Finding Aids

Military, War and Veterans

Albright, Ivan, Medical drawings made direct from patients & in operating room in Base Hospital # 11 located at Nantes, France, Manuscript (Ms 1560)

Medical drawings of soldiers’ wounds by artist Ivan Albright, made in a military hospital in Nantes, France, 1918-1919. Codex Ms 1560.

American Civil Liberties Union. Illinois Division. Records

Documents the activities of the Illinois Division of the American Civil Liberties Union from its founding through 2014. Includes case files, finances and fundraising information, individual and institutional correspondence, minutes, newsletters and publications, film, audio cassettes, and photographs.

American Veterans Committee, Chicago Area Council. Records

The collection contains documents from the American Veterans Council, founded in 1944 and disbanded in 2003. The American Veterans Council was a liberal Veterans’ organization that sought to protect and extend Democracy. The collection spans from 1946-1973, with the bulk of the collection from 1946-1958. Researches interested in union and or Veterans history, especially with regards to Chicago, will find this collection useful.

Beaumont, William. Collection

William Beaumont (1785-1853), surgeon in the United States Army and pioneer in gastroenterology. The William Beaumont Collection contains correspondence, medical documents, legal documents, photographs, artwork, artifacts, and ephemera of William Beaumont and of the Beaumont family. Materials date from 1821 to 1938, with the bulk dating between 1830 and 1889.

Bonney Family. Correspondence

The Bonney Family Civil War Letters collection is comprised of 48 letters written to their parents by Daniel, James, and Seth Bonney, soldiers in Massachusetts regiments during the Civil War. With the exception of one letter from Seth, written in 1868, the correspondence in the collection falls within the period 1860-1864, and describes the various experiences of the three brothers in camp, field, prison, and hospital.

Bruni, Leonardo, De primo bello Punico. Manuscript (Ms 31)

Collation of materials derived directly from Polybius and Plutarch, which was first printed in 1498 under the title Polybius de primo bello Punico et Plutarchi paralelia. Text in Latin. Codex Ms 31.

Campbell, William Henry, Correspondence

Letters (1862-1864) from William Henry Campbell, acting assistant surgeon aboard the U.S.S. Commodore McDonough during the Civil War, to his wife Mary Upham Campbell, Watertown, Massachusetts. Stationed most of the time in South Carolina, Campbell related what he observed of plantation and military life.

Carlson, LeRoy T. Papers

LeRoy T. Carlson (1916- ) graduated from the College at the University of Chicago in 1938, going on to earn his M.B.A. from Harvard University in 1941. He served with the Persian Gulf Command during World War II, helping secure supply lines to Russia in Iran. From 1942 to 1943, he worked as an assistant treasurer at the General Motors plant in Calcutta, India. Carlson founded Telephone and Data Systems in 1970, a Fortune 500 company, and has maintained a relationship with the University of Chicago, sponsoring the LeRoy T. and Margaret Deffenbaugh Carlson University Professorship. The bulk of his collection contains materials from his time spent abroad during the years 1942 to 1944.

Cate, James Lea. Papers

James Lea Cate (1899-1981) was a scholar of medieval history and historiography, and a professor at the University of Chicago from 1930 to 1969. A veteran of World War II, Cate studied aviation history, co-edited the seven-volume history Army Air Forces in World War II, and earned an award for Exceptional Civilian Service for his consultancy in the History Office of the United States Air Force. The collection includes material pertaining to Cate's research, writing, and teaching; material relevant to his administrative contributions to the University and to outside professional activities; correspondence; and personal ephemera. Materials date between 1920 and 1980, with the bulk of the material dating between 1945 and 1978.

Duckworth, Sir John Thomas. Papers

Contains correspondence, naval orders and instructions, and reports. Also includes an 1811 broadside printed in Newfoundland. Topics highlight some of Duckworth's decisions as British governor and naval commander of Newfoundland on the eve of the War of 1812.

Dunn Family. Collection

The Dunn Family Collection contains the correspondence of brothers George and William, soldiers during the U. S. Civil War, with their sister Elizabeth.

