-March 4

5: V, March 4-8

6: VI, March 9-18

7: VII, March 8-22

8: VIII, March 22-28

Box 47

Folder 1: IX, March 29-April 7

2: X, April 7-16

3: XI, April 6-19

4: XII, April 19-21

5: XIII, April 21-23

6: XIV, June 30-July 3

7: XV, July 3-5

8: XVI, July 5-8

Box 48

Folder 1: XVII, July 8-9

2: XVIII, July 10-11

3: XIX, July 10-13

4: XX, July 13-16

5: XXI, July 16-21

6: XXII, July 21-24

7: XXIII, life histories, July 23-November 14

8: XXIV, Informants 5 and 25, July 24-29

Box 49

Folder 1: XXV, July 25-27

2: XXVI, Rorshachs, October 21-29

3: XXVII, Informant 15, October 24-December 2

4: XXVIII, Informant 31, funeral, October 26-December 13

5: XXIX, Informant 1, October 28-November 21

6: XXX, Rorshachs, October 29-November 22

7: XXXI, Informant 14, October 28-December 30

8: XXXII, Rorshachs, November 1-8

9: XXXIII, Informant 19, November 4-December 7

10: XXXIV, Informant 20, November 9-14

Box 50

Folder 1: XXXV, November 11-25

2: XXXVI, Informant 13, November 11-December 5

3: XXXVII, Rorschachs, November 12-19

4: XXXVIII, Informant 23, November 15-29

5: XXXIX, November 16-December 30

6: XL, Rorschachs, Color Association Test, November 20-December 27

7: XLI, Informant 6, November 22-December 10

8: XLIV, Informant 12, November 27-December 3

9: XLV, Informant 20, November 29

10: XLVIII, Color Association Test, December 23-27

Notebooks by others

11: Masher, Bhavati, I, January 28-March 14

12: _____, II, January 31-March 22

Box 51

Folder 1: _____, III, June 7-August 7

2: _____, IV, January 2-March 30

3: Massey, Cecil B., I, January 3-July 3

4: _____, II, March 3-April 25

5: _____, III, January 31-February 18

6-7: Mehta, Kantilal, April 10-December 22 (2)

8: Dosajh, N.L., March

9: Informant 3, n.d.

10: Steed, Robert, Project accounts, January 28, 1950-January 22, 1951


11: List of informants

12-14: Watercolors and drawings, tabulations

Box 52

Folder 1: Village art statistics, tables

2: Watercolors, Informants 3-36

3: _____, Informants 37-39

4: _____, Informants 40-56

5-7: _____, Informants 58

8: _____, Informants 59-71

9: _____, Informants 72-84

Box 53

Folder 1: _____, Informants 81

2: _____, Informants 85-88

3: _____, Informants 89-102

4: _____, Informants 104-169

5: _____, unidentified

Box 84 (oversize)

Folder 1: _____, Informant 1, self-portraits

2: _____, _____, portraits

3: _____, _____, landscapes

4: _____, _____, house interiors

5: _____, _____, village scenes

6: _____, _____, mythological themes

Drawer 2 (oversize)

Folder 3: _____   , _____, _____, 2 images

Box 84 (oversize)

Folder 7: _____, Informant 3

8: _____, Informant 16

9: _____, drawings, miscellaneous

10: Drawings, Informant 1

11: _____, Informant 3

12: _____, miscellaneous

13: University of Chicago exhibition notes, n.d.

