Finding Aids

Anthropology and Ethnology

Ardrey, Robert. Papers

Robert Ardrey (1908-1980) Anthropologist and screenwriter. Contains personal and business correspondence; typescripts of papers Ardrey wrote as a student at the University of Chicago; manuscripts of plays, screenplays, novels, and short stories; writings and personal papers of his sons; the correspondence of Helen Johnson/Ardrey; newspaper clippings and reviews; and photographs. Correspondents include Thornton Wilder, Sinclair Lewis, and Clifford Odets

Cohn, Bernard. Papers

Bernard Cohn (1928-2003), Anthropologist, spent the bulk of his professional life at the University of Chicago. Cohn first came to the University of Chicago as a postdoctoral fellow in 1957 and returned in 1964 to join the faculty. In the intervening years, Cohn conducted research in India and served as chairman of anthropology at the University of Rochester. An expert on British colonialism in India, Cohn was among the first anthropologists to integrate historical study into his ethnographic research. The Bernard Cohn Papers consist mainly of materials related to his writings, both published and unpublished. These materials include: drafts and typescripts, research notes, and a small collection of related correspondence.

Council on Anthropology and Education. Records

Founded in 1968, the Council on Anthropology and Education (CAE) in stimulating scholarship on education in social and cultural contexts. The Records document the CAE's founding and early activities.

Current Anthropology. Records

Current Anthropology began publication in January 1960 under editor Sol Tax. It is published by the University of Chicago Press and funded by the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research. It is one of the few journals that publishes articles encompassing all the subdisciplines of anthropology. The 144.5 linear feet of records of the Current Anthropology contains correspondence, memoranda, minutes, subscriptions, financial records, production notes, published manuscripts, and associates' reply letters. A large portion of the collection is composed of records of the journal’s associates, either private or institutional. The rest of the collection consists of correspondence with associates, printers, and foundations; records of Associate’s Reply Letters; page-proofs and production notes for journal issues; and office records of finances, mailings, and personnel.

Darwin Centennial Celebration. Records

The Darwin Centennial Celebration, held at the University of Chicago, Nov. 24-28, 1959, commemorated the one hundredth anniversary of the publication of The Origin of the Species. The celebration featured panel discussions, a musical about Darwin's life and work, a conference for high school biology teachers, and the Institute on Science and Technology which examined the relation of evolution to theology. Sol Tax served as chairman of the Centennial Committee. Contains correspondence, invitations, biographical material on celebration participants, publicity, press releases, clippings, photographs, and sound recordings of panel discussions and Centennial proceedings.

DuBois, Cora. Papers

Cora DuBois (1903-1991), Anthropologist. The Papers were compiled during the eleven years DuBois spent in India collecting information about socio-cultural change in Bhubaneswar, Orissa.

Eggan, Dorothy. Papers

Dorothy Eggan is best known for her pioneering anthropological work on the cross-cultural study of dreams and for her ethnography of the Hopi Indians of the American southwest. Her papers are relevant to the fields of anthropology, psychology, and psychoanalysis. The majority of the collection concerns ethnography of dreams and dreaming among the Hopi, including the dream accounts collected over several decades between the late 1930s and the time of Dorothy Eggan's death in 1965. Included with these accounts are interview notes, commentaries, analyses, texts of her published work, lectures, presentations, and outlines. The collection also contains reading and research notes and professional and personal correspondence.

Eggan, Fred. Papers

Fred Eggan (1906-1991) Anthropologist. Papers contain a wide variety of materials and media including correspondence, original manuscripts, teaching materials, field notes pertaining to Eggan's research among Native American groups and in the Philippines, microfilm, photographs, slides, and audio recordings. The papers date from 1870-1991 and cover all phases of Eggan's career as an anthropologist, documenting his earliest graduate and post-graduate field research, his work as teacher and administrator at the University of Chicago, his research and writing on native North American and Philippine cultures, and his extensive professional connections with many of the leading social scientists of the twentieth century.

Eggan, Joan Rosenfels. Papers

Joan Rosenfels Eggan (1906-1999) photographer and psychotherapist, well known for her photographs of anthropologists. As the wife of University of Chicago Professor of Anthropology Fred Eggan, she accompanied her husband on research trips to the Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia, and England where she photographed many local people. The majority of the photographs in this collection are of children and families, as Eggan was particularly interested in the psychology of children.

