Finding Aids

Biological Sciences and Ecology

Allee, Warder Clyde. Papers

Zoologist. S.B., Earlham College, 1908. S.M., University of Chicago, 1910; Ph.D., 1912. Associate professor of zoology, University of Chicago, 1921-1923, associate professor, 1923-1928, professor, 1928-1950. Dean of the College of Arts, Literature, and Science, University of Chicago, 1924-1926. Secretary of the Department of Zoology, University of Chicago, 1927-1934. Managing editor, Physiological Zoology, 1937-1955. Chair, National Research Council Committee on the Ecology of Animal Populations. Contains personal and professional correspondence, minutes, reports, research notes and notebooks, manuscripts of articles and books by Allee and other zoologists, lectures, and photographs. Includes the 1894 Ph.D. dissertation of Charles Manning Child who taught zoology at the University of Chicago, 1916-1934.

Audubon, John James. Letter

I) Photocopy of letter from John James Audubon to Thomas McCulloch, September 12, 1836, 3 p., A.L.S., listing birds of Nova Scotia; II) 20th century typescript transcription of list.

Bay, J. Christian. Alphabetical Index to The Birds of America by John James Audubon

Manuscript index to birds illustrated in Audubon's The Birds of America, by species, common name, and gender.

Beadle, George Wells. Papers

George Wells Beadle, professor, university administrator. The George Wells Beadle papers include speeches, correspondence, subject files, inauguration papers, invitations, press releases, newspaper clippings, offprints, calendars, honorary degrees and certificates, photographs, albums, medals and plaques.

Bloom, William. Papers

William Bloom, pathologist and scientist. The William Bloom Papers consist of two folders, the first containing correspondence and articles from 1932 to 1963. The second holds Bloom’s 1938 work, The Lymphoid-Macrophage System, a project additionally published as several chapters in Hal Downey’s Handbook of Hematology of the same year.

Bogorad, Lawrence. Papers

Lawrence Bogorad, biologist, botanist, and professor. The Lawrence Bogorad Papers consist of a manuscript (c.1949) and an article (1952).

Burroughs, John. The Flight of Birds

Includes holograph draft of "The Flight of Birds," later published in The Atlantic, vol. 126, pages 279-82, (1920). Also includes clippings and a letter from Edwin Carlile Litsey to Burroughs, 1920 May 13.

Burrows, William. Papers

William Burrows, professor and bacteriologist. The William Burrows Papers consist of correspondence, articles, manuscripts, and one chapter from a textbook, dating from 1949 to 1971.

Carlson, Anton Julius. Papers

Anton Julius Carlson, professor and physiologist. The Anton Julius Carlson Papers consist of articles and a bound volume of letters.

Coggeshalll, Lowell T., Papers

Lowell T. Coggeshall. Physician, professor, dean. Contains correspondence, memoranda, reports, and ephemera relating to various professional organizations and government committees from the 1950s and 1960s, including the Chicago Board of Health, the Association of American Medical Colleges, and the Commission on Drug Safety. Also contains research material on malaria, speeches, and drafts and reprints of articles by Coggeshall. Material relating to the University of Chicago consists primarily of notes taken during President Beadle's staff meetings (1961-1962).

Coulter, John Merle. Papers

John Merle Coulter (1851-1928), botanist and chair of the Botany Department of the University of Chicago, 1896-1926. The Papers contain the correspondence and personal papers of Coulter’s parents, relating mainly to a brief missionary tour to China. The collection also includes letters and school mementos, drafts of many of Coulter's postwar lectures and articles, and miscellaneous papers relating to his activities during the last five years of his life.

Coulter, Merle C. Papers

Merle Crowe Coulter, plant geneticist, was educated at the University of Chicago (B.S. 1914; Ph.D. 1919) and went on to serve on the faculty of the Department of Botany. This collection contains notes from Coulter's education in botany, ecology and zoology at the University of Chicago. Also included are manuscript drafts of Coulter's fictional writing.