Box 53

Folder 6: Drawings, interview, Informant 40

7: _____, _____, Informant 41

8: _____, Informants 58 and 88

9-10: _____, interviews

Box 54

Folder 1-3: _____, _____

4: _____, unidentified

5: Cinema leaflet

Interviews, 1970-1971

6: Brahmin schoolmaster

7: Rajputs, marriage practices, visit to Thakur Saheb, kinship

8: Vaghela Rajput, Informant 1

9: _____, Informant 2

10: _____, unnumbered informant

11: _____, women

12: _____, group interview

13: _____, school for Darbars

14: Jhala Rajput, Informant 3's death

15: _____, unnumbered informant

16: _____, kinship, social control

17: Solunki Rajput

18: Chauhan Rajput

19: Jain Banya

20: Koli-Pagi

Box 55

Folder 1: Bharwad

2: Shenma

3: Dheds

4: Misc. castes

5: _____, college student list

6: Religion, Ramdev Pir, legend, performance, correspondence, 1971, n.d.

7: Delhi, Surindra Singh Soreri on Kerala

8: Ahmedabad, A. A. Khartri, sociology

9: _____, Mr. Lassiter, Rural Electrification Project

10: Field notebook

11: _____, loose notes

12: Interview, November 29, 1970

13: Interviews and notebooks, note added by James Silverberg, 1970, 1980

14: Drawings, "Twilight of the Overlord System," manuscript draft, 1970


Informant life histories

Box 55

Folder 15: List of informants, list of informant watercolors and drawings, incomplete

16: Informant 1, personal narration

17: Unnumbered informant, personal narration

Psychodiagnostic tests

18: Rorschachs

19: Horn-Hellersberg

Box 56

Folder 1-2: _____

3-4: Color Association

5: _____, Hofstra University, 1951, 1962

6: Word list, crops and cultivating implements

General notes, Gitel P. Steed

7: Index outlines

8: Visiting Nawabpur with McKim Marriott, January 18-31

9-10: February 13-21

General notes, Chamars and Bhangis, Grace Langley

11-14: August 13-September 22

15-16: September 13

Box 57

Folder 1-3: September 24-October 8

Census data

4-6: Household register

7: Caste and kinship, genealogies

8: Kunba data, genealogies

9: Maps, genealogies, survey notes

10: Medical survey

Topical files

Box 58

Folder 1: Land tenure, Census tabulations

2: _____, Court cases

3-4: _____, Collectorate records, translation of khatauni, 1937

5: _____, _____, _____, 1943

6-7: _____, _____, translation of khasra for 1937

8: Caste and personality traits, Questionnaires, drafts, UNESCO study in group tensions, repsondent list

9-10: _____, _____, completed

Box 59

Folder 1: _____, Grace Langley notes

2: Land Utilization Survey, Tabulations on land tenure, food and fodder production, ratings summary

3: _____, Questionnaire form, blanks

4-7: _____, Muslim Rajputs

8: _____, Kachis

Box 60

Folder 1: _____, Jatavs

2: _____, Dhimars, Barbers

3: _____, Dhobis

4: _____, Sweepers

5: _____, Misc. Hindus

6: Religion, Wedding and funeral rituals

7: _____, Holi, Phuldo organization

8: _____, Mosher, Arthur T., "The Economic Effect of Hindu Religious and Social Traditions on Agricultural Production by Christians in North India," dissertation chapter, table of contents, 1946

9: _____, Islam, Marshall Hodgson lectures, "Hindu-Muslim Tensions in Aligarh," "UNESCO Tension Research," manuscripts, 1951, n.d.

10: Court cases, crime, 1948-1951

Box 61

Folder 1: Zamindar Abolition Act in Uttar Pradesh, interview, 1952

2: Jajmani relations, tehelva-thikana

3: Art notes by John Koos

4: Questionnaires, district map, clippings, ratings, 1950, n.d.

5: Miscellaneous, booklets, McKim Marriott notes, correspondence from villagers, genealogy, photographs, 1951, n.d.