Elshtain, Jean Bethke. Papers

Jean Bethke Elshtain (1941-2013) was a political theorist, ethicist, author, and public intellectual. She was the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Professor of Social and Political Ethics with joint appointments at the Divinity School, the Department of Political Science, and the Committee on International Relations at the University of Chicago. The collection includes personal ephemera; correspondence; subject files; materials related to her writings and speaking engagements; university administrative and teaching materials; records documenting Elshtain's activities in professional, nonprofit, and governmental organizations; awards; photographs; audio and video recordings; and posters. Materials date between 1935 and 2017, with the bulk of the material dating between 1950 and 2013. The papers primarily document Elshtain's career in academia as a political theorist, and her activities as a public intellectual called upon to address issues related to feminism, war, and political ethics.

English, William H. Collection

William H. English (1822-1896) combined active careers in politics and business with an avid interest in the history of his native state of Indiana. An influential member of the Democratic Party, he was a member of the House of Representatives from 1852 to 1860 and was a candidate for the vice-presidency in 1880. English aspired to write a history of his state and to this end amassed a variety of original sources and transcripts. Before his death in 1896, he had written The Conquest of the Northwest & the Life of George R. Clark (Indianapolis: Bowen-Merrill Co., 1896, 2 vols.) and his unpublished manuscript, now in this collection, which traces the history of Indiana down to approximately the year 1800. Contains English's unpublished manuscript on the history of Indiana, original and transcribed manuscripts, secondary material relating to English's research on the people and history of Indiana, and newspaper clippings. Includes personal and political correspondence, legal and judicial records, and photographs that document the early settlement and establishment of government in the territory and state of Indiana. Includes correspondence of Jonathan Jennings, the first governor of Indiana, and various official records of Indiana governors. Also includes letters of William Henry Harrison and Thomas Jefferson. Some material relates to slavery, Native Americans, the capture of Kaskaskia during the Revolution, and military activities in the War of 1812.

Gilkey, Langdon. Papers

Langdon Brown Gilkey taught at the Divinity School of the University of Chicago from 1963 until his retirement in 1989. He was a prominent protestant theologian, an expert on the relation between science and religion, and a key respondent to the rise of intelligent design as a way of teaching creationism. During 1940-1945 he taught at Yenching University (now part of Peking University) in Beijing, China, then occupied by the Japanese, and from 1943 to 1945 he was interned along with other Allied civilians at the Weihsien Internment Camp (or Weihsien Civilian Assembly Center). The collection contains official and personal correspondence, notes, manuscripts and typescripts, newspaper clippings, postcards, periodicals and other publications, photographs, and administrative documents dating between 1934 and 2004. The bulk of the material dates between 1940-1945 and 1954-2004. The papers primarily document Langdon Gilkey’s life in China during the Second World War and his professional career as theologian, academician, and professor at the Divinity School of the University of Chicago and other institutions.

Goettler, Harold E. Papers

Harold E. Goettler was a University of Chicago graduate (1914) who joined the United States Air Service in 1917. Goettler was killed in the line of duty during World War I, while flying supply runs to Allied troops trapped by Germans in the Argonne Forest. This collection contains memorabilia of Goettler's days as a student, including an exceptionally large and elaborate scrapbook representing his academic, athletic and social activities at University of Chicago. Also included are memorabilia from his time in the Air Service.

Hancock, Winfield Scott. Collection

Winfield Scott Hancock (1824–1886) was a career military officer in the US Army and the Democratic Party’s 1880 nominee for President. The collection contains fifteen letters written by Hancock, mostly to Samuel S. Cox, the US Representative from New York.

Hansen, Harry. Papers

Harry Hansen, writer, literary critic, and editor. The Harry Hansen Papers consist of correspondence, manuscripts by Hansen, reviews and production notes of his books, and an extensive collection of clippings of his book review columns, World War I reporting, and other short writings.

Harlan, Robert and Lois. Papers

Robert and Lois Harlan were alumni of the University of Chicago. Robert Harlan was an exchange student in Marburg, Germany in 1938-1939 at the dawn of the Second World War and experienced the Kristallnacht. He served as Consul General of the United States in Frankfurt, Germany during 1971-1975. The collection contains official and personal correspondence, notes, manuscripts and typescripts, newspaper clippings and copies, scrapbooks, and photographs dating between 1922 and 2009. The bulk of the material dates between 1935 and 1940 and 1971-1975. The papers primarily document Robert Harlan's student years, his exchange in Germany, and his consulship in Frankfurt.