Cowles, Henry C. Collection

Henry Chandler Cowles, botanist, University of Chicago alumnus and faculty member in the Department of Botany, pioneered the study of ecology. This collection represents Henry C. Cowles's work in research and teaching; his family life, including the activities of his wife and daughter; the work of Cowles's students; and the genealogy of the Cowles family. Materials in this collection include diaries, biographical and genealogical material, lecture and field notes, publications, ecological surveys, correspondence, and photographs of the Cowles family and of botany field trips.

Cupani, Francisco. Hortus Catolicvs seu' illustrissimi et excellentissimi Principis Catholicae, ducis Misilmeres, comitis Uicaris, baronis Prizis

Manuscript catalog in Latin and Italian, listing various species of plants, compiled by the director of the Prince della Catolica's gardens, Naples. Includes apologia in Latin by Fr. Franciscus Cupani, and dedication in Latin and Italian by Gaspar Salamone

Darwin Centennial Celebration. Records

The Darwin Centennial Celebration, held at the University of Chicago, Nov. 24-28, 1959, commemorated the one hundredth anniversary of the publication of The Origin of the Species. The celebration featured panel discussions, a musical about Darwin's life and work, a conference for high school biology teachers, and the Institute on Science and Technology which examined the relation of evolution to theology. Sol Tax served as chairman of the Centennial Committee. Contains correspondence, invitations, biographical material on celebration participants, publicity, press releases, clippings, photographs, and sound recordings of panel discussions and Centennial proceedings.

Darwin, Charles. Scientific Communication

Single, handwritten leaf of a longer communication, from Darwin to unknown person. Fragment is undated. Text begins with: "as soon as I hear, which cannot be for 10 or 12 days,..." and concluding with Darwin's signature.

Emerson, Alfred Edwards. Papers

The Alfred E. Emerson Papers consist of seven linear feet and cover the period 1917 to 1976. The papers contain correspondence, calendars, lecture notes, photographs, committee and foundation records, as well as articles and reprints. Alfred Emerson was a professor of zoology and a central figure in what became known as the "Chicago school" of ecology. He developed a model of biological evolution in which the social group, rather than the individaul organism, constitutes a superorganism that is the primary unit of natural selection. Much of his extensive research involved the study of termite physiological morphology and behavior.

Fuller, George D. Papers

George Damon Fuller, botanist, ecologist and science educator, received a Ph.D. from University of Chicago's Department of Botany in 1913, and served on the department's faculty until 1934. Mentored by Henry C. Cowles, Fuller's teaching and research focused on the study of forest and prairie ecology; he was also active as a science writer and educator for children and lay audiences. Through correspondence, course material, field notes, scrapbooks and student material, this collection documents Fuller's activities as a student, researcher, and educator.

Gage, Sir Thomas. A Monograph of the Genus Cenomyce Consisting of Colored Drawings of Each Species and Variety as described in the Lichenographia Universalis of Acharius

Manuscript study of lichens. Extensively illustrated with pen and ink, and ink and watercolor drawings.

Geiling, Eugene M. K. Papers

Eugene M.K. Geiling (1891-1971) Professor of Pharmacology, first chairman of the Department of Pharmacology at the University of Chicago. The collection contains biographical materials, correspondence, textbooks, articles and photographs. The papers primarily document Geiling’s work at John Hopkins and the University of Chicago in the field of animal endocrinology, his work with the Animal Care Panel Training Program, and his Hilltop House residence in New York.

Gurley, W.F.E. Papers

The collection is comprised of letters written to Gurley by amateur and professional paleontologists with whom he exchanged fossils and opinions; virtually all of the letters were written between 1869 and 1897. Several hundred individuals are represented, including some of the eminent naturalists of the time-for example, John C. Branner, Edward Drinker Cope, Thomas Davidson, Sir John William Dawson, Albert Gaudry, Franz von Hauer, Leo Lesquereux, Fielding Bradford Meek, Edward S. Morse, Charles Schuchert, Samuel H. Scudder, and Henry Shaler Williams, to name only a few.

Harrison, Roland Wendell. Papers

Roland Wendell Harrison, biologist, professor, administrator. The Roland Wendell Harrison Papers contain professional correspondence and speeches, primarily relating to Harrison's involvement in professional organizations.