General notebooks, Gitel P. Steed

6: I, II, Aligarh, TAT, accounts, January 18-February 21

7: II, index

8: III, IV, unnumbered informant, February 24-March 28

9: V, VI, Rorschach, March 1-April 6

10: VII, VIII, unnumbered informant, Rorschach, March 3-July 19

Box 62

Folder 1: IX, X, Informant 4, March 8-24

2: XI, medical survey, women, March 9-July 7

3: XII, XIII, TAT 1-5, March 9-28

4: XIV, XV, Informant 1, March 14-April 7

5: XVI, XVII, unnumbered informant, March 18-April 14

6: XVIII, XIX, March 24-April 1

7: XX, XXI, unnumbered informant, H-H, accounts for 1949-1951, March 29-May 1

Box 63

Folder 1: XXII, XXIII, unnumbered informant, March 30-August 5

2: XXIV, XXV, Rorschach, women, April 7-13

3: XV, XVI, urban tests, TAT 6-14, March 30-July 12

4: XVII, XVIII, Informant 1, April 11-13

5: XXIX, unnumbered informant, April 13

General notebooks by others

6: XXX, XXXI, kinship, women, July 16-August 8

7: XXXII, XXXIII, tests, records, August 15-September 5

Box 64

Folder 1: XXXIV, XXXV, personal narrations, Rorschach, July 16-September 29

2: XXXVI-XXXVII, religion, July 23-October 1

3: XXXVIII-XXXIX, jajmani relations, kinship, August 6-September 4

4: XL, sketches by John Koos, land, July 8-September 13

5: XLI, XLII, women, August 11-29

Box 65

Folder 1: XLII, XLIII, personal narration, jajmani relations, August 15-October 4

2: XLIV, XLV, jajmani relations, women

3: XLVI, XLVII, Rorschach, TAT, women, September 29-October 4

4: XLVIII, XLIX, women, ratings, October 1-6

5: L, LI, women, September 25-October 10

6: LII, LIII, caste and personality traits, October 6-10

Box 66

Folder 1: LIV, religion, caste and personality traits, October 7-10

2: Unnumbered, jajmani relations, September 17-28

3-4: _____, Rorschachs, September 27-October 3

5-6: _____, TAT, September 17-November 12

7: _____, shorthand notes, n.d.

Box 67

Folder 1: _____, loose notes, March-April

2: _____, _____, TAT, April 4

3: Land survey, July 8-September 9

4: Child health survey, May 4

5-6: Accounts, receipts, February-October

General notebooks, James Silverberg

7: I, II, February 22-March 6

8: III, IV, kinship, March 7-11

9: V, VI, unnumbered informant, kinship, March 9-15

Box 68

Folder 1: VII, VIII, unnumbered informant, Rorschach, March 13-April 21

2: IX, X, TAT, kinship, March 16-May 3

3: XI, XII, unnumbered informant, kinship, March 20-May 5

4: XIII, XIV, Color Association, kinship, March 26-May 5

5-6: XVI, XVII, unnumbered informant, Draw-a-man kinship, April 5-May 27

7-8: XVIII, XIX, unnumbered informant, kinship chart, April 9-May 28

9: XX, XXI, unnumbered informant, April 14, May 23

Box 69

Folder 1: XXII, XXIII, Informant 1, Rorschachs, April 21-May 21

2: XXIV, XXV, Land Utilization Survey, April 22-May 8

3: XXV, XXVI, unnumbered informant, H-H, April 20-May 27

4: XXVII, XXVIII, TAT, H-H, April 25-May 7

5-6: XXIX, XXX, Rorschach, Color Association, April 24-May 27

7: XXXI, XXXII, Rorschach, April 29-May 6

8: XXXIII, XXXIV, Informant 4, H-H, drawings, May 3-27

Box 70

Folder 1-2: XXXV, XXXVI, Rorschach, Color Association, May 6-27

3: XXXVII, XXIX, TAT, May 7-16

4: XL, XLI, Rorschach, May 10-19

5: XLII, XLIII, TAT, kinship, May 15-22

6: XLIV, XLV, Rorschach, May 19-25

7: XLVI, XLVII, XLVIII, Rorschach, TAT, H-H, May 7-27

Notebooks by others

Box 71

Folder 1: Tahera, I, II, February 25-April 5

2: _____, III, IV, April 8-May 9

3: _____, V, May 9-26

4: _____, _____, May 3

5: Unnumbered informant, I, II, Rorschach, Color Association, February 10- May 9

6: _____, III, TAT, April 19-May 18

7: Unnumbered informant, Draw-a-man, February 27-May 22

8: _____, Color Association, general, April 9-May 4


9: Informant list

10: Tabulations

11: Watercolors, Informants 1-22

12: _____, Informants 23-38

Box 72

Folder 1: _____, Informants 39-57

2: _____, Informants 58-86

3: _____, visitors'