Historical Manuscripts. Collection

The Historical Manuscripts Collections contains correspondence and other brief manuscripts documenting personal, scholarly, business, government, and religious affairs, written by an array of authors, primarily from North America and Western Europe. The manuscripts date from the fifteenth to the twentieth centuries.

Hitchcock Family. Papers

This collection is made up of the correspondence, business papers, and assorted miscellany of Dexter and Sheldon Hitchcock, and their families between 1834 and 1878. Of interest to the economic historian will be the shipping receipts and bills of lading in the business papers of Dexter Hitchcock, 1834-1835, and the various personal account books for the post Civil War period in Folder 6. There are also two interesting letters dealing with western lands in the correspondence of Sheldon Hitchcock, and a group of letters written by soldiers in the Union Army to family and friends in Aurora, Illinois.

Janowitz, Morris. Collection

Morris Janowitz, sociologist. Papers include professional correspondence, biographical materials, research and subject files, manuscripts of Janowitz's books and articles, course materials, and papers concerning the Inter-University Seminar on the Armed Forces and Society, founded by Janowitz in 1960. Most dates from the late 1960s through the mid-1980s. Earlier material includes Janowitz's research using World War II military, and psychological warfare documents.

Johns, Sister Agnes. Collection

The Sister Agnes Johns Collection contains two autograph notebooks kept by a British nurse who served in military hospitals in England and Malta during the First World War. The autograph notebooks are examples of the psychological care that British nurses provided to convalescing soldiers. The entries are by the patients of Sister Johns in England and Malta and range from poems and personal reflections to illustrations.

Johnson, Edgar N. . Papers

Born in Chicago in 1901, Edgar N. Johnson was a University of Chicago undergraduate and graduate student in history. He served on the history faculties of University of Nebraska, Brandeis University, and University of Massachusetts. From 1943-1946, he served in the Office of Strategic Services in England and continental Europe. This collection contains letters written home to his family during this period, as well as biographical material, photographs, and incoming correspondence.

Johnston, James Kendall. Papers

James Kendall Johnston (b. September 9, 1918, d. July 17, 2013) was a World War II-veteran, meteorologist, and petroleum geologist. The collection consists of class notes, observation reports, charts, and maps from his training at the University of Chicago’s Institute of Meteorology as an Army cadet from 1940-1942. The papers document Johnston’s meteorological training, the scientific and academic methods in meteorology at the time, the course contents in one of the earliest academic programs dedicated to meteorology, and the University of Chicago’s participation in the wartime military training programs.

Kraupa, Ernst. Collection

Correspondence, handwritten notes, photographs, medical reports, clippings, lantern slides, sketches, and typescript materials of ophthalmologist Ernst Kraupa (fl. 1910-1950). Materials in German. Crerar manuscript 340.

Kupfer-Koberwitz, Edgar. Dachau Diaries

The Edgar Kupfer-Koberwitz Papers contain his original diary and other documents pertaining to his imprisonment at Dachau. The early volumes are practically illegible from water damage. A folder containing the issues of Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte in which the diary was published is also included.

Levinson, Salmon. Papers

Salmon O. Levinson (1865-1941), attorney, philanthropist and key figure in the movement to outlaw war. The collection includes correspondence, political essays, materials related to the "Outlawry of War" efforts, awards and materials and papers on Poetry magazine.

Lincoln Collection. Charles Edwards Wilcox. Civil War Diary

This diary was kept by Charles Edwards Wilcox (1839-1931), and includes his experiences during the Civil War as a northern soldier from Diamond Lake in northern Illinois. It forms part of the William E. Barton Collection of Lincolniana.

Lucan, Pharsalia. Manuscript (Ms 33)

Epic poem on war between Caesar and Pompey. Text in Latin. Codex Ms 33.

MacDowell, Charles Henry. Papers

An expert in nitrate, Charles H. MacDowell served on President Wilson’s War Industries Board as the director in the Chemical Division. Additionally, he served with the American Commission to Negotiate Peace. The papers of Charles MacDowell relate to his war efforts and his service with the American Commission to Negotiate Peace. The larger part of the papers consist of minutes of the Economic Commission, the Supreme Economic Council, and the sub-committee on Germany and other committees. The latter section of the Papers is comprised of newspaper clippings collected by MacDowell and miscellaneous letters and pamphlets.

