Selected Bibliography for Robert W. Vishny

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Myron S. Scholes Distinguished Service Professor of Finance

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Published Works  

"Finance and the Preservation of Wealth." Nicola Gennaioli, Andrei Shleifer and Robert Vishny; The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2014, 129(3), pp. 1221-54. 
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/qje/qju012

"A Model of Shadow Banking." Nicola Gennaioli, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; The Journal of Finance, 2013, 68(4), pp. 1331-63. 
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jofi.12031

"Neglected Risks, Financial Innovation, and Financial Fragility." Nicola Gennaioli, Andrei Shleifer and Robert Vishny; Journal of Financial Economics, 2012, 104(3), pp. 452-68. 
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfineco.2011.05.005

"Fire Sales in Finance and Macroeconomics." Andrei Shleifer and Robert Vishny; Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2011, 25(1), pp. 29-48.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/jep.25.1.29

"Unstable Banking." Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Financial Economics, 2010, 97(3), pp. 306-18.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfineco.2009.10.007

"Asset Fire Sales and Credit Easing." Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; American Economic Review, 2010, 100(2), pp. 46-50.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/aer.100.2.46

"Investor Protection and Corporate Governance," Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, Andrei Shleifer and Robert Vishny, in R. A. I. van Frederikslust, J. S. Ang and P. S. Sudarsanam: Corporate Governance and Corporate Finance: A European Perspective. London and New York: Taylor and Francis, Routledge, 2008, pp. 91-110

"Stock Market Driven Acquisitions." Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Financial Economics, 2003, 70(3), pp. 295-311.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-405X(03)00211-3

"Alternative Mechanisms for Corporate Control," Randall Morck, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny, in M. J. Brennan: Empirical Corporate Finance. Cheltenham, U.K. and Northampton, Mass.: Elgar, 2001, pp. 187-97

"Agency Problems and Dividend Policies around the World." Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Finance, 2000, 55(1), pp. 1-33.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/222549

"A Model of Investor Sentiment." Nicholas Barberis, Andrei Shleifer and Robert Vishny; Journal of Financial Economics, 1998, 49(3), pp. 307-43.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-405X(98)00027-0

"Corporate Finance. ." Robert W. Vishny; NBER Reporter, 1998, Summer, pp. 1.
http://www.nber.org/reporter/reporter_archive/summer1998.pdf

"Law and Finance." Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez de Silanes, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Political Economy, 1998, 106(6), pp. 1113.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/250042

The Grabbing Hand: Government Pathologies and Their Cures; Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press, 1998

"The Proper Scope of Government: Theory and an Application to Prisons." Oliver Hart, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1997, 112(4), pp. 1127-61.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2951268

"Privatization in the United States." Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; The Rand Journal of Economics, 1997, 28(3), pp. 447-71.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2556024

"Legal Determinants of External Finance." Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-De-Silanes, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Finance, 1997, 52(3), pp. 1131-50.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2329518

"Good News for Value Stocks: Further Evidence on Market Efficiency." Rafael La Porta, Josef Lakonishok, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Finance, 1997, 52(2), pp. 859-74.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2329502

"A Survey of Corporate Governance." Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Finance, 1997, 52(2), pp. 737-83.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2329497

"Trust in Large Organizations." Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; American Economic Review, 1997, 87(2), pp. 333-38.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2950941

"The Limits of Arbitrage." Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Finance, 1997, 52(1), pp. 35-55.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2329555

"Second-Best Economic Policy for a Divided Government." Maxim Boycko, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; European Economic Review, 1996, 40(3-5), pp. 767-74.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-2921(95)00087-9

"Toward a Theory of Legal Reform." Jonathan R. Hay, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; European Economic Review, 1996, 40(3-5), pp. 559-67.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-2921(95)00069-0

"Review of 'How Russia Became a Market Economy '." Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Economic Literature, 1996, 34(3), pp. 1388-89.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2729542

"A Theory of Privatisation." Maxim Boycko, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Economic Journal, 1996, 106(435), pp. 309-19.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2235248