4: _____, unidentified

5: Drawings, Informant list

6: _____, Draw-a-man

7: House and wall drawings, John Koos

V. DEOLI, 1950

Informant life histories

Box 72

Folder 8-9: Informant list

10: Informant 1

11: Informant 3

12: Informant 4

13: Informant 5

14: Informant, unnumbered

Psychodiagnostic tests

15-16: Rorschach 1-52, March 16-May 20

17: _____, H-H, unidentified informant

Box 73

Folder 1: TAT, 1-48, March 15-31

2: _____, re-presentations, May 18

3: _____, "Observations on use of TAT in Deoli Village," Panna Lal Shrimali and G. Morris Carstairs, manuscript, May 18

4: Horn-Hellersberg

5: Color Association Test

6: Child Development Test, 1949-1950

General notes, G. Morris Carstairs

7: January 14-January 31, February 21

8: February 1-28

9: March 1-29

10: April 20-30

11: May 1-22

Box 74

Folder 1: May 23-27

2: May 28-June 6

3: June 7-16

4: Wedding data, February 27-March 12

5: Regars, May 24-June 12

6: Children, May 23-June 15

7: Marriage relations, house plan, religion, disputes, manuscript, 1950-1951

8: Newspaper clipping

9: Notes, photograph

Field notebooks, G. Morris Carstairs

10: Diary I, December 28, 1949-January 24, 1950

11: _____, inserted notes

12: Diary II, January 24-May 22, 1950

13: Hindi vocabulary

14: Hindi and Roman Urdu texts, Gitel P. Steed dictation

15: Field notebook X, March 30-April 20, 1950

Box 75

Folder 1: Horn-Hellersberg tests, January 2-April 16, 1950

2: Material Culture, unidentified author


3: Informant list

4: Tabulations by sex, age, and caste

5-6: Colored pencil drawings

7: _____, visitors'

8: _____, unidentified


Photographs by Gitel P. Steed, 1950-1951

Box 85 (oversize)

Folder 1-6: Negatives, contact sheets

7: Contact sheets

8-13: Women and children, 12 prints

14: _____, man and child, 2 prints

15-16: Children, 4 prints

Box 86 (oversize)

Folder 1-6: _____, _____, 14 prints

7-8: Women, 4 prints

9-12: Men, 8 prints

13-14: Painting, 4 prints

15-17: Work and material culture, 6 prints

18-19: Gods and temples, 4 prints

20-21: Ritual, 5 prints

22-23: _____, Holi, 4 prints

24: _____, wedding, 3 prints

25: _____, negatives, contact sheets

Robert Steed Drawings and Paintings, 1950-1951

Box 75

Folder 9: Portraits, pencil on index cards, 39 cards

10: _____, drawings

11: _____, watercolors

12: _____, color and black and white photocopies, notes by James Silverberg and McKim Marriott, 95 sketches

Box 87 (oversize)

Folders 1-36: Gods and temples, watercolors



Reel 1-2: India, 1950

Sound recordings

Box 76

Cassette tapes

Tapes 1-11: Field interviews, n.d.

Reel-to-reel tapes

12: Gitel P. Steed, n.d.

13: _____, dictation, February, 1959

14: _____, discussing "Devgar," n.d.

15: Unidentified, n.d.

Wire recordings

Box 77

Spool 1: Bakrana, first recording, children's songs (Ahmedabad), village singers, n.d.

