Curated by Sarah G. Wenzel, Bibliographer, Literatures of Europe & the Americas
It seems an understatement to note that war is traumatic to those who experience it in any way, shape or form. The pieces in this exhibit reflect their creators’ experiences in wars from the 16th century through the present day. Each of these pieces was published or made public by their creators; by that action the creator invites us into the captured moment. We see, not a moment of trauma itself but a time after that moment, whether that be seconds or years. In this exhibit, the trauma of war is represented by that very absence of trauma, through the experience creators share with viewers, listeners or readers.
Here, photographs by soldiers or journalists at the scene share space with expressions of the effect of war created at a greater remove. Events are recounted at a personal, intimate level as in portraits of families or on a grand scale : the destruction of Dresden. Over time, images retain their power but may no longer serve the purpose for which they were made. For example, some of the items were created to be propaganda and here are displayed as art or as a curiosity. At times an overt intent of the creator or bias of the image is evident, and at others we need to remind ourselves that creators may have emotions hidden even from themselves. With images of war, in particular, the observer’s relationships to the conflict will affect the ways in which the object is understood. How many recall the stakes of the 30 Years War?
Anchoring the exhibit is Francisco Goya’s Los desastres de la guerra, a book of prints etched in the early 19th century, left unpublished until 1863 for fear of censorship. The suite of plates Goya created in response to suffering he witnessed during the Napoleonic wars is considered to contain the first eyewitness images of war reporting. The book is opened to Plate 44 “Yo lo vi” (I saw it).
Indeed “Yo lo vi :” the images, sculpture, poetry, and music here are haunted by the very absence of violence and the persistence of memory.