Hirsch, Edwin F. Papers

Edwin F. Hirsch (1886-1972) was a leading pathologist associated with Rush Medical College and the University of Chicago. He is well-known for having developed a method for determining the amount of fat in arteries, which contributed to the understanding of the relationship between arteriosclerosis and dietary fat. Edwin F. Hirsch’s papers include materials related to the research, publication and distribution of his books, reprints of his published articles and other writings, and collected medical articles pertaining to his research. They also include autopsies he conducted during the Spanish Flu Pandemic at Camp Grant, Illinois (1918-1919). His professional certificates and awards are included, as well as newspaper clippings citing his expertise as a coroner, and memorial materials after his death. His family is represented in the collection by correspondence, as well as his sister Selma Henke’s history of the Hirsch family intertwined with her memoirs of her time as a missionary in China at the turn of the twentieth century. The collection spans Hirsch’s early years as a student until his death (1905-1972).

Jay, Frank Webster. Collection

The Frank Webster Jay Papers contains letters written by scientists from Belgium, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Italy, and the Netherlands. Correspondents include Nicolaas L. Burman, J. A. van Bemmelen, Hermann Boerhaave, Alexander Brongniart, Bory de St. Vincent, Edward Jenner, Antony van Leeuwenhoek, Karl Peter Thunberg, and Casimir Christoph Schmidel.

Jordan, Edwin Oakes. Papers

Edwin Oakes Jordan, bacteriologist. The papers contain correspondence, manuscripts, minutes, research reports, and student notes. The Papers document Jordan's career as a bacteriologist at the University of Chicago, contacts with professional colleagues and organizations, consulting work with public health boards and private companies. Major correspondents include Henry H. Donaldson, Isidore S. Falk, Ludvig Hektoen, William H. Welch, and W.M. Wheeler. Topics covered include food poisoning, milk-borne diseases, the American Red Cross and public health issues.

Kleitman, Nathaniel. Papers

Nathaniel Kleitman, recognized as the father of modern sleep research, served on the faculty of the University of Chicago's Department of Physiology. His papers include notes, experiment data, drafts of articles and books, academic reprints, newspaper clippings, photographs, artifacts, and audio-visual recordings.

Klüver, Heinrich. Papers

Heinrich Kluver (1897-1979), neuro-psychologist. The Papers contain certificates, bibliographies, diaries, autograph books, day books, diplomas, correspondence, original manuscripts, articles and reprints, and photographs of Heinrich Klüver and his second wife Harriet Schwenk.

Kraus, Ezra J. Papers

Ezra J. Kraus (1885-1960), botanist and horticulturist, served as a professor in the University of Chicago's Department of Botany from 1927-1948, and as chair of the department from 1934-1947. His research in plant physiology focused on nutrition in relation to development and behavior, established the principle of the carbohydrate-nitrogen growth ratio in plants, and pioneered the use of synthetic substances in the regulation of plant growth. During World War II, Kraus worked with the National Research Council to direct research and development of herbicides for use in biological warfare. This collection documents Ezra J. Kraus's research in agriculture and horticulture, as well as his work as an administrator at the University of Chicago, the Bureau of Plant Industry and the National Research Council.

Krämer, Richard. The Theory of Cylinder Skiascopy and its Practical Evaluation

Typescript translation of Krämer's essay on cylinder skiascopy. Originally published as "Die theorie der Zylinderskiaskopie und ihre praktische verwertung," Abt. 5, Teil 6 (1926), p. 839-902, in series, Handbuch der biologischen Arbeitsmethoden, edited by Emil Abderhalden, (Berlin: 1920--).

L'histoire universelle de tous les oyseaux de l'univers

Manuscript study on birds.

Le Baron, William. Papers

William Le Baron, entomologist. The collection documents Le Baron's research, writing, and work as State Entomologist of Illinois.

Lillie, Frank R. Papers

The papers of zoologist Frank R. Lillie cover the period 1899-1941 and include correspondence and research files. The correspondence concerns colleagues and students as well as administrative correspondence from his time as chairman of the Zoology Department. The correspondence also includes material from his responsibilities at the Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole, Massachusetts, which he helped to establish. The collection also contains Lillie’s extensive research in the form of loose notes, drawings and 30 laboratory notebooks. These notebooks span the period from 1901-1929 and include Lillie’s detailed observations on his scientific work, most of it conducted at Woods Hole. The collection also includes drafts of Lillie’s articles, lectures and demonstrations as well as a few of his published articles.