2: _____, marriage songs, n.d.

3: _____, mandali, October 30, 1950

4: _____, the horrors of [illegible], bhajans, n.d.

5: _____, women's bhajan, abusive songs, n.d.

6: Nawabpur, March 29, 1951

7-11: Unidentified

VIII. manuscripts and publications by others

Box 78

Folder 1: Adji, Oemar Seno, "Asian Perspectives on the American Constitutional Influence," 1976

2: "Alternative Models for the American Family Structure," n.d.

3: American University, Bureau of Social Science Research, "Communication of Ideas in India: A Survey of Lucknow and Three Indian Villages," n.d.

4: Andromedas, John N., "Clan Rank and Salvage Ethnography in Mani, Southern Greece," 1965

5: "Anthropology: A Review for the Teacher," n.d.

6: Asia Society, Textbook Evaluation Project, book reviews, n.d.

7: Bailey, F. G., "The Study of Politics in Village India," n.d.

8: Barnett, Stephen A., "The Process of Withdrawal in a South Indian Caste, 1970

9: Bennett, John W., "The Japanese Industrial Economy: Background for Social Change," 1963

10: Bharati, Agehananda, "Hindu-American Culture Contact and the Hindu Renaissance," 1977

11: Bhardwaj, S. M., "Socially Differentiated Religious Circulation: A View from the Sacred Centers," 1972

12: Blackwell, F. W., "Ambivalence and the City in the Fiction of R. Prawer Jhabvala," "The Perception of the Guru," 1976-1977

13: Bombay Gazette, Indian Gazette, "Acts of Local Legislatures," 1950

14: Bright, William, "A Study of Caste and Dialect in Mysore," n.d.

15: Bruner, Jerome S., "Man: A Course of Study," n.d.

16: Bunzel, Ruth L., "Zuni Ritual Poetry," "Introduction to Zuni Ceremonialism," 1932

17: Campbell, Joan M., "Persistance of the Cattle Complex in East Africa," 1967

18: Champe, John L., "White Cat Village," photograph, 1949

19: Chowdhury, Munier, "The Language Problem in East Pakistan," n.d.

20: Clark, Alice, "Female Infanticide as a Means of Maintaining Caste Dominance," 1976

21: Cohn, Bernard S., "Some Notes on Law and Change in North India," 1959

22: _____ and McKim Marriott, "Networks and Centres in the Integration of Indian Civilization," 1958

23: "The Community and the Nation in Mexico," 1955

24: Cornell, John B., "Dozoku: An Example of Evolution and Transition in Japanese Village Society," n.d.

25: Crane, R. I., "The City as a Catalyst for Group Political Development in India," n.d.

26: "Cultural Factors in Rural Community Development," n.d.

27: Damle, Y. B., "Communication of Modern Ideas and Knowledge in Indian Villages," 1955

28: Danielou, Alain, "Religious Music of India," 1952

Box 79

Folder 1: Davies, C. Collin, "An Historical Atlas of the Indian Peninsula," fragment, 1949

2: Dawar, L. R., "Market Practices in the Punjab," The Board of Economic Inquiry, Punjab, 1934

3: de Laguna, Grace A., "Cultural Relativism and Science," 1942

4: Dimock, Edward C., outline and report on Indian languages, n.d.

5: Engelman, Ralph M., "Germany's Pentagon Papers," n.d.

6: Fales, Raymond L., "A Qualitative Index for the Distribution of City Sizes: United States and India," 1972

7: "Fear Itself: An Anthropologist's View," n.d.

8: Fernando, Enrique M., "An Asian Perspective on the American Constitutional Influence in Asia: Its Impact on the Philippine Legal System," 1976

9: Flemming, Leslie A., "Views of Urban Life in Recent Pakistani Fiction," n.d.