"Contrarian Investment." Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Reporter, 1995, Spring, pp. 12-13.
http://www.nber.org/reporter/reporter_archive/Spring%201995_1.pdf

Privatizing Russia; Maxim Boycko, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1995

"Corporate Finance." Robert W. Vishny; NBER Reporter, 1994, Winter, pp. 1.
http://www.nber.org/reporter/reporter_archive/Winter%201994-95_1.pdf

"The Progress of Russian Privatization," Maxim Boycko, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny, in A. Aslund: Economic Transformation in Russia. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994, pp. 101-10

"Privatization in Russia: First Steps," Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny, in O. J. Blanchard, K. A. Froot and J. D. Sachs: The Transition in Eastern Europe. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1994, pp. 137-60
http://www.nber.org/chapters/c6724

"Voucher Privatization." Maxim Boycko, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Financial Economics, 1994, 35(2), pp. 249-66.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-405X(94)90006-X

"Contrarian Investment, Extrapolation, and Risk." Josef Lakonishok, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Finance, 1994, 49(5), pp. 1541-78.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2329262

"Politicians and Firms." Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1994, 109(4), pp. 995-1025.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2118354

"The Politics of Market Socialism." Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Economic Perspectives, 1994, 8(2), pp. 165-76.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2138542

"Corruption." Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1993, 108(3), pp. 599-617.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2118402

"Why Is Rent-Seeking So Costly to Growth?" Kevin M. Murphy, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; American Economic Review, 1993, 83(2), pp. 409-14.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2117699

"Privatizing Russia." Maxim Boycko, Andrei Shleifer, Robert W. Vishny, Stanley Fischer and Jeffrey D. Sachs; Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1993, 1993(2), pp. 139-92.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2534566

"The Impact of Institutional Trading on Stock Prices." Josef Lakonishok, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Financial Economics, 1992, 32(1), pp. 23-43.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-405X(92)90023-Q

"Liquidation Values and Debt Capacity: A Market Equilibrium Approach." Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Finance, 1992, 47(4), pp. 1343-66.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2328943

"The Transition to a Market Economy: Pitfalls of Partial Reform." Kevin M. Murphy, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1992, 107(3), pp. 889-906.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2118367

"Pervasive Shortages under Socialism." Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; The Rand Journal of Economics, 1992, 23(2), pp. 237-46.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2555986

"The Structure and Performance of the Money Management Industry." Josef Lakonishok, Andrei Shleifer, Robert W. Vishny, Oliver Hart and George L. Perry; Brookings Papers on Economic Activity. Microeconomics, 1992, 1992, pp. 339-91.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2534766

"The Takeover Wave of the 1980s." Andre Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, 1991, 4(3), pp. 49-56.

"Privatization in Eastern Europe: Incentives and the Economics of Transition: Comment." Robert W. Vishny; NBER Macroeconomics Annual, 1991, 6(1991), pp. 262-66.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/3585059

"Takeovers in the '60s and the '80s: Evidence and Implications." Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Strategic Management Journal, 1991, 12(Special Issue), pp. 51-59.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2486433

"The Allocation of Talent: Implications for Growth." Kevin M. Murphy, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1991, 106(2), pp. 503-30.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2937945

"Window Dressing by Pension Fund Managers." Josef Lakonishok, Andrei Shleifer, Richard Thaler and Robert W. Vishny; American Economic Review, 1991, 81(2), pp. 227-31.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2006859

"Reversing the Soviet Economic Collapse." Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1991, 1991(2), pp. 341-60.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2534597

"The Takeover Wave of the 1980s." Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Science, 1990, 249(4970), pp. 745-49.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2878074

"Equilibrium Short Horizons of Investors and Firms." Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; American Economic Review, 1990, 80(2), pp. 148-53.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2006560

"Do Managerial Objectives Drive Bad Acquisitions?" Randall Morck, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Finance, 1990, 45(1), pp. 31-48.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2328808

"Hostile Takeovers in the 1980s: The Return to Corporate Specialization." Sanjai Bhagat, Andrei Shleifer, Robert W. Vishny, Gregg Jarrel and Lawrence Summers; Brookings Papers on Economic Activity. Microeconomics, 1990, 1990, pp. 1-84.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2534780