Fallers, Lloyd A. Papers

The Fallers, Lloyd A. Papers comprise 28 linear feet of materials including personal and professional correspondence, field notes and research materials, course materials, and manuscripts concerning other professional associations and projects in which he was engaged. The papers contain materials generated by Fallers while pursuing research into colonialism and independence in East Africa, modernization in Turkey, and more general topics of social stratification and status. The collection also includes field materials collected by Margaret Chave Fallers.

Friedrich, Paul. Papers

The Paul Friedrich Papers contains personal and professional correspondence; linguistic and anthropological research and field notes; audiotapes of villagers and lectures by Friedrich; photographs, primarily of life in the town of Naranja; maps; Mexican political ephemera; and manuscripts of published and unpublished papers, articles, and books. Most of the material relates to Friedrich’s fieldwork in the state of Michoacán in southwestern Mexico, 1955-1956, where he studied the Tarascan people and language.

Geertz, Clifford. Papers

Clifford Geertz (1926-2006,) anthropologist. The papers include fieldnotes, records of his career as a professor at the University of Chicago from 1960 to 1970, and papers connected to his long tenure at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. Also included are Geertz' prolific correspondence with fellow social scientists and his former students as well as academic sources for his research and drafts of writings and lectures.

International Congress of Americanists. Records

The International Congress of Americanists Records contain materials related to the XXIX Congress of 1949, held in New York City. Originally part of the Sol Tax Papers, this collection consists largely of materials regarding Tax's efforts to publish the proceedings of the congress. The Congress explored such themes as: the art of the Americas, early man in America, physical Anthropology, language and culture, population in Native America, etc.

International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences. Records

The ICAES Records consist of the preparation materials and scholastic work for the conference held in Chicago in 1973. The correspondence consists of letters between Sol Tax and his secretaries to the conference participants and between the editors and writers of the papers that were presented and published. The materials also included the mock up materials and the final packet for the conference participants, as well as press releases and final drafts of the presentation papers. Conference participants included well known intellectuals such as Margaret Mead, Prince Peter of Greece and Denmark, L. Lomnitz, James Fernandez, Marshall Sahlins, McKim Marriott, June Nash, and Alan Lomax.

McQuown, Norman A. Papers

Norman A. McQuown (1914-2005) was an anthropologist and linguist best known for his efforts to document and study indigenous languages in Mexico and Central America and for his work in the field of non-verbal communication. He studied, conducted field and archival research, taught, and wrote on a wide range of languages, including Huastec, Quiche Maya, Yucatec Maya, Nahuatl, Totonac, Turkish, Russian, and Esperanto. He published in English, Spanish, and German, was comfortable writing and conversing in a large number of additional languages, and wrote frequently on the process of language teaching and learning. McQuown spent nearly his entire career at the University of Chicago, with the exception of numerous visiting appointments at institutions in Europe and the Americas.This collection documents his research, writing, teaching, and administrative work and contains a small amount of personal material. It range in date from 1850-2004, with the bulk dating from roughly 1945-1975.

Nash, Manning. Papers

Manning Nash (1924-2001), anthropologist, taught at the University of Chicago from 1957 through 1994, first as an Assistant Professor in the Graduate School of Business (1957-1968) and then as a member of the Anthropology Department (1968-1994). An expert on economic and social modernization in developing nations, Nash carried out fieldwork in such places as: Guatemala, Mexico, Burma, Iran, and Malaysia. The Manning Nash Papers consist largely of Nash's field notes and research findings. Additionally, they contain a small collection of teaching materials and a moderately sized series devoted to Nash's writings.

Native American Educational Services. Robert Rietz. Papers

Robert Rietz was a pioneer in the so-called “Action Anthropology” movement, creator and promoter of educational projects for Native American college students, and Director of the American Indian Center in Chicago. The bulk of Rietz’s personal papers cover the period from 1950 to 1954, when he worked as community analyst and relocation officer for the Bureau of Indian Affairs at the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, North Dakota. Rietz’s papers are of particular interest for researchers of mid-twentieth century Native American populations, and offer a window into the complex dynamics played out between scholarly research, Native American populations, and Federal Indian Affairs policies. This collection also provides valuable insights into Native American Indian population in urban centers and relocation practices in the early 1950s, as well as materials pertaining to a number of educational projects Rietz was involved in from the mid-1950s to the early 1960s. Also included are field notes, official bulletins, and newsletters from different Indian Reservations.

Origin of Man Symposium. Records

The Origin of Man Symposium was held April 2-4, 1965, at the Center for Continuing Education at the University of Chicago. It was convened by Sol Tax, Professor of Anthropology at the University of Chicago, and sponsored by the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research. Contains correspondence, lists of participants, reports, financial records, order forms, press releases, photographs, and transcripts and tapes of the symposium.