10: Forward to Gaon: Conflict and Cohesion in an Indian Village by Henry Orenstein, 1965

11: Frankel, Francine, "Land Tenure and Limits of Agrarian Modernization in India," 1975

12: Frisch, Jack A., "A Formal Analysis of Sinhalese Kinship Terms," 1966

13: Fusfield, Warren, "Religious Revitalization of the Ahmadiyya Movement," 1976

14: Gemmill, Janet Powers, "Bombay, Madras, and Calcutta in the Indo-English Novel," n.d.

15: Gough, Kathleen, "Criteria of Caste Ranking in South India," fragment, n.d.

16: Gross, Fredric J., "Trade and Commerce: Dentalia Shells on the Northwest Coast," 1964

17: Guha, B. S., "Progress of Anthropological Research in India," 1949

18: Guha, Kamalesh, "An Analysis of Primitive Food Production Technology in India. . .," n.d.

19: Gussow, Zachary and George S. Tracy, "Stigma and the Leprosy Phenomenon," 1968

20: Hanchett, Suzanne, "Hindu Potlatches," 1973

21: Hart, Henry C., "Bombay Politics: Pluralism or Polarization?" n.d.

22: Henry, Jules, "Cultural Discontinuity and the Shadow of the Past," 1948

23: Hindi-Cheeni and D. Amba Bai, "Indian View of China before the Communist Revolution," 1955

24: "Ichchangudi: An Agricultural Village in India," reprint, notes, n.d.

25: India, Government of, Information Services, newsletters, 1949

26: India, Government of, National Library, Bibliography of Indian Anthropology, author index, 1951

27: _____, _____, "A Tentative Bibliography of Basic Publications on all Aspects of Indian Culture, Section 1-Indian Anthropology," 1951

28: Indian Council for Mental Hygiene, list of committees, "The Necessity of Preventative Mental Health," World Health Organization press release, n.d.

Box 80

Folder 1: Institute of Pacific Relations, "Rural Development Schemes in India," India paper No. 1, 1954

2: "Introduction to Himalayan Area Study," 1963

3: Islam, A. K. M. Aminal, "National Ideologies and Village Change in Pakistan," n.d.

4: Jenkins, Frances Briggs, Science Reference Sources, 1965

5: "John MacDonald's paper for Peter Munro Jack - 1931"

6: Joshi, Barbara Ravenell, "The Buddhist Movement in Uttar Pradesh and Autonomous Low Caste Mobilization," 1977

7: Juergensmeyer, Mark, "When the Last Missionairies Left the Punjab," n.d.

8: Khan, Mohammad I., "A Study of the Public Reaction against the British Administration in Avadh," 1976

9: Khare, R.S., "Rethinking Caste Muddles," and "Predictions of Death among the Kanya-Kubja Brahmans," 1967, n.d.

10: Klass, Morton, "Approximating the Peasant in India," n.d.

11: Kochar, V. K., book review of The Andaman Islanders by A. R. Radcliffe Brown, n.d.

12: Leslie, Charles, "The Professionalization of Indigenous Medicine," correspondence, memorandum, 1969-1970

13: Lewis, Oscar, manuscripts, notes, 1953, n.d.

14: Lin, Sein, "An Integrated Approach to Economic Development Through Land Reform in Taiwan," n.d.

15: Maloney, Clarence, manuscripts, 1969-1972

16: Mandelbaum, David G., "Form, Variation, and Meaning of a Ceremony," 1954

17: Marriott, McKim, "Hindu Transactions: Diversity without Dualism," manuscript, report on textbooks, memorandum, 1973-1975

18: _____, and Ronald B. Inden, "Towards an Ethnosociology of South Asian Caste Systems," 1973

19: _____, _____, "Caste Systems," 1973

20: Martin, Kingsley, "The Next Five Year Plan in India," newspaper clippings, 1955

21: Mayer, Albert, "Rural Research and Action Centre, Uttar Pradesh," memoranda, 1953

22: Mazumdar, Debika De, "Child-rearing Practices among the Lodhas of West Bengal and Socialization," n.d.

