The University of Chicago Library
Art Theorists of the Italian Renaissance
Published by Chadwyck-Healey, Inc.
Database Home Bibliography Sample Searches Database-Specific Searching Tips User Manual

§Search in Texts for: (e.g., epistylia)
Note: For pattern matching one may employ wildcard characters (e.g., gemm* retrieves gemma, gemmis, gemmarum, etc.). To search without considering diacritics turn on "Caps Lock" and type in all uppercase (e.g., GALATEA finds both Galatea and Galateà).
§ Select a Search Option: Single Term and Phrase Search (default) Phrase separated by words or fewer
Proximity Searching in the same Sentence or in the same Paragraph
§ Select a Results Format: Occurrences with Context (default)    Occurrences Line by Line

§Limit your search by the following fields:
Author   (e.g., Boccaccio)
Title   (e.g., Vita)
Publication Date (e.g., 1547, or 1580-1630)
Genre   (e.g., Antiquities genre options)
Language   (e.g., Latin)
Imprint   (e.g., Clarendon Press)
Place of Publication   (e.g., Firenze)
      Sort bibliographic searches by:   Click to sort Word Search results.

§Text Object Fields:
Heading   (e.g., De Charone)
Tag (e.g., Enter Note to search in notes only)

§Refined Search Results:
Frequency by Title    Frequency by Title per 10,000
  Frequency by Author Frequency by Author per 10,000 [Check to hide titles]
  Frequency by Years   Frequency by Years per 10,000
      Select Year Group  [Check to hide titles]
  Frequency by Poem
  Collocation Table Spanning words. Turn Filter Off: Filtered Words
  Word in Clause Position (Theme-Rheme)   Display Options:
  Line by Line (KWIC) Sorted by keyword and word to its Display up to occurrences.
  Word Similarity (Entering architecture finds architectvre, architectura, etc.; a word must be of 5 characters or more.)
Return to: Occurrences with Context  or Occurrences Line by Line


General User Documentation for PhiloLogic

Database-Specific Searching Tips

Bibliographic Searching:

Title: Some titles in Art Theorists of the Italian Renaissance are quite long and contain various forms of punctuation and accentuation. In searching the bibliography by title, one should use a minimum number of terms, choosing a term or terms that are unique within the bibliography. Note: at this time the following punctuation marks and symbols produce a "No documents found" message: parentheses (( )), ampersand (&), double quotes, and brackets ([ ]). Thus block-copying a title such as Genealogia deorum gentilium ad Ugonen inclytum Hierusalem & Cypri regem secundum Iohannem Boccatium de certaldo will produce a "No documents found" message. Try the most distinctive string such as Genealogia deorum or a wildcard character (period) for the mark of punctuation (e.g., a period for the ampersand). In all cases,punctuation and spacing must match exactly that in the bibliography. Some titles contain accented characters and must be entered as such; however, in order to enter titles without having to pay attention to accents simply turn on Caps Lock and type in uppercase.
Date: The texts in the database range in date from 1472 to 1915. Searching by date in Art Theorists of the Italian Renaissance is confusing since the publisher has sometimes entered the date of the edition or translation from which the data have been drawn, not necessarily the date of composition or the date of the first edition. For example, only by searching for works published in 1912 is one able to search by date the translation of the 1568 work Le vite de' piu eccellenti pittori, scultori, e architettori by Giorgio Vasari (1511-1574), since the data come from the 1912 translation entitled Lives of the Most Eminent Painters Sculptors & Architects.
Genre: To limit one's search to a particular genre, simply enter the genre code into the Genre box. One may search more than one genre at a time; the vertical bar ( | ) serves as the OR operator (e.g., entering Antiquities | Collecting searches for both Antiquities and Collecting).

Orthographic Considerations:

The database contains texts in Latin, Italian French, English, German and combinations thereof. Do not expect standard orthography in this database spanning some five centuries. The letters v and are both used (e.g., vir and uir). Enclitics such as -que, -ne, -ve, and -cum have not been cut (e.g., expect populique as well as populiq). Final i often appears as j (e.g., adulterij).
Wildcard characters or Boolean operators can help detect such anomalies. One may enter [vu]ir or vir|uir or populi.* to achieve the desired results.

Words that contain accented characters must be entered as such; however, in order to enter words without having to pay attention to accents simply turn on CapsLock and type in all uppercase. This is best since accentuation is not always consistent (for example, by entering GALATEA one finds the following forms in the database: Galatea, Galateà, and Galatèa).

The Latin texts, especially, are heavily abbreviated. Abbreviations that take the form of one or more letters and a superscripted bar in the sources, are rendered in this database as the respective letter(s) followed by a tilde. For example, mutatio~ibus stands for "mutationibus" but must be searched as mutatioibus, since the tilde is a non-searchable character.

Punctuation and Full-Text Searching:

Hyphens: Hyphens act as word separators. Thus, when searching hyphenated expressions one should treat them as separate words excluding the hyphen (e.g., if searching for ante-chamber, type in ante chamber).
Apostrophes: One must include apostrophes when searching words with apostrophes and one must insert a space after apostrophes since in this database apostrophes act as word separators (e.g., only by typing quel' palazzo will one find "quel'palazzo"). English possessives and contractions must be entered with a space after the apostrophe (e.g., to search for "Vasari's" or "can't" enter vasari' s and can' t.
Ampersand: The ampersand (&) is not a searchable character. Avoid phrase pearches where an ampersand may be used as a conjunction and realize that &c must be searched as simply c.

Formatting and Display:

Character Display: At this time, ancient Greek characters display without accents, but are searchable in UTF-8.
Results Display: Please be advised that, when searching for two or more terms within the same paragraph, the concordance report expands the amount of text displayed to include all of the search terms in the paragraph. At times this text can be several screens in length since some paragraph divisions in documents in this database are very far apart.
Notes: There are notes throughout Art Theorists of the Italian Renaissance. In PhiloLogic notes never interfere when searching the text to which they refer. To search only the text within notes enter Note in the Text Object Field Tag and then enter keyword(s) in the "Search in Texts for:" box.
Images: There are several images throughout the database. Most are displayed as inline images once the user pulls up any level of context (e.g., page, paragraph, or section), but not from a first-level results screen.

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