MacRae, Donald Alexander. Papers

This collection contains the papers of Donald Alexander MacRae (1916-2006), an astronomer and physicist, who worked in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, as part of the research team developing the gaseous diffusion method of uranium enrichment for the Manhattan Project. These papers focus on MacRae’s time at Oak Ridge, from 1945 to 1946, particularly MacRae’s efforts as part of scientific outreach organizations. The collection contains awards; newsletters and notes related to his participation in various nuclear scientific organizations; newspapers covering atomic weapons and nuclear energy; drafts of and notes concerning Senate Bill S.1717, the Atomic Energy Act of 1946; correspondence; research done by MacRae and others at Oak Ridge, including architectural drawings of the gaseous diffusion plants and technical drawings of a mass spectrometer.

Malone, Virginia Eckels. Family. Papers

Virginia Eckels Malone (1898-1978) was a writer and amateur historian who lived in Chicago, Washington D.C., and Long Island, New York. Her extended family included distinguished politicians, attorneys, and philanthropists. The collection consists of family papers kept by Virginia Eckels Malone. There are papers of the Eckels family, the Malone family, and the Bright, Oberly, and Schuckers families. It also includes Virginia Eckels Malone's own personal papers. Materials include correspondence, publications, ephemera, manuscripts, financial and organizational records, photographs, artworks and artifacts.

Manly, John Matthews. Papers

John Matthews Manly (1865-1940), Professor of English. The John Matthews Manly Papers contain personal and professional correspondence, manuscripts, copies of manuscripts from various libraries, articles, lectures, notes, student papers, and cryptography ciphers and problem sheets. Correspondents include G.L. Kittredge, Barrett Wendell, A.W. Pollard, William A. Craigie, R.B. McKerrow, and H.S. Bennett. The collection documents Manly’s work on Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales, and other works of medieval literature, as well as his interest in cryptography.

Max Mason. Papers

Charles Max Mason (1877-1961) mathematician, President of the University of Chicago (1925-1928), and President of the Rockefeller Foundation (1929-1936). The collection primarily documents Mason’s work for the National Research Council during World War One, where he developed a submarine detection device that was in regular use on destroyers by the summer of 1918. The device was a precursor to the sonar devices of the 1940s.

Miles, Nelson Appleton. Collection

Nelson Appleton Miles (1839–1925) was a career soldier in the United States Army, serving in the American Civil War, the Indian Wars, and the Spanish-American War. The collection contains correspondence sent and received by Miles, particularly upon his becoming Commanding General of the Army.

Miyakawa Family Collection

The Miyakawa Family Collection contains materials related to Japanese American incarceration during the Second World War as well as Japanese American social, cultural, and economic life in Chicago. Documents date from the early 1940s to 1954, with the bulk of items dating from 1945 to 1952. Materials include Hyde Park High School yearbook and ephemera, photographs of Japanese cultural institutions and activities in Hyde Park, and a New Testament pocket bible from the Grenada War Relocation Center, an American concentration camp in Amache, Colorado.

Murphy, William S. Papers

William S. Murphy was a military historian who studied Irish participation in European armies, particularly their role in French and Spanish campaigns in colonial America. This collection contains his articles, drafts, and research material.

Niewiarowski, Radzia Jankowski. Papers

Radzia Niewiarowski, student. Niewiarowski was a University of Chicago graduate in 1921. She was imprisoned in a Nazi camp at Liebenau during the German occupation of Poland in World War II. The collection consists of a typescript of her experiences during this time.

Offenbach Archival Depot. Collection

The Offenbach Archival Depot Collection contains bookplates, stamps, and monograms, arranged by countries in Eastern Europe, the Americas, and Western Europe. These bookplates, stamps, and monograms served as identifiers in restoring materials stolen by the Nazis to their original repositories following World War II.

Oppenheim, Adolf Leo and Elizabeth. Papers

This collection consists of documents relating to the lives of Leo and Elizabeth Oppenheim. A majority of the documents and correspondence relate to the couple's sustained attempts to leave Europe and immigrate to the United States during World War II. Documents within this collection date from 1888 to 1980, with the bulk of the documents dating between 1938 and 1946.