Redfield, Robert. Ford Foundation Cultural Studies Program. Records

The Robert Redfield Ford Foundation Cultural Studies Records document the work of Redfield and others in intercultural studies from 1951-1961. Redfield, Professor of Anthropology and Robert M. Hutchins, Chancellor of the University of Chicago persuaded the Ford Foundation to fund the study of intercultural relations for the academic year 1951-19522. The project continued until 1961 and oversaw publication of the Comparative Studies of Cultures and Civilizations including: Language in Culture, edited by Harry Hoijer, Studies in Chinese Thought, edited by Arthur F. Wright, The Little Community, by Robert Redfield, Village India, edited by McKim Marriott, and three titles on Islam edited by Gustave E. von Grunebaum.

Redfield, Robert. Papers

Professor, anthropologist. The Redfield Papers span the years of Robert Redfield's association with the Department of Anthropology at the University of Chicago, from the mid-1920s when he began graduate work in anthropology to the end of his professional career in 1958.

Sahlins, Marshall. Papers

Marshall Sahlins anthropologist, professor. The Marshall Sahlins Papers consist of research notes and data about the Hawaiian Makahiki festival and James Cook's voyage to Hawaii (1778-1779).

Schneider, David M. Papers

David M. Schneider (1918 - 1995), anthropologist. Contains correspondence, teaching materials, research materials and field notes, research and grant proposals, manuscripts, reprints and clippings, photographs, and personal files. Correspondents included Clifford Geertz, Claude Levi-Strauss, Margaret Mead, Talcott Parsons and Marshall Sahlins. This collection contains material from the period 1918 - 1994.

Silverberg, James. Papers

James Silverberg, Professor of Anthropology department at the University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee. As a graduate student he accompanied Gitel P. Steed on the Columbia University Research in Contemporary India Field Project. The bulk of the papers are related to the India Field Project. Additionally, there are files regarding the creation and organization of the Steed archive. There is also a small collection of Silverberg's writings and correspondence.

Singer, Milton. Papers

Milton Singer (1912-1994) anthropologist. The Papers document Singer's career as Professor of Anthropology at the University of Chicago, including his role in the Redfield Comparison of Cultures Project and his scholarship as an expert on India and on semiotic anthropology. Collection includes correspondence, manuscripts, notes, course materials, photographs and audio and video recordings.

Slotkin, James Sydney. Papers

James Sydney Slotkin, Associate Professor of Social Sciences, 1946-1957. The collection includes pmanuscripts and papers, teaching materials, correspondence and some research materials. It documents his broad interests in various topics in the social sciences: anthropology, sociology, esthetics, social psychology and methodology.

Smith, Raymond T. Papers

Raymond T. Smith (1925-), anthropologist. The collection documents research conducted for Smith’s USA & West Indies Kinship Project and consists largely of interviews and mapped genealogies of subjects in Guyana, Trinidad, Jamaica, and Chicago.

Starr, Frederick. Liberian Research Collection

Professor of Anthropology at the University of Chicago, Frederick Starr, maintained these research materials for his book, Liberia: Description, History, Problems.

Starr, Frederick. Papers

Frederick Starr (1858-1933) Assistant professor of anthropology, University of Chicago, 1892-95; associate professor, 1895-1923. Curator of the anthropological section, Walker Museum, University of Chicago, 1895-1923 Contains professional and personal correspondence; research material; field notebooks; diaries; class lecture notes; memorabilia; photographs; bibliographies; and scrapbooks. Correspondents include Frank Boas, W.E.B. Du Bois, Federico Gamboa, William Rainey Harper, John Haynes Holmes, Jenkin Lloyd Jones, Ida B. Wells-Barnett, Julius Rosenwald, and Albion Small. Topics relate to Starr's interests and involvement in the former Belgian Congo, Liberia, Japan, Korea, the Philippines, Mexico, Central America, and the World's Columbian Exposition.

Steed, Gitel P. Papers

Gitel P. Steed (1914-1977), anthropologist. Consists primarily of research data from the Columbia University Research in Contemporary India Field Project, directed by Steed from 1949 to 1951. Data were collected from three villages in western and northern India and include life histories of informants, psychological tests, typed notes, field notebooks, photographs, genealogies, transcripts of interviews, and art work by researchers and villagers. Contains research notes collected by project participants James Silverberg, G. Morris Castairs, and Grace Langley. Also includes data from fieldwork projects on the Inuit of Greenland and Chinese immigrants in New York City, lectures, and publications about the India Project by Steed and other scholars. Also contains some of Steed's India photographs that were included in Edward Steichen's 1955 exhibit, The Family of Man.

