Laboratoire de Français Ancien

 Textes de Français Ancien

Bibliographic Searching in order to limit a search by fields or to retrieve selected documents. Note: Turn on Caps Lock to search regardless of accentuation and realize that all apostrophes must be followed by a space (e.g., l' amour):
Author: (e.g., Alexandre)
Title: (e.g., Tristan)
Date: (e.g., 1177 or 1175-1180)
Genre: (narrative or dramatic)
Type: (verse or prose)

Note: The vertical line ( | ) is the OR operator (e.g., reine|princess or saint martin|denis). For pattern matching one may employ wildcard characters (e.g., triste.* will retrieve triste, tristece, tristeice, tristes, tristez, etc.). Accented characters may be represented by two characters (e.g.,e\=è) or uppercase letters. For more help in searching see User Documentation below.

Texts for:
(e.g., cortois)


Select a Search Option:
A. (Default) Single Term and Phrase Search
B. Proximity Searching: in the same Sentence or Paragraph or
    Separated by words in the same sentence.
Note: in proximity searches a space serves as the AND operator.

Select a Results Format:
A. (Default) Concordance Report (300 characters plus)  
B. KWIC Report (a single line of text)  
C. Frequency by Title  
D. Frequency by Author  

Browse the Complete Bibliography.

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General User Documentation for PhiloLogic

Database-Specific Searching Tips

Bibliographic Searching:
Author and Title: Many titles and their authors' names contain accented characters and must be entered as such; however, in order to enter words without having to pay attention to accents simply turn on Caps Lock and type in uppercase. In bibliographic searches, punctuation and spacing must match exactly that in the bibliography. Please note that a space must be entered after an apostrophe (e.g., d' amour).
Date: The works in part of of this database range in date of publication from 1106 to 1522.

Orthographic Considerations:
There is no standard orthography in this database spanning some five centuries. One can find, for example, forms such as legacion, por, ystoire, etc. Wildcard characters or Boolean operators can help detect such inconsistencies.

Data-Entry Idiosyncrasies
Several data errors have been detected in some databases either from typesetting errors in the original source or from rekeying the documents. One should avoid making arguments from silence. In particular, look out for the transposition or doubling of letters.

Punctuation and Full-Text Searching:
Hyphens: Hyphens act as word separators. Thus, treat hyphenated expressions as separate words excluding the hyphen (e.g., if searching for Saint-Brandan, type in Saint Brandan).
Apostrophes: One must include apostrophes when searching words with apostrophes and one must insert a space after apostrophes since in this database apostrophes act as word separators (e.g., only by typing d' anne will one find D'Anne).
Ampersands: The ampersand (&) is not a searchable character. Avoid Phrase Searches where an ampersand may be used as a conjunction.

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