Payne, Devall. Collection

Devall Payne (1764-1830) was a major in the War of 1812, serving in Colonel R. M. Johnson’s regiment of mounted infantry and leading the pursuit of General Proctor after the Battle of Lake Erie. He was later promoted to the position of colonel in the United States military. The Collection contains six letters sent by Payne to his wife, Hannah and one letter sent to Payne by John Chambers, aide-de-camp to General Harrison.

Shillinglaw, David Lee. Papers

David Lee Shillinglaw (b. June 6, 1889, d. February 13, 1976) was a World War I-veteran, American Legionnaire, investment banker, and a Chicago civic leader. The collection contains correspondence, diaries, appointment books, notes, manuscripts, typescripts, blueprints, reports, clippings, World War I-era ephemera and publications, photographs, audiotape reels, and scrapbooks. Materials date between 1892 and 1971, with the bulk of the material dating between 1917 and 1960. The papers primarily document Shillinglaw's service in the YMCA American Expeditionary Forces and the army during WWI, his public speaking engagements, his service in the American Legion, and his personal involvement in numerous political organizations and boards.

Spitzer, Alexander. Collection

Dr. Alexander Spitzer (b. October 22, 1868, d. January 16, 1943) was a scientist and physician who specialized in several fields, including anatomy, neurology, and pathology, and developed a phylogenetic theory of the abnormal development of human hearts. In the final years of his scientific career, he worked on a book that presents his theory in detail and responds to its critics. Due to his dismissal by the Nazi regime from his position at the University of Vienna and his deportation to a concentration camp, Spitzer's book remained unpublished. The collection includes the entire manuscript of the book, the manuscript of another book that grew out of the second part of the former, corrections for certain sections, and correspondence documenting the subsequent possessors of Spitzer's manuscripts.

Stephenson, William A. F., Papers

William A. F. Stephenson (1904-1985) University of Chicago graduate who had a long and prominent career in the military, public service, education, politics, and business. The collection documents Stephenson’s work in FDR’s New Deal, in the Army during WWII where he served under Patton and Bradley, and in Florida’s Democratic Party.

United States Government War Exposition, 1918. Collection

This collection consists of documents from the U.S. Government War Exposition of 1918. The exposition took place in Chicago's Grant Park, September 2-15, 1918. The bulk of the collection dates from this time.

United States. Army Sanitary School (Langres, France), Mimeographed Literature of Army Sanitary School

Mimeographed Literature of Army Sanitary School compiled by Bailey K. Ashford (1873-1934), in two volumes. Copies of confidential World War I lectures, reports, plans, etc. associated with the Army Sanitary School in Langres, France, of which Ashford was the director. Crerar Manuscript 404.

University of Chicago. Wartime Military Training Programs. Records

This collection contains correspondence, memoranda, reports, financial records, curricula, evaluations, and correspondence related to the wartime activities of the University of Chicago. Materials in this collection primarily document the Army Specialized Training Program (ASTP) and the Civil Aeronautics Administration's War Training Service Program (WTS). Other minor wartime programs contained within this collection include Army Sponsored Meteorological Training, Civil Affairs Training School, Institute for Military Studies, and Production Training for War Industries. Also contained with this collection are documents pertaining to the University's military programs during the interwar years and the University's activities during World War II.

University of Chicago. World War I Ephemera. Collection

This collection contains memoranda, correspondence, certificates, reports, and records pertaining to the University's activities during World War I. Materials in this collection date from 1917 to1922, with the bulk of the material dating to 1917.

Winston, Thomas. Papers

Thomas Winston was a physician with Illinois troops during the Civil War. These papers relate primarily to Winston's activities as a surgeon during the Civil War. Includes biographical material, case histories, lists of medical supplies, receipts for effects of soldiers, and various documents relating to individual soldiers. Also contains some material relating to real estate after the Civil War.

Wright, Quincy. Papers

Quincy Wright (1890-1970), was a writer and scholar known for his work on war, international relations, and international law. He joined the political science faculty at the University of Chicago in 1923, and was a professor of international law at the University from 1931 to 1956. Wright guest lectured at universities all over the world, and consulted for the government of the United States, including the U.S. Navy Department and the Department of State. He was also a technical advisor to the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg in 1945, and a consultant to the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization in 1949. The papers document Wright's interests in war, international law, world organization, and international cooperation, as well as the numerous organizations with which he was associated. Records date from 1907 to 1972, with the bulk dating between 1915 and 1971.