Tax, Sol. Papers

Sol Tax (1907-1995), Anthropologist. Papers include personal and professional correspondence, ethnographic field notes, published and unpublished articles, papers, and manuscripts, lecture notes and transcripts, student papers, audiotapes, photographs, and memorabilia. Documentation begins with Tax's youth in Milwaukee, continuing through his student years at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and at the University of Chicago, his field research and writing on Middle American and North American Indians (1932-), teaching and administrative roles at the University of Chicago (1940-), and a wide range of professional activities.

Tuttleman Family, Edna S. and Stanley C. Collection of Nineteenth-Century Photographs

The Edna S. and Stanley C. Tuttleman Family Collection of Nineteenth-Century Photographs consists of 234 nineteenth century travel and topographical photographs of historic sites, natural environments, and scenes of everyday life. Regions represented include the Middle East, Greece, Italy, the United States, England and Scotland. Photographers include Abdullah Frères, Thomas Annan, Francis Bedford, Giacomo Brogi, Francis Frith, G. Lekegian and Company, Andrew J. Russell, Giorgio Sommer, Seneca Ray Stoddard, James Valentine, George Washington Wilson, and Zangaki.

University of Chicago. Department of Anthropology. Chiapas Project. Records

The Department of Anthropology Chiapas Project records document the University of Chicago Department of Anthropology’s research projects in the Mexican state of Chiapas in the late 1950s and early 1960s. The projects aimed to investigate the language, culture, environment, and history of local Maya communities. The first phase of research, known as the Man in Nature Project, ran from 1956-1959. The second phase, known as the Chiapas Project, began in 1960, and the final report was produced in 1964. The collection contains project applications and bibliographies; brochures, correspondence, and administrative documents related to project housing, personnel, finances, and equipment; notes; a small amount of research material; financial records; photographs and slide film depicting the project team, indigenous people, and field work locations; and bound copies of final project reports. The material ranges in date from 1942-circa 1990s, with the bulk dating from 1958-1962.

University of Chicago. Department of Anthropology. Records

The Department of Anthropology at the University of Chicago was founded in 1929 under the chairmanship of Fay-Cooper Cole. The collection comprises records of the department from its inception through 1997. It includes the Fay-Cooper Cole Papers, information and data from early archeological, linguistic and socio-cultural anthropological fieldwork, early materials on teaching and curriculum, files on department buildings and space, administrative and financial papers and documentation, faculty and staff information and student files.

University of Chicago. Society for Social Research. Records

The Society for Social Research was established in 1921 as an association of graduate students in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology. The records of the Society consist of constitutions, minutes, correspondence, and abstracts of papers from the Society's regular meetings, as well as correspondence, programs, and abstracts from its annual Summer Institute.

Walker, David W. Papers

David W. Walker (b. September 29, 1948, d. July 4, 2001) was an historian of Mexico, professor at Michigan State University, Vietnam War veteran, and alumnus of the University of Chicago. Walker studied the Mexican Revolution and agrarian reform in the northern state of Durango. The collection contains notes and notecards, research materials, writings, and a handful of audio-visual material and digital media. Materials date between 1910 and 2001, with the bulk of the material dating from the 1980s and 1990s. The collection also consists of photocopies of original documents dating from 1768 to the 1940s. The collection primarily documents Walker's extensive research in Durango, on the Martínez del Río family, and on agrarian reform in Mexico at the beginning of the twentieth century.

Warner, W. Lloyd. Papers

W. Lloyd Warner, anthropologist, professor, author. The W. Lloyd Warner Papers consist of Warner's correspondence with A.R. Radcliffe-Brown, off-prints, and a typescript copy of Warner's article, "Big Farmers." The collection also contains posthumous material about Warner, including correspondence, and multiple typescript drafts of Warner's biography "W. Lloyd Warner, Social Anthropologist," compiled and edited by Mildred Warner, Burleigh Gardner, and Robert Havighurst.

Wax, Rosalie Hankey. Papers

Rosalie Hankey Wax (1911-1998), Anthropologist, wrote her dissertation about the field work she had conducted in California at the internment camps for people of Japanese descent during World War II. She taught at the University of Chicago and at the suggestion of the anthropologist Sol Tax she and her husband, Murray Wax, began conducting field work in the schools for American Indians on the Pine Ridge Reservation.

Whitney, Harry. Hunting with the Eskimos Album

This is an album of photographs taken for Whitney's book by the same title that was published in 1910 by the Century Co. in New York.