"The Stock Market and Investment: Is the Market a Sideshow?" Randall Morck, Andrei Shleifer, Robert W. Vishny, Matthew Shapiro and James M. Poterba; Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1990, 1990(2), pp. 157-215.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2534506

"Building Blocks of Market Clearing Business Cycle Models." Kevin M. Murphy, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Macroeconomics Annual, 1989, pp. 247-87.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/3584977

"Management Entrenchment: The Case of Manager-Specific Investments." Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Financial Economics, 1989, 25(1), pp. 123-39.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-405X(89)90099-8

"Industrialization and the Big Push." Kevin M. Murphy, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Political Economy, 1989, 97(5), pp. 1003-26.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/1831884

"Alternative Mechanisms for Corporate Control." Randall Morck, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; American Economic Review, 1989, 79(4), pp. 842-52.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/1827936

"Income Distribution, Market Size, and Industrialization." Kevin M. Murphy, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1989, 104(3), pp. 537-64.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2937810

"Management Buyouts as a Response to Market Pressure," Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny, in A. J.  Auerbach: Mergers and Acquisitions. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1988, pp. 87-102
http://www.nber.org/chapters/c5823

"Do Target Shareholders Lose in Unsuccessful Control Contests? Comment," Robert W. Vishny, in A. J. Auerbach: Corporate Takeovers: Causes and Consequences. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1988, pp. 153-55
http://www.nber.org/chapters/c2055

"Characteristics of Targets of Hostile and Friendly Takeovers," Randall Morck, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny, in A. J. Auerbach: Corporate Takeovers: Causes and Consequences. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1988, pp. 101-29
http://www.nber.org/chapters/c2054

"Management Ownership and Market Valuation: An Empirical Analysis." Randall Morck, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Financial Economics, 1988, 20, pp. 293-315.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-405X(88)90048-7

"The Efficiency of Investment in the Presence of Aggregate Demand Spillovers." Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Political Economy, 1988, 96(6), pp. 1221-31.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/1831949

"Value Maximization and the Acquisition Process." Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Economic Perspectives, 1988, 2(1), pp. 7-20.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/1942737

"Greenmail, White Knights, and Shareholders' Interest." Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; The Rand Journal of Economics, 1986, 17(3), pp. 293-309.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2555712

"Large Shareholders and Corporate Control." Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Journal of Political Economy, 1986, 94(3), pp. 461-88.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/1833044

Informational Aspects of Securities Markets; Robert W. Vishny; PhD Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1985.

Working Papers  


Money Doctors; Nicola Gennaioli, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER  Working Paper Series No. 18174; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2012.
http://www.nber.org/papers/w18174

A Model of Shadow BankingNicola Gennaioli, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Paper Series   No. 17115; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2011.
http://www.nber.org/papers/w17115

Fire Sales in Finance and Macroeconomics
; Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Paper Series No. 16642; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2010.
http://www.nber.org/papers/w16642

Stock Market Driven Acquisitions; Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Papers Series no.8439; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2001.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/8439

Investor Protection: Origins, Consequences, and Reform; Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-deSilanes, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Papers Series no.7428; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1999.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/7428

Investor Protection and Corporate Valuation; Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-deSilanes, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Papers Series no.7403; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1999.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/7403

A Model of Investor Sentiment; Nicholas Barberis, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Papers Series no. 5926; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1997.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/5926

Legal Determinants of External Finance; Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-de-Silane, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Papers Series no. 5879; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1997.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/5879

Trust in Large Organizations; Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-de-Silane, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Papers Series no. 5864; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1996.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/5864

The Proper Scope of Government: Theory and an Application to Prisons; Oliver Hart, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Papers Series no. 5744; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1996.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/5744

Law and Finance; Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-de-Silane, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Papers Series no. 5661; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1996.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/5661

A Survey of Corporate Governance; Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Papers Series no. 5554; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1996.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/5554

The Limits of Arbitrage; Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Paper Series no. 5167; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1995.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/5167

Privatization in the United States; Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Paper Series no.5113; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1995.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/5113