Lillie, Ralph S. Papers

This collection contains the personal and professional correspondence of Ralph S. Lillie (1875-1952), Professor of General Physiology at the University of Chicago. Additionally, the collection includes the correspondence of F.J Mullin, Professor of Physiology, as well as photographs, publications, and objects relating to Lillie’s research. The collection includes material from 1907-1942.

Linné, Carl von. Species plantarum exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specifis, nominibus synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas

Second edition of Linnaeus' treatise. Interleaved extensively with manuscript notes and marginalia in several hands.

Léveillé, Hector. Catalogue illustré et alphabétique des plantes du Seu Tchouen

Handwritten treatise in French, on botany. Includes comparative tables of plant species in China. Illustrated with 60 drawings of plants, in pen & ink, and ink and watercolor; with portrait photograph of Léveillé, tipped in.

Markwick, William. Danish Plants Found in the British Isles

Manuscript copy of text, and pen and ink copies after plates selected from Flora danica (Copenhagen: 1761-99), accompanied by descriptive notes from W. Hudson, Flora anglica (London: 1762). Also includes manuscript of abridged selections from G. Acerbi, Travels through Sweden, Finland, and Lapland to the North Cape in the years 1798 and 1799 (London: 1802).

Maximow, Alexander A. Papers

Alexander A. Maximow, histologist, Professor of anatomy. The Alexander A. Maximow Papers contains correspondence, laboratory notes and sketches, manuscripts of scientific papers and addresses, English translations of Maximow’s Russian works, Russian textbooks, drawings, and photographs.

McLean, Franklin C. Papers

The papers of Franklin C. McLean comprise 17.5 linear feet of personal and professional material. The papers record his career as the director of the Peking Union Medical College, the University of Chicago medical school and, later, as a professor of physiology in the university. The collection consists of correspondence, publications, research data, reports, and minutes. The collection also includes personal material including diaries, honors, photographs, and home movies.

Munting, Abraham. Phytographia Curiosa

Labeled drawings of hundreds of plants. The first illustrated page of the volume is a full-page portrait labeled: Robert Morison MD, 1620-1683.

Natural History Extracts

Manuscript copies in ruled journal excerpting essays from various sources including The Philosophical Journal and Advocate of Natural History (June: 1835); the Royal Linnean Society's Minute Book; [Ben] Silliman's Journal; and American Antiquities.

Noé, Adolf Carl. Papers

Adolf Carl Noé (1873-1939) taught paleobotany and German at the University of Chicago. Curator of Fossil Plants, Walker Museum. Contains professional and personal correspondence, lecture notes, published writings, photographs, home movies, and glass lantern slides. Subjects include the collection of fossil specimens; field work; trips to Mexico, Russia and the Canal Zone; state geological surveys; museums; professional organizations and conferences; and personal affairs and interests.

Ochsenheimer, Ferdinand. Verzeichniss der europäischen Schmetterlinge nach Ochsenheimer und Treitschke

Consists of a 16-page printed study in German and a manuscript on European butterflies.

Olmsted, Charles E. Papers

Charles Edward Olmsted (1908-1976) was a botanist, ecologist, environmental activist, consultant, editor and science educator who worked at the University of Chicago from 1934-1973. He served as chair of the Department of Botany from 1953-1968, edited Botanical Gazette, and was active on university-wide administrative committees. He received attention for both his research on plant ecology and his advocacy for environmental conservation. Material in this collection is concentrated in the 1930s-1970s, and includes correspondence; publications; photographs; research material and drafts of published works; course material and student work; University of Chicago administrative records; and records of Olmsted's involvement with professional organizations, scholarly journals, conservation groups, foundations, government agencies, and science education organizations.

Patterson, Harry N. Obituary

Typescript obituary of Harry N. Patterson, botanist, Oquawka Journal, 1919.

