Vignola’s great work on the five classical orders was based on his
careful study and measurement of surviving examples from antiquity,
which he began in Rome at the age of twenty-nine. In 1550, he was
appointed architect to Pope Julius III and initiated a building campaign
that produced the Palazzo Farnese in Caprarola, the Farnese Gardens on
the Palatine Hill, and the Chiesa del Gesù, among other works. Vignola
gained wider influence with the publication of Regole delli cinque ordini d’architettura
(1562), a lucid description of the significance of each order (Tuscan,
Doric, Ionic, Corinthian and Composite) and its sequential relation to
the forms and structure of classical architecture. Four decades later,
Vignola’s enduring reputation was evidenced by this Venetian précis of
his work, which presents the textand illustrations elegantly integrated,
as in this plate demonstrating drafting proportions for acapital.
Andrea Palladio (1508-1580).