Voucher Privatization; Maxim Boycko, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Working paper no. 85; Chicago: Center for the Study of the Economy and the State University of Chicago, 1993.
http://research.chicagobooth.edu/economy/research/articles/85.pdf

Contrarian Investment, Extrapolation, and Risk; Josef Lakonishok, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Working paper no. 84; Chicago: Center for the Study of the Economy and the State University of Chicago, 1993.
http://research.chicagobooth.edu/economy/research/articles/84.pdf

Contrarian Investment, Extrapolation, and Risk; Josef Lakonishok, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Paper Series no. 4360; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1993.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/4360

Corruption; Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Paper Series no. 4372; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1993.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/4372

Do Institutional Investors Destabilize Stock Prices? Evidence on Herding and Feedback Trading; Josef Lakonishok, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Paper Series no. 3846; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1991.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/3846

Pervasive Shortages under Socialism; Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Paper Series no. 3791; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1991.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/w3791

Asset Sales and Debt Capacity; Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Paper Series no. 3618; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research 1991.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/w3618

Window Dressing by Pension Fund Managers; Josef Lakonishok, Andrei Shleifer, Richard Thaler and Robert Vishny; NBER Working Papers no.3617; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1991.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/3617

The Aftermath of Hostile Takeovers; Sanjai Bhagat, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Working paper series no. 276; Chicago: Center for Research in Security Prices, Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago, 1990.

The Takeover Wave of the 1980's; Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Working paper series no. 288; Chicago: Center for Research in Security Prices, Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago, 1990.

Equilibrium Short Horizons of Investors and Firms; Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Working paper series no. 277; Chicago: Center for Research in Security Prices, Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago, 1990.

The Allocation of Talent: Implications for Growth; Kevin M. Murphy, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Papers Series no.3530; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1990.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/3530

Increasing Returns, Durables and Economic Fluctuations; Kevin M. Murphy, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER working paper series no. 3014.; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1989.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/3014

Building Blocks of Market Clearing Business Cycle Models; Kevin M. Murphy, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER working paper series no. 3004.; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1989.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/3004

Do Managerial Objectives Drive Bad Acquisitions?; Randall Morck, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Papers no. 3000; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1989.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/3000

Alternative Mechanisms for Corporate Control; Randall Morck, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Working paper no. 52; Chicago: University of Chicago Center for the Study of the Economy and the State, 1988.
http://research.chicagobooth.edu/economy/research/articles/52.pdf

Managerial Entrenchment; Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Working paper series 242; Chicago: Center for Research in Security Prices, Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago, 1988.

Income Distribution, Market Size, and Industrialization; Kevin M. Murphy, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Paper Series no.2709; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research 1988.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/W2709

Industrialization and the Big Push; Kevin M. Murphy, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper, 1988.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/W2708

Alternative Mechanisms for Corporate Control; Randall Morck, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Paper Series no. 2532; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research 1988.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/w2532

Value Maximization and the Acquisitions Process; Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Working paper series no. 217; Chicago: Center for Research in Security Prices, Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago, 1987.

Surplus Labor and Industrialization; Kevin M. Murphy, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Textos para discussão interna no. 112; Rio de Janeiro: Instituto de Planejamento Econômico e Social Instituto de Pesquisas, 1987.
http://desafios2.ipea.gov.br/pub/td/1987/td_0112.pdf

Characteristics of Hostile and Friendly Takeover Targets; Randall Morck, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper no 2295, 1987.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/2295

The Efficiency of Investment in the Presence of Aggregate Demand Spillovers; Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Papers Series no. 2297; Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1987.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/2297

Management Ownership and Corporate Performance : An Empirical Analysis; Randall Morck, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Working paper series no. 193; Chicago: Center for Research in Security Prices, Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago, 1986.

Management Buyouts as a Response to Market Pressure; Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; Working paper series no. 199; Chicago, IL: Center for Research in Security Prices, Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago, 1986.

Management Ownership and Corporate Performance: An Empirical Analysis; Randall Morck, Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny; NBER Working Paper Series no.2055; National Bureau of Economic Research 1986.
http://papers.nber.org/papers/w2055