Rashevsky, Nicolas. Papers

The collection contains the papers of Nicolas Rashevsky (1899-1972), a theoretical mathematician and biologist. He founded the first organized group on Mathematical Biology in the world and established the field of Mathematical Biology as an organized and recognized science. The collection includes correspondence, material pertaining to Rashevsky's research and writing, and material relevant to his professional activities and grant applications. The majority of the collection is from the period in which he served as a professor at the University of Chicago (1934-1964).

Rogers, Burton Ray. Papers

This collection includes documents relating to Dr. Burton Rogers, a veterinarian and academic. Rogers’s research focused on the study of inflammation and tuberculosis within humans. The materials date from 1908 to 1941 and include Rogers’s research and correspondence with a variety of individuals.

Sanders, Edgar. Scrapbooks

Scrapbooks containing clippings of articles, mostly by Edgar Sanders and almost exclusively about horticulture and floriculture. Articles range from 1884 to 1900 and most have been taken from The Prairie Farmer: A Weekly Journal for the Farm, Orchard, and Fireside, though there are also articles from the American Agriculturalist and other periodicals. Also includes a short biography and engraving of Sanders pasted onto the first page of the first volume of scrapbooks.

Scammon, Jonathon Young. Papers

Jonathan Young Scammon (1812-1890), pioneer Chicago lawyer and businessman and benefactor of Chicago cultural institutions including the old University of Chicago. The Papers contain correspondence sent and received by Scammon from 1838 to 1890, most related to his law practice. Also in the collection are the drafts for two speeches by Scammon and a miscellany of material among which is an address by General E. P. Scammon and pamphlets with brief reference to Scammon.

Schaffner, Joseph Halle, Collection in the History of Science

Contains correspondence and other documents from or related to prominent scientists. Includes the Marie Curie Correspondence with Charlotte Kellogg (ca. 1921-1929) and Curie Memorabilia, the Charles Darwin and Darwin Family Correspondence, the Albert Einstein-Walther Mayer Correspondence (1930-1933) and Einstein Photographs, the Isaac Newton Collection (1642-1727), and Miscellaneous Scientific Manuscripts (1744, 1777, 1820). The Joseph Halle Schaffner Papers (1943-1961) are also included and contain material relating to Schaffner's activities as a collector and how the collections were used by scholars and in exhibits.

Schwab, Joseph J. Papers

Joseph J. Schwab (1909-1988), Professor of Natural Sciences and Education. The Papers comprise including drafts and notes of published and unpublished works, professional and personal correspondence, examinations and other teaching materials, and audio tapes. They document Schwab's career at the University of Chicago, and some of his subsequent work at the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions in Santa Barbara, California.

Schwartz, Samuel. Papers

Dr. Samuel Schwartz (1916-1997) was a renowned expert on porphyrins and heme metabolism, pioneering research into the biological effects of radiation, starting when he joined the Manhattan Project at the University of Chicago. This collection consists of 4.5 linear feet of his research materials, political activist writings, his concerns about nuclear warfare, and his personal writings. The largest part of the collection contains his research papers and drafts of journal articles with his notes and data. This includes his time during the Manhattan Project (University of Chicago), when he researched the effects of radiation on metalloporphyrins. There is a large section on Schwartz’s political activism, both for Zionism and for nuclear disarmament. Other material in the collection documents Schwartz’s personal life, his interest in birds of prey, and literary aspirations, including poetry and songs.

Slye, Maud. Papers

Maud Slye (1869-1954), University of Chicago pathologist and cancer specialist. The Maud Slye papers consist of research records, published and unpublished manuscripts, and correspondence.

Stenn, Frederick. Papers

The papers of Frederick Stenn consist of material pertaining to Dr. Stenn's unpublished biography of Dr. Ludvig Hekteon (1863-1951), a noted Chicago pathologist and surgeon at Rush Medical Hospital. The collection includes correspondence, the original typescript of "Ludvig Hektoen, Medical Mentor of the Midwest," photocopies of manuscript, photographs, and an issue of Archives of Pathology. Related material can be found in the Crerar Manuscript 74, Ludvig Hektoen, Records of Clinical Case Histories, 1885-1889, and Crerar Manuscript 75, Papers of Ludvig Hektoen, 1913-1947.