23: McCormack, William, "Social Styles in Dharwar Kannada," n.d.

24: Mead, Margaret, Committee on Culture and Personality, National Research Council, questionnaire handbook, manuscripts, outline, correspondence, notes, 1953, n.d.

Box 81

Folder 1: Meadows, Paul, "Industrial Man: Profiles of Developmental Society," 1965

2: Miller, "Caste and Territory in Malabar, notes, n.d.

3: Miner, Horace, "Body Ritual among the Nacirena," n.d.

4: Oldenburg, Philip, "Briefing Materials on the Indian Parliamentary Elections, 1977," 1977

5: Orenstein, Henry and Michael Micklin, reprints, manuscript, 1968-1970, n.d.

6: Passin, Herbert, "Some Observations on Untouchability," n.d.

7: Pillai, N. P. N., "Incidence of Suicide among Indian Women," abstract, notes, 1956

8-10: Punjab, The Board of Economic Inquiry, village surveys 4, 6, 11, 1932-1938

11: Ray, Verne F., editor, Systems of Political Control and Bureaucracy in Human Societies, proceedings of the American Ethnological Society meetings, 1958

12: Redfield, Robert, and Milton Singer, "The Cultural Role of Cities," 1954

13: Rosenfeld, Gerard L., "Anthropology as Social Studies in the Elementary School," "Cultural Influences Shaping the Role of the Child," 1965, n.d.

Box 82

Folder 1: Rowe, William L., "The Meaning of Urban Migration for North Indian Villagers," 1960

2: Sen Gupta, Bhabani, "A Maoist Line for India," 1967

3: Shue, Vivienne, "Radical Redistribution with Mass Mobilization: Roots of Rural Development in China," 1975

4: Silverberg, James, "Class Conflict in a Caste-Structured System," 1958, 1970

5: Singh, Harbans, "Social Change and Social Mobilization in Contemporary Indian Cities," manuscript fragment, n.d.

6: Singh, Rudra Datt, "The Unity of an Indian Village," 1956

7: Slater, Marian, "Let Them Eat S----," n.d.

8: "The Social Novel," in Hindi, Bengali, and Urdu, abstracts, n.d.

9: Social Science Research Council, Conference on Economic Growth in Seclected Countries, manuscripts on India, 1952

10: Sopa, Geshe, "The Two Leading Principles of Buddhist Meditation," n.d.

11: Southern Asian Institute, Seminar on Tradition and Change in South and Southeast Asia, correspondence, memoranda, reprints, 1969-1974

12: Stiles, George, "General Bullet," short story, n.d.

13: Studies in social change, abstracts, n.d.

14: Suffian, Tun Mohamed, "The Influence of the American Constitution on the Malaysian Constitution," 1976

15: Suri, Surinder, "Modernization: A Myth," 1970

16: Tangri, Shanti S., "Urban Growth, City Size, and Social Overhead Capital: The Case of India," 1972

17: Thelen, Herbert A., and Jacob W. Getzels, "The Social Sciences: Conceptual Framework for Education," n.d.

18: Thomas, Emmanuel, "Some Dimensions of Urbanization and Their Differential Impact on Modernization in India," 1972

19: Tilman, Robert O., "Confucius among the Barbarians," n.d.

20: Towles, Joseph, "Ritual and Structure," n.d.

21: Tripathi, P. K., "Perspectives on the American Constitutional Influence in India," 1976

22: Ukai, Nobushige, "The Significance of the Reception of American Constitutional Institutions and Ideas in Japan," 1976

23: UNESCO, Group Tension Research Project in India, statement of objectives, 1950-1951

24: Weiner, Myron, "Party Building in a New Nation," chapter manuscript, n.d.

25: Weinreich, Uriel, "The Troubles of Hindi," 1957

26: Whyte, William H., Jr., "The Fallacies of Personality Testing, magazine clipping, 1954