Stevens, Warder W., Fruit Culture in Indiana

Manuscript draft on agriculture in Indiana. Also includes typescript revision, with holograph annotations, of same essay.

Swift, Charles H. Papers

Charles Henry Swift (1881-1966), served on the faculty of the University of Chicago's Department of Anatomy from 1910 to 1946. While he was broadly interested in anatomy, ornithology, botany and history, Swift's teaching and research specialties were in gross anatomy and the history of anatomy. The collection spans 1852-1953 and contains material related to Swift's teaching and research at University of Chicago, as well as his personal life and family background. Materials include grade books, lecture notes, examinations, university publications, correspondence, family records, and government documents relating to the distribution of opium to physicians.

Taliaferro, Lucy Graves. Papers

Lucy Graves Taliaferro, scientist, professor. The Lucy Graves Taliaferro Papers consist of: biographical sketches, biographical essay, correspondence, examples of Taliaferro's research, a transcribed oral interview by Vincent Monroe, a videotaped interview, and photographs.

Tuckerman, Edward. A Synopsis of the Lichenes of New England, the Other Northern States, and British America

Published essay with handwritten annotations. Also includes five autograph letters signed, tipped in, from Edward Tuckerman to I. A. Lapham (1853-1870).

University of Chicago. Biology Club. Records

Biology Club, University of Chicago. The Biology Club Papers consist of a scrapbook and notes relating to the Biology Club at the University of Chicago from 1912 to 1950.

University of Chicago. Department of Botany. Records

Founded in 1894 under the leadership of John M. Coulter, The University of Chicago Department of Botany quickly grew to become one of modern botany's most influential centers of research and teaching. The work of Henry C. Cowles and others associated with the Chicago school of ecology is generally regarded as one of the most influential forces in the development of ecological studies. This collection includes administrative files, publications, memorabilia and artifacts, and a large collection of photographs documenting plant life, environmental phenomena, and departmental activities.

University of Chicago. Department of Geography. 75th Anniversary Exhibit. Records

The Department of Geography, 75th Anniversary Exhibit Records contain the materials used for the exhibit "Geography at Chicago: The Past in Review." The exhibition was written and mounted by William D. Pattison, on the occasion of the Department of Geography's 75th Anniversary in 1979.

University of Chicago. Department of Geography. Records

The University of Chicago's Department of Geography was the first to be established at an American university, with coursework beginning in the 1902-1903 school year. The department continued to define the field of geography throughout the early and mid-twentieth century. This collection contains departmental statistics, reports, student information and other administrative material, as well as an assortment of correspondence, cartographic material and publications.

University of Chicago. Department of Zoology. Records

Established in 1892 as the Department of Zoology and Paleontology aand reorganized as the Department of Zoology in 1893. The Records contain correspondence, financial and budgetary records, reports, minutes, course announcements, and examinations. Includes correspondence of department chairman, C.M. Child (1931-1934). Material relates to the administration of the department, curriculum, appointments, scholarships, and fellowships.

Veterinary Medicine. Records

Veterinary Medicine was founded in 1910 by D.M. Campbell. The journal published a spectrum of scholarly veterinary articles, with an emphasis on avian medicine. The records of Veterinary Medicine (Crerar Ms. 104) include reprints of the journal, letters concerning the business of the journal, D.M. Campbell’s personal research, articles, speeches, and letters from the field of veterinary medicine.

Voth, Paul D. Papers

Paul Dirks Voth was a University of Chicago alumni (S.M. 1930, Ph.D. 1933) and faculty member of the Department of Botany. This collection represents Voth's work as a botanist, educator, horticulturist, and historian of the University of Chicago's Department of Botany. Included in this collection is laboratory data, lecture notes, drafts, publications, teaching materials and student work, administrative and personal correspondence, photographs, and films.

Walmsley, William Henry. Collection

Photo-micrographs of microscopic sections of the leaves of North American Abietineæ.

Whitman, Charles Otis. Collection

Professor and Head of Department of Zoology, University of Chicago, 1892-1910. Correspondence, reminiscences, and biographical sketches of Charles O. Whitman collected by Frank Lillie while preparing a